Abstract

A cylindrical grating with tangential focusing provided by exponentially spaced grooves can be used by itself or in conjunction with an elliptical mirror to construct a monochromator that has better resolution over its entire tuning range than a toroidal-grating monochromator has at its optimum wavelength. In contrast to conventional Wadsworth or Rowland circle designs, a cylindrical-grating monochromator is always in focus, always on blaze with respect to the principal ray, has wavelength-independent resolution and focusing properties, and can be tuned over an order of magnitude with a simple linear motion.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 5th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1975), pp. 128–130.
  2. D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Common-axis rotationally symmetric anamorphic mirror combinations: application to synchrotron radiation beam lines," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 997 (1981).
  3. D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Properties and performance of grazing-incidence mirror systems," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 195, 175–182 (1982).
  4. D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Properties and performance of grazing-incidence reflectors," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 315, 30–36 (1982).
  5. H. G. Beutler, "The theory of the concave grating," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 35, 311–350 (1945).
  6. W. T. Welford, "Aberration theory of gratings and grating mountings," in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1965), pp. 243–279.
  7. H. A. Rowland, "Preliminary notice of the results accomplished in the manufacture and theory of gratings for optical purposes," Phil. Mag. 13, 469–474 (1882); "On concave gratings for optical purposes," Phil. Mag. 16, 197–210 (1883).
  8. J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1967), pp. 5–41.
  9. J. Flamand, G. Passereau, and A. Thevenon, "Recent developments in the field of far u.v. monochromators using toroidal holographic gratings," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 172, 167–171 (1980).
  10. T. Harada and T. Kita, "Mechanically ruled aberration-corrected concave gratings," Appl. Opt. 19, 3987–3993 (1980).
  11. M. Pouey, "Recent progress in v.u.v. instrumentation," J. Phys. C Suppl. 4, 188–201 (1978).
  12. M. R. Howells, "Design optimization of 'straight groove' toroidal grating monochromators for synchrotron radiation," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 172, 149–156 (1980).
  13. C. Kunz, "Perspectives of synchrotron radiation (report on a panel discussion)," in Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation Physics (Pergamon, Vieweg, 1974), pp. 753–771.
  14. D. E. Aspnes, "Spectroscopic ellipsometry," in Optical Properties of Solids: New Developments, B. O. Seraphin, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976), pp. 799–846.
  15. A. M. Malvezzi, L. Garifo, and G. Tondello, "Grazing-incidence high-resolution stigmatic spectrograph with two optical elements," Appl. Opt. 20, 2560–2565 (1981).
  16. G. K. Green, in Proposal for a National Synchrotron Light Source, J. P. Blewett, ed., Brookhaven National Laboratory rep. no. 50595 (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, N.Y., 1977), Vol. 2, pp. 1–89.

1982 (2)

D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Properties and performance of grazing-incidence mirror systems," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 195, 175–182 (1982).

D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Properties and performance of grazing-incidence reflectors," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 315, 30–36 (1982).

1981 (2)

1980 (3)

M. R. Howells, "Design optimization of 'straight groove' toroidal grating monochromators for synchrotron radiation," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 172, 149–156 (1980).

T. Harada and T. Kita, "Mechanically ruled aberration-corrected concave gratings," Appl. Opt. 19, 3987–3993 (1980).

J. Flamand, G. Passereau, and A. Thevenon, "Recent developments in the field of far u.v. monochromators using toroidal holographic gratings," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 172, 167–171 (1980).

1978 (1)

M. Pouey, "Recent progress in v.u.v. instrumentation," J. Phys. C Suppl. 4, 188–201 (1978).

1945 (1)

1882 (1)

H. A. Rowland, "Preliminary notice of the results accomplished in the manufacture and theory of gratings for optical purposes," Phil. Mag. 13, 469–474 (1882); "On concave gratings for optical purposes," Phil. Mag. 16, 197–210 (1883).

Aspnes, D. E.

D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Properties and performance of grazing-incidence mirror systems," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 195, 175–182 (1982).

D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Properties and performance of grazing-incidence reflectors," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 315, 30–36 (1982).

D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Common-axis rotationally symmetric anamorphic mirror combinations: application to synchrotron radiation beam lines," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 997 (1981).

D. E. Aspnes, "Spectroscopic ellipsometry," in Optical Properties of Solids: New Developments, B. O. Seraphin, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976), pp. 799–846.

Beutler, H. G.

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 5th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1975), pp. 128–130.

Flamand, J.

J. Flamand, G. Passereau, and A. Thevenon, "Recent developments in the field of far u.v. monochromators using toroidal holographic gratings," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 172, 167–171 (1980).

Garifo, L.

Green, G. K.

G. K. Green, in Proposal for a National Synchrotron Light Source, J. P. Blewett, ed., Brookhaven National Laboratory rep. no. 50595 (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, N.Y., 1977), Vol. 2, pp. 1–89.

Harada, T.

Howells, M. R.

M. R. Howells, "Design optimization of 'straight groove' toroidal grating monochromators for synchrotron radiation," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 172, 149–156 (1980).

Kelso, S. M.

D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Properties and performance of grazing-incidence reflectors," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 315, 30–36 (1982).

D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Properties and performance of grazing-incidence mirror systems," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 195, 175–182 (1982).

D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Common-axis rotationally symmetric anamorphic mirror combinations: application to synchrotron radiation beam lines," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 997 (1981).

Kita, T.

Kunz, C.

C. Kunz, "Perspectives of synchrotron radiation (report on a panel discussion)," in Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation Physics (Pergamon, Vieweg, 1974), pp. 753–771.

Malvezzi, A. M.

Passereau, G.

J. Flamand, G. Passereau, and A. Thevenon, "Recent developments in the field of far u.v. monochromators using toroidal holographic gratings," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 172, 167–171 (1980).

Pouey, M.

M. Pouey, "Recent progress in v.u.v. instrumentation," J. Phys. C Suppl. 4, 188–201 (1978).

Rowland, H. A.

H. A. Rowland, "Preliminary notice of the results accomplished in the manufacture and theory of gratings for optical purposes," Phil. Mag. 13, 469–474 (1882); "On concave gratings for optical purposes," Phil. Mag. 16, 197–210 (1883).

Samson, J. A. R.

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1967), pp. 5–41.

Thevenon, A.

J. Flamand, G. Passereau, and A. Thevenon, "Recent developments in the field of far u.v. monochromators using toroidal holographic gratings," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 172, 167–171 (1980).

Tondello, G.

Welford, W. T.

W. T. Welford, "Aberration theory of gratings and grating mountings," in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1965), pp. 243–279.

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 5th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1975), pp. 128–130.

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Phys. C Suppl. (1)

M. Pouey, "Recent progress in v.u.v. instrumentation," J. Phys. C Suppl. 4, 188–201 (1978).

Nucl. Instrum. Methods (3)

M. R. Howells, "Design optimization of 'straight groove' toroidal grating monochromators for synchrotron radiation," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 172, 149–156 (1980).

D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Properties and performance of grazing-incidence mirror systems," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 195, 175–182 (1982).

J. Flamand, G. Passereau, and A. Thevenon, "Recent developments in the field of far u.v. monochromators using toroidal holographic gratings," Nucl. Instrum. Methods 172, 167–171 (1980).

Phil. Mag. (1)

H. A. Rowland, "Preliminary notice of the results accomplished in the manufacture and theory of gratings for optical purposes," Phil. Mag. 13, 469–474 (1882); "On concave gratings for optical purposes," Phil. Mag. 16, 197–210 (1883).

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

D. E. Aspnes and S. M. Kelso, "Properties and performance of grazing-incidence reflectors," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 315, 30–36 (1982).

Other (6)

W. T. Welford, "Aberration theory of gratings and grating mountings," in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1965), pp. 243–279.

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1967), pp. 5–41.

C. Kunz, "Perspectives of synchrotron radiation (report on a panel discussion)," in Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation Physics (Pergamon, Vieweg, 1974), pp. 753–771.

D. E. Aspnes, "Spectroscopic ellipsometry," in Optical Properties of Solids: New Developments, B. O. Seraphin, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976), pp. 799–846.

G. K. Green, in Proposal for a National Synchrotron Light Source, J. P. Blewett, ed., Brookhaven National Laboratory rep. no. 50595 (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, N.Y., 1977), Vol. 2, pp. 1–89.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 5th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1975), pp. 128–130.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.