Abstract

We present the results of measurements of the first five moments of the intensity fluctuations of stellar scintillation. Measurements were made using photon counting techniques. The moments were found to be consistent with a log normal model provided the normalized second moment of the intensity was less than ~ 1.65. Above this, departure from log normal behavior occurred.

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Jakeman, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "Photon correlation study of stellar scintillation," Nature 263, 215–216 (1976).
  2. R. S. Iyer and J. L. Bufton, "Aperture Averaging Effects in Stellar Scintillation," Opt. Commun. 22, 377–381 (1977).
  3. G. Parry, J. G. Walker, and R. J. Scaddan, "On the statistics of stellar speckle patterns and pupil plane scintillation," Opt. Acta 26, 563–574 (1979).
  4. E. Jakeman, G. Parry, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "The Twinkling of Stars," Contemp. Phys. 19, 127–145 (1978).
  5. V. I. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).
  6. V. I. Tatarski, The Effects of the Turbulent Atmosphere on Wave Propagation, translated from the Russian (National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1971).
  7. D. L. Fried, "Optical resolution through a randomly inhomogeneous medium for very long and very short exposures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1372–1379 (1966).
  8. D. Korff, "Analysis of a method for obtaining near-diffraction-limited information in the presence of atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 971–980 (1973).
  9. A. T. Young, "Saturation of scintillation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1495–1500 (1970).
  10. A. Rocca, F. Roddier, and J. Vernin, "Detection of atmospheric turbulent layers by spatiotemporal and spatioangular correlation measurements of stellar-light scintillation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1000–1004 (1974).
  11. C. Roddier and J. Vernin, "Relative contribution of upper and lower atmosphere to integrated refractive-index profiles," Appl. Opt. 16, 2250–2252 (1977).
  12. D. L. Fried, G. E. Mevers, and M. P. Keister, "Measurements of laser-beam scintillation in the atmosphere," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 787–797 (1967).
  13. R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, "A survey of clean-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications," Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).
  14. R. L. Fante, "Electromagnetic Beam Propagation in Turbulent Media," Proc. IEEE 63, 1669–1691 (1975).
  15. A. M. Prokhorov, F. V. Bunkin, K. S. Gochelashvily, and V. I. Shishov, "Laser Irradiance Propagation in Turbulent Media," Proc. IEEE 63, 790–871 (1975).
  16. Laser Beam Propagation in the Atmosphere, edited by J. W. Strohbehn (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1978).
  17. G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focusing by a Random Phase Screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).
  18. G. Parry and P. N. Pusey, "K distributions in atmospheric propagation of laser light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 796–798 (1979).
  19. Photon Correlation and Light Beating Spectroscopy, edited by E. R. Pike and H. Z. Cumming (Plenum, New York, 1974).
  20. P. N. Pusey, in Photon Correlation Spectroscopy and Velocimetry, edited by H. Z. Cummins and E. R. Pike (Plenum, New York, 1977).
  21. E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "A Model for Non-Rayleigh Sea Echo," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 24, 806–814 (1976).
  22. E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Significance of K distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).
  23. L. S. Taylor and C. J. Infosino, "Diffraction theory of optical scintillations due to turbulent layers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 78–84 (1975).
  24. J. W. Strohbehn, Ting-i Wang, and J. P. Speck, "On the Probability Distribution of Line-of-sight Fluctuations of Optical Signals," Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

1979 (2)

G. Parry, J. G. Walker, and R. J. Scaddan, "On the statistics of stellar speckle patterns and pupil plane scintillation," Opt. Acta 26, 563–574 (1979).

G. Parry and P. N. Pusey, "K distributions in atmospheric propagation of laser light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 796–798 (1979).

1978 (2)

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Significance of K distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

E. Jakeman, G. Parry, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "The Twinkling of Stars," Contemp. Phys. 19, 127–145 (1978).

1977 (3)

R. S. Iyer and J. L. Bufton, "Aperture Averaging Effects in Stellar Scintillation," Opt. Commun. 22, 377–381 (1977).

C. Roddier and J. Vernin, "Relative contribution of upper and lower atmosphere to integrated refractive-index profiles," Appl. Opt. 16, 2250–2252 (1977).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focusing by a Random Phase Screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

1976 (2)

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "A Model for Non-Rayleigh Sea Echo," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 24, 806–814 (1976).

E. Jakeman, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "Photon correlation study of stellar scintillation," Nature 263, 215–216 (1976).

1975 (2)

L. S. Taylor and C. J. Infosino, "Diffraction theory of optical scintillations due to turbulent layers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 78–84 (1975).

J. W. Strohbehn, Ting-i Wang, and J. P. Speck, "On the Probability Distribution of Line-of-sight Fluctuations of Optical Signals," Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

1974 (1)

1973 (1)

1970 (1)

1967 (1)

1966 (1)

Bufton, J. L.

R. S. Iyer and J. L. Bufton, "Aperture Averaging Effects in Stellar Scintillation," Opt. Commun. 22, 377–381 (1977).

Bunkin, F. V.

A. M. Prokhorov, F. V. Bunkin, K. S. Gochelashvily, and V. I. Shishov, "Laser Irradiance Propagation in Turbulent Media," Proc. IEEE 63, 790–871 (1975).

Fante, R. L.

R. L. Fante, "Electromagnetic Beam Propagation in Turbulent Media," Proc. IEEE 63, 1669–1691 (1975).

Fried, D. L.

Gochelashvily, K. S.

A. M. Prokhorov, F. V. Bunkin, K. S. Gochelashvily, and V. I. Shishov, "Laser Irradiance Propagation in Turbulent Media," Proc. IEEE 63, 790–871 (1975).

Infosino, C. J.

Iyer, R. S.

R. S. Iyer and J. L. Bufton, "Aperture Averaging Effects in Stellar Scintillation," Opt. Commun. 22, 377–381 (1977).

Jakeman, E.

E. Jakeman, G. Parry, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "The Twinkling of Stars," Contemp. Phys. 19, 127–145 (1978).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Significance of K distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focusing by a Random Phase Screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "A Model for Non-Rayleigh Sea Echo," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 24, 806–814 (1976).

E. Jakeman, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "Photon correlation study of stellar scintillation," Nature 263, 215–216 (1976).

Keister, M. P.

Korff, D.

Lawrence, R. S.

R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, "A survey of clean-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications," Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).

McWhirter, J. G.

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focusing by a Random Phase Screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

Mevers, G. E.

Parry, G.

G. Parry and P. N. Pusey, "K distributions in atmospheric propagation of laser light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 796–798 (1979).

G. Parry, J. G. Walker, and R. J. Scaddan, "On the statistics of stellar speckle patterns and pupil plane scintillation," Opt. Acta 26, 563–574 (1979).

E. Jakeman, G. Parry, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "The Twinkling of Stars," Contemp. Phys. 19, 127–145 (1978).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focusing by a Random Phase Screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

Pike, E. R.

E. Jakeman, G. Parry, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "The Twinkling of Stars," Contemp. Phys. 19, 127–145 (1978).

E. Jakeman, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "Photon correlation study of stellar scintillation," Nature 263, 215–216 (1976).

Prokhorov, A. M.

A. M. Prokhorov, F. V. Bunkin, K. S. Gochelashvily, and V. I. Shishov, "Laser Irradiance Propagation in Turbulent Media," Proc. IEEE 63, 790–871 (1975).

Pusey, P. N.

G. Parry and P. N. Pusey, "K distributions in atmospheric propagation of laser light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 796–798 (1979).

E. Jakeman, G. Parry, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "The Twinkling of Stars," Contemp. Phys. 19, 127–145 (1978).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Significance of K distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focusing by a Random Phase Screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "A Model for Non-Rayleigh Sea Echo," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 24, 806–814 (1976).

E. Jakeman, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "Photon correlation study of stellar scintillation," Nature 263, 215–216 (1976).

P. N. Pusey, in Photon Correlation Spectroscopy and Velocimetry, edited by H. Z. Cummins and E. R. Pike (Plenum, New York, 1977).

Rocca, A.

Roddier, C.

C. Roddier and J. Vernin, "Relative contribution of upper and lower atmosphere to integrated refractive-index profiles," Appl. Opt. 16, 2250–2252 (1977).

Roddier, F.

Scaddan, R. J.

G. Parry, J. G. Walker, and R. J. Scaddan, "On the statistics of stellar speckle patterns and pupil plane scintillation," Opt. Acta 26, 563–574 (1979).

Shishov, V. I.

A. M. Prokhorov, F. V. Bunkin, K. S. Gochelashvily, and V. I. Shishov, "Laser Irradiance Propagation in Turbulent Media," Proc. IEEE 63, 790–871 (1975).

Speck, J. P.

J. W. Strohbehn, Ting-i Wang, and J. P. Speck, "On the Probability Distribution of Line-of-sight Fluctuations of Optical Signals," Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

Strohbehn, J. W.

J. W. Strohbehn, Ting-i Wang, and J. P. Speck, "On the Probability Distribution of Line-of-sight Fluctuations of Optical Signals," Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, "A survey of clean-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications," Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).

Tatarski, V. I.

V. I. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).

V. I. Tatarski, The Effects of the Turbulent Atmosphere on Wave Propagation, translated from the Russian (National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1971).

Taylor, L. S.

Vernin, J.

C. Roddier and J. Vernin, "Relative contribution of upper and lower atmosphere to integrated refractive-index profiles," Appl. Opt. 16, 2250–2252 (1977).

A. Rocca, F. Roddier, and J. Vernin, "Detection of atmospheric turbulent layers by spatiotemporal and spatioangular correlation measurements of stellar-light scintillation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1000–1004 (1974).

Walker, J. G.

G. Parry, J. G. Walker, and R. J. Scaddan, "On the statistics of stellar speckle patterns and pupil plane scintillation," Opt. Acta 26, 563–574 (1979).

Wang, Ting-i

J. W. Strohbehn, Ting-i Wang, and J. P. Speck, "On the Probability Distribution of Line-of-sight Fluctuations of Optical Signals," Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

Young, A. T.

Appl. Opt. (1)

C. Roddier and J. Vernin, "Relative contribution of upper and lower atmosphere to integrated refractive-index profiles," Appl. Opt. 16, 2250–2252 (1977).

Contemp. Phys. (1)

E. Jakeman, G. Parry, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "The Twinkling of Stars," Contemp. Phys. 19, 127–145 (1978).

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "A Model for Non-Rayleigh Sea Echo," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 24, 806–814 (1976).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (7)

Nature (1)

E. Jakeman, E. R. Pike, and P. N. Pusey, "Photon correlation study of stellar scintillation," Nature 263, 215–216 (1976).

Opt. Acta (1)

G. Parry, J. G. Walker, and R. J. Scaddan, "On the statistics of stellar speckle patterns and pupil plane scintillation," Opt. Acta 26, 563–574 (1979).

Opt. Commun. (2)

G. Parry, P. N. Pusey, E. Jakeman, and J. G. McWhirter, "Focusing by a Random Phase Screen," Opt. Commun. 22, 195–201 (1977).

R. S. Iyer and J. L. Bufton, "Aperture Averaging Effects in Stellar Scintillation," Opt. Commun. 22, 377–381 (1977).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

E. Jakeman and P. N. Pusey, "Significance of K distributions in scattering experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

Radio Sci. (1)

J. W. Strohbehn, Ting-i Wang, and J. P. Speck, "On the Probability Distribution of Line-of-sight Fluctuations of Optical Signals," Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

Other (8)

V. I. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).

V. I. Tatarski, The Effects of the Turbulent Atmosphere on Wave Propagation, translated from the Russian (National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1971).

Photon Correlation and Light Beating Spectroscopy, edited by E. R. Pike and H. Z. Cumming (Plenum, New York, 1974).

P. N. Pusey, in Photon Correlation Spectroscopy and Velocimetry, edited by H. Z. Cummins and E. R. Pike (Plenum, New York, 1977).

R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, "A survey of clean-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications," Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).

R. L. Fante, "Electromagnetic Beam Propagation in Turbulent Media," Proc. IEEE 63, 1669–1691 (1975).

A. M. Prokhorov, F. V. Bunkin, K. S. Gochelashvily, and V. I. Shishov, "Laser Irradiance Propagation in Turbulent Media," Proc. IEEE 63, 790–871 (1975).

Laser Beam Propagation in the Atmosphere, edited by J. W. Strohbehn (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1978).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.