L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L. -Q. Zheng, “MCML—Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995). The software package is downloadable from the web page at http://biomed.tamu.edu/∼lw .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. J. Farrell, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, “A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the non-invasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo,” Med. Phys. 19, 879–888 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Yoon, S. A. Prahl, A. J. Welch, “Accuracies of the diffusion approximation and its similarity relations for laser irradiated biological media,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2250–2255 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. S. Patterson, B. Chance, B. C. Wilson, “Time resolved reflectance and transmittance for the non-invasive measurement of tissue optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2331–2336 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. R. Wyman, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, “Similarity relations for anisotropic scattering in Monte Carlo simulations of deeply penetrating neutral particles,” J. Comput. Phys. 81, 137–150 (1989).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Jacques, C. A. Alter, S. A. Prahl, “Angular dependence of HeNe laser light scattering by human dermis,” Lasers Life Sci. 1, 309–333 (1987).

L. G. Henyey, J. L. Greenstein, “Diffuse radiation in the galaxy,” Astrophys. J. 93, 70–83 (1941).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Jacques, C. A. Alter, S. A. Prahl, “Angular dependence of HeNe laser light scattering by human dermis,” Lasers Life Sci. 1, 309–333 (1987).

T. J. Farrell, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, “A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the non-invasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo,” Med. Phys. 19, 879–888 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1992).

S. T. Flock, B. C. Wilson, M. S. Patterson, “Hybrid Monte Carlo diffusion theory modeling of light distributions in tissue,” in Laser Interaction with Tissue, M. W. Berns, ed., Proc. SPIE908, 20–28 (1988).

[CrossRef]

L. G. Henyey, J. L. Greenstein, “Diffuse radiation in the galaxy,” Astrophys. J. 93, 70–83 (1941).

[CrossRef]

H. Kahn, T. E. Harris, “Estimation of particle transmission by random sampling,” Monte Carlo Method, National Bureau of Standards Applied Mathematics Series No. 12 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., (1951).

L. G. Henyey, J. L. Greenstein, “Diffuse radiation in the galaxy,” Astrophys. J. 93, 70–83 (1941).

[CrossRef]

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L. -Q. Zheng, “CONV—Convolution for responses to a finite diameter photon beam incident on multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 54, 141–150 (1997).

[CrossRef]

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L. -Q. Zheng, “MCML—Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995). The software package is downloadable from the web page at http://biomed.tamu.edu/∼lw .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, “Hybrid model of Monte Carlo simulation diffusion theory for light reflectance by turbid media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1746–1752 (1993).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Jacques, C. A. Alter, S. A. Prahl, “Angular dependence of HeNe laser light scattering by human dermis,” Lasers Life Sci. 1, 309–333 (1987).

S. A. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. L. Jacques, A. J. Welch, “A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue,” in Dosimetry of Laser Radiation in Medicine and Biology, G. J. Muller, D. H. Sliney, eds., Proc. SPIEIS 5, 102–111 (1989).

L. -H. Wang, X. -M. Zhao, S. L. Jacques, “Computation of the optical properties of tissues from light reflectance using a neural network,” in Laser-Tissue Interaction V, S. L. Jacques, ed., Proc. SPIE2134, 391–399 (1994).

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, “Analysis of diffusion theory and similarity relations,” in Photon Migration and Imaging in Random Media and Tissues, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano, eds., Proc. SPIE1888, 107–116 (1993).

[CrossRef]

H. Kahn, T. E. Harris, “Estimation of particle transmission by random sampling,” Monte Carlo Method, National Bureau of Standards Applied Mathematics Series No. 12 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., (1951).

S. A. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. L. Jacques, A. J. Welch, “A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue,” in Dosimetry of Laser Radiation in Medicine and Biology, G. J. Muller, D. H. Sliney, eds., Proc. SPIEIS 5, 102–111 (1989).

A. Kienle, M. S. Patterson, “Improved solutions of the steady-state and the time-resolved diffusion equations for reflectance from a semi-infinite turbid medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 246–254 (1997).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Farrell, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, “A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the non-invasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo,” Med. Phys. 19, 879–888 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. S. Patterson, B. Chance, B. C. Wilson, “Time resolved reflectance and transmittance for the non-invasive measurement of tissue optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2331–2336 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. R. Wyman, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, “Similarity relations for anisotropic scattering in Monte Carlo simulations of deeply penetrating neutral particles,” J. Comput. Phys. 81, 137–150 (1989).

[CrossRef]

S. T. Flock, B. C. Wilson, M. S. Patterson, “Hybrid Monte Carlo diffusion theory modeling of light distributions in tissue,” in Laser Interaction with Tissue, M. W. Berns, ed., Proc. SPIE908, 20–28 (1988).

[CrossRef]

G. Yoon, S. A. Prahl, A. J. Welch, “Accuracies of the diffusion approximation and its similarity relations for laser irradiated biological media,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2250–2255 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. L. Jacques, C. A. Alter, S. A. Prahl, “Angular dependence of HeNe laser light scattering by human dermis,” Lasers Life Sci. 1, 309–333 (1987).

S. A. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. L. Jacques, A. J. Welch, “A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue,” in Dosimetry of Laser Radiation in Medicine and Biology, G. J. Muller, D. H. Sliney, eds., Proc. SPIEIS 5, 102–111 (1989).

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1992).

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1992).

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1992).

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L. -Q. Zheng, “CONV—Convolution for responses to a finite diameter photon beam incident on multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 54, 141–150 (1997).

[CrossRef]

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L. -Q. Zheng, “MCML—Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995). The software package is downloadable from the web page at http://biomed.tamu.edu/∼lw .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, “Hybrid model of Monte Carlo simulation diffusion theory for light reflectance by turbid media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1746–1752 (1993).

[CrossRef]

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, “Analysis of diffusion theory and similarity relations,” in Photon Migration and Imaging in Random Media and Tissues, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano, eds., Proc. SPIE1888, 107–116 (1993).

[CrossRef]

L. -H. Wang, X. -M. Zhao, S. L. Jacques, “Computation of the optical properties of tissues from light reflectance using a neural network,” in Laser-Tissue Interaction V, S. L. Jacques, ed., Proc. SPIE2134, 391–399 (1994).

G. Yoon, S. A. Prahl, A. J. Welch, “Accuracies of the diffusion approximation and its similarity relations for laser irradiated biological media,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2250–2255 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. A. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. L. Jacques, A. J. Welch, “A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue,” in Dosimetry of Laser Radiation in Medicine and Biology, G. J. Muller, D. H. Sliney, eds., Proc. SPIEIS 5, 102–111 (1989).

T. J. Farrell, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, “A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the non-invasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo,” Med. Phys. 19, 879–888 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. S. Patterson, B. Chance, B. C. Wilson, “Time resolved reflectance and transmittance for the non-invasive measurement of tissue optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2331–2336 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. R. Wyman, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, “Similarity relations for anisotropic scattering in Monte Carlo simulations of deeply penetrating neutral particles,” J. Comput. Phys. 81, 137–150 (1989).

[CrossRef]

S. T. Flock, B. C. Wilson, M. S. Patterson, “Hybrid Monte Carlo diffusion theory modeling of light distributions in tissue,” in Laser Interaction with Tissue, M. W. Berns, ed., Proc. SPIE908, 20–28 (1988).

[CrossRef]

D. R. Wyman, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, “Similarity relations for anisotropic scattering in Monte Carlo simulations of deeply penetrating neutral particles,” J. Comput. Phys. 81, 137–150 (1989).

[CrossRef]

L. -H. Wang, X. -M. Zhao, S. L. Jacques, “Computation of the optical properties of tissues from light reflectance using a neural network,” in Laser-Tissue Interaction V, S. L. Jacques, ed., Proc. SPIE2134, 391–399 (1994).

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L. -Q. Zheng, “CONV—Convolution for responses to a finite diameter photon beam incident on multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 54, 141–150 (1997).

[CrossRef]

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L. -Q. Zheng, “MCML—Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995). The software package is downloadable from the web page at http://biomed.tamu.edu/∼lw .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. A. J. Groenhuis, H. A. Ferwerda, J. J. Ten Bosch, “Scattering and absorption of turbid materials determined from reflection measurements. I: Theory,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2456–2462 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Yoon, S. A. Prahl, A. J. Welch, “Accuracies of the diffusion approximation and its similarity relations for laser irradiated biological media,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2250–2255 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. S. Patterson, B. Chance, B. C. Wilson, “Time resolved reflectance and transmittance for the non-invasive measurement of tissue optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2331–2336 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. G. Henyey, J. L. Greenstein, “Diffuse radiation in the galaxy,” Astrophys. J. 93, 70–83 (1941).

[CrossRef]

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L. -Q. Zheng, “MCML—Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995). The software package is downloadable from the web page at http://biomed.tamu.edu/∼lw .

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L. -Q. Zheng, “CONV—Convolution for responses to a finite diameter photon beam incident on multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 54, 141–150 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. R. Wyman, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, “Similarity relations for anisotropic scattering in Monte Carlo simulations of deeply penetrating neutral particles,” J. Comput. Phys. 81, 137–150 (1989).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Jacques, C. A. Alter, S. A. Prahl, “Angular dependence of HeNe laser light scattering by human dermis,” Lasers Life Sci. 1, 309–333 (1987).

T. J. Farrell, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, “A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the non-invasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo,” Med. Phys. 19, 879–888 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. -H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, “Analysis of diffusion theory and similarity relations,” in Photon Migration and Imaging in Random Media and Tissues, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano, eds., Proc. SPIE1888, 107–116 (1993).

[CrossRef]

S. A. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. L. Jacques, A. J. Welch, “A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue,” in Dosimetry of Laser Radiation in Medicine and Biology, G. J. Muller, D. H. Sliney, eds., Proc. SPIEIS 5, 102–111 (1989).

H. Kahn, T. E. Harris, “Estimation of particle transmission by random sampling,” Monte Carlo Method, National Bureau of Standards Applied Mathematics Series No. 12 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., (1951).

S. T. Flock, B. C. Wilson, M. S. Patterson, “Hybrid Monte Carlo diffusion theory modeling of light distributions in tissue,” in Laser Interaction with Tissue, M. W. Berns, ed., Proc. SPIE908, 20–28 (1988).

[CrossRef]

L. -H. Wang, X. -M. Zhao, S. L. Jacques, “Computation of the optical properties of tissues from light reflectance using a neural network,” in Laser-Tissue Interaction V, S. L. Jacques, ed., Proc. SPIE2134, 391–399 (1994).

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1992).

See related studies in S. L. Jacques, ed., Laser-Tissue Interaction VIII, Proc. SPIE2975 (1997).

See related studies in B. Chance, R. R. Alfano, eds., Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue: Theory, Instrumentation, Model, and Human Studies II, Proc. SPIE2979 (1997).