Abstract

A method is described for analyzing point source imagery collected with various amounts of defocus to obtain wavefront slope data at the exit pupil of an imaging system. Integration of this slope data yields the system wavefront aberration function. The method is based on a geometric optics interpretation of intensity point spread function measurements in the caustic region near focus. Algorithm performance is examined through Monte Carlo simulations. Application of the method to segmented-aperture systems is also explored. The proposed method is used to generate initial wavefront estimates for an iterative phase retrieval algorithm, significantly improving the capture range over a blind phase retrieval approach when segment tilt errors are large.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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