Abstract

The x-ray spectra in the range 5–8 Å emitted from laser-produced plasmas of Hf, Ta, W, and Re were observed. Lines belonging to the 3<i>d</i><sup>10</sup> - 3<i>d</i><sup>9</sup> 4<i>f</i> and 3<i>d</i><sup>10</sup> - 3<i>d</i><sup>9</sup> 4<i>p</i> transitions, as well as the 3<i>p</i><sup>6</sup>3<i>d</i><sup>10</sup> - 3<i>p</i><sup>5</sup>3<i>d</i><sup>10</sup> 4<i>s</i> and 3<i>p</i><sup>6</sup>3<i>d</i><sup>10</sup> - 3<i>p</i><sup>5</sup>3<i>d</i><sup>10</sup> 4<i>d</i> transitions in the Ni-like isoelectronic sequence, were identified. In addition, the interpretation of some previously measured lines of the same sequence were revised.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Edlen, "Spectra of Highly Ionized Atoms," Physica 13, 545–554 (1947).
  2. B. Edlen, "Atomic Spectra," Handbuch der Physik, edited by S. Flogge (Springer, Berlin, 1964), Vol. XXVII, pp. 80–220.
  3. E. Alexander, M. Even-Zohar, B. S. Fraenkel, and S. Goldsmith, "Classification of transitions in the euv spectra of YIX–XIII, ZnX–XIV, NbXI–xv, and MoXII–XVI," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 508–514 (1971).
  4. M. Klapisch, A. Bar-Shalom, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of magnetic quadrupole lines of highly ionized Ni, Cr, Fe in the TFR 600 Tokamak plasma," Phys. Lett. 69A, 34–36 (1978).
  5. P. G. Burkhaller, U. Feldman, and R. D. Cowan, "Transition in highly ionized Sn spectra from a laser produced plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1058–1062 (1974).
  6. P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, and R. R. Whitlock, "Laser-produced rare-earth x-ray spectra," Phys. Rev. A 9, 2331–2339 (1974).
  7. P. G. Burkhalter, C. M. Dozier, and D. J. Nagel, "X-ray spectra from exploded wire plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 15, 700–717 (1977).
  8. M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).
  9. E. V. Aglitzkii, V. A. Boiko, S. M. Zakharov, S. A. Pikuz, and A. Ya. Faenov, "Observation in laser plasmas and identification of di-electron satellites of spectral lines of hydrogen- and helium-like ions of elements in the Na-V range.," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 1, 908–936 (1974) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 500–513 (1974)].
  10. U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, D. J. Nagel, R. D. Cowan, and R. R. Whitlock, "Satellite line spectra from laser produced plasma," Astrophys. J. 187, 192–213 (1974).
  11. M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, and J. Oreg, "The 1s-3p Kβ-like x-ray spectrum of highly ionized ions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 148–155 (1977).
  12. I. P. Grant, "A Program to Calculate Angular Momentum Coefficients in Relativistic Atomic Structure (revised)," Comput. Phys. Commun. 11, 397–405 (1976).
  13. K. Eidman, M. H. Key, and R. Sigel, "X-ray emission from laser-irradiated plane solid targets," J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2402–2414 (1976).
  14. A. Zigler, H. Zmora, H. M. Loebenstein, and J. L. Schwob, "Investigation of the transient ionizing regime of laser-produced plasma," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 165–167 (1979).

1979 (1)

A. Zigler, H. Zmora, H. M. Loebenstein, and J. L. Schwob, "Investigation of the transient ionizing regime of laser-produced plasma," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 165–167 (1979).

1978 (2)

M. Klapisch, A. Bar-Shalom, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of magnetic quadrupole lines of highly ionized Ni, Cr, Fe in the TFR 600 Tokamak plasma," Phys. Lett. 69A, 34–36 (1978).

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).

1977 (2)

P. G. Burkhalter, C. M. Dozier, and D. J. Nagel, "X-ray spectra from exploded wire plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 15, 700–717 (1977).

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, and J. Oreg, "The 1s-3p Kβ-like x-ray spectrum of highly ionized ions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 148–155 (1977).

1976 (2)

I. P. Grant, "A Program to Calculate Angular Momentum Coefficients in Relativistic Atomic Structure (revised)," Comput. Phys. Commun. 11, 397–405 (1976).

K. Eidman, M. H. Key, and R. Sigel, "X-ray emission from laser-irradiated plane solid targets," J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2402–2414 (1976).

1974 (4)

E. V. Aglitzkii, V. A. Boiko, S. M. Zakharov, S. A. Pikuz, and A. Ya. Faenov, "Observation in laser plasmas and identification of di-electron satellites of spectral lines of hydrogen- and helium-like ions of elements in the Na-V range.," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 1, 908–936 (1974) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 500–513 (1974)].

U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, D. J. Nagel, R. D. Cowan, and R. R. Whitlock, "Satellite line spectra from laser produced plasma," Astrophys. J. 187, 192–213 (1974).

P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, and R. R. Whitlock, "Laser-produced rare-earth x-ray spectra," Phys. Rev. A 9, 2331–2339 (1974).

P. G. Burkhaller, U. Feldman, and R. D. Cowan, "Transition in highly ionized Sn spectra from a laser produced plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1058–1062 (1974).

1971 (1)

1964 (1)

B. Edlen, "Atomic Spectra," Handbuch der Physik, edited by S. Flogge (Springer, Berlin, 1964), Vol. XXVII, pp. 80–220.

1947 (1)

B. Edlen, "Spectra of Highly Ionized Atoms," Physica 13, 545–554 (1947).

Aglitzkii, E. V.

E. V. Aglitzkii, V. A. Boiko, S. M. Zakharov, S. A. Pikuz, and A. Ya. Faenov, "Observation in laser plasmas and identification of di-electron satellites of spectral lines of hydrogen- and helium-like ions of elements in the Na-V range.," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 1, 908–936 (1974) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 500–513 (1974)].

Alexander, E.

Bar-Shalom, A.

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).

M. Klapisch, A. Bar-Shalom, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of magnetic quadrupole lines of highly ionized Ni, Cr, Fe in the TFR 600 Tokamak plasma," Phys. Lett. 69A, 34–36 (1978).

Boiko, V. A.

E. V. Aglitzkii, V. A. Boiko, S. M. Zakharov, S. A. Pikuz, and A. Ya. Faenov, "Observation in laser plasmas and identification of di-electron satellites of spectral lines of hydrogen- and helium-like ions of elements in the Na-V range.," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 1, 908–936 (1974) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 500–513 (1974)].

Breton, C.

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).

M. Klapisch, A. Bar-Shalom, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of magnetic quadrupole lines of highly ionized Ni, Cr, Fe in the TFR 600 Tokamak plasma," Phys. Lett. 69A, 34–36 (1978).

Burkhaller, P. G.

Burkhalter, P. G.

P. G. Burkhalter, C. M. Dozier, and D. J. Nagel, "X-ray spectra from exploded wire plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 15, 700–717 (1977).

P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, and R. R. Whitlock, "Laser-produced rare-earth x-ray spectra," Phys. Rev. A 9, 2331–2339 (1974).

Cowan, R. D.

U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, D. J. Nagel, R. D. Cowan, and R. R. Whitlock, "Satellite line spectra from laser produced plasma," Astrophys. J. 187, 192–213 (1974).

P. G. Burkhaller, U. Feldman, and R. D. Cowan, "Transition in highly ionized Sn spectra from a laser produced plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1058–1062 (1974).

De Michelis, C.

M. Klapisch, A. Bar-Shalom, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of magnetic quadrupole lines of highly ionized Ni, Cr, Fe in the TFR 600 Tokamak plasma," Phys. Lett. 69A, 34–36 (1978).

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).

Doschek, G. A.

U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, D. J. Nagel, R. D. Cowan, and R. R. Whitlock, "Satellite line spectra from laser produced plasma," Astrophys. J. 187, 192–213 (1974).

Dozier, C. M.

P. G. Burkhalter, C. M. Dozier, and D. J. Nagel, "X-ray spectra from exploded wire plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 15, 700–717 (1977).

Edlen, B.

B. Edlen, "Atomic Spectra," Handbuch der Physik, edited by S. Flogge (Springer, Berlin, 1964), Vol. XXVII, pp. 80–220.

B. Edlen, "Spectra of Highly Ionized Atoms," Physica 13, 545–554 (1947).

Egert, S.

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).

Eidman, K.

K. Eidman, M. H. Key, and R. Sigel, "X-ray emission from laser-irradiated plane solid targets," J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2402–2414 (1976).

Even-Zohar, M.

Faenov, A. Ya.

E. V. Aglitzkii, V. A. Boiko, S. M. Zakharov, S. A. Pikuz, and A. Ya. Faenov, "Observation in laser plasmas and identification of di-electron satellites of spectral lines of hydrogen- and helium-like ions of elements in the Na-V range.," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 1, 908–936 (1974) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 500–513 (1974)].

Feldman, U.

U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, D. J. Nagel, R. D. Cowan, and R. R. Whitlock, "Satellite line spectra from laser produced plasma," Astrophys. J. 187, 192–213 (1974).

P. G. Burkhaller, U. Feldman, and R. D. Cowan, "Transition in highly ionized Sn spectra from a laser produced plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1058–1062 (1974).

Finkenthal, M.

M. Klapisch, A. Bar-Shalom, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of magnetic quadrupole lines of highly ionized Ni, Cr, Fe in the TFR 600 Tokamak plasma," Phys. Lett. 69A, 34–36 (1978).

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).

Fraenkel, B. S.

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).

M. Klapisch, A. Bar-Shalom, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of magnetic quadrupole lines of highly ionized Ni, Cr, Fe in the TFR 600 Tokamak plasma," Phys. Lett. 69A, 34–36 (1978).

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, and J. Oreg, "The 1s-3p Kβ-like x-ray spectrum of highly ionized ions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 148–155 (1977).

E. Alexander, M. Even-Zohar, B. S. Fraenkel, and S. Goldsmith, "Classification of transitions in the euv spectra of YIX–XIII, ZnX–XIV, NbXI–xv, and MoXII–XVI," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 508–514 (1971).

Goldsmith, S.

Grant, I. P.

I. P. Grant, "A Program to Calculate Angular Momentum Coefficients in Relativistic Atomic Structure (revised)," Comput. Phys. Commun. 11, 397–405 (1976).

Key, M. H.

K. Eidman, M. H. Key, and R. Sigel, "X-ray emission from laser-irradiated plane solid targets," J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2402–2414 (1976).

Klapisch, M.

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).

M. Klapisch, A. Bar-Shalom, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of magnetic quadrupole lines of highly ionized Ni, Cr, Fe in the TFR 600 Tokamak plasma," Phys. Lett. 69A, 34–36 (1978).

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, and J. Oreg, "The 1s-3p Kβ-like x-ray spectrum of highly ionized ions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 148–155 (1977).

Loebenstein, H. M.

A. Zigler, H. Zmora, H. M. Loebenstein, and J. L. Schwob, "Investigation of the transient ionizing regime of laser-produced plasma," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 165–167 (1979).

Mattioli, M.

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).

M. Klapisch, A. Bar-Shalom, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of magnetic quadrupole lines of highly ionized Ni, Cr, Fe in the TFR 600 Tokamak plasma," Phys. Lett. 69A, 34–36 (1978).

Nagel, D. J.

P. G. Burkhalter, C. M. Dozier, and D. J. Nagel, "X-ray spectra from exploded wire plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 15, 700–717 (1977).

P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, and R. R. Whitlock, "Laser-produced rare-earth x-ray spectra," Phys. Rev. A 9, 2331–2339 (1974).

U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, D. J. Nagel, R. D. Cowan, and R. R. Whitlock, "Satellite line spectra from laser produced plasma," Astrophys. J. 187, 192–213 (1974).

Oreg, J.

Pikuz, S. A.

E. V. Aglitzkii, V. A. Boiko, S. M. Zakharov, S. A. Pikuz, and A. Ya. Faenov, "Observation in laser plasmas and identification of di-electron satellites of spectral lines of hydrogen- and helium-like ions of elements in the Na-V range.," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 1, 908–936 (1974) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 500–513 (1974)].

Schwob, J. L.

A. Zigler, H. Zmora, H. M. Loebenstein, and J. L. Schwob, "Investigation of the transient ionizing regime of laser-produced plasma," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 165–167 (1979).

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).

M. Klapisch, A. Bar-Shalom, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of magnetic quadrupole lines of highly ionized Ni, Cr, Fe in the TFR 600 Tokamak plasma," Phys. Lett. 69A, 34–36 (1978).

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, and J. Oreg, "The 1s-3p Kβ-like x-ray spectrum of highly ionized ions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 148–155 (1977).

Sigel, R.

K. Eidman, M. H. Key, and R. Sigel, "X-ray emission from laser-irradiated plane solid targets," J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2402–2414 (1976).

Whitlock, R. R.

U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, D. J. Nagel, R. D. Cowan, and R. R. Whitlock, "Satellite line spectra from laser produced plasma," Astrophys. J. 187, 192–213 (1974).

P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, and R. R. Whitlock, "Laser-produced rare-earth x-ray spectra," Phys. Rev. A 9, 2331–2339 (1974).

Zakharov, S. M.

E. V. Aglitzkii, V. A. Boiko, S. M. Zakharov, S. A. Pikuz, and A. Ya. Faenov, "Observation in laser plasmas and identification of di-electron satellites of spectral lines of hydrogen- and helium-like ions of elements in the Na-V range.," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 1, 908–936 (1974) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 500–513 (1974)].

Zigler, A.

A. Zigler, H. Zmora, H. M. Loebenstein, and J. L. Schwob, "Investigation of the transient ionizing regime of laser-produced plasma," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 165–167 (1979).

Zmora, H.

A. Zigler, H. Zmora, H. M. Loebenstein, and J. L. Schwob, "Investigation of the transient ionizing regime of laser-produced plasma," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 165–167 (1979).

Astrophys. J. (1)

U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, D. J. Nagel, R. D. Cowan, and R. R. Whitlock, "Satellite line spectra from laser produced plasma," Astrophys. J. 187, 192–213 (1974).

Comput. Phys. Commun. (1)

I. P. Grant, "A Program to Calculate Angular Momentum Coefficients in Relativistic Atomic Structure (revised)," Comput. Phys. Commun. 11, 397–405 (1976).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

K. Eidman, M. H. Key, and R. Sigel, "X-ray emission from laser-irradiated plane solid targets," J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2402–2414 (1976).

A. Zigler, H. Zmora, H. M. Loebenstein, and J. L. Schwob, "Investigation of the transient ionizing regime of laser-produced plasma," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 165–167 (1979).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

Kvant. Elektron. (1)

E. V. Aglitzkii, V. A. Boiko, S. M. Zakharov, S. A. Pikuz, and A. Ya. Faenov, "Observation in laser plasmas and identification of di-electron satellites of spectral lines of hydrogen- and helium-like ions of elements in the Na-V range.," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 1, 908–936 (1974) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 500–513 (1974)].

Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Klapisch, A. Bar-Shalom, J. L. Schwob, B. S. Fraenkel, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of magnetic quadrupole lines of highly ionized Ni, Cr, Fe in the TFR 600 Tokamak plasma," Phys. Lett. 69A, 34–36 (1978).

Phys. Rev. A (2)

P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, and R. R. Whitlock, "Laser-produced rare-earth x-ray spectra," Phys. Rev. A 9, 2331–2339 (1974).

P. G. Burkhalter, C. M. Dozier, and D. J. Nagel, "X-ray spectra from exploded wire plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 15, 700–717 (1977).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, B. S. Fraenkel, S. Egert, A. Bar-Shalom, C. Breton, C. De Michelis, and M. Mattioli, "Identification of forbidden lines in the soft x-ray spectrum of the TFR Tokamak," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 403–406 (1978).

Physica (1)

B. Edlen, "Spectra of Highly Ionized Atoms," Physica 13, 545–554 (1947).

Other (1)

B. Edlen, "Atomic Spectra," Handbuch der Physik, edited by S. Flogge (Springer, Berlin, 1964), Vol. XXVII, pp. 80–220.

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