Abstract

The transport properties of dense random media such as rutile powder layers and polyball suspensions are analyzed in visible and near infrared on the basis of experimental data on coherent backscattering, diffuse transmittance, and low-coherence interferometry. The developed technique of retrieval of the transport parameters of examined scattering media allows the evaluation of the transport mean free path l* and the effective refractive index nef of the medium without a priori knowledge of the optical properties of the scattering particles. It is found that with decreasing wavelength λ0 the value of localization parameter 2πnefl*0 of the studied rutile samples abruptly drops and approaches ≈2.6 at 473 nm. This peculiarity is caused by the very large scattering efficiency of scatterers in the vicinity of the first Mie resonance.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2004 (2)

B. P. J. Bret and A. Lagendijk, "Anisotropic enhanced backscattering induced by anisotropic diffusion," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Kim, Y. Liu, V. M. Turzhitsky, H. K. Roy, R. K. Wali, and V. Backman, "Coherent backscattering spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 29, 1906-1908 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

J. G. Rivas, D. H. Dau, A. Imhof, R. Sprik, B. P. J. Bret, P. M. Johnson, T. W. Hijmans, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental determination of the effective refractive index in strongly scattering media," Opt. Commun. 220, 17-21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Karunagaran, R. T. Rajendra Kumar, C. Viswanathan, D. Mangalaraj, Sa. K. Narayandass, and G. Mohan Rao, "Optical constants of DC magnetron sputtered titanium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry," Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 773-778 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Johnson, A. Imhof, B. P. J. Bret, J. G. Rivas, and A. Lagendijk, "Time-resolved pulse propagation in a strongly scattering material," Phys. Rev. E 68, 016604 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, L. D. Noordam, and C. W. Rella, "Static and dynamic transport of light close to the Anderson localization transition," Phys. Rev. E 63, 046613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

B. A. van Tiggelen, A. Lagendijk, and D. S. Wiersma, "Reflection and transmission of waves near the localization threshold," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4333-4336 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

F. Scheffold, R. Lenke, R. Tweer, and G. Maret, "Localization or classical diffusion of light?" Nature 398, 206-207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. J. P. Schuurmans, M. Megens, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and A. Lagendijk, "Light scattering near the localization transition in macroporous GaP networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2183-2186 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, C. M. Soukoulis, K. Busch, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical transmission through strong scattering and highly polydisperse media," Europhys. Lett. 48, 22-28 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Shinde, G. Baldi, S. Richter, S. Banerjee, J. Reynolds, J. Pierse, and E. Sevick-Muraca, "Investigation of static structure factor in dense suspensions by use of multiply scattered light," Appl. Opt. 38, 197-204 (1999).

1998 (2)

Z. Q. Zhang, C. C. Wong, K. K. Fung, Y. L. Ho, W. L. Chan, S. C. Kan, T. L. Chan, and N. Cheung, "Observation of localized electromagnetic waves in three-dimensional networks of waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5540-5543 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Kirchner, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random arrays of dielectric cylinders," Phys. Rev. B 57, 277-288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Observation of anomalous transport of strongly multiple scattered light in thin disordered slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4369-4372 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

K. Busch and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random media: an energy-density CPA approach," Phys. Rev. B 54, 893-899 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. U. Vera and D. J. Durian, "Angular distribution of diffusely transmitted light," Phys. Rev. E 53, 3215-3224 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

K. Busch and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random media: a new effective medium theory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3442-3445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental evidence for recurrent multiple scattering events of light in disordered media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4193-4196 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. A. van Tiggelen, D. S. Wiersma, and A. Lagendijk, "Self-consistent theory for the enhancement factor in coherent backscattering," Europhys. Lett. 30, 1-6 (1995).

1994 (3)

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Datta, and E. N. Economou, "Propagation of classical waves in random media," Phys. Rev. B 49, 3800-3810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Yosefin, "Localization in absorbing media," Europhys. Lett. 25, 675-680 (1994).

K. Busch, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, "Transport and scattering mean free paths of classical waves," Phys. Rev. B 50, 93-98 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. L. Weaver, "Anomalous diffusivity and localization of classical waves in disordered media: the effect of dissipation," Phys. Rev. B 47, 1077-1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

N. Garcia, A. Z. Genack, and A. A. Lisyansky, "Measurement of the transport mean free path of diffusing photons," Phys. Rev. B 46, 14475-14479 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (4)

M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, A. Lagendijk, and A. Tip, "Speed of propagation of classical waves in strongly scattering media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3132-3135 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. Garcia and A. Z. Genack, "Anomalous photon diffusion at the threshold of the Anderson localization transition," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1850-1853 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Genack and N. Garcia, "Observation of photon localization in a three-dimensional disordered system," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2064-2067 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, "Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media," Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948-3959 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

P. M. Saulnier, M. P. Zinkin, and G. H. Watson, "Scatterer correlation effect on photon transport in dense random media," Phys. Rev. B 42, 2621-2623 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

F. C. MacKintosh and S. John, "Diffusing-wave spectroscopy and multiple scattering of light in correlated random media," Phys. Rev. B 40, 2383-2406 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Drake and A. Z. Genack, "Observation of nonclassical optical diffusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 259-262 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

M. B. van der Mark, M. P. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, "Light scattering in strongly scattering media: multiple scattering and weak localization," Phys. Rev. B 37, 3575-3592 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. C. MacKintosh and S. John, "Coherent backscattering of light in the presence of time-reversal-invariant and parity-nonconserving media," Phys. Rev. B 37, 1884-1897 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. Akkermans, P. E. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, "Theoretical study of the coherent backscattering of light by disordered media," J. Phys. (France) 49, 77-98 (1988).

1987 (1)

M. P. van Albada, M. B. van der Mark, and A. Lagendijk, "Observation of weak localization of light in a finite slab: anisotropy effects and light-path classification," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 361-364 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

S. John, "Electromagnetic absorption in a disordered medium near a photon mobility edge," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2169-2172 (1984).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Economou, C. M. Soukoulis, and A. D. Zdetsis, "Localized states in disordered systems as bound states in potential wells," Phys. Rev. B 30, 1686-1694 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

S. John, H. Sompolinsky, and M. J. Stephen, "Localization in a disordered elastic medium near two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 27, 5592-5603 (1983).
[CrossRef]

W. Hess and R. Klein, "Generalized hydrodynamics of systems of Brownian particles," Adv. Phys. 32, 173-283 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, and T. V. Ramakrishan, "Scaling theory of localization: absence of quantum diffusion in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673-676 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

A. F. Ioffe and A. R. Regel, "Non-crystalline, amorphous and liquid electronic semiconductors," Prog. Semicond. 4, 237-291 (1960).

Abrahams, E.

E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, and T. V. Ramakrishan, "Scaling theory of localization: absence of quantum diffusion in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673-676 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Akkermans, E.

E. Akkermans, P. E. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, "Theoretical study of the coherent backscattering of light by disordered media," J. Phys. (France) 49, 77-98 (1988).

Anderson, P. W.

E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, and T. V. Ramakrishan, "Scaling theory of localization: absence of quantum diffusion in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673-676 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Backman, V.

Baldi, G.

Banerjee, S.

Bartolini, P.

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

Bret, B. P. J.

B. P. J. Bret and A. Lagendijk, "Anisotropic enhanced backscattering induced by anisotropic diffusion," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, D. H. Dau, A. Imhof, R. Sprik, B. P. J. Bret, P. M. Johnson, T. W. Hijmans, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental determination of the effective refractive index in strongly scattering media," Opt. Commun. 220, 17-21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Johnson, A. Imhof, B. P. J. Bret, J. G. Rivas, and A. Lagendijk, "Time-resolved pulse propagation in a strongly scattering material," Phys. Rev. E 68, 016604 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Busch, K.

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, C. M. Soukoulis, K. Busch, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical transmission through strong scattering and highly polydisperse media," Europhys. Lett. 48, 22-28 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Kirchner, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random arrays of dielectric cylinders," Phys. Rev. B 57, 277-288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Busch and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random media: an energy-density CPA approach," Phys. Rev. B 54, 893-899 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Busch and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random media: a new effective medium theory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3442-3445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Busch, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, "Transport and scattering mean free paths of classical waves," Phys. Rev. B 50, 93-98 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chan, T. L.

Z. Q. Zhang, C. C. Wong, K. K. Fung, Y. L. Ho, W. L. Chan, S. C. Kan, T. L. Chan, and N. Cheung, "Observation of localized electromagnetic waves in three-dimensional networks of waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5540-5543 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chan, W. L.

Z. Q. Zhang, C. C. Wong, K. K. Fung, Y. L. Ho, W. L. Chan, S. C. Kan, T. L. Chan, and N. Cheung, "Observation of localized electromagnetic waves in three-dimensional networks of waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5540-5543 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer (Dover, 1960).

Cheung, N.

Z. Q. Zhang, C. C. Wong, K. K. Fung, Y. L. Ho, W. L. Chan, S. C. Kan, T. L. Chan, and N. Cheung, "Observation of localized electromagnetic waves in three-dimensional networks of waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5540-5543 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Datta, S.

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Datta, and E. N. Economou, "Propagation of classical waves in random media," Phys. Rev. B 49, 3800-3810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dau, D. H.

J. G. Rivas, D. H. Dau, A. Imhof, R. Sprik, B. P. J. Bret, P. M. Johnson, T. W. Hijmans, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental determination of the effective refractive index in strongly scattering media," Opt. Commun. 220, 17-21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Vries, P.

R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Observation of anomalous transport of strongly multiple scattered light in thin disordered slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4369-4372 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Drake, J. M.

J. M. Drake and A. Z. Genack, "Observation of nonclassical optical diffusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 259-262 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Durian, D. J.

M. U. Vera and D. J. Durian, "Angular distribution of diffusely transmitted light," Phys. Rev. E 53, 3215-3224 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Economou, E. N.

K. Busch, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, "Transport and scattering mean free paths of classical waves," Phys. Rev. B 50, 93-98 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Datta, and E. N. Economou, "Propagation of classical waves in random media," Phys. Rev. B 49, 3800-3810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Economou, C. M. Soukoulis, and A. D. Zdetsis, "Localized states in disordered systems as bound states in potential wells," Phys. Rev. B 30, 1686-1694 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fung, K. K.

Z. Q. Zhang, C. C. Wong, K. K. Fung, Y. L. Ho, W. L. Chan, S. C. Kan, T. L. Chan, and N. Cheung, "Observation of localized electromagnetic waves in three-dimensional networks of waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5540-5543 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, N.

N. Garcia, A. Z. Genack, and A. A. Lisyansky, "Measurement of the transport mean free path of diffusing photons," Phys. Rev. B 46, 14475-14479 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Garcia and A. Z. Genack, "Anomalous photon diffusion at the threshold of the Anderson localization transition," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1850-1853 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Genack and N. Garcia, "Observation of photon localization in a three-dimensional disordered system," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2064-2067 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Genack, A. Z.

N. Garcia, A. Z. Genack, and A. A. Lisyansky, "Measurement of the transport mean free path of diffusing photons," Phys. Rev. B 46, 14475-14479 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Garcia and A. Z. Genack, "Anomalous photon diffusion at the threshold of the Anderson localization transition," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1850-1853 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Genack and N. Garcia, "Observation of photon localization in a three-dimensional disordered system," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2064-2067 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Drake and A. Z. Genack, "Observation of nonclassical optical diffusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 259-262 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hess, W.

W. Hess and R. Klein, "Generalized hydrodynamics of systems of Brownian particles," Adv. Phys. 32, 173-283 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hijmans, T. W.

J. G. Rivas, D. H. Dau, A. Imhof, R. Sprik, B. P. J. Bret, P. M. Johnson, T. W. Hijmans, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental determination of the effective refractive index in strongly scattering media," Opt. Commun. 220, 17-21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ho, Y. L.

Z. Q. Zhang, C. C. Wong, K. K. Fung, Y. L. Ho, W. L. Chan, S. C. Kan, T. L. Chan, and N. Cheung, "Observation of localized electromagnetic waves in three-dimensional networks of waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5540-5543 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

Imhof, A.

P. M. Johnson, A. Imhof, B. P. J. Bret, J. G. Rivas, and A. Lagendijk, "Time-resolved pulse propagation in a strongly scattering material," Phys. Rev. E 68, 016604 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, D. H. Dau, A. Imhof, R. Sprik, B. P. J. Bret, P. M. Johnson, T. W. Hijmans, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental determination of the effective refractive index in strongly scattering media," Opt. Commun. 220, 17-21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ioffe, A. F.

A. F. Ioffe and A. R. Regel, "Non-crystalline, amorphous and liquid electronic semiconductors," Prog. Semicond. 4, 237-291 (1960).

Ishimaru, A.

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Academic, 1978).

John, S.

F. C. MacKintosh and S. John, "Diffusing-wave spectroscopy and multiple scattering of light in correlated random media," Phys. Rev. B 40, 2383-2406 (1989).
[CrossRef]

F. C. MacKintosh and S. John, "Coherent backscattering of light in the presence of time-reversal-invariant and parity-nonconserving media," Phys. Rev. B 37, 1884-1897 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. John, "Electromagnetic absorption in a disordered medium near a photon mobility edge," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2169-2172 (1984).
[CrossRef]

S. John, H. Sompolinsky, and M. J. Stephen, "Localization in a disordered elastic medium near two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 27, 5592-5603 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. M.

P. M. Johnson, A. Imhof, B. P. J. Bret, J. G. Rivas, and A. Lagendijk, "Time-resolved pulse propagation in a strongly scattering material," Phys. Rev. E 68, 016604 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, D. H. Dau, A. Imhof, R. Sprik, B. P. J. Bret, P. M. Johnson, T. W. Hijmans, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental determination of the effective refractive index in strongly scattering media," Opt. Commun. 220, 17-21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kan, S. C.

Z. Q. Zhang, C. C. Wong, K. K. Fung, Y. L. Ho, W. L. Chan, S. C. Kan, T. L. Chan, and N. Cheung, "Observation of localized electromagnetic waves in three-dimensional networks of waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5540-5543 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Karunagaran, B.

B. Karunagaran, R. T. Rajendra Kumar, C. Viswanathan, D. Mangalaraj, Sa. K. Narayandass, and G. Mohan Rao, "Optical constants of DC magnetron sputtered titanium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry," Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 773-778 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. L.

Kirchner, A.

A. Kirchner, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random arrays of dielectric cylinders," Phys. Rev. B 57, 277-288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Klein, R.

W. Hess and R. Klein, "Generalized hydrodynamics of systems of Brownian particles," Adv. Phys. 32, 173-283 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kop, R. H. J.

R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Observation of anomalous transport of strongly multiple scattered light in thin disordered slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4369-4372 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

B. P. J. Bret and A. Lagendijk, "Anisotropic enhanced backscattering induced by anisotropic diffusion," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, D. H. Dau, A. Imhof, R. Sprik, B. P. J. Bret, P. M. Johnson, T. W. Hijmans, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental determination of the effective refractive index in strongly scattering media," Opt. Commun. 220, 17-21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Johnson, A. Imhof, B. P. J. Bret, J. G. Rivas, and A. Lagendijk, "Time-resolved pulse propagation in a strongly scattering material," Phys. Rev. E 68, 016604 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, L. D. Noordam, and C. W. Rella, "Static and dynamic transport of light close to the Anderson localization transition," Phys. Rev. E 63, 046613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. A. van Tiggelen, A. Lagendijk, and D. S. Wiersma, "Reflection and transmission of waves near the localization threshold," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4333-4336 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. J. P. Schuurmans, M. Megens, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and A. Lagendijk, "Light scattering near the localization transition in macroporous GaP networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2183-2186 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, C. M. Soukoulis, K. Busch, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical transmission through strong scattering and highly polydisperse media," Europhys. Lett. 48, 22-28 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Observation of anomalous transport of strongly multiple scattered light in thin disordered slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4369-4372 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental evidence for recurrent multiple scattering events of light in disordered media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4193-4196 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. A. van Tiggelen, D. S. Wiersma, and A. Lagendijk, "Self-consistent theory for the enhancement factor in coherent backscattering," Europhys. Lett. 30, 1-6 (1995).

M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, A. Lagendijk, and A. Tip, "Speed of propagation of classical waves in strongly scattering media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3132-3135 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. B. van der Mark, M. P. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, "Light scattering in strongly scattering media: multiple scattering and weak localization," Phys. Rev. B 37, 3575-3592 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Albada, M. B. van der Mark, and A. Lagendijk, "Observation of weak localization of light in a finite slab: anisotropy effects and light-path classification," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 361-364 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lenke, R.

F. Scheffold, R. Lenke, R. Tweer, and G. Maret, "Localization or classical diffusion of light?" Nature 398, 206-207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Licciardello, D. C.

E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, and T. V. Ramakrishan, "Scaling theory of localization: absence of quantum diffusion in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673-676 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Lisyansky, A. A.

N. Garcia, A. Z. Genack, and A. A. Lisyansky, "Measurement of the transport mean free path of diffusing photons," Phys. Rev. B 46, 14475-14479 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

MacKintosh, F. C.

F. C. MacKintosh and S. John, "Diffusing-wave spectroscopy and multiple scattering of light in correlated random media," Phys. Rev. B 40, 2383-2406 (1989).
[CrossRef]

F. C. MacKintosh and S. John, "Coherent backscattering of light in the presence of time-reversal-invariant and parity-nonconserving media," Phys. Rev. B 37, 1884-1897 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mangalaraj, D.

B. Karunagaran, R. T. Rajendra Kumar, C. Viswanathan, D. Mangalaraj, Sa. K. Narayandass, and G. Mohan Rao, "Optical constants of DC magnetron sputtered titanium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry," Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 773-778 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maret, G.

F. Scheffold, R. Lenke, R. Tweer, and G. Maret, "Localization or classical diffusion of light?" Nature 398, 206-207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Akkermans, P. E. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, "Theoretical study of the coherent backscattering of light by disordered media," J. Phys. (France) 49, 77-98 (1988).

Maynard, R.

E. Akkermans, P. E. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, "Theoretical study of the coherent backscattering of light by disordered media," J. Phys. (France) 49, 77-98 (1988).

Megens, M.

F. J. P. Schuurmans, M. Megens, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and A. Lagendijk, "Light scattering near the localization transition in macroporous GaP networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2183-2186 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mohan Rao, G.

B. Karunagaran, R. T. Rajendra Kumar, C. Viswanathan, D. Mangalaraj, Sa. K. Narayandass, and G. Mohan Rao, "Optical constants of DC magnetron sputtered titanium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry," Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 773-778 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Narayandass, Sa. K.

B. Karunagaran, R. T. Rajendra Kumar, C. Viswanathan, D. Mangalaraj, Sa. K. Narayandass, and G. Mohan Rao, "Optical constants of DC magnetron sputtered titanium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry," Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 773-778 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Noordam, L. D.

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, L. D. Noordam, and C. W. Rella, "Static and dynamic transport of light close to the Anderson localization transition," Phys. Rev. E 63, 046613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pierse, J.

Pine, D. J.

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, "Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media," Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948-3959 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rajendra Kumar, R. T.

B. Karunagaran, R. T. Rajendra Kumar, C. Viswanathan, D. Mangalaraj, Sa. K. Narayandass, and G. Mohan Rao, "Optical constants of DC magnetron sputtered titanium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry," Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 773-778 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ramakrishan, T. V.

E. Abrahams, P. W. Anderson, D. C. Licciardello, and T. V. Ramakrishan, "Scaling theory of localization: absence of quantum diffusion in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673-676 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Regel, A. R.

A. F. Ioffe and A. R. Regel, "Non-crystalline, amorphous and liquid electronic semiconductors," Prog. Semicond. 4, 237-291 (1960).

Rella, C. W.

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, L. D. Noordam, and C. W. Rella, "Static and dynamic transport of light close to the Anderson localization transition," Phys. Rev. E 63, 046613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Reynolds, J.

Richter, S.

Righini, R.

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rivas, J. G.

J. G. Rivas, D. H. Dau, A. Imhof, R. Sprik, B. P. J. Bret, P. M. Johnson, T. W. Hijmans, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental determination of the effective refractive index in strongly scattering media," Opt. Commun. 220, 17-21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Johnson, A. Imhof, B. P. J. Bret, J. G. Rivas, and A. Lagendijk, "Time-resolved pulse propagation in a strongly scattering material," Phys. Rev. E 68, 016604 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, L. D. Noordam, and C. W. Rella, "Static and dynamic transport of light close to the Anderson localization transition," Phys. Rev. E 63, 046613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, C. M. Soukoulis, K. Busch, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical transmission through strong scattering and highly polydisperse media," Europhys. Lett. 48, 22-28 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Roy, H. K.

Saulnier, P. M.

P. M. Saulnier, M. P. Zinkin, and G. H. Watson, "Scatterer correlation effect on photon transport in dense random media," Phys. Rev. B 42, 2621-2623 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Scheffold, F.

F. Scheffold, R. Lenke, R. Tweer, and G. Maret, "Localization or classical diffusion of light?" Nature 398, 206-207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schuurmans, F. J. P.

F. J. P. Schuurmans, M. Megens, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and A. Lagendijk, "Light scattering near the localization transition in macroporous GaP networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2183-2186 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sevick-Muraca, E.

Sheng, P.

P. Sheng, Introduction to Wave Scattering, Localization and Mesoscopic Phenomena (Academic, 1995).

Shinde, R.

Sompolinsky, H.

S. John, H. Sompolinsky, and M. J. Stephen, "Localization in a disordered elastic medium near two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 27, 5592-5603 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, C. M. Soukoulis, K. Busch, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical transmission through strong scattering and highly polydisperse media," Europhys. Lett. 48, 22-28 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Kirchner, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random arrays of dielectric cylinders," Phys. Rev. B 57, 277-288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Busch and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random media: an energy-density CPA approach," Phys. Rev. B 54, 893-899 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Busch and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random media: a new effective medium theory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3442-3445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Busch, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, "Transport and scattering mean free paths of classical waves," Phys. Rev. B 50, 93-98 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Datta, and E. N. Economou, "Propagation of classical waves in random media," Phys. Rev. B 49, 3800-3810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Economou, C. M. Soukoulis, and A. D. Zdetsis, "Localized states in disordered systems as bound states in potential wells," Phys. Rev. B 30, 1686-1694 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sprik, R.

J. G. Rivas, D. H. Dau, A. Imhof, R. Sprik, B. P. J. Bret, P. M. Johnson, T. W. Hijmans, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental determination of the effective refractive index in strongly scattering media," Opt. Commun. 220, 17-21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, L. D. Noordam, and C. W. Rella, "Static and dynamic transport of light close to the Anderson localization transition," Phys. Rev. E 63, 046613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, C. M. Soukoulis, K. Busch, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical transmission through strong scattering and highly polydisperse media," Europhys. Lett. 48, 22-28 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Observation of anomalous transport of strongly multiple scattered light in thin disordered slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4369-4372 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stephen, M. J.

S. John, H. Sompolinsky, and M. J. Stephen, "Localization in a disordered elastic medium near two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 27, 5592-5603 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tip, A.

M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, A. Lagendijk, and A. Tip, "Speed of propagation of classical waves in strongly scattering media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3132-3135 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tuchin, V.

Turzhitsky, V. M.

Tweer, R.

F. Scheffold, R. Lenke, R. Tweer, and G. Maret, "Localization or classical diffusion of light?" Nature 398, 206-207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

van Albada, M. P.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental evidence for recurrent multiple scattering events of light in disordered media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4193-4196 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, A. Lagendijk, and A. Tip, "Speed of propagation of classical waves in strongly scattering media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3132-3135 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. B. van der Mark, M. P. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, "Light scattering in strongly scattering media: multiple scattering and weak localization," Phys. Rev. B 37, 3575-3592 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Albada, M. B. van der Mark, and A. Lagendijk, "Observation of weak localization of light in a finite slab: anisotropy effects and light-path classification," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 361-364 (1987).
[CrossRef]

van der Mark, M. B.

M. B. van der Mark, M. P. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, "Light scattering in strongly scattering media: multiple scattering and weak localization," Phys. Rev. B 37, 3575-3592 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Albada, M. B. van der Mark, and A. Lagendijk, "Observation of weak localization of light in a finite slab: anisotropy effects and light-path classification," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 361-364 (1987).
[CrossRef]

van Tiggelen, B. A.

B. A. van Tiggelen, A. Lagendijk, and D. S. Wiersma, "Reflection and transmission of waves near the localization threshold," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4333-4336 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental evidence for recurrent multiple scattering events of light in disordered media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4193-4196 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. A. van Tiggelen, D. S. Wiersma, and A. Lagendijk, "Self-consistent theory for the enhancement factor in coherent backscattering," Europhys. Lett. 30, 1-6 (1995).

M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, A. Lagendijk, and A. Tip, "Speed of propagation of classical waves in strongly scattering media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3132-3135 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Vanmaekelbergh, D.

F. J. P. Schuurmans, M. Megens, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and A. Lagendijk, "Light scattering near the localization transition in macroporous GaP networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2183-2186 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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M. U. Vera and D. J. Durian, "Angular distribution of diffusely transmitted light," Phys. Rev. E 53, 3215-3224 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Viswanathan, C.

B. Karunagaran, R. T. Rajendra Kumar, C. Viswanathan, D. Mangalaraj, Sa. K. Narayandass, and G. Mohan Rao, "Optical constants of DC magnetron sputtered titanium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry," Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 773-778 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vollhardt, D.

P. Wolfle and D. Vollhardt, "Self-consistent theory of Anderson localization," in Electronic Phase Transitions, W. Hanke and Yu. V. Kopaev, eds. (Elsevier Science, 1992).

Wali, R. K.

Wang, R. K.

Watson, G. H.

P. M. Saulnier, M. P. Zinkin, and G. H. Watson, "Scatterer correlation effect on photon transport in dense random media," Phys. Rev. B 42, 2621-2623 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Weaver, R. L.

R. L. Weaver, "Anomalous diffusivity and localization of classical waves in disordered media: the effect of dissipation," Phys. Rev. B 47, 1077-1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, D. A.

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, "Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media," Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948-3959 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

B. A. van Tiggelen, A. Lagendijk, and D. S. Wiersma, "Reflection and transmission of waves near the localization threshold," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4333-4336 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental evidence for recurrent multiple scattering events of light in disordered media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4193-4196 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. A. van Tiggelen, D. S. Wiersma, and A. Lagendijk, "Self-consistent theory for the enhancement factor in coherent backscattering," Europhys. Lett. 30, 1-6 (1995).

Wolf, P. E.

E. Akkermans, P. E. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, "Theoretical study of the coherent backscattering of light by disordered media," J. Phys. (France) 49, 77-98 (1988).

Wolfle, P.

P. Wolfle and D. Vollhardt, "Self-consistent theory of Anderson localization," in Electronic Phase Transitions, W. Hanke and Yu. V. Kopaev, eds. (Elsevier Science, 1992).

Wong, C. C.

Z. Q. Zhang, C. C. Wong, K. K. Fung, Y. L. Ho, W. L. Chan, S. C. Kan, T. L. Chan, and N. Cheung, "Observation of localized electromagnetic waves in three-dimensional networks of waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5540-5543 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yosefin, M.

M. Yosefin, "Localization in absorbing media," Europhys. Lett. 25, 675-680 (1994).

Zdetsis, A. D.

E. N. Economou, C. M. Soukoulis, and A. D. Zdetsis, "Localized states in disordered systems as bound states in potential wells," Phys. Rev. B 30, 1686-1694 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Zhang, C. C. Wong, K. K. Fung, Y. L. Ho, W. L. Chan, S. C. Kan, T. L. Chan, and N. Cheung, "Observation of localized electromagnetic waves in three-dimensional networks of waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5540-5543 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J. X.

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, "Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media," Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948-3959 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zinkin, M. P.

P. M. Saulnier, M. P. Zinkin, and G. H. Watson, "Scatterer correlation effect on photon transport in dense random media," Phys. Rev. B 42, 2621-2623 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Phys. (1)

W. Hess and R. Klein, "Generalized hydrodynamics of systems of Brownian particles," Adv. Phys. 32, 173-283 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

B. Karunagaran, R. T. Rajendra Kumar, C. Viswanathan, D. Mangalaraj, Sa. K. Narayandass, and G. Mohan Rao, "Optical constants of DC magnetron sputtered titanium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry," Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 773-778 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (3)

M. Yosefin, "Localization in absorbing media," Europhys. Lett. 25, 675-680 (1994).

B. A. van Tiggelen, D. S. Wiersma, and A. Lagendijk, "Self-consistent theory for the enhancement factor in coherent backscattering," Europhys. Lett. 30, 1-6 (1995).

J. G. Rivas, R. Sprik, C. M. Soukoulis, K. Busch, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical transmission through strong scattering and highly polydisperse media," Europhys. Lett. 48, 22-28 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. (France) (1)

E. Akkermans, P. E. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, "Theoretical study of the coherent backscattering of light by disordered media," J. Phys. (France) 49, 77-98 (1988).

Nature (2)

F. Scheffold, R. Lenke, R. Tweer, and G. Maret, "Localization or classical diffusion of light?" Nature 398, 206-207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. G. Rivas, D. H. Dau, A. Imhof, R. Sprik, B. P. J. Bret, P. M. Johnson, T. W. Hijmans, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental determination of the effective refractive index in strongly scattering media," Opt. Commun. 220, 17-21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, "Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media," Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948-3959 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (12)

N. Garcia, A. Z. Genack, and A. A. Lisyansky, "Measurement of the transport mean free path of diffusing photons," Phys. Rev. B 46, 14475-14479 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Saulnier, M. P. Zinkin, and G. H. Watson, "Scatterer correlation effect on photon transport in dense random media," Phys. Rev. B 42, 2621-2623 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. B. van der Mark, M. P. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, "Light scattering in strongly scattering media: multiple scattering and weak localization," Phys. Rev. B 37, 3575-3592 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Kirchner, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random arrays of dielectric cylinders," Phys. Rev. B 57, 277-288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. C. MacKintosh and S. John, "Diffusing-wave spectroscopy and multiple scattering of light in correlated random media," Phys. Rev. B 40, 2383-2406 (1989).
[CrossRef]

F. C. MacKintosh and S. John, "Coherent backscattering of light in the presence of time-reversal-invariant and parity-nonconserving media," Phys. Rev. B 37, 1884-1897 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. Busch and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transport properties of random media: an energy-density CPA approach," Phys. Rev. B 54, 893-899 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Busch, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, "Transport and scattering mean free paths of classical waves," Phys. Rev. B 50, 93-98 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Datta, and E. N. Economou, "Propagation of classical waves in random media," Phys. Rev. B 49, 3800-3810 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Weaver, "Anomalous diffusivity and localization of classical waves in disordered media: the effect of dissipation," Phys. Rev. B 47, 1077-1080 (1993).
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