Abstract

Several implications of Metcalf’s apodization model of the Stiles-Crawford effect are presented in this paper. Metcalf showed that there should be a slight smearing of the point-spread function due to the Stiles-Crawford effect. It will be shown that this smearing is approximately equal to the size of a foveal cone. As an obvious consequence of this smearing, there is a decrement in the modulation transfer function for high spatial frequencies. But unexpectedly, there is an increment in the MTF for low spatial frequencies.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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  1. Toraldo DiFrancia, "Per una teoria dell' effetto Stiles-Crawford," Nuovo Cimento 5, 589–590 (1948).
  2. J. M. Enoch, "Waveguide modes, are they present, and what is their possible role in the visual mechanism?" J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 1025–1026 (1960).
  3. P. L. Walraven and M. A. Bouman, "Relation between directional sensitivity and spectral response curve in human cone vision," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 780–784 (1960).
  4. A. W. Snyder and C. Pask, "The Stiles-Crawford effect—explanation and consequence," Vision Res. 13, 1115–1137 (1973).
  5. G. Westheimer, "Retinal light distribution for circular apertures in Maxwellian view," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 41–44 (1959).
  6. H. J. Metcalf, "Stiles-Crawford apodization," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 72–74 (1965).
  7. C. E. T. Krarau, "On the Stiles-Crawford phenomenon and resolution power," Acta Ophthalmol. 52, 581–583 (1974).
  8. J. Southhall, Physiological Optics (Dover, New York, 1961), p. 58.
  9. M. Alpern, Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978), pp. 12–13.
  10. B. O'Brien, "Vision and resolution in the central retina," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 882–894 (1951).
  11. J. E. Dowling, "Foveal receptors of the monkey retina: fine structure," Science 147, 57–59 (1965).
  12. J. Simon, "Un nouveau modele destine' a l'interpretation de l'effect Stiles-Crawford," Vision Res. 10, 1471–1476 (1970).

1974 (1)

C. E. T. Krarau, "On the Stiles-Crawford phenomenon and resolution power," Acta Ophthalmol. 52, 581–583 (1974).

1973 (1)

A. W. Snyder and C. Pask, "The Stiles-Crawford effect—explanation and consequence," Vision Res. 13, 1115–1137 (1973).

1970 (1)

J. Simon, "Un nouveau modele destine' a l'interpretation de l'effect Stiles-Crawford," Vision Res. 10, 1471–1476 (1970).

1965 (2)

J. E. Dowling, "Foveal receptors of the monkey retina: fine structure," Science 147, 57–59 (1965).

H. J. Metcalf, "Stiles-Crawford apodization," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 72–74 (1965).

1960 (2)

1959 (1)

1951 (1)

1948 (1)

Toraldo DiFrancia, "Per una teoria dell' effetto Stiles-Crawford," Nuovo Cimento 5, 589–590 (1948).

Alpern, M.

M. Alpern, Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978), pp. 12–13.

Bouman, M. A.

DiFrancia, Toraldo

Toraldo DiFrancia, "Per una teoria dell' effetto Stiles-Crawford," Nuovo Cimento 5, 589–590 (1948).

Dowling, J. E.

J. E. Dowling, "Foveal receptors of the monkey retina: fine structure," Science 147, 57–59 (1965).

Enoch, J. M.

Krarau, C. E. T.

C. E. T. Krarau, "On the Stiles-Crawford phenomenon and resolution power," Acta Ophthalmol. 52, 581–583 (1974).

Metcalf, H. J.

O’Brien, B.

Pask, C.

A. W. Snyder and C. Pask, "The Stiles-Crawford effect—explanation and consequence," Vision Res. 13, 1115–1137 (1973).

Simon, J.

J. Simon, "Un nouveau modele destine' a l'interpretation de l'effect Stiles-Crawford," Vision Res. 10, 1471–1476 (1970).

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder and C. Pask, "The Stiles-Crawford effect—explanation and consequence," Vision Res. 13, 1115–1137 (1973).

Southhall, J.

J. Southhall, Physiological Optics (Dover, New York, 1961), p. 58.

Walraven, P. L.

Westheimer, G.

Acta Ophthalmol. (1)

C. E. T. Krarau, "On the Stiles-Crawford phenomenon and resolution power," Acta Ophthalmol. 52, 581–583 (1974).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (5)

Nuovo Cimento (1)

Toraldo DiFrancia, "Per una teoria dell' effetto Stiles-Crawford," Nuovo Cimento 5, 589–590 (1948).

Science (1)

J. E. Dowling, "Foveal receptors of the monkey retina: fine structure," Science 147, 57–59 (1965).

Vision Res. (2)

J. Simon, "Un nouveau modele destine' a l'interpretation de l'effect Stiles-Crawford," Vision Res. 10, 1471–1476 (1970).

A. W. Snyder and C. Pask, "The Stiles-Crawford effect—explanation and consequence," Vision Res. 13, 1115–1137 (1973).

Other (2)

J. Southhall, Physiological Optics (Dover, New York, 1961), p. 58.

M. Alpern, Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978), pp. 12–13.

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