The technique of phase diversity has been used in traditional incoherent imaging systems to jointly estimate an object and optical system aberrations. This paper extends the technique of phase diversity to polarimetric imaging systems. Specifically, we describe penalized-likelihood methods for jointly estimating Stokes images and optical system aberrations from measurements that contain phase diversity. Jointly estimating Stokes images and optical system aberrations involves a large parameter space. A closed-form expression for the estimate of the Stokes images in terms of the aberration parameters is derived and used in a formulation that reduces the dimensionality of the search space to the number of aberration parameters only. We compare the performance of the joint estimator under both quadratic and edge-preserving regularization; we also compare the performance of the reduced parameter search strategy to the full parameter search strategy under quadratic regularization. The joint estimator with edge-preserving regularization yields higher fidelity polarization estimates than with quadratic regularization. With the reduced parameter search strategy, accurate aberration estimates can be obtained without recourse to regularization “tuning.”
© 2010 Optical Society of America
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