Abstract

Observers adjusted the frequency of an auditory click to match the apparent flicker rate of a sinusoidally modulated visual display. Matches made for binocularly viewed flicker were nearly twice those for monocularly viewed flicker but only at high rates of temporal modulation.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. L. Brown, "Flicker and intermittent stimulation," in Vision and Visual Perception, C. H. Graham, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1965).
  2. H. deLange, "Research into the dynamic nature of the human fovea-cortex systems with intermittent and modulated light. I. Attenuation characteristics with white and colored light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 777–784 (1958).
  3. D. H. Kelly, "Flicker," in Handbook of Sensory Physiology, Vol. VII/4, D. Jameson and L. M. Hurvich, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1972).
  4. Y. LeGrande, "Sur le rhythme apparent du papillotement," C.R. Acad. Sci. 204, 1590–1591 (1937).
  5. S. H. Bartley, "Subjective brightness in relation to flash rate and the light-dark ratio," J. Exp. Psychol. 23, 313–319 (1938).
  6. J. Segal, "Le mechanisme de la vision en lumiere intermittente," J. Psychol. 36, 451–539 (1939).
  7. W. Lohmann, "Uber die 'binokulare Reizsummierung' bei Untersuchung de Lichschwellen," Arch. Augenheilkd. 74, 110–116 (1915).
  8. W. J. Crozier and E. Wolf, "Theory and measurement of visual mechanisms. IV. Critical intensities for visual flicker, monocular and binocular," J. Gen. Physiol. 24, 505–535 (1941).
  9. M. D. Vernon, "The binocular perception of flicker," Brit. J. Psychol. 24, 251–374 (1934).
  10. R. T. Kintz, "Comparison of monocular and binocular temporal resolution in humans," Ph.D. thesis, University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1969 (unpublished).
  11. M. B. Mandler and D. O. Bowker, "Shifts in apparent flicker rate following flicker adaptation," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. Suppl. 20, 45 (1980).
  12. G. B. Wetherill and H. Levitt, "Sequential estimation of points on a psychometric function," Brit. J. Math. Stat. Psychol. 18, 1–10 (1965).
  13. G. W. Knox, "Investigations of flicker and fusion. IV. The effect of auditory flicker on the pronouncedness of visual flicker." J. Gen. Psychol. 33, 145–154 (1945).
  14. J. W. Gebhardt and G. H. Mowbray, "On discriminating the rate of visual flicker and auditory flutter," Am. J. Psychol. 72, 521–528 (1959).
  15. T. Shipley, "Auditory flutter-driving of visual flicker," Science 145, 1328–1330 (1964).
  16. C. R. Cavonius, "Binocular interactions in flicker," Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 31, 273 (1979).

1980 (1)

M. B. Mandler and D. O. Bowker, "Shifts in apparent flicker rate following flicker adaptation," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. Suppl. 20, 45 (1980).

1979 (1)

C. R. Cavonius, "Binocular interactions in flicker," Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 31, 273 (1979).

1965 (1)

G. B. Wetherill and H. Levitt, "Sequential estimation of points on a psychometric function," Brit. J. Math. Stat. Psychol. 18, 1–10 (1965).

1964 (1)

T. Shipley, "Auditory flutter-driving of visual flicker," Science 145, 1328–1330 (1964).

1959 (1)

J. W. Gebhardt and G. H. Mowbray, "On discriminating the rate of visual flicker and auditory flutter," Am. J. Psychol. 72, 521–528 (1959).

1958 (1)

1945 (1)

G. W. Knox, "Investigations of flicker and fusion. IV. The effect of auditory flicker on the pronouncedness of visual flicker." J. Gen. Psychol. 33, 145–154 (1945).

1941 (1)

W. J. Crozier and E. Wolf, "Theory and measurement of visual mechanisms. IV. Critical intensities for visual flicker, monocular and binocular," J. Gen. Physiol. 24, 505–535 (1941).

1939 (1)

J. Segal, "Le mechanisme de la vision en lumiere intermittente," J. Psychol. 36, 451–539 (1939).

1938 (1)

S. H. Bartley, "Subjective brightness in relation to flash rate and the light-dark ratio," J. Exp. Psychol. 23, 313–319 (1938).

1937 (1)

Y. LeGrande, "Sur le rhythme apparent du papillotement," C.R. Acad. Sci. 204, 1590–1591 (1937).

1934 (1)

M. D. Vernon, "The binocular perception of flicker," Brit. J. Psychol. 24, 251–374 (1934).

1915 (1)

W. Lohmann, "Uber die 'binokulare Reizsummierung' bei Untersuchung de Lichschwellen," Arch. Augenheilkd. 74, 110–116 (1915).

Bartley, S. H.

S. H. Bartley, "Subjective brightness in relation to flash rate and the light-dark ratio," J. Exp. Psychol. 23, 313–319 (1938).

Bowker, D. O.

M. B. Mandler and D. O. Bowker, "Shifts in apparent flicker rate following flicker adaptation," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. Suppl. 20, 45 (1980).

Brown, J. L.

J. L. Brown, "Flicker and intermittent stimulation," in Vision and Visual Perception, C. H. Graham, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1965).

Cavonius, C. R.

C. R. Cavonius, "Binocular interactions in flicker," Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 31, 273 (1979).

Crozier, W. J.

W. J. Crozier and E. Wolf, "Theory and measurement of visual mechanisms. IV. Critical intensities for visual flicker, monocular and binocular," J. Gen. Physiol. 24, 505–535 (1941).

deLange, H.

Gebhardt, J. W.

J. W. Gebhardt and G. H. Mowbray, "On discriminating the rate of visual flicker and auditory flutter," Am. J. Psychol. 72, 521–528 (1959).

Kelly, D. H.

D. H. Kelly, "Flicker," in Handbook of Sensory Physiology, Vol. VII/4, D. Jameson and L. M. Hurvich, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1972).

Kintz, R. T.

R. T. Kintz, "Comparison of monocular and binocular temporal resolution in humans," Ph.D. thesis, University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1969 (unpublished).

Knox, G. W.

G. W. Knox, "Investigations of flicker and fusion. IV. The effect of auditory flicker on the pronouncedness of visual flicker." J. Gen. Psychol. 33, 145–154 (1945).

LeGrande, Y.

Y. LeGrande, "Sur le rhythme apparent du papillotement," C.R. Acad. Sci. 204, 1590–1591 (1937).

Levitt, H.

G. B. Wetherill and H. Levitt, "Sequential estimation of points on a psychometric function," Brit. J. Math. Stat. Psychol. 18, 1–10 (1965).

Lohmann, W.

W. Lohmann, "Uber die 'binokulare Reizsummierung' bei Untersuchung de Lichschwellen," Arch. Augenheilkd. 74, 110–116 (1915).

Mandler, M. B.

M. B. Mandler and D. O. Bowker, "Shifts in apparent flicker rate following flicker adaptation," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. Suppl. 20, 45 (1980).

Mowbray, G. H.

J. W. Gebhardt and G. H. Mowbray, "On discriminating the rate of visual flicker and auditory flutter," Am. J. Psychol. 72, 521–528 (1959).

Segal, J.

J. Segal, "Le mechanisme de la vision en lumiere intermittente," J. Psychol. 36, 451–539 (1939).

Shipley, T.

T. Shipley, "Auditory flutter-driving of visual flicker," Science 145, 1328–1330 (1964).

Vernon, M. D.

M. D. Vernon, "The binocular perception of flicker," Brit. J. Psychol. 24, 251–374 (1934).

Wetherill, G. B.

G. B. Wetherill and H. Levitt, "Sequential estimation of points on a psychometric function," Brit. J. Math. Stat. Psychol. 18, 1–10 (1965).

Wolf, E.

W. J. Crozier and E. Wolf, "Theory and measurement of visual mechanisms. IV. Critical intensities for visual flicker, monocular and binocular," J. Gen. Physiol. 24, 505–535 (1941).

Am. J. Psychol. (1)

J. W. Gebhardt and G. H. Mowbray, "On discriminating the rate of visual flicker and auditory flutter," Am. J. Psychol. 72, 521–528 (1959).

Arch. Augenheilkd. (1)

W. Lohmann, "Uber die 'binokulare Reizsummierung' bei Untersuchung de Lichschwellen," Arch. Augenheilkd. 74, 110–116 (1915).

Brit. J. Math. Stat. Psychol. (1)

G. B. Wetherill and H. Levitt, "Sequential estimation of points on a psychometric function," Brit. J. Math. Stat. Psychol. 18, 1–10 (1965).

Brit. J. Psychol. (1)

M. D. Vernon, "The binocular perception of flicker," Brit. J. Psychol. 24, 251–374 (1934).

C.R. Acad. Sci. (1)

Y. LeGrande, "Sur le rhythme apparent du papillotement," C.R. Acad. Sci. 204, 1590–1591 (1937).

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. Suppl. (1)

M. B. Mandler and D. O. Bowker, "Shifts in apparent flicker rate following flicker adaptation," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. Suppl. 20, 45 (1980).

J. Exp. Psychol. (1)

S. H. Bartley, "Subjective brightness in relation to flash rate and the light-dark ratio," J. Exp. Psychol. 23, 313–319 (1938).

J. Gen. Physiol. (1)

W. J. Crozier and E. Wolf, "Theory and measurement of visual mechanisms. IV. Critical intensities for visual flicker, monocular and binocular," J. Gen. Physiol. 24, 505–535 (1941).

J. Gen. Psychol. (1)

G. W. Knox, "Investigations of flicker and fusion. IV. The effect of auditory flicker on the pronouncedness of visual flicker." J. Gen. Psychol. 33, 145–154 (1945).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Psychol. (1)

J. Segal, "Le mechanisme de la vision en lumiere intermittente," J. Psychol. 36, 451–539 (1939).

Q. J. Exp. Psychol. (1)

C. R. Cavonius, "Binocular interactions in flicker," Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 31, 273 (1979).

Science (1)

T. Shipley, "Auditory flutter-driving of visual flicker," Science 145, 1328–1330 (1964).

Other (3)

J. L. Brown, "Flicker and intermittent stimulation," in Vision and Visual Perception, C. H. Graham, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1965).

D. H. Kelly, "Flicker," in Handbook of Sensory Physiology, Vol. VII/4, D. Jameson and L. M. Hurvich, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1972).

R. T. Kintz, "Comparison of monocular and binocular temporal resolution in humans," Ph.D. thesis, University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1969 (unpublished).

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