Abstract

The temperature dependence of the spectral profile of the <sup>87</sup>Rb <i>D</i><sub>1</sub> line (λ = 794.8 nm) observed by a Fabry-Perot interferometer has been discussed by considering the self-absorption mechanism in the lamp. The Rb lamp is assumed to be composed of two separated portions: One is a spherical core of emitting Rb atoms and the other is an outer layer of the same kind of absorbing atoms surrounding the core. The temperature dependence of the emitted light intensity, intensity difference between two hyperfine peaks, and asymmetry of the self-absorbed profiles are systematically explained in the temperature range of 75 to 125°C. The equivalent absorbing atom layer near the lamp surface is estimated to be 0.5 mm in this model

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Kuramochi, T. Matsuo, I. Matsuda, and H. Fukuyo, "Spectral profiles of the 87Rb D1. line emitted from a spherical electrodeless lamp," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 673–679 (1977).
  2. H. Oyamada, K. Takahashi, Y. Sato, and H. Uchida, "A consideration of rubidium lamp stability for rubidium frequency standard," Proc. 28th Ann. Symp. Freq. Contr. (National Technical Information Service, Virginia, 1974), pp. 340–343.
  3. R. D. Cowan and G. H. Dieke, "Self-absorption of spectrum lines," Rev. Mod. Phys. 20, 418–455 (1948).
  4. T. Tako, "Self-absorption of spectral line," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 16, 2016–2032 (1961).
  5. I. Hirano, "Spectre de la raie D du Rb dans le cas d'une lampe sphérique," Rev. Phys. Appl. 12, 1253–1262 (1977).
  6. N. Kuramochi, I. Matsuda, and H. Fukuyo, "Analysis of the effect of foreign gases in the filtering action of a 85Rb cell," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1087–1092 (1978).
  7. N. Kuramochi, I. Matsuda, N. Oura, and H. Fukuyo, "Analysis of Rb optical pumping light sources," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 381–382 (1979).
  8. H. M. Gibbs and R. J. Hull, "Spin exchange cross sections for 87Rb-87Rb and 87Rb-133Cs collisions," Phys. Rev. 153, 132–151 (1967).
  9. D. W. Posener, "The shape of spectral lines: Table of Voigt profile," Aust. J. Phys. 12, 184–196 (1959).

1979 (1)

N. Kuramochi, I. Matsuda, N. Oura, and H. Fukuyo, "Analysis of Rb optical pumping light sources," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 381–382 (1979).

1978 (1)

1977 (2)

N. Kuramochi, T. Matsuo, I. Matsuda, and H. Fukuyo, "Spectral profiles of the 87Rb D1. line emitted from a spherical electrodeless lamp," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 673–679 (1977).

I. Hirano, "Spectre de la raie D du Rb dans le cas d'une lampe sphérique," Rev. Phys. Appl. 12, 1253–1262 (1977).

1974 (1)

H. Oyamada, K. Takahashi, Y. Sato, and H. Uchida, "A consideration of rubidium lamp stability for rubidium frequency standard," Proc. 28th Ann. Symp. Freq. Contr. (National Technical Information Service, Virginia, 1974), pp. 340–343.

1967 (1)

H. M. Gibbs and R. J. Hull, "Spin exchange cross sections for 87Rb-87Rb and 87Rb-133Cs collisions," Phys. Rev. 153, 132–151 (1967).

1961 (1)

T. Tako, "Self-absorption of spectral line," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 16, 2016–2032 (1961).

1959 (1)

D. W. Posener, "The shape of spectral lines: Table of Voigt profile," Aust. J. Phys. 12, 184–196 (1959).

1948 (1)

R. D. Cowan and G. H. Dieke, "Self-absorption of spectrum lines," Rev. Mod. Phys. 20, 418–455 (1948).

Cowan, R. D.

R. D. Cowan and G. H. Dieke, "Self-absorption of spectrum lines," Rev. Mod. Phys. 20, 418–455 (1948).

Dieke, G. H.

R. D. Cowan and G. H. Dieke, "Self-absorption of spectrum lines," Rev. Mod. Phys. 20, 418–455 (1948).

Fukuyo, H.

N. Kuramochi, I. Matsuda, N. Oura, and H. Fukuyo, "Analysis of Rb optical pumping light sources," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 381–382 (1979).

N. Kuramochi, I. Matsuda, and H. Fukuyo, "Analysis of the effect of foreign gases in the filtering action of a 85Rb cell," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1087–1092 (1978).

N. Kuramochi, T. Matsuo, I. Matsuda, and H. Fukuyo, "Spectral profiles of the 87Rb D1. line emitted from a spherical electrodeless lamp," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 673–679 (1977).

Gibbs, H. M.

H. M. Gibbs and R. J. Hull, "Spin exchange cross sections for 87Rb-87Rb and 87Rb-133Cs collisions," Phys. Rev. 153, 132–151 (1967).

Hirano, I.

I. Hirano, "Spectre de la raie D du Rb dans le cas d'une lampe sphérique," Rev. Phys. Appl. 12, 1253–1262 (1977).

Hull, R. J.

H. M. Gibbs and R. J. Hull, "Spin exchange cross sections for 87Rb-87Rb and 87Rb-133Cs collisions," Phys. Rev. 153, 132–151 (1967).

Kuramochi, N.

N. Kuramochi, I. Matsuda, N. Oura, and H. Fukuyo, "Analysis of Rb optical pumping light sources," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 381–382 (1979).

N. Kuramochi, I. Matsuda, and H. Fukuyo, "Analysis of the effect of foreign gases in the filtering action of a 85Rb cell," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1087–1092 (1978).

N. Kuramochi, T. Matsuo, I. Matsuda, and H. Fukuyo, "Spectral profiles of the 87Rb D1. line emitted from a spherical electrodeless lamp," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 673–679 (1977).

Matsuda, I.

N. Kuramochi, I. Matsuda, N. Oura, and H. Fukuyo, "Analysis of Rb optical pumping light sources," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 381–382 (1979).

N. Kuramochi, I. Matsuda, and H. Fukuyo, "Analysis of the effect of foreign gases in the filtering action of a 85Rb cell," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1087–1092 (1978).

N. Kuramochi, T. Matsuo, I. Matsuda, and H. Fukuyo, "Spectral profiles of the 87Rb D1. line emitted from a spherical electrodeless lamp," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 673–679 (1977).

Matsuo, T.

N. Kuramochi, T. Matsuo, I. Matsuda, and H. Fukuyo, "Spectral profiles of the 87Rb D1. line emitted from a spherical electrodeless lamp," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 673–679 (1977).

Oura, N.

N. Kuramochi, I. Matsuda, N. Oura, and H. Fukuyo, "Analysis of Rb optical pumping light sources," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 381–382 (1979).

Oyamada, H.

H. Oyamada, K. Takahashi, Y. Sato, and H. Uchida, "A consideration of rubidium lamp stability for rubidium frequency standard," Proc. 28th Ann. Symp. Freq. Contr. (National Technical Information Service, Virginia, 1974), pp. 340–343.

Posener, D. W.

D. W. Posener, "The shape of spectral lines: Table of Voigt profile," Aust. J. Phys. 12, 184–196 (1959).

Sato, Y.

H. Oyamada, K. Takahashi, Y. Sato, and H. Uchida, "A consideration of rubidium lamp stability for rubidium frequency standard," Proc. 28th Ann. Symp. Freq. Contr. (National Technical Information Service, Virginia, 1974), pp. 340–343.

Takahashi, K.

H. Oyamada, K. Takahashi, Y. Sato, and H. Uchida, "A consideration of rubidium lamp stability for rubidium frequency standard," Proc. 28th Ann. Symp. Freq. Contr. (National Technical Information Service, Virginia, 1974), pp. 340–343.

Tako, T.

T. Tako, "Self-absorption of spectral line," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 16, 2016–2032 (1961).

Uchida, H.

H. Oyamada, K. Takahashi, Y. Sato, and H. Uchida, "A consideration of rubidium lamp stability for rubidium frequency standard," Proc. 28th Ann. Symp. Freq. Contr. (National Technical Information Service, Virginia, 1974), pp. 340–343.

Aust. J. Phys. (1)

D. W. Posener, "The shape of spectral lines: Table of Voigt profile," Aust. J. Phys. 12, 184–196 (1959).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

T. Tako, "Self-absorption of spectral line," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 16, 2016–2032 (1961).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

N. Kuramochi, T. Matsuo, I. Matsuda, and H. Fukuyo, "Spectral profiles of the 87Rb D1. line emitted from a spherical electrodeless lamp," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 673–679 (1977).

N. Kuramochi, I. Matsuda, N. Oura, and H. Fukuyo, "Analysis of Rb optical pumping light sources," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 381–382 (1979).

Phys. Rev. (1)

H. M. Gibbs and R. J. Hull, "Spin exchange cross sections for 87Rb-87Rb and 87Rb-133Cs collisions," Phys. Rev. 153, 132–151 (1967).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

R. D. Cowan and G. H. Dieke, "Self-absorption of spectrum lines," Rev. Mod. Phys. 20, 418–455 (1948).

Rev. Phys. Appl. (1)

I. Hirano, "Spectre de la raie D du Rb dans le cas d'une lampe sphérique," Rev. Phys. Appl. 12, 1253–1262 (1977).

Other (1)

H. Oyamada, K. Takahashi, Y. Sato, and H. Uchida, "A consideration of rubidium lamp stability for rubidium frequency standard," Proc. 28th Ann. Symp. Freq. Contr. (National Technical Information Service, Virginia, 1974), pp. 340–343.

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