Abstract

We describe a matrix multiplication procedure for evaluating the pixelated version of the near-field pattern of a discrete, one- or two-dimensional input. We show that for an input with N×N pixels, in an area d×d, it is necessary to evaluate the Fresnel diffraction pattern at distances zd2/λN. Our numerical algorithm is also useful for evaluating the fractional Fourier transform by multiplying by a special phase matrix with fractional parameter ϵ. If the phase matrix is evaluated at ϵ=1, we find the discrete Fourier transform matrix.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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