Abstract

We present a computational algorithm for isotrigon texture discrimination. The aim of this method consists in discriminating isotrigon textures against a binary random background. The extension of the method to the problem of multitexture discrimination is considered as well. The method relies on the fact that the information content of time or space–frequency representations of signals, including images, can be readily analyzed by means of generalized entropy measures. In such a scenario, the Rényi entropy appears as an effective tool, given that Rényi measures can be used to provide information about a local neighborhood within an image. Localization is essential for comparing images on a pixel-by-pixel basis. Discrimination is performed through a local Rényi entropy measurement applied on a spatially oriented 1-D pseudo-Wigner distribution (PWD) of the test image. The PWD is normalized so that it may be interpreted as a probability distribution. Prior to the calculation of the texture’s PWD, a preprocessing filtering step replaces the original texture with its localized spatially oriented Allan variances. The anisotropic structure of the textures, as revealed by the Allan variances, turns out to be crucial later to attain a high discrimination by the extraction of Rényi entropy measures. The method has been empirically evaluated with a family of isotrigon textures embedded in a binary random background. The extension to the case of multiple isotrigon mosaics has also been considered. Discrimination results are compared with other existing methods.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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