Abstract

An airborne sensor measures the radiance spectrum, which is dependent on the spectral reflectance of the ground material, the orientation of the material surface, and the atmospheric and illumination conditions. We present an algorithm to estimate the surface spectral reflectance, given the sensor radiance spectrum corresponding to a single pixel. The algorithm uses a nonlinear physics-based image formation model. A low-dimensional linear subspace model is used for the reflectance spectra. The solar radiance, sky radiance, and path-scattered radiance are dependent on the environmental conditions and viewing geometry, and this interdependence is considered by using a coupled-subspace model for these spectra. The algorithm uses the Levenberg–Marquardt method to estimate the subspace model parameters. We have applied the algorithm to a large set of synthetic and real data.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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