Abstract

Few studies have investigated the possible role of higher-level cognitive mechanisms in color constancy. Following up on previous work with successive color constancy [J. Exper. Psychol. Learn. Mem. Cogn.37, 1014 (2011)], the current study examined the relation between simultaneous color constancy and working memory—the ability to maintain a desired representation while suppressing irrelevant information. Higher working memory was associated with poorer simultaneous color constancy of a chromatically complex stimulus. Ways in which the executive attention mechanism of working memory may account for this are discussed. This finding supports a role for higher-level cognitive mechanisms in color constancy and is the first to demonstrate a relation between simultaneous color constancy and a complex cognitive ability.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (1)

E. C. Allen, S. L. Beilock, and S. K. Shevell, “Working memory is related to perceptual processing: a case from color perception,” J. Exper. Psychol. Learn. Mem. Cogn. 37, 1014–1021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

M. S. DeCaro, R. D. Thomas, and S. L. Beilock, “Individual differences in category learning: sometimes less working memory capacity is better than more,” Cognition 107, 284–294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Reeves, K. Amano, and D. H. Foster, “Color constancy: phenomenal or projective?” Percept. Psychophys. 70, 219–228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ling and A. C. Hurlbert, “Role of color memory in successive color constancy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 1215–1225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. S. DeCaro, M. Wieth, and S. L. Beilock, “Methodologies for examining problem solving success and failure,” Methods 42, 58–67 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. R. A. Conway, M. J. Kane, M. F. Bunting, D. Z. Hambrick, O. Wilhelm, and R. W. Engle, “Working memory span tasks: a methodological review and user’s guide,” Psychon. Bull. Rev. 12, 769–786 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. L. Beilock, C. A. Kulp, L. E. Holt, and T. H. Carr, “More on the fragility of performance: choking under pressure in mathematical problem solving,” J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 133, 584–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Barrett, M. M. Tugade, and R. W. Engle, “Individual differences in working memory capacity and dual-process theories of the mind,” Psychol. Bull. 130, 553–573 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

R. W. Engle, “Working memory capacity as executive attention,” Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci. 11, 19–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Linnell and D. H. Foster, “Scene articulation: dependence of illuminant estimates on number of surfaces,” Perception 31, 151–159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. T. Maloney, “Illuminant estimation as cue combination,” J. Vis. 2, 493–504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. N. Yang and L. T. Maloney, “Illuminant cues in surface color perception: tests of three candidate theories,” Vis. Res. 41, 2581–2600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

J. W. Jenness and S. K. Shevell, “Color appearance with sparse chromatic context,” Vis. Res. 35, 797–805 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. W. Cornelissen and E. Brenner, “Simultaneous colour constancy revisited: an analysis of viewing strategies,” Vis. Res. 35, 2431–2448 (1995).

1992 (1)

1986 (1)

1980 (1)

M. Daneman and P. A. Carpenter, “Individual differences in working memory and reading,” J. Verbal Learn. Verbal Behav. 19, 450–466 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1959 (1)

E. H. Land, “Color vision and the natural image,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 45, 115–129 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1943 (1)

1881 (1)

L. Rayleigh, “Experiments on colour,” Nature 25, 64–66(1881).
[CrossRef]

Allen, E. C.

E. C. Allen, S. L. Beilock, and S. K. Shevell, “Working memory is related to perceptual processing: a case from color perception,” J. Exper. Psychol. Learn. Mem. Cogn. 37, 1014–1021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Amano, K.

A. J. Reeves, K. Amano, and D. H. Foster, “Color constancy: phenomenal or projective?” Percept. Psychophys. 70, 219–228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arend, L.

Barrett, L. F.

L. F. Barrett, M. M. Tugade, and R. W. Engle, “Individual differences in working memory capacity and dual-process theories of the mind,” Psychol. Bull. 130, 553–573 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beilock, S. L.

E. C. Allen, S. L. Beilock, and S. K. Shevell, “Working memory is related to perceptual processing: a case from color perception,” J. Exper. Psychol. Learn. Mem. Cogn. 37, 1014–1021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. S. DeCaro, R. D. Thomas, and S. L. Beilock, “Individual differences in category learning: sometimes less working memory capacity is better than more,” Cognition 107, 284–294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. S. DeCaro, M. Wieth, and S. L. Beilock, “Methodologies for examining problem solving success and failure,” Methods 42, 58–67 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Beilock, C. A. Kulp, L. E. Holt, and T. H. Carr, “More on the fragility of performance: choking under pressure in mathematical problem solving,” J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 133, 584–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boynton, R. M.

Brenner, E.

F. W. Cornelissen and E. Brenner, “Simultaneous colour constancy revisited: an analysis of viewing strategies,” Vis. Res. 35, 2431–2448 (1995).

Bunting, M. F.

A. R. A. Conway, M. J. Kane, M. F. Bunting, D. Z. Hambrick, O. Wilhelm, and R. W. Engle, “Working memory span tasks: a methodological review and user’s guide,” Psychon. Bull. Rev. 12, 769–786 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carpenter, P. A.

M. Daneman and P. A. Carpenter, “Individual differences in working memory and reading,” J. Verbal Learn. Verbal Behav. 19, 450–466 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Carr, T. H.

S. L. Beilock, C. A. Kulp, L. E. Holt, and T. H. Carr, “More on the fragility of performance: choking under pressure in mathematical problem solving,” J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 133, 584–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Conway, A. R. A.

A. R. A. Conway, M. J. Kane, M. F. Bunting, D. Z. Hambrick, O. Wilhelm, and R. W. Engle, “Working memory span tasks: a methodological review and user’s guide,” Psychon. Bull. Rev. 12, 769–786 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cornelissen, F. W.

F. W. Cornelissen and E. Brenner, “Simultaneous colour constancy revisited: an analysis of viewing strategies,” Vis. Res. 35, 2431–2448 (1995).

D’Zmura, M.

Daneman, M.

M. Daneman and P. A. Carpenter, “Individual differences in working memory and reading,” J. Verbal Learn. Verbal Behav. 19, 450–466 (1980).
[CrossRef]

DeCaro, M. S.

M. S. DeCaro, R. D. Thomas, and S. L. Beilock, “Individual differences in category learning: sometimes less working memory capacity is better than more,” Cognition 107, 284–294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. S. DeCaro, M. Wieth, and S. L. Beilock, “Methodologies for examining problem solving success and failure,” Methods 42, 58–67 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Engle, R. W.

A. R. A. Conway, M. J. Kane, M. F. Bunting, D. Z. Hambrick, O. Wilhelm, and R. W. Engle, “Working memory span tasks: a methodological review and user’s guide,” Psychon. Bull. Rev. 12, 769–786 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Barrett, M. M. Tugade, and R. W. Engle, “Individual differences in working memory capacity and dual-process theories of the mind,” Psychol. Bull. 130, 553–573 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Engle, “Working memory capacity as executive attention,” Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci. 11, 19–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Foster, D. H.

A. J. Reeves, K. Amano, and D. H. Foster, “Color constancy: phenomenal or projective?” Percept. Psychophys. 70, 219–228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Linnell and D. H. Foster, “Scene articulation: dependence of illuminant estimates on number of surfaces,” Perception 31, 151–159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, K. S.

Hambrick, D. Z.

A. R. A. Conway, M. J. Kane, M. F. Bunting, D. Z. Hambrick, O. Wilhelm, and R. W. Engle, “Working memory span tasks: a methodological review and user’s guide,” Psychon. Bull. Rev. 12, 769–786 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Helmholtz, H.

H. Helmholtz, Treatise on Physiological Optics, J. P. C. Southall, trans. (Dover, 1962).

Holt, L. E.

S. L. Beilock, C. A. Kulp, L. E. Holt, and T. H. Carr, “More on the fragility of performance: choking under pressure in mathematical problem solving,” J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 133, 584–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hurlbert, A. C.

Jenness, J. W.

J. W. Jenness and S. K. Shevell, “Color appearance with sparse chromatic context,” Vis. Res. 35, 797–805 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jin, E. W.

Judd, D. B.

D. B. Judd, “Colorimetry and artificial daylight,” in Technical Committee No. 7 Report of Secretariat United States Commission (International Commission on Illumination, 1951), pp. 1–60.

Kane, M. J.

A. R. A. Conway, M. J. Kane, M. F. Bunting, D. Z. Hambrick, O. Wilhelm, and R. W. Engle, “Working memory span tasks: a methodological review and user’s guide,” Psychon. Bull. Rev. 12, 769–786 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

Kulp, C. A.

S. L. Beilock, C. A. Kulp, L. E. Holt, and T. H. Carr, “More on the fragility of performance: choking under pressure in mathematical problem solving,” J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 133, 584–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Land, E. H.

E. H. Land, “Color vision and the natural image,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 45, 115–129 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Ling, Y.

Linnell, K. J.

K. J. Linnell and D. H. Foster, “Scene articulation: dependence of illuminant estimates on number of surfaces,” Perception 31, 151–159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

MacLeod, D. I. A.

Maloney, L. T.

L. T. Maloney, “Illuminant estimation as cue combination,” J. Vis. 2, 493–504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Yang and L. T. Maloney, “Illuminant cues in surface color perception: tests of three candidate theories,” Vis. Res. 41, 2581–2600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Munsell, A. H.

A. H. Munsell, A Color Notation (G. H. Ellis, 1905).

Nickerson, D.

Rayleigh, L.

L. Rayleigh, “Experiments on colour,” Nature 25, 64–66(1881).
[CrossRef]

Reeves, A.

Reeves, A. J.

A. J. Reeves, K. Amano, and D. H. Foster, “Color constancy: phenomenal or projective?” Percept. Psychophys. 70, 219–228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shevell, S. K.

E. C. Allen, S. L. Beilock, and S. K. Shevell, “Working memory is related to perceptual processing: a case from color perception,” J. Exper. Psychol. Learn. Mem. Cogn. 37, 1014–1021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. W. Jin and S. K. Shevell, “Color memory and color constancy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1981–1991 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Jenness and S. K. Shevell, “Color appearance with sparse chromatic context,” Vis. Res. 35, 797–805 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, R. D.

M. S. DeCaro, R. D. Thomas, and S. L. Beilock, “Individual differences in category learning: sometimes less working memory capacity is better than more,” Cognition 107, 284–294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tugade, M. M.

L. F. Barrett, M. M. Tugade, and R. W. Engle, “Individual differences in working memory capacity and dual-process theories of the mind,” Psychol. Bull. 130, 553–573 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tukey, J. W.

J. W. Tukey, Exploratory Data Analysis (Addison-Wesley, 1977).

Wieth, M.

M. S. DeCaro, M. Wieth, and S. L. Beilock, “Methodologies for examining problem solving success and failure,” Methods 42, 58–67 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, O.

A. R. A. Conway, M. J. Kane, M. F. Bunting, D. Z. Hambrick, O. Wilhelm, and R. W. Engle, “Working memory span tasks: a methodological review and user’s guide,” Psychon. Bull. Rev. 12, 769–786 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. N.

J. N. Yang and L. T. Maloney, “Illuminant cues in surface color perception: tests of three candidate theories,” Vis. Res. 41, 2581–2600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cognition (1)

M. S. DeCaro, R. D. Thomas, and S. L. Beilock, “Individual differences in category learning: sometimes less working memory capacity is better than more,” Cognition 107, 284–294 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci. (1)

R. W. Engle, “Working memory capacity as executive attention,” Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci. 11, 19–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. (1)

S. L. Beilock, C. A. Kulp, L. E. Holt, and T. H. Carr, “More on the fragility of performance: choking under pressure in mathematical problem solving,” J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 133, 584–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Exper. Psychol. Learn. Mem. Cogn. (1)

E. C. Allen, S. L. Beilock, and S. K. Shevell, “Working memory is related to perceptual processing: a case from color perception,” J. Exper. Psychol. Learn. Mem. Cogn. 37, 1014–1021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (4)

J. Verbal Learn. Verbal Behav. (1)

M. Daneman and P. A. Carpenter, “Individual differences in working memory and reading,” J. Verbal Learn. Verbal Behav. 19, 450–466 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Vis. (1)

L. T. Maloney, “Illuminant estimation as cue combination,” J. Vis. 2, 493–504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Methods (1)

M. S. DeCaro, M. Wieth, and S. L. Beilock, “Methodologies for examining problem solving success and failure,” Methods 42, 58–67 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

L. Rayleigh, “Experiments on colour,” Nature 25, 64–66(1881).
[CrossRef]

Percept. Psychophys. (1)

A. J. Reeves, K. Amano, and D. H. Foster, “Color constancy: phenomenal or projective?” Percept. Psychophys. 70, 219–228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Perception (1)

K. J. Linnell and D. H. Foster, “Scene articulation: dependence of illuminant estimates on number of surfaces,” Perception 31, 151–159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

E. H. Land, “Color vision and the natural image,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 45, 115–129 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Psychol. Bull. (1)

L. F. Barrett, M. M. Tugade, and R. W. Engle, “Individual differences in working memory capacity and dual-process theories of the mind,” Psychol. Bull. 130, 553–573 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Psychon. Bull. Rev. (1)

A. R. A. Conway, M. J. Kane, M. F. Bunting, D. Z. Hambrick, O. Wilhelm, and R. W. Engle, “Working memory span tasks: a methodological review and user’s guide,” Psychon. Bull. Rev. 12, 769–786 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vis. Res. (3)

J. W. Jenness and S. K. Shevell, “Color appearance with sparse chromatic context,” Vis. Res. 35, 797–805 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. W. Cornelissen and E. Brenner, “Simultaneous colour constancy revisited: an analysis of viewing strategies,” Vis. Res. 35, 2431–2448 (1995).

J. N. Yang and L. T. Maloney, “Illuminant cues in surface color perception: tests of three candidate theories,” Vis. Res. 41, 2581–2600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

J. W. Tukey, Exploratory Data Analysis (Addison-Wesley, 1977).

D. B. Judd, “Colorimetry and artificial daylight,” in Technical Committee No. 7 Report of Secretariat United States Commission (International Commission on Illumination, 1951), pp. 1–60.

D. Nickerson, Spectrophotometric Data For A Collection Of Munsell Samples (U. S. Department of Agriculture, 1953).

A. H. Munsell, A Color Notation (G. H. Ellis, 1905).

H. Helmholtz, Treatise on Physiological Optics, J. P. C. Southall, trans. (Dover, 1962).

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