Abstract

A survey has been made of the beam-foil spectrum of xenon between 500 and 1550 Å at an energy of 1.6 MeV. Mean lives have been obtained from 18 lines, all but five of which have been classified as Xe VI, Xe VII, or Xe VIII lines. Our proposed classifications for two lines would enable the 4ƒ, 5<i>g</i>, and 6<i>g</i> terms in Xe VIII to be connected to the rest of the system. Along the In I isoelectronic sequence, the oscillator strength of the 5<i>s</i><sup>2</sup>5<i>p</i><sup>2</sup><i>P</i>º-5<i>s</i><sup>2</sup>5<i>d</i><sup>2</sup><i>D</i> transition is compared with previous theory and experiment, and the wavelengths of the I V transitions in this sequence are proposed.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. C. Fawcett, B. B. Jones, and R. Wilson, "Vacuum ultraviolet spectra of multiply-ionized inert gases," Proc. Phys. Soc. A 78, 1223–1226 (1961).
  2. E. J. Knystautas, J. Sugar, and J. R. Roberts, "New line classifications and energy levels in the triplet system of Xe VII," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1726–1727 (1979).
  3. J. R. Roberts, E. J. Knystautas, and J. Sugar, "One-electron spectrum of XeVIII," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1620–1622 (1979).
  4. B. C. Fawcett and G. E. Bromage, "Classification of krypton IV, V, and xenon VI spectral lines," J. Phys. B. (to be published).
  5. U. Fink, S. Bashkin, and W. S. Bickel, "Transitions and level life-times in Ne II, III, Ar II, III, Kr II, III, and Xe II," J. Quant. Spectrosc. trosc. Radiat. Transfer 10, 1241–1256 (1970).
  6. T. Andersen, O. H. Madsen, and G. Sørensen, "Beam-foil spectroscopy at low initial ion energies," Phys. Scr. 6, 125–128 (1972).
  7. F. J. Coetzer and P. van der Westhuizen, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements on energy levels of singly-ionized xenon," Z. Phys. A 292, 369–374 (1979).
  8. E. H. Pinnington, R. N. Gosselin, J. A. O'Neill, J. A. Kernahan, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements using ANDC analysis for the resonance doublet in Ar VIII, Kr VIII, and XeVIII," Phys. Scr. 20, 151–155 (1979).
  9. D. J. G. Irwin and A. E. Livingston, "Beam-foil spectroscopy of sulfur in the vacuum ultraviolet," Can. J. Phys. 54, 805–815 (1976).
  10. E. H. Pinnington, D. J. G. Irwin, A. E. Livingston, and J. A. Kernahan, "Mean-life measurements in some energy levels in OI-O VI," Can. J. Phys. 52, 1961–1970 (1974).
  11. D. J. G. Irwin and A. E. Livingston, "A program for the extraction of radiative lifetimes for experimental beam-foil intensity data," Comput. Phys. Commun. 7, 95–113 (1974).
  12. A. E. Livingston, D. J. G. Irwin, and E. H. Pinnington, "Lifetime measurements in Ar II-Ar VIII," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1303–1308 (1972).
  13. D. J. G. Irwin, J. A. Kernahan, E. H. Pinnington, and A. E. Livingston,"Beam-foil mean-life measurements in krypton," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1396–1400 (1976).
  14. J. A. O'Neill, E. H. Pinnington, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "A study of the beam-foil spectrum of iodine from 400 to 1300 Å," Phys. Scr. 20, 60–64 (1979).
  15. K.-T. Cheng and Y.-K. Kim, "Excitation energies and oscillator strengths in the silver isoelectronic sequence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 125–131 (1979).
  16. T. Andersen and A. Lindgrd, "Radiative lifetimes of excited levels in three-electron systems: GaI, Ge II, As III, Se IV, and In I, Sn II, Sb III, Te IV," J. Phys. B 10, 2359–2368 (1977).
  17. M. Evan-Zohar and B. S. Fraenkel, "A study of EUV spectra in the fifth period," J. Phys. B 5, 1596–1613 (1972).
  18. E. H. Pinnington (private communication, 1979).
  19. J. Migdalek, "Theoretical relativistic oscillator strengths. I. Transitions in principal, sharp, and diffuse series of Al I, Ga I, In I, and Tl I spectra," Can. J. Phys. 54, 118–129 (1976); also, private communication to Andersen and Lindgrd (Ref. 17).
  20. T. Andersen and G. Sørensen, "Systematic study of atomic lifetimes in gallium, indium, and thallium measured by the beam-foil technique," Phys. Rev. A 5, 2447–2451 (1972).

1979 (6)

E. J. Knystautas, J. Sugar, and J. R. Roberts, "New line classifications and energy levels in the triplet system of Xe VII," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1726–1727 (1979).

J. R. Roberts, E. J. Knystautas, and J. Sugar, "One-electron spectrum of XeVIII," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1620–1622 (1979).

F. J. Coetzer and P. van der Westhuizen, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements on energy levels of singly-ionized xenon," Z. Phys. A 292, 369–374 (1979).

E. H. Pinnington, R. N. Gosselin, J. A. O'Neill, J. A. Kernahan, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements using ANDC analysis for the resonance doublet in Ar VIII, Kr VIII, and XeVIII," Phys. Scr. 20, 151–155 (1979).

J. A. O'Neill, E. H. Pinnington, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "A study of the beam-foil spectrum of iodine from 400 to 1300 Å," Phys. Scr. 20, 60–64 (1979).

K.-T. Cheng and Y.-K. Kim, "Excitation energies and oscillator strengths in the silver isoelectronic sequence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 125–131 (1979).

1977 (1)

T. Andersen and A. Lindgrd, "Radiative lifetimes of excited levels in three-electron systems: GaI, Ge II, As III, Se IV, and In I, Sn II, Sb III, Te IV," J. Phys. B 10, 2359–2368 (1977).

1976 (3)

J. Migdalek, "Theoretical relativistic oscillator strengths. I. Transitions in principal, sharp, and diffuse series of Al I, Ga I, In I, and Tl I spectra," Can. J. Phys. 54, 118–129 (1976); also, private communication to Andersen and Lindgrd (Ref. 17).

D. J. G. Irwin, J. A. Kernahan, E. H. Pinnington, and A. E. Livingston,"Beam-foil mean-life measurements in krypton," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1396–1400 (1976).

D. J. G. Irwin and A. E. Livingston, "Beam-foil spectroscopy of sulfur in the vacuum ultraviolet," Can. J. Phys. 54, 805–815 (1976).

1974 (2)

E. H. Pinnington, D. J. G. Irwin, A. E. Livingston, and J. A. Kernahan, "Mean-life measurements in some energy levels in OI-O VI," Can. J. Phys. 52, 1961–1970 (1974).

D. J. G. Irwin and A. E. Livingston, "A program for the extraction of radiative lifetimes for experimental beam-foil intensity data," Comput. Phys. Commun. 7, 95–113 (1974).

1972 (4)

A. E. Livingston, D. J. G. Irwin, and E. H. Pinnington, "Lifetime measurements in Ar II-Ar VIII," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1303–1308 (1972).

T. Andersen, O. H. Madsen, and G. Sørensen, "Beam-foil spectroscopy at low initial ion energies," Phys. Scr. 6, 125–128 (1972).

T. Andersen and G. Sørensen, "Systematic study of atomic lifetimes in gallium, indium, and thallium measured by the beam-foil technique," Phys. Rev. A 5, 2447–2451 (1972).

M. Evan-Zohar and B. S. Fraenkel, "A study of EUV spectra in the fifth period," J. Phys. B 5, 1596–1613 (1972).

1970 (1)

U. Fink, S. Bashkin, and W. S. Bickel, "Transitions and level life-times in Ne II, III, Ar II, III, Kr II, III, and Xe II," J. Quant. Spectrosc. trosc. Radiat. Transfer 10, 1241–1256 (1970).

1961 (1)

B. C. Fawcett, B. B. Jones, and R. Wilson, "Vacuum ultraviolet spectra of multiply-ionized inert gases," Proc. Phys. Soc. A 78, 1223–1226 (1961).

Andersen, T.

T. Andersen and A. Lindgrd, "Radiative lifetimes of excited levels in three-electron systems: GaI, Ge II, As III, Se IV, and In I, Sn II, Sb III, Te IV," J. Phys. B 10, 2359–2368 (1977).

T. Andersen and G. Sørensen, "Systematic study of atomic lifetimes in gallium, indium, and thallium measured by the beam-foil technique," Phys. Rev. A 5, 2447–2451 (1972).

T. Andersen, O. H. Madsen, and G. Sørensen, "Beam-foil spectroscopy at low initial ion energies," Phys. Scr. 6, 125–128 (1972).

Bashkin, S.

U. Fink, S. Bashkin, and W. S. Bickel, "Transitions and level life-times in Ne II, III, Ar II, III, Kr II, III, and Xe II," J. Quant. Spectrosc. trosc. Radiat. Transfer 10, 1241–1256 (1970).

Bickel, W. S.

U. Fink, S. Bashkin, and W. S. Bickel, "Transitions and level life-times in Ne II, III, Ar II, III, Kr II, III, and Xe II," J. Quant. Spectrosc. trosc. Radiat. Transfer 10, 1241–1256 (1970).

Bromage, G. E.

B. C. Fawcett and G. E. Bromage, "Classification of krypton IV, V, and xenon VI spectral lines," J. Phys. B. (to be published).

Brooks, R. L.

E. H. Pinnington, R. N. Gosselin, J. A. O'Neill, J. A. Kernahan, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements using ANDC analysis for the resonance doublet in Ar VIII, Kr VIII, and XeVIII," Phys. Scr. 20, 151–155 (1979).

J. A. O'Neill, E. H. Pinnington, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "A study of the beam-foil spectrum of iodine from 400 to 1300 Å," Phys. Scr. 20, 60–64 (1979).

Cheng, K.-T.

Coetzer, F. J.

F. J. Coetzer and P. van der Westhuizen, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements on energy levels of singly-ionized xenon," Z. Phys. A 292, 369–374 (1979).

Donnelly, K. E.

E. H. Pinnington, R. N. Gosselin, J. A. O'Neill, J. A. Kernahan, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements using ANDC analysis for the resonance doublet in Ar VIII, Kr VIII, and XeVIII," Phys. Scr. 20, 151–155 (1979).

J. A. O'Neill, E. H. Pinnington, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "A study of the beam-foil spectrum of iodine from 400 to 1300 Å," Phys. Scr. 20, 60–64 (1979).

Evan-Zohar, M.

M. Evan-Zohar and B. S. Fraenkel, "A study of EUV spectra in the fifth period," J. Phys. B 5, 1596–1613 (1972).

Fawcett, B. C.

B. C. Fawcett, B. B. Jones, and R. Wilson, "Vacuum ultraviolet spectra of multiply-ionized inert gases," Proc. Phys. Soc. A 78, 1223–1226 (1961).

B. C. Fawcett and G. E. Bromage, "Classification of krypton IV, V, and xenon VI spectral lines," J. Phys. B. (to be published).

Fink, U.

U. Fink, S. Bashkin, and W. S. Bickel, "Transitions and level life-times in Ne II, III, Ar II, III, Kr II, III, and Xe II," J. Quant. Spectrosc. trosc. Radiat. Transfer 10, 1241–1256 (1970).

Fraenkel, B. S.

M. Evan-Zohar and B. S. Fraenkel, "A study of EUV spectra in the fifth period," J. Phys. B 5, 1596–1613 (1972).

Gosselin, R. N.

E. H. Pinnington, R. N. Gosselin, J. A. O'Neill, J. A. Kernahan, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements using ANDC analysis for the resonance doublet in Ar VIII, Kr VIII, and XeVIII," Phys. Scr. 20, 151–155 (1979).

Irwin, D. J. G.

D. J. G. Irwin and A. E. Livingston, "Beam-foil spectroscopy of sulfur in the vacuum ultraviolet," Can. J. Phys. 54, 805–815 (1976).

D. J. G. Irwin, J. A. Kernahan, E. H. Pinnington, and A. E. Livingston,"Beam-foil mean-life measurements in krypton," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1396–1400 (1976).

E. H. Pinnington, D. J. G. Irwin, A. E. Livingston, and J. A. Kernahan, "Mean-life measurements in some energy levels in OI-O VI," Can. J. Phys. 52, 1961–1970 (1974).

D. J. G. Irwin and A. E. Livingston, "A program for the extraction of radiative lifetimes for experimental beam-foil intensity data," Comput. Phys. Commun. 7, 95–113 (1974).

A. E. Livingston, D. J. G. Irwin, and E. H. Pinnington, "Lifetime measurements in Ar II-Ar VIII," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1303–1308 (1972).

Jones, B. B.

B. C. Fawcett, B. B. Jones, and R. Wilson, "Vacuum ultraviolet spectra of multiply-ionized inert gases," Proc. Phys. Soc. A 78, 1223–1226 (1961).

Kernahan, J. A.

E. H. Pinnington, R. N. Gosselin, J. A. O'Neill, J. A. Kernahan, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements using ANDC analysis for the resonance doublet in Ar VIII, Kr VIII, and XeVIII," Phys. Scr. 20, 151–155 (1979).

D. J. G. Irwin, J. A. Kernahan, E. H. Pinnington, and A. E. Livingston,"Beam-foil mean-life measurements in krypton," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1396–1400 (1976).

E. H. Pinnington, D. J. G. Irwin, A. E. Livingston, and J. A. Kernahan, "Mean-life measurements in some energy levels in OI-O VI," Can. J. Phys. 52, 1961–1970 (1974).

Kim, Y.-K.

Knystautas, E. J.

Lindgrd, A.

T. Andersen and A. Lindgrd, "Radiative lifetimes of excited levels in three-electron systems: GaI, Ge II, As III, Se IV, and In I, Sn II, Sb III, Te IV," J. Phys. B 10, 2359–2368 (1977).

Livingston, A. E.

D. J. G. Irwin, J. A. Kernahan, E. H. Pinnington, and A. E. Livingston,"Beam-foil mean-life measurements in krypton," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1396–1400 (1976).

D. J. G. Irwin and A. E. Livingston, "Beam-foil spectroscopy of sulfur in the vacuum ultraviolet," Can. J. Phys. 54, 805–815 (1976).

E. H. Pinnington, D. J. G. Irwin, A. E. Livingston, and J. A. Kernahan, "Mean-life measurements in some energy levels in OI-O VI," Can. J. Phys. 52, 1961–1970 (1974).

D. J. G. Irwin and A. E. Livingston, "A program for the extraction of radiative lifetimes for experimental beam-foil intensity data," Comput. Phys. Commun. 7, 95–113 (1974).

A. E. Livingston, D. J. G. Irwin, and E. H. Pinnington, "Lifetime measurements in Ar II-Ar VIII," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1303–1308 (1972).

Madsen, O. H.

T. Andersen, O. H. Madsen, and G. Sørensen, "Beam-foil spectroscopy at low initial ion energies," Phys. Scr. 6, 125–128 (1972).

Migdalek, J.

J. Migdalek, "Theoretical relativistic oscillator strengths. I. Transitions in principal, sharp, and diffuse series of Al I, Ga I, In I, and Tl I spectra," Can. J. Phys. 54, 118–129 (1976); also, private communication to Andersen and Lindgrd (Ref. 17).

O’Neill, J. A.

J. A. O'Neill, E. H. Pinnington, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "A study of the beam-foil spectrum of iodine from 400 to 1300 Å," Phys. Scr. 20, 60–64 (1979).

E. H. Pinnington, R. N. Gosselin, J. A. O'Neill, J. A. Kernahan, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements using ANDC analysis for the resonance doublet in Ar VIII, Kr VIII, and XeVIII," Phys. Scr. 20, 151–155 (1979).

Pinnington, E. H.

E. H. Pinnington, R. N. Gosselin, J. A. O'Neill, J. A. Kernahan, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements using ANDC analysis for the resonance doublet in Ar VIII, Kr VIII, and XeVIII," Phys. Scr. 20, 151–155 (1979).

J. A. O'Neill, E. H. Pinnington, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "A study of the beam-foil spectrum of iodine from 400 to 1300 Å," Phys. Scr. 20, 60–64 (1979).

D. J. G. Irwin, J. A. Kernahan, E. H. Pinnington, and A. E. Livingston,"Beam-foil mean-life measurements in krypton," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1396–1400 (1976).

E. H. Pinnington, D. J. G. Irwin, A. E. Livingston, and J. A. Kernahan, "Mean-life measurements in some energy levels in OI-O VI," Can. J. Phys. 52, 1961–1970 (1974).

A. E. Livingston, D. J. G. Irwin, and E. H. Pinnington, "Lifetime measurements in Ar II-Ar VIII," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1303–1308 (1972).

E. H. Pinnington (private communication, 1979).

Roberts, J. R.

Sørensen, G.

T. Andersen, O. H. Madsen, and G. Sørensen, "Beam-foil spectroscopy at low initial ion energies," Phys. Scr. 6, 125–128 (1972).

T. Andersen and G. Sørensen, "Systematic study of atomic lifetimes in gallium, indium, and thallium measured by the beam-foil technique," Phys. Rev. A 5, 2447–2451 (1972).

Sugar, J.

van der Westhuizen, P.

F. J. Coetzer and P. van der Westhuizen, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements on energy levels of singly-ionized xenon," Z. Phys. A 292, 369–374 (1979).

Wilson, R.

B. C. Fawcett, B. B. Jones, and R. Wilson, "Vacuum ultraviolet spectra of multiply-ionized inert gases," Proc. Phys. Soc. A 78, 1223–1226 (1961).

Can. J. Phys. (3)

D. J. G. Irwin and A. E. Livingston, "Beam-foil spectroscopy of sulfur in the vacuum ultraviolet," Can. J. Phys. 54, 805–815 (1976).

E. H. Pinnington, D. J. G. Irwin, A. E. Livingston, and J. A. Kernahan, "Mean-life measurements in some energy levels in OI-O VI," Can. J. Phys. 52, 1961–1970 (1974).

J. Migdalek, "Theoretical relativistic oscillator strengths. I. Transitions in principal, sharp, and diffuse series of Al I, Ga I, In I, and Tl I spectra," Can. J. Phys. 54, 118–129 (1976); also, private communication to Andersen and Lindgrd (Ref. 17).

Comput. Phys. Commun. (1)

D. J. G. Irwin and A. E. Livingston, "A program for the extraction of radiative lifetimes for experimental beam-foil intensity data," Comput. Phys. Commun. 7, 95–113 (1974).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (5)

J. Phys. B (2)

T. Andersen and A. Lindgrd, "Radiative lifetimes of excited levels in three-electron systems: GaI, Ge II, As III, Se IV, and In I, Sn II, Sb III, Te IV," J. Phys. B 10, 2359–2368 (1977).

M. Evan-Zohar and B. S. Fraenkel, "A study of EUV spectra in the fifth period," J. Phys. B 5, 1596–1613 (1972).

J. Quant. Spectrosc. trosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

U. Fink, S. Bashkin, and W. S. Bickel, "Transitions and level life-times in Ne II, III, Ar II, III, Kr II, III, and Xe II," J. Quant. Spectrosc. trosc. Radiat. Transfer 10, 1241–1256 (1970).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

T. Andersen and G. Sørensen, "Systematic study of atomic lifetimes in gallium, indium, and thallium measured by the beam-foil technique," Phys. Rev. A 5, 2447–2451 (1972).

Phys. Scr. (3)

E. H. Pinnington, R. N. Gosselin, J. A. O'Neill, J. A. Kernahan, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements using ANDC analysis for the resonance doublet in Ar VIII, Kr VIII, and XeVIII," Phys. Scr. 20, 151–155 (1979).

T. Andersen, O. H. Madsen, and G. Sørensen, "Beam-foil spectroscopy at low initial ion energies," Phys. Scr. 6, 125–128 (1972).

J. A. O'Neill, E. H. Pinnington, K. E. Donnelly, and R. L. Brooks, "A study of the beam-foil spectrum of iodine from 400 to 1300 Å," Phys. Scr. 20, 60–64 (1979).

Proc. Phys. Soc. A (1)

B. C. Fawcett, B. B. Jones, and R. Wilson, "Vacuum ultraviolet spectra of multiply-ionized inert gases," Proc. Phys. Soc. A 78, 1223–1226 (1961).

Z. Phys. A (1)

F. J. Coetzer and P. van der Westhuizen, "Beam-foil lifetime measurements on energy levels of singly-ionized xenon," Z. Phys. A 292, 369–374 (1979).

Other (2)

B. C. Fawcett and G. E. Bromage, "Classification of krypton IV, V, and xenon VI spectral lines," J. Phys. B. (to be published).

E. H. Pinnington (private communication, 1979).

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