J. L. Rae, M. J. Correia, Ni, M-D, and A. J. Koblasz, "Frequency domain characterization of the human electroretinogram using gaussian white noise," ARVO, p. 194 (1978).

L. Ronchi, "Some questions concerning electroretinographic response and its variability," Med. Res. Eng. 12, 20–24 (1978).

L. Wachtmeister and J. Dowling, "The oscillatory potentials of the mudpuppy retina," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 12, 1177–1188 (1978).

A. J. Koblasz, "Nonlinear analysis of the human electroretinogram," Ph.D. thesis, California Institute of Technology, California,1977 (unpublished).

J. Makhoul, "Linear prediction: A tutoral review," Proc. IEEE 63, 561–580 (1975).

M. Gjotterberg, "Double flash human electroretinogram with special reference to the oscillatory potentials and the early phase of dark adaptation: A normative study," Acta Ophthalmol. 52, 291–303 (1974).

A. Harden, "Non-corneal electroretinogram," Brit. J. Ophthalmol. 58, 811–816 (1974).

C. McCulloch, J. A. Orpin, J. W. Waisberg, and J. A. Parker, "Frequency analysis of the human dark adapted electroretinogram," Canad. J. Ophthalmol. 7, 189–198 (1974).

P. Algvere and S. Westbeck, "Human ERG in response to double flashes of light during the course of light adaptation: a Fourier analysis of the oscillatory potentials," Vision Res. 12, 145–214 (1972).

K. Y. Fujimara, I Tsuchida, and J. H. Jacobson, "Oscillatory potential of the human electroretinogram evoked by monochromatic light," Invest. Ophthalmol. 4, 683–693 (1972).

H. Peterson, "The normal b-potential in the single-flash clinical electroretinogram," Acta Ophthalmol. Suppl. 101, 1–57 (1969).

L. H. Zetterberg, "Estimation of parameters for a linear difference equation with application to EEG analysis," Math. Biosci. 5, 227–274 (1969).

J. W. Cooley, P. A. W. Lewis and P. D. Welch, "The fast Fourier transform," IEEE Trans. Audio Electroacoust. 17, 77–85 (1969).

A. Troelstra and N. M. J. Schweitzer, "Non-linear analysis of the electroretinographic b-wave in man," J. Neurophysiol. 31, 588–606 (1968).

P. Algvere, "Studies on the oscillatory potentials of the clinical electroretinogram," Acta Ophthalmol. Suppl. 96, 11 (1968).

R. E. Poppele and L. Maffei, "Frequency analysis of the electroretinogram," J. Neurophysiol. 30, 982–992 (1967).

S. E. Simonson, "ERG in diabetics," in The Clinical Value of Electroretinography, edited by J. Francois (ISCERG Symposium, Ghent, 1966). (Karger, New York, 1968), pp. 403–412.

E. Usami, "Studies on the method of measurement of oscillatory potential on ERG," Acta Soc. Ophthalmol. Jpn. 70, 84–91 (1965).

A. Troelstra and N. M. J. Schweitzer, "An analysis of the b-wave in the human ERG," Vision Res. 3, 213–226 (1963).

J. H. Jacobson, T. Suzuki, and G. Stephens, "The electroretinogram obtained by computer techniques in color-deficient humans," Arch. Ophthalmol. 69, 424–435 (1963).

D. Yonemura, T. Aoki and K. Tsuzuki, "Electroretinogram in diabetic retinopathy," Arch. Ophthalmol. 68, 14–24 (1962).

J. C. Armington, P. Gouras, D. I. Tepas, and R. Gunkel, "Detection of the electroretinogram in retinitis pigmentosa," Exp. Eye Res. 1, 74–80 (1961).

R. G. Bickford, P. T. White, C. W. Sem-Jacobson, and E. A. Rodin, "Components of the photomyoclonic response in man," Fed. Proc. 12, 15 (1953).

P. Algvere and S. Westbeck, "Human ERG in response to double flashes of light during the course of light adaptation: a Fourier analysis of the oscillatory potentials," Vision Res. 12, 145–214 (1972).

P. Algvere, "Studies on the oscillatory potentials of the clinical electroretinogram," Acta Ophthalmol. Suppl. 96, 11 (1968).

D. Yonemura, T. Aoki and K. Tsuzuki, "Electroretinogram in diabetic retinopathy," Arch. Ophthalmol. 68, 14–24 (1962).

J. C. Armington, P. Gouras, D. I. Tepas, and R. Gunkel, "Detection of the electroretinogram in retinitis pigmentosa," Exp. Eye Res. 1, 74–80 (1961).

J. C. Armington, The Electroretinogram (Academic, New York, 1974).

R. G. Bickford, P. T. White, C. W. Sem-Jacobson, and E. A. Rodin, "Components of the photomyoclonic response in man," Fed. Proc. 12, 15 (1953).

J. W. Cooley, P. A. W. Lewis and P. D. Welch, "The fast Fourier transform," IEEE Trans. Audio Electroacoust. 17, 77–85 (1969).

J. L. Rae, M. J. Correia, Ni, M-D, and A. J. Koblasz, "Frequency domain characterization of the human electroretinogram using gaussian white noise," ARVO, p. 194 (1978).

L. Wachtmeister and J. Dowling, "The oscillatory potentials of the mudpuppy retina," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 12, 1177–1188 (1978).

G. A. Fishman, The Electroretinogram and Electro-oculogram in Retinal and Choroidal Disease (American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolarylngology, Minneapolis, 1975).

K. Y. Fujimara, I Tsuchida, and J. H. Jacobson, "Oscillatory potential of the human electroretinogram evoked by monochromatic light," Invest. Ophthalmol. 4, 683–693 (1972).

M. Gjotterberg, "Double flash human electroretinogram with special reference to the oscillatory potentials and the early phase of dark adaptation: A normative study," Acta Ophthalmol. 52, 291–303 (1974).

J. C. Armington, P. Gouras, D. I. Tepas, and R. Gunkel, "Detection of the electroretinogram in retinitis pigmentosa," Exp. Eye Res. 1, 74–80 (1961).

J. C. Armington, P. Gouras, D. I. Tepas, and R. Gunkel, "Detection of the electroretinogram in retinitis pigmentosa," Exp. Eye Res. 1, 74–80 (1961).

A. Harden, "Non-corneal electroretinogram," Brit. J. Ophthalmol. 58, 811–816 (1974).

K. Y. Fujimara, I Tsuchida, and J. H. Jacobson, "Oscillatory potential of the human electroretinogram evoked by monochromatic light," Invest. Ophthalmol. 4, 683–693 (1972).

J. H. Jacobson, T. Suzuki, and G. Stephens, "The electroretinogram obtained by computer techniques in color-deficient humans," Arch. Ophthalmol. 69, 424–435 (1963).

J. L. Rae, M. J. Correia, Ni, M-D, and A. J. Koblasz, "Frequency domain characterization of the human electroretinogram using gaussian white noise," ARVO, p. 194 (1978).

A. J. Koblasz, "Nonlinear analysis of the human electroretinogram," Ph.D. thesis, California Institute of Technology, California,1977 (unpublished).

A. E. Krill, Hereditary Retinal and Choroidal Diseases (Harper and Row, New York, 1972), Vol. I.

Y. M. Lee, Statistical Theory of Communication (Wiley, New York, 1961).

J. W. Cooley, P. A. W. Lewis and P. D. Welch, "The fast Fourier transform," IEEE Trans. Audio Electroacoust. 17, 77–85 (1969).

R. E. Poppele and L. Maffei, "Frequency analysis of the electroretinogram," J. Neurophysiol. 30, 982–992 (1967).

J. Makhoul, "Linear prediction: A tutoral review," Proc. IEEE 63, 561–580 (1975).

C. McCulloch, J. A. Orpin, J. W. Waisberg, and J. A. Parker, "Frequency analysis of the human dark adapted electroretinogram," Canad. J. Ophthalmol. 7, 189–198 (1974).

C. McCulloch, J. A. Orpin, J. W. Waisberg, and J. A. Parker, "Frequency analysis of the human dark adapted electroretinogram," Canad. J. Ophthalmol. 7, 189–198 (1974).

C. McCulloch, J. A. Orpin, J. W. Waisberg, and J. A. Parker, "Frequency analysis of the human dark adapted electroretinogram," Canad. J. Ophthalmol. 7, 189–198 (1974).

H. Peterson, "The normal b-potential in the single-flash clinical electroretinogram," Acta Ophthalmol. Suppl. 101, 1–57 (1969).

R. E. Poppele and L. Maffei, "Frequency analysis of the electroretinogram," J. Neurophysiol. 30, 982–992 (1967).

J. L. Rae, M. J. Correia, Ni, M-D, and A. J. Koblasz, "Frequency domain characterization of the human electroretinogram using gaussian white noise," ARVO, p. 194 (1978).

R. G. Bickford, P. T. White, C. W. Sem-Jacobson, and E. A. Rodin, "Components of the photomyoclonic response in man," Fed. Proc. 12, 15 (1953).

L. Ronchi, "Some questions concerning electroretinographic response and its variability," Med. Res. Eng. 12, 20–24 (1978).

A. Troelstra and N. M. J. Schweitzer, "Non-linear analysis of the electroretinographic b-wave in man," J. Neurophysiol. 31, 588–606 (1968).

A. Troelstra and N. M. J. Schweitzer, "An analysis of the b-wave in the human ERG," Vision Res. 3, 213–226 (1963).

R. G. Bickford, P. T. White, C. W. Sem-Jacobson, and E. A. Rodin, "Components of the photomyoclonic response in man," Fed. Proc. 12, 15 (1953).

S. E. Simonson, "ERG in diabetics," in The Clinical Value of Electroretinography, edited by J. Francois (ISCERG Symposium, Ghent, 1966). (Karger, New York, 1968), pp. 403–412.

L. Stark, Neurological Control Systems - Studies in Bioengineering (Plenum, New York, 1968).

J. H. Jacobson, T. Suzuki, and G. Stephens, "The electroretinogram obtained by computer techniques in color-deficient humans," Arch. Ophthalmol. 69, 424–435 (1963).

J. H. Jacobson, T. Suzuki, and G. Stephens, "The electroretinogram obtained by computer techniques in color-deficient humans," Arch. Ophthalmol. 69, 424–435 (1963).

J. C. Armington, P. Gouras, D. I. Tepas, and R. Gunkel, "Detection of the electroretinogram in retinitis pigmentosa," Exp. Eye Res. 1, 74–80 (1961).

A. Troelstra and N. M. J. Schweitzer, "Non-linear analysis of the electroretinographic b-wave in man," J. Neurophysiol. 31, 588–606 (1968).

A. Troelstra and N. M. J. Schweitzer, "An analysis of the b-wave in the human ERG," Vision Res. 3, 213–226 (1963).

K. Y. Fujimara, I Tsuchida, and J. H. Jacobson, "Oscillatory potential of the human electroretinogram evoked by monochromatic light," Invest. Ophthalmol. 4, 683–693 (1972).

D. Yonemura, T. Aoki and K. Tsuzuki, "Electroretinogram in diabetic retinopathy," Arch. Ophthalmol. 68, 14–24 (1962).

E. Usami, "Studies on the method of measurement of oscillatory potential on ERG," Acta Soc. Ophthalmol. Jpn. 70, 84–91 (1965).

L. Wachtmeister and J. Dowling, "The oscillatory potentials of the mudpuppy retina," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 12, 1177–1188 (1978).

C. McCulloch, J. A. Orpin, J. W. Waisberg, and J. A. Parker, "Frequency analysis of the human dark adapted electroretinogram," Canad. J. Ophthalmol. 7, 189–198 (1974).

J. W. Cooley, P. A. W. Lewis and P. D. Welch, "The fast Fourier transform," IEEE Trans. Audio Electroacoust. 17, 77–85 (1969).

P. Algvere and S. Westbeck, "Human ERG in response to double flashes of light during the course of light adaptation: a Fourier analysis of the oscillatory potentials," Vision Res. 12, 145–214 (1972).

R. G. Bickford, P. T. White, C. W. Sem-Jacobson, and E. A. Rodin, "Components of the photomyoclonic response in man," Fed. Proc. 12, 15 (1953).

D. Yonemura, T. Aoki and K. Tsuzuki, "Electroretinogram in diabetic retinopathy," Arch. Ophthalmol. 68, 14–24 (1962).

L. H. Zetterberg, "Estimation of parameters for a linear difference equation with application to EEG analysis," Math. Biosci. 5, 227–274 (1969).

M. Gjotterberg, "Double flash human electroretinogram with special reference to the oscillatory potentials and the early phase of dark adaptation: A normative study," Acta Ophthalmol. 52, 291–303 (1974).

H. Peterson, "The normal b-potential in the single-flash clinical electroretinogram," Acta Ophthalmol. Suppl. 101, 1–57 (1969).

P. Algvere, "Studies on the oscillatory potentials of the clinical electroretinogram," Acta Ophthalmol. Suppl. 96, 11 (1968).

E. Usami, "Studies on the method of measurement of oscillatory potential on ERG," Acta Soc. Ophthalmol. Jpn. 70, 84–91 (1965).

J. H. Jacobson, T. Suzuki, and G. Stephens, "The electroretinogram obtained by computer techniques in color-deficient humans," Arch. Ophthalmol. 69, 424–435 (1963).

D. Yonemura, T. Aoki and K. Tsuzuki, "Electroretinogram in diabetic retinopathy," Arch. Ophthalmol. 68, 14–24 (1962).

A. Harden, "Non-corneal electroretinogram," Brit. J. Ophthalmol. 58, 811–816 (1974).

C. McCulloch, J. A. Orpin, J. W. Waisberg, and J. A. Parker, "Frequency analysis of the human dark adapted electroretinogram," Canad. J. Ophthalmol. 7, 189–198 (1974).

J. C. Armington, P. Gouras, D. I. Tepas, and R. Gunkel, "Detection of the electroretinogram in retinitis pigmentosa," Exp. Eye Res. 1, 74–80 (1961).

R. G. Bickford, P. T. White, C. W. Sem-Jacobson, and E. A. Rodin, "Components of the photomyoclonic response in man," Fed. Proc. 12, 15 (1953).

J. W. Cooley, P. A. W. Lewis and P. D. Welch, "The fast Fourier transform," IEEE Trans. Audio Electroacoust. 17, 77–85 (1969).

K. Y. Fujimara, I Tsuchida, and J. H. Jacobson, "Oscillatory potential of the human electroretinogram evoked by monochromatic light," Invest. Ophthalmol. 4, 683–693 (1972).

L. Wachtmeister and J. Dowling, "The oscillatory potentials of the mudpuppy retina," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 12, 1177–1188 (1978).

R. E. Poppele and L. Maffei, "Frequency analysis of the electroretinogram," J. Neurophysiol. 30, 982–992 (1967).

A. Troelstra and N. M. J. Schweitzer, "Non-linear analysis of the electroretinographic b-wave in man," J. Neurophysiol. 31, 588–606 (1968).

L. H. Zetterberg, "Estimation of parameters for a linear difference equation with application to EEG analysis," Math. Biosci. 5, 227–274 (1969).

L. Ronchi, "Some questions concerning electroretinographic response and its variability," Med. Res. Eng. 12, 20–24 (1978).

A. Troelstra and N. M. J. Schweitzer, "An analysis of the b-wave in the human ERG," Vision Res. 3, 213–226 (1963).

P. Algvere and S. Westbeck, "Human ERG in response to double flashes of light during the course of light adaptation: a Fourier analysis of the oscillatory potentials," Vision Res. 12, 145–214 (1972).

A. J. Koblasz, "Nonlinear analysis of the human electroretinogram," Ph.D. thesis, California Institute of Technology, California,1977 (unpublished).

J. C. Armington, The Electroretinogram (Academic, New York, 1974).

A. E. Krill, Hereditary Retinal and Choroidal Diseases (Harper and Row, New York, 1972), Vol. I.

G. A. Fishman, The Electroretinogram and Electro-oculogram in Retinal and Choroidal Disease (American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolarylngology, Minneapolis, 1975).

J. L. Rae, M. J. Correia, Ni, M-D, and A. J. Koblasz, "Frequency domain characterization of the human electroretinogram using gaussian white noise," ARVO, p. 194 (1978).

S. E. Simonson, "ERG in diabetics," in The Clinical Value of Electroretinography, edited by J. Francois (ISCERG Symposium, Ghent, 1966). (Karger, New York, 1968), pp. 403–412.

J. Makhoul, "Linear prediction: A tutoral review," Proc. IEEE 63, 561–580 (1975).

We denote the sampled normalized signal by *S*(*n*) and assume that it can be estimated by a linear combination of its past values: *S*(*n*) = - ^{p}Σ_{k=1}*a*_{k}*S*(*n* - *k*). Using the *z* transform we get the following all-pole model: *H*(*z*) = 1/1 + *p*Σ_{k=1}*a*_{k}*z*^{-k}. In order to find the required model of the signal one has to determine the set of *p* coef., |*a*_{k}|. The estimated spectrum is accordingly equal to: *P*(*w*) = 1/│1 + ^{p}Σ_{k=1}*a*_{k}*e*^{-jkw}│2. The signal is thus characterized by the set of p poles and the dominant frequencies are selected with respect to their absolute value which is a measure of the quality factor.

Y. M. Lee, Statistical Theory of Communication (Wiley, New York, 1961).

L. Stark, Neurological Control Systems - Studies in Bioengineering (Plenum, New York, 1968).

Since eye movements are conjugate, one could record from both eyes while simulating only one eye. Since the record from the stimulated eye would contain ERG plus artifacts while the record from the other, covered eye would contain only artifacts, one could eliminate the common element either by simple subtraction or by more sophisticated methods such as cross correlation or adaptive filtering.