The direct analysis in the time domain of the fluctuations of a signal propagating in a fiber-optic link in the presence of an imperfect connector makes it possible to formalize in a simple manner the description of its statistical properties. This permits, in particular, the clarification of the role played by the various time scales involved in the problem (coherence time of the fiber-exciting source, fiber modal delay, detector response time, etc.) in evaluating the statistical averages. The formalism includes in a straightforward way the case of simultaneous excitation of the fiber by more than one source. This last circumstance is expedient for checking the beneficial effect on modal noise derived from exciting the fiber with <i>N</i> laser sources.
© 1983 Optical Society of AmericaPDF Article