J. G. Walker and E. Jakeman, "Non-Gaussian light scattering by a ruffled water surface," Opt. Acta 29, 313–324 (1982).

K. Schätzel and G. Parry, "Real-time moiré-measurement of phase gradient," Opt. Acta 29, 1441–1445 (1982).

E. O. Schulz-DuBois and I. Rehberg, "Structure function in lieu of correlation function," Appl. Phys. 24, 323–329 (1981).

E. Jakeman and J. G. McWhirter, "Non-Gaussian scattering by a random phase screen," Appl. Phys. B26, 125–131 (1981).

V. P. Lukin and V. V. Pokasov, "Optical wave phase fluctuations," Appl. Opt. 20, 121–135 (1981).

D. Bensimon, A. Englander, S. Shtrikman, M. Slatkine, and D. Treves, "Statistical properties of He–Ne laser radiation reflected through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 20, 947 (1981).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "Significance of *K*-distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

A. Zardecki and C. Deslisle, "Higher-order statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," Opt. Acta 24, 241–259 (1977).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

J. W. Hardy, J. E. Lefebvre, and C. L. Koliopoulos, "Real-time atmospheric compensation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 360–369 (1977).

G. K. Born, R. Bogenberger, K. D. Erben, F. Frank, F. Mohr, and G. Sepp, "Phase front distortion of laser radiation in a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 14, 2857–2863 (1975).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Non-Gaussian fluctuations in electromagnetic radiation scattered by a random phase screen, I. Theory," J. Phys. A8, 369–391 (1975).

M. J. Lavan, W. K. Chawallender, and T. F. Deyoung, "Heterodyne interferometer to determine relative optical phase changes," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 46, 525–527 (1975).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beam method to process phase fluctuations of a laser light beam," Appl. Phys. 7, 265–270 (1975).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beat measurements of phase fluctuations of a laser-beam propagating through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Phys. 3, 15–20 (1974).

R. G. Buser and G. K. Born, "Determination of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations by long-distance interferometry at 6328 Å," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1079–1084 (1970).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "Experimental study of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations in an optical signal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1484–1489 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, L. Muzzi, and D. Sette, "Correlation measurements on partically coherent beams by means of an integration technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1603–1607 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

G. K. Born, "Phase front distortion of a laser beam by atmospheric turbulence," Phys. Lett. 33A, 397–398 (1970).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "An optical interferometer using polarization coding to obtain quadrature phase components," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 41, 1800–1803 (1970).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

M. Bertolotti, L. Muzzi, and D. Sette, "Correlation measurements on partically coherent beams by means of an integration technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1603–1607 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, "Influence of thermal turbulence in a convective ascending stream on phase fluctuations of a laser beam," Appl. Opt. 8, 1111–1114 (1969).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Interferometric study of phase fluctuations of a laser beam through the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 7, 2246–2251 (1968).

G. K. Born, R. Bogenberger, K. D. Erben, F. Frank, F. Mohr, and G. Sepp, "Phase front distortion of laser radiation in a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 14, 2857–2863 (1975).

G. K. Born, "Phase front distortion of a laser beam by atmospheric turbulence," Phys. Lett. 33A, 397–398 (1970).

R. G. Buser and G. K. Born, "Determination of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations by long-distance interferometry at 6328 Å," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1079–1084 (1970).

S. F. Clifford, G. M. B. Bouricius, G R. Ochs, and M. H. Ackley, "Phase variations in atmospheric optical propagation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1279–1284 (1971).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "An optical interferometer using polarization coding to obtain quadrature phase components," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 41, 1800–1803 (1970).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "Experimental study of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations in an optical signal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1484–1489 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, "Influence of thermal turbulence in a convective ascending stream on phase fluctuations of a laser beam," Appl. Opt. 8, 1111–1114 (1969).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Interferometric study of phase fluctuations of a laser beam through the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 7, 2246–2251 (1968).

M. J. Lavan, W. K. Chawallender, and T. F. Deyoung, "Heterodyne interferometer to determine relative optical phase changes," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 46, 525–527 (1975).

S. F. Clifford, G. M. B. Bouricius, G R. Ochs, and M. H. Ackley, "Phase variations in atmospheric optical propagation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1279–1284 (1971).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "An optical interferometer using polarization coding to obtain quadrature phase components," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 41, 1800–1803 (1970).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "Experimental study of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations in an optical signal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1484–1489 (1970).

A. Zardecki and C. Deslisle, "Higher-order statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," Opt. Acta 24, 241–259 (1977).

M. J. Lavan, W. K. Chawallender, and T. F. Deyoung, "Heterodyne interferometer to determine relative optical phase changes," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 46, 525–527 (1975).

I. S. Gradsteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series and Products (Academic, New York, 1970).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

J. G. Walker and E. Jakeman, "Non-Gaussian light scattering by a ruffled water surface," Opt. Acta 29, 313–324 (1982).

E. Jakeman and J. G. McWhirter, "Non-Gaussian scattering by a random phase screen," Appl. Phys. B26, 125–131 (1981).

E. Jakeman, "On the statistics of *K*-distributed noise," J. Phys. A13, 31–48 (1980).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "Significance of *K*-distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Non-Gaussian fluctuations in electromagnetic radiation scattered by a random phase screen, I. Theory," J. Phys. A8, 369–391 (1975).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "The statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," J. Phys. A6, L88–92 (1973).

D. Kelsall, "Optical seeing through the atmosphere by an interferometric technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1473–1484 (1973).

M. J. Lavan, W. K. Chawallender, and T. F. Deyoung, "Heterodyne interferometer to determine relative optical phase changes," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 46, 525–527 (1975).

E. Jakeman and J. G. McWhirter, "Non-Gaussian scattering by a random phase screen," Appl. Phys. B26, 125–131 (1981).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

J. Merz, "Lichtstreuung am Phasenschirm," Diplomarbeit, Kiel (1981).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Interferometric study of phase fluctuations of a laser beam through the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 7, 2246–2251 (1968).

J. Ohtsubo, "Non-Gaussian speckle: a computer simulation," submitted to Appl. Opt. (1982).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beam method to process phase fluctuations of a laser light beam," Appl. Phys. 7, 265–270 (1975).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beat measurements of phase fluctuations of a laser-beam propagating through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Phys. 3, 15–20 (1974).

K. Schätzel and G. Parry, "Real-time moiré-measurement of phase gradient," Opt. Acta 29, 1441–1445 (1982).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "Significance of *K*-distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "The statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," J. Phys. A6, L88–92 (1973).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Non-Gaussian fluctuations in electromagnetic radiation scattered by a random phase screen, I. Theory," J. Phys. A8, 369–391 (1975).

E. O. Schulz-DuBois and I. Rehberg, "Structure function in lieu of correlation function," Appl. Phys. 24, 323–329 (1981).

I. S. Gradsteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series and Products (Academic, New York, 1970).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beam method to process phase fluctuations of a laser light beam," Appl. Phys. 7, 265–270 (1975).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beat measurements of phase fluctuations of a laser-beam propagating through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Phys. 3, 15–20 (1974).

K. Schätzel and G. Parry, "Real-time moiré-measurement of phase gradient," Opt. Acta 29, 1441–1445 (1982).

K. Schätzel, "Interferometric analysis of deep random phase screens," Opt. Lett. 5, 389–391 (1980).

K. Schätzel, "Fluktuationen der optischen Weglänge in turbulenten Phasenobjekten," Dissertation, Kiel (1982).

K. Schätzel, "Two-point statistics of turbulent deep random phase screens," in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Photon Correlation Techniques in Fluid Dynamics, W. T. Mayo and A. E. Smart, eds. (Stanford U. Press, Stanford, Calif., 1980), paper 23.

E. O. Schulz-DuBois and I. Rehberg, "Structure function in lieu of correlation function," Appl. Phys. 24, 323–329 (1981).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, L. Muzzi, and D. Sette, "Correlation measurements on partically coherent beams by means of an integration technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1603–1607 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Interferometric study of phase fluctuations of a laser beam through the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 7, 2246–2251 (1968).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

V. I. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Random Medium (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).

J. G. Walker and E. Jakeman, "Non-Gaussian light scattering by a ruffled water surface," Opt. Acta 29, 313–324 (1982).

A. Zardecki and C. Deslisle, "Higher-order statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," Opt. Acta 24, 241–259 (1977).

R. B. Herrick and J. R. Meyer-Arendt, "Interferometry through the turbulent atmosphere at an optical path difference of 354 m," Appl. Opt. 5, 981–983 (1966).

A. L. Buck, "Effects of the atmosphere on laser beam propagation," Appl. Opt. 6, 703–708 (1967).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Interferometric study of phase fluctuations of a laser beam through the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 7, 2246–2251 (1968).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, "Influence of thermal turbulence in a convective ascending stream on phase fluctuations of a laser beam," Appl. Opt. 8, 1111–1114 (1969).

G. K. Born, R. Bogenberger, K. D. Erben, F. Frank, F. Mohr, and G. Sepp, "Phase front distortion of laser radiation in a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 14, 2857–2863 (1975).

V. P. Lukin and V. V. Pokasov, "Optical wave phase fluctuations," Appl. Opt. 20, 121–135 (1981).

D. Bensimon, A. Englander, S. Shtrikman, M. Slatkine, and D. Treves, "Statistical properties of He–Ne laser radiation reflected through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 20, 947 (1981).

P. Burlamacchi, A. Consortini, and L. Ronchi, "Time-resolved measurements of the phase fluctuations of a coherent beam at the emergence from a turbulent layer," Appl. Opt. 6, 1273–1275 (1967).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

E. Jakeman and J. G. McWhirter, "Non-Gaussian scattering by a random phase screen," Appl. Phys. B26, 125–131 (1981).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beat measurements of phase fluctuations of a laser-beam propagating through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Phys. 3, 15–20 (1974).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beam method to process phase fluctuations of a laser light beam," Appl. Phys. 7, 265–270 (1975).

E. O. Schulz-DuBois and I. Rehberg, "Structure function in lieu of correlation function," Appl. Phys. 24, 323–329 (1981).

R. G. Buser and G. K. Born, "Determination of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations by long-distance interferometry at 6328 Å," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1079–1084 (1970).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "Experimental study of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations in an optical signal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1484–1489 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, L. Muzzi, and D. Sette, "Correlation measurements on partically coherent beams by means of an integration technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1603–1607 (1970).

R. G. Buser, "Interferometric determination of the distance dependence of the phase structure function for near-ground horizontal propagation at 6328 Å," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 488–491 (1971).

S. F. Clifford, G. M. B. Bouricius, G R. Ochs, and M. H. Ackley, "Phase variations in atmospheric optical propagation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1279–1284 (1971).

J. A. Dowling and P. M. Livingstone, "Behavior of focused beams in atmospheric turbulence: measurements and comment on the theory," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 846–858 (1973).

J. B. Breckinridge, "Measurement of the amplitude of phase excursions in the earth's atmosphere," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 143–144 (1976).

J. W. Hardy, J. E. Lefebvre, and C. L. Koliopoulos, "Real-time atmospheric compensation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 360–369 (1977).

D. Kelsall, "Optical seeing through the atmosphere by an interferometric technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1473–1484 (1973).

E. Jakeman, "On the statistics of *K*-distributed noise," J. Phys. A13, 31–48 (1980).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "The statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," J. Phys. A6, L88–92 (1973).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Non-Gaussian fluctuations in electromagnetic radiation scattered by a random phase screen, I. Theory," J. Phys. A8, 369–391 (1975).

A. Zardecki and C. Deslisle, "Higher-order statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," Opt. Acta 24, 241–259 (1977).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

J. G. Walker and E. Jakeman, "Non-Gaussian light scattering by a ruffled water surface," Opt. Acta 29, 313–324 (1982).

K. Schätzel and G. Parry, "Real-time moiré-measurement of phase gradient," Opt. Acta 29, 1441–1445 (1982).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

G. K. Born, "Phase front distortion of a laser beam by atmospheric turbulence," Phys. Lett. 33A, 397–398 (1970).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "Significance of *K*-distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

M. J. Lavan, W. K. Chawallender, and T. F. Deyoung, "Heterodyne interferometer to determine relative optical phase changes," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 46, 525–527 (1975).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "An optical interferometer using polarization coding to obtain quadrature phase components," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 41, 1800–1803 (1970).

H. P. Baltes, ed., Inverse Source Problems (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).

J. Ohtsubo, "Non-Gaussian speckle: a computer simulation," submitted to Appl. Opt. (1982).

J. Merz, "Lichtstreuung am Phasenschirm," Diplomarbeit, Kiel (1981).

V. I. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Random Medium (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).

K. Schätzel, "Fluktuationen der optischen Weglänge in turbulenten Phasenobjekten," Dissertation, Kiel (1982).

K. Schätzel, "Two-point statistics of turbulent deep random phase screens," in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Photon Correlation Techniques in Fluid Dynamics, W. T. Mayo and A. E. Smart, eds. (Stanford U. Press, Stanford, Calif., 1980), paper 23.

I. S. Gradsteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series and Products (Academic, New York, 1970).