Matching of three-dimensional (3-D) objects is achieved by Wigner analysis of the correlation pattern between the phase-only holographic information of a reference object and that of a target object. First, holographic information on the reference object and on the target object is extracted by use of optical scanning holography as a form of electrical signal. This electrical information is then stored in a computer for digital processing. In the digital computer, the correlation between the phase-only information of the hologram of the reference object and that of the target object is calculated and analyzed by use of a Wigner distribution. The Wigner distribution yields a space-frequency map of the correlation pattern that indicates whether the 3-D image of the target object matches that of the reference object. When the 3-D image of the target object matches that of the reference object, the Wigner distribution gives a well-defined line that directly indicates the 3-D location of the matched target object. Optical experiments with digital processing are described to demonstrate the proposed matching technique.
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