J. G. Walker and E. Jakeman, "Non-Gaussian light scattering by a ruffled water surface," Opt. Acta 29, 313–324 (1982).

K. Schätzel and G. Parry, "Real-time moiré-measurement of phase gradient," Opt. Acta 29, 1441–1445 (1982).

D. Bensimon, A. Englander, S. Shtrikman, M. Slatkine, and D. Treves, "Statistical properties of He–Ne laser radiation reflected through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 20, 947 (1981).

E. O. Schulz-DuBois and I. Rehberg, "Structure function in lieu of correlation function," Appl. Phys. 24, 323–329 (1981).

V. P. Lukin and V. V. Pokasov, "Optical wave phase fluctuations," Appl. Opt. 20, 121–135 (1981).

E. Jakeman and J. G. McWhirter, "Non-Gaussian scattering by a random phase screen," Appl. Phys. B26, 125–131 (1981).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "Significance of *K*-distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

A. Zardecki and C. Deslisle, "Higher-order statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," Opt. Acta 24, 241–259 (1977).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

J. W. Hardy, J. E. Lefebvre, and C. L. Koliopoulos, "Real-time atmospheric compensation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 360–369 (1977).

M. J. Lavan, W. K. Chawallender, and T. F. Deyoung, "Heterodyne interferometer to determine relative optical phase changes," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 46, 525–527 (1975).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beam method to process phase fluctuations of a laser light beam," Appl. Phys. 7, 265–270 (1975).

G. K. Born, R. Bogenberger, K. D. Erben, F. Frank, F. Mohr, and G. Sepp, "Phase front distortion of laser radiation in a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 14, 2857–2863 (1975).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Non-Gaussian fluctuations in electromagnetic radiation scattered by a random phase screen, I. Theory," J. Phys. A8, 369–391 (1975).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beat measurements of phase fluctuations of a laser-beam propagating through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Phys. 3, 15–20 (1974).

G. K. Born, "Phase front distortion of a laser beam by atmospheric turbulence," Phys. Lett. 33A, 397–398 (1970).

R. G. Buser and G. K. Born, "Determination of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations by long-distance interferometry at 6328 Å," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1079–1084 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, L. Muzzi, and D. Sette, "Correlation measurements on partically coherent beams by means of an integration technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1603–1607 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "Experimental study of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations in an optical signal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1484–1489 (1970).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "An optical interferometer using polarization coding to obtain quadrature phase components," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 41, 1800–1803 (1970).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

M. Bertolotti, L. Muzzi, and D. Sette, "Correlation measurements on partically coherent beams by means of an integration technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1603–1607 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, "Influence of thermal turbulence in a convective ascending stream on phase fluctuations of a laser beam," Appl. Opt. 8, 1111–1114 (1969).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Interferometric study of phase fluctuations of a laser beam through the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 7, 2246–2251 (1968).

G. K. Born, R. Bogenberger, K. D. Erben, F. Frank, F. Mohr, and G. Sepp, "Phase front distortion of laser radiation in a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 14, 2857–2863 (1975).

G. K. Born, "Phase front distortion of a laser beam by atmospheric turbulence," Phys. Lett. 33A, 397–398 (1970).

R. G. Buser and G. K. Born, "Determination of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations by long-distance interferometry at 6328 Å," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1079–1084 (1970).

S. F. Clifford, G. M. B. Bouricius, G R. Ochs, and M. H. Ackley, "Phase variations in atmospheric optical propagation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1279–1284 (1971).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "Experimental study of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations in an optical signal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1484–1489 (1970).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "An optical interferometer using polarization coding to obtain quadrature phase components," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 41, 1800–1803 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, "Influence of thermal turbulence in a convective ascending stream on phase fluctuations of a laser beam," Appl. Opt. 8, 1111–1114 (1969).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Interferometric study of phase fluctuations of a laser beam through the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 7, 2246–2251 (1968).

M. J. Lavan, W. K. Chawallender, and T. F. Deyoung, "Heterodyne interferometer to determine relative optical phase changes," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 46, 525–527 (1975).

S. F. Clifford, G. M. B. Bouricius, G R. Ochs, and M. H. Ackley, "Phase variations in atmospheric optical propagation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1279–1284 (1971).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "An optical interferometer using polarization coding to obtain quadrature phase components," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 41, 1800–1803 (1970).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "Experimental study of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations in an optical signal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1484–1489 (1970).

A. Zardecki and C. Deslisle, "Higher-order statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," Opt. Acta 24, 241–259 (1977).

M. J. Lavan, W. K. Chawallender, and T. F. Deyoung, "Heterodyne interferometer to determine relative optical phase changes," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 46, 525–527 (1975).

I. S. Gradsteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series and Products (Academic, New York, 1970).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

J. G. Walker and E. Jakeman, "Non-Gaussian light scattering by a ruffled water surface," Opt. Acta 29, 313–324 (1982).

E. Jakeman and J. G. McWhirter, "Non-Gaussian scattering by a random phase screen," Appl. Phys. B26, 125–131 (1981).

E. Jakeman, "On the statistics of *K*-distributed noise," J. Phys. A13, 31–48 (1980).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "Significance of *K*-distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Non-Gaussian fluctuations in electromagnetic radiation scattered by a random phase screen, I. Theory," J. Phys. A8, 369–391 (1975).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "The statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," J. Phys. A6, L88–92 (1973).

D. Kelsall, "Optical seeing through the atmosphere by an interferometric technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1473–1484 (1973).

M. J. Lavan, W. K. Chawallender, and T. F. Deyoung, "Heterodyne interferometer to determine relative optical phase changes," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 46, 525–527 (1975).

E. Jakeman and J. G. McWhirter, "Non-Gaussian scattering by a random phase screen," Appl. Phys. B26, 125–131 (1981).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

J. Merz, "Lichtstreuung am Phasenschirm," Diplomarbeit, Kiel (1981).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Interferometric study of phase fluctuations of a laser beam through the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 7, 2246–2251 (1968).

J. Ohtsubo, "Non-Gaussian speckle: a computer simulation," submitted to Appl. Opt. (1982).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beam method to process phase fluctuations of a laser light beam," Appl. Phys. 7, 265–270 (1975).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beat measurements of phase fluctuations of a laser-beam propagating through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Phys. 3, 15–20 (1974).

K. Schätzel and G. Parry, "Real-time moiré-measurement of phase gradient," Opt. Acta 29, 1441–1445 (1982).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "Significance of *K*-distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "The statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," J. Phys. A6, L88–92 (1973).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Non-Gaussian fluctuations in electromagnetic radiation scattered by a random phase screen, I. Theory," J. Phys. A8, 369–391 (1975).

E. O. Schulz-DuBois and I. Rehberg, "Structure function in lieu of correlation function," Appl. Phys. 24, 323–329 (1981).

I. S. Gradsteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series and Products (Academic, New York, 1970).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beam method to process phase fluctuations of a laser light beam," Appl. Phys. 7, 265–270 (1975).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beat measurements of phase fluctuations of a laser-beam propagating through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Phys. 3, 15–20 (1974).

K. Schätzel and G. Parry, "Real-time moiré-measurement of phase gradient," Opt. Acta 29, 1441–1445 (1982).

K. Schätzel, "Interferometric analysis of deep random phase screens," Opt. Lett. 5, 389–391 (1980).

K. Schätzel, "Two-point statistics of turbulent deep random phase screens," in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Photon Correlation Techniques in Fluid Dynamics, W. T. Mayo and A. E. Smart, eds. (Stanford U. Press, Stanford, Calif., 1980), paper 23.

K. Schätzel, "Fluktuationen der optischen Weglänge in turbulenten Phasenobjekten," Dissertation, Kiel (1982).

E. O. Schulz-DuBois and I. Rehberg, "Structure function in lieu of correlation function," Appl. Phys. 24, 323–329 (1981).

M. Bertolotti, L. Muzzi, and D. Sette, "Correlation measurements on partically coherent beams by means of an integration technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1603–1607 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Interferometric study of phase fluctuations of a laser beam through the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 7, 2246–2251 (1968).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

V. I. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Random Medium (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).

J. G. Walker and E. Jakeman, "Non-Gaussian light scattering by a ruffled water surface," Opt. Acta 29, 313–324 (1982).

A. Zardecki and C. Deslisle, "Higher-order statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," Opt. Acta 24, 241–259 (1977).

V. P. Lukin and V. V. Pokasov, "Optical wave phase fluctuations," Appl. Opt. 20, 121–135 (1981).

R. B. Herrick and J. R. Meyer-Arendt, "Interferometry through the turbulent atmosphere at an optical path difference of 354 m," Appl. Opt. 5, 981–983 (1966).

A. L. Buck, "Effects of the atmosphere on laser beam propagation," Appl. Opt. 6, 703–708 (1967).

P. Burlamacchi, A. Consortini, and L. Ronchi, "Time-resolved measurements of the phase fluctuations of a coherent beam at the emergence from a turbulent layer," Appl. Opt. 6, 1273–1275 (1967).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Interferometric study of phase fluctuations of a laser beam through the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 7, 2246–2251 (1968).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, "Influence of thermal turbulence in a convective ascending stream on phase fluctuations of a laser beam," Appl. Opt. 8, 1111–1114 (1969).

M. Bertolotti, M. Carnevale, L. Muzii, and D. Sette, "Reversing front interferometer for phase-correlation measurements in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 9, 510–512 (1970).

G. K. Born, R. Bogenberger, K. D. Erben, F. Frank, F. Mohr, and G. Sepp, "Phase front distortion of laser radiation in a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 14, 2857–2863 (1975).

D. Bensimon, A. Englander, S. Shtrikman, M. Slatkine, and D. Treves, "Statistical properties of He–Ne laser radiation reflected through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 20, 947 (1981).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beat measurements of phase fluctuations of a laser-beam propagating through a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Phys. 3, 15–20 (1974).

Y. Ohtsuka and I. Sasaki, "Light-beam method to process phase fluctuations of a laser light beam," Appl. Phys. 7, 265–270 (1975).

E. O. Schulz-DuBois and I. Rehberg, "Structure function in lieu of correlation function," Appl. Phys. 24, 323–329 (1981).

E. Jakeman and J. G. McWhirter, "Non-Gaussian scattering by a random phase screen," Appl. Phys. B26, 125–131 (1981).

J. A. Dowling and P. M. Livingstone, "Behavior of focused beams in atmospheric turbulence: measurements and comment on the theory," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 846–858 (1973).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "Experimental study of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations in an optical signal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1484–1489 (1970).

R. G. Buser and G. K. Born, "Determination of atmospherically induced phase fluctuations by long-distance interferometry at 6328 Å," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1079–1084 (1970).

M. Bertolotti, L. Muzzi, and D. Sette, "Correlation measurements on partically coherent beams by means of an integration technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1603–1607 (1970).

J. W. Hardy, J. E. Lefebvre, and C. L. Koliopoulos, "Real-time atmospheric compensation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 360–369 (1977).

S. F. Clifford, G. M. B. Bouricius, G R. Ochs, and M. H. Ackley, "Phase variations in atmospheric optical propagation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1279–1284 (1971).

R. G. Buser, "Interferometric determination of the distance dependence of the phase structure function for near-ground horizontal propagation at 6328 Å," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 488–491 (1971).

D. Kelsall, "Optical seeing through the atmosphere by an interferometric technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1473–1484 (1973).

J. B. Breckinridge, "Measurement of the amplitude of phase excursions in the earth's atmosphere," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 143–144 (1976).

E. Jakeman, "On the statistics of *K*-distributed noise," J. Phys. A13, 31–48 (1980).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "The statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," J. Phys. A6, L88–92 (1973).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Non-Gaussian fluctuations in electromagnetic radiation scattered by a random phase screen, I. Theory," J. Phys. A8, 369–391 (1975).

A. Zardecki and C. Deslisle, "Higher-order statistics of light scattered by a random phase screen," Opt. Acta 24, 241–259 (1977).

B. J. Hoenders, E. Jakeman, H. P. Baltes, and B. Steinle, "Kcorrelations and facet models in diffuse scattering," Opt. Acta 26, 1307–1319 (1979).

J. G. Walker and E. Jakeman, "Non-Gaussian light scattering by a ruffled water surface," Opt. Acta 29, 313–324 (1982).

K. Schätzel and G. Parry, "Real-time moiré-measurement of phase gradient," Opt. Acta 29, 1441–1445 (1982).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focussing by a random phase screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

G. K. Born, "Phase front distortion of a laser beam by atmospheric turbulence," Phys. Lett. 33A, 397–398 (1970).

E. Jakeman and P. Pusey, "Significance of *K*-distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

G. M. B. Bouricius and S. F. Clifford, "An optical interferometer using polarization coding to obtain quadrature phase components," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 41, 1800–1803 (1970).

M. J. Lavan, W. K. Chawallender, and T. F. Deyoung, "Heterodyne interferometer to determine relative optical phase changes," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 46, 525–527 (1975).

H. P. Baltes, ed., Inverse Source Problems (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).

J. Ohtsubo, "Non-Gaussian speckle: a computer simulation," submitted to Appl. Opt. (1982).

I. S. Gradsteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series and Products (Academic, New York, 1970).

K. Schätzel, "Fluktuationen der optischen Weglänge in turbulenten Phasenobjekten," Dissertation, Kiel (1982).

J. Merz, "Lichtstreuung am Phasenschirm," Diplomarbeit, Kiel (1981).

V. I. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Random Medium (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).

K. Schätzel, "Two-point statistics of turbulent deep random phase screens," in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Photon Correlation Techniques in Fluid Dynamics, W. T. Mayo and A. E. Smart, eds. (Stanford U. Press, Stanford, Calif., 1980), paper 23.