Abstract

A double-groove, two-depth dielectric grating structure for high-efficiency light coupling into a light guide is introduced. We show computationally that the optimized gratings can couple a monochromatic TE- or TM-polarized light beam with nearly 100% efficiency. For an unpolarized light beam 90% efficiency can be reached. In all cases the highest achieved coupling efficiencies require that the refractive index of the grating material be greater than 1.7. The illumination and fabrication tolerances of the couplers are also analyzed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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