A numerical technique based on the mode-matching method with a smoothing procedure is presented for analyzing the diffraction of electromagnetic waves by a grating. The general algorithm for the problem of an arbitrarily shaped periodic surface is described taking the case of <i>H</i> polarization. To show the validity of this algorithm, plane-wave diffraction by a triangular grating is analyzed, and the results are compared with those obtained by the conventional mode-matching method. It is demonstrated that the sequence of approximate solutions calculated by the algorithm presented in this paper converges to the true solution much faster than the sequence produced by the conventional mode-matching method. Some numerical examples on the efficiency are presented.
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