Simultaneous masking using test and mask gratings composed of isochromatic luminance variations and isoluminant chromatic variations was studied. Masking of chromatic gratings by chromatic gratings shows less spatialfrequency specificity than does masking of luminance gratings by luminance gratings. Luminance gratings mask chromatic gratings of identical space-average luminance and chromaticity little and only when the spatial frequencies of the test and mask gratings are similar. Chromatic gratings, however, profoundly mask luminance gratings with a degree of spatial-frequency specificity akin to that of luminance—luminance masking. The insensitivity of the luminance—color masking results to the relative phase of the chromatic and luminance gratings indicates that the observed asymmetry is not due to local interactions.
© 1983 Optical Society of AmericaPDF Article