The spatial orientation of the fringe has been demonstrated to be a key point in the reliable phase demodulation from a single n-dimensional fringe pattern regardless of the frequency spectrum of the signal. The recently introduced general n-dimensional quadrature transform (GQT) makes explicit the importance of the fringe orientation in the demodulation process. The GQT is a quadrature operator that transforms cos ϕ into -sin ϕ—where ϕ is the modulating phase—and it is composed of two terms: an orientation factor directly related to the fringe’s spatial orientation and an isotropic n-dimensional generalization of the one-dimensional Hilbert transform. We present a method for the determination of the orientation factor in a general n-dimensional case and its application to the demodulation of a single fringe pattern by the GQT. We have tested the algorithm with simulated as well as real photoelastic fringe patterns with good results.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
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