E. Jakeman, "On the statistics of *K*-distributed noise," J. Phys. A 13, 31–48 (1980).

P. F. Miller, "The probability distribution of a wave at a very large depth within an extended region," J. Phys A 11, 403–422 (1978).

I. G. Yakushkin, "Moments of field propagating in randomly inhomogeneous medium in the limit of saturated fluctuations," Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz. 21, 1194–1201 (1978).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "A model for non-Rayleigh sea echo," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-24, 806–814 (1976).

F. Davidson and A. Gonzalez-Del-Valle, "Measurements of three-parameter log-normally distributed optical-field irradiance fluctuations in a turbulent medium," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 655–663 (1975).

J. W. Strohbehn, T.-I. Wang, and J. P. Speck, "On the probability distribution of line-of-sight fluctuations of optical signals," Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

A. S. Gurvich and V. I. Tatarskii, "Coherence and intensity fluctuations of light in the turbulent atmosphere," Radio Sci. 10, 3–14 (1975).

S. F. Clifford, G. R. Ochs, and R. S. Lawrence, "Saturation of optical scintillations by strong turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 148–154 (1974).

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, S. O. Lowadze, Vl. V. Pokasov, and A. S. Khrupin, "Probability distribution of 'strong' fluctuations of light intensity in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh, Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 17, 105–112 (1974).

T.-I. Wang and J. W. Strohbehn, "Perturbed log-normal distribution of irradiance fluctuations," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 994–1004 (1974).

S. H. Lin, "Statistical behavior of a fading signal," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 50, 3211–3270 (1971).

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, and M. A. Kallistratova, "Measurements of the variance of 'strong' intensity fluctuations of laser radiation in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Radiofiz. 13, 55–60 (1970).

R. Dashen, "Path integrals for waves in random media," J. Math. Phys. 20, 894–920 (1979).

D. A. deWolf, "Waves in turbulent air: a phenomenological model," Proc. IEEE 62, 1523–1529 (1974).

J. R. Dunphy and J. R. Kerr, "Scintillation measurements for large integrated-path turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 981–986 (1973).

R. A. Elliot, J. R. Dunphy, and J. R. Kerr, "Statistical tests of distributional hypotheses applied to irradiance fluctuations," in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Propagation through Turbulence, Rain, and Fog (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1977), paper WA4.

J. K. Jao and M. Elbaum, "First-order statistics of a non-Rayleigh fading signal and its detection," Proc. IEEE 66, 781–789 (1978).

R. A. Elliot, J. R. Dunphy, and J. R. Kerr, "Statistical tests of distributional hypotheses applied to irradiance fluctuations," in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Propagation through Turbulence, Rain, and Fog (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1977), paper WA4.

A. Erdelyi *et al.*, Higher Transcendental Functions, Bateman Manuscript Project (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1953), Vols. 1 and 2.

R. L. Fante, "Optical beam propagation in turbulent media," AFCRL-TR-75-0439, Phys. Sci. Res. Papers No. 640, Air Force Cambridge Res. Labs., Air Force Systems Command, USAF (U.S. Air Force Geophysical Laboratory, Bedford, Mass., 1975).

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, S. O. Lowadze, Vl. V. Pokasov, and A. S. Khrupin, "Probability distribution of 'strong' fluctuations of light intensity in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh, Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 17, 105–112 (1974).

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, and M. A. Kallistratova, "Measurements of the variance of 'strong' intensity fluctuations of laser radiation in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Radiofiz. 13, 55–60 (1970).

I. S. Gradshteyn and I. W. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series and Products (Academic, New York, 1980).

A. S. Gurvich and V. I. Tatarskii, "Coherence and intensity fluctuations of light in the turbulent atmosphere," Radio Sci. 10, 3–14 (1975).

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, S. O. Lowadze, Vl. V. Pokasov, and A. S. Khrupin, "Probability distribution of 'strong' fluctuations of light intensity in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh, Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 17, 105–112 (1974).

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, and M. A. Kallistratova, "Measurements of the variance of 'strong' intensity fluctuations of laser radiation in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Radiofiz. 13, 55–60 (1970).

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering Media (Academic, New York, 1978).

E. Jakeman, "On the statistics of *K*-distributed noise," J. Phys. A 13, 31–48 (1980).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "A model for non-Rayleigh sea echo," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-24, 806–814 (1976).

J. K. Jao and M. Elbaum, "First-order statistics of a non-Rayleigh fading signal and its detection," Proc. IEEE 66, 781–789 (1978).

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, and M. A. Kallistratova, "Measurements of the variance of 'strong' intensity fluctuations of laser radiation in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Radiofiz. 13, 55–60 (1970).

J. R. Dunphy and J. R. Kerr, "Scintillation measurements for large integrated-path turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 981–986 (1973).

R. A. Elliot, J. R. Dunphy, and J. R. Kerr, "Statistical tests of distributional hypotheses applied to irradiance fluctuations," in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Propagation through Turbulence, Rain, and Fog (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1977), paper WA4.

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, S. O. Lowadze, Vl. V. Pokasov, and A. S. Khrupin, "Probability distribution of 'strong' fluctuations of light intensity in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh, Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 17, 105–112 (1974).

S. H. Lin, "Statistical behavior of a fading signal," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 50, 3211–3270 (1971).

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, S. O. Lowadze, Vl. V. Pokasov, and A. S. Khrupin, "Probability distribution of 'strong' fluctuations of light intensity in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh, Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 17, 105–112 (1974).

P. F. Miller, "The probability distribution of a wave at a very large depth within an extended region," J. Phys A 11, 403–422 (1978).

M. Nakagami, "The *m*-distribution—a general formula of intensity distribution of rapid fading," reprint from Statistical Methods of Radio Wave Propagation (Pergamon, Oxford, 1960).

S. F. Clifford, G. R. Ochs, and R. S. Lawrence, "Saturation of optical scintillations by strong turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 148–154 (1974).

G. R. Ochs, R. R. Bergmen, and J. R. Snyder, "Laser-beam scintillation over horizontal paths from 5.5 to 145 kilometers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 231–234 (1969).

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, S. O. Lowadze, Vl. V. Pokasov, and A. S. Khrupin, "Probability distribution of 'strong' fluctuations of light intensity in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh, Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 17, 105–112 (1974).

I. S. Gradshteyn and I. W. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series and Products (Academic, New York, 1980).

J. W. Strohbehn, T.-I. Wang, and J. P. Speck, "On the probability distribution of line-of-sight fluctuations of optical signals," Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

J. W. Strohbehn, T.-I. Wang, and J. P. Speck, "On the probability distribution of line-of-sight fluctuations of optical signals," Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

T.-I. Wang and J. W. Strohbehn, "Perturbed log-normal distribution of irradiance fluctuations," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 994–1004 (1974).

R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, "A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications," Proc. IEEE, 58, 1523–1545 (1970).

A. S. Gurvich and V. I. Tatarskii, "Coherence and intensity fluctuations of light in the turbulent atmosphere," Radio Sci. 10, 3–14 (1975).

V. I. Tatarskii, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium, translated by R. S. Silverman (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).

I. G. Yakushkin, "Moments of field propagating in randomly inhomogeneous medium in the limit of saturated fluctuations," Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz. 21, 1194–1201 (1978).

S. H. Lin, "Statistical behavior of a fading signal," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 50, 3211–3270 (1971).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "A model for non-Rayleigh sea echo," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-24, 806–814 (1976).

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, S. O. Lowadze, Vl. V. Pokasov, and A. S. Khrupin, "Probability distribution of 'strong' fluctuations of light intensity in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh, Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 17, 105–112 (1974).

M. E. Gracheva, A. S. Gurvich, and M. A. Kallistratova, "Measurements of the variance of 'strong' intensity fluctuations of laser radiation in the atmosphere," Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Radiofiz. 13, 55–60 (1970).

I. G. Yakushkin, "Moments of field propagating in randomly inhomogeneous medium in the limit of saturated fluctuations," Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz. 21, 1194–1201 (1978).

R. Dashen, "Path integrals for waves in random media," J. Math. Phys. 20, 894–920 (1979).

J. R. Dunphy and J. R. Kerr, "Scintillation measurements for large integrated-path turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 981–986 (1973).

G. Parry and P. N. Pusey, "K-distributions in atmospheric propagation of laser light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 796–798 (1979).

R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, "Measured statistics of laser-light scattering in atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 1440–1445 (1981).

D. L. Fried, "Propagation of a spherical wave in a turbulent medium," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 175–180 (1967).

S. F. Clifford, G. R. Ochs, and R. S. Lawrence, "Saturation of optical scintillations by strong turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 148–154 (1974).

G. R. Ochs, R. R. Bergmen, and J. R. Snyder, "Laser-beam scintillation over horizontal paths from 5.5 to 145 kilometers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 231–234 (1969).

T.-I. Wang and J. W. Strohbehn, "Perturbed log-normal distribution of irradiance fluctuations," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 994–1004 (1974).

F. Davidson and A. Gonzalez-Del-Valle, "Measurements of three-parameter log-normally distributed optical-field irradiance fluctuations in a turbulent medium," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 655–663 (1975).

P. F. Miller, "The probability distribution of a wave at a very large depth within an extended region," J. Phys A 11, 403–422 (1978).

E. Jakeman, "On the statistics of *K*-distributed noise," J. Phys. A 13, 31–48 (1980).

G. Parry, "Measurements of atmospheric turbulence induced intensity fluctuations in a laser beam," Opt. Acta 28, 715–728 (1981).

A. S. Gurvich and V. I. Tatarskii, "Coherence and intensity fluctuations of light in the turbulent atmosphere," Radio Sci. 10, 3–14 (1975).

J. W. Strohbehn, T.-I. Wang, and J. P. Speck, "On the probability distribution of line-of-sight fluctuations of optical signals," Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

D. A. deWolf, "Waves in turbulent air: a phenomenological model," Proc. IEEE 62, 1523–1529 (1974).

J. K. Jao and M. Elbaum, "First-order statistics of a non-Rayleigh fading signal and its detection," Proc. IEEE 66, 781–789 (1978).

R. L. Fante, "Optical beam propagation in turbulent media," AFCRL-TR-75-0439, Phys. Sci. Res. Papers No. 640, Air Force Cambridge Res. Labs., Air Force Systems Command, USAF (U.S. Air Force Geophysical Laboratory, Bedford, Mass., 1975).

M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions (National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1964).

M. Nakagami, "The *m*-distribution—a general formula of intensity distribution of rapid fading," reprint from Statistical Methods of Radio Wave Propagation (Pergamon, Oxford, 1960).

I. S. Gradshteyn and I. W. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series and Products (Academic, New York, 1980).

A. Erdelyi *et al.*, Higher Transcendental Functions, Bateman Manuscript Project (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1953), Vols. 1 and 2.

R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, "A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications," Proc. IEEE, 58, 1523–1545 (1970).

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering Media (Academic, New York, 1978).

V. I. Tatarskii, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium, translated by R. S. Silverman (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).

R. A. Elliot, J. R. Dunphy, and J. R. Kerr, "Statistical tests of distributional hypotheses applied to irradiance fluctuations," in Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Propagation through Turbulence, Rain, and Fog (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1977), paper WA4.