Abstract

Experiments carried out over diagonal lines of sight through the entire atmosphere support the concept of spatial-coherence degradation through forward scattering as described by an aerosol modulation transfer function that strongly affects the wavelength dependence of imaging through the atmosphere. Airborne-particulate size and concentration are affected strongly by wind strength and soil moisture. Changes in weather that result in changes in average particulate size of airborne soil-derived particulates also strongly change the wavelength dependence of resolution through the atmosphere as a result of changes in the wavelength dependence of the scattering coefficient.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

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References

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1982 (1)

1981 (2)

1978 (3)

1977 (3)

1971 (1)

Boyd, R. W.

Gaertner, H.

H. Gaertner, "The transmission of infrared in cloudy atmosphere," Naval Ordnance Rep. 429, U.S. Navy Bureau of Ordnance (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1947).

Gencay, Y.

Gillette, D. A.

E. M. Patterson and D. A. Gillette, "Commonalities in measured size distributions for aerosols having a soil-derived component," J. Geophys. Res. 82, 2074–2082 (1977).

Haccoun, A.

A. Haccoun, "Aerosol measurements in a semi-arid zone (Beer-Sheva) using nuclear methods," Ph.D. dissertation (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel, 1980).

Ishimaru, A.

Kopeika, N. S.

Lutomirski, R. L.

McCarthy, E. J.

E. J. McCarthy, Optics of the Atmosphere (Wiley, New York, 1976), Chap. 6.

Patterson, E. M.

E. M. Patterson and D. A. Gillette, "Commonalities in measured size distributions for aerosols having a soil-derived component," J. Geophys. Res. 82, 2074–2082 (1977).

E. M. Patterson, "Atmospheric extinction between 0.55 µm and 10.6 µm due to soil-derived aerosols," Appl. Opt. 16, 2414–2418 (1977).

Solomon, S.

Yura, H. T.

Appl. Opt. (6)

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

E. M. Patterson and D. A. Gillette, "Commonalities in measured size distributions for aerosols having a soil-derived component," J. Geophys. Res. 82, 2074–2082 (1977).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

Other (3)

E. J. McCarthy, Optics of the Atmosphere (Wiley, New York, 1976), Chap. 6.

H. Gaertner, "The transmission of infrared in cloudy atmosphere," Naval Ordnance Rep. 429, U.S. Navy Bureau of Ordnance (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1947).

A. Haccoun, "Aerosol measurements in a semi-arid zone (Beer-Sheva) using nuclear methods," Ph.D. dissertation (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel, 1980).

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