Abstract

Photographs of a ground-based laser beacon were taken by astronauts on board the Skylab spacecraft. Unexpected large and elliptical laser-beam images were recorded. The photographic results are presented and discussed in terms of possible atmospheric scattering mechanisms. Current beacon experiments with the Landsat spacecraft are also discussed.

© 1979 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. R. Piech and J. R. Schott, "Evaluation of skylab earth laser beacon imagery," Final Report No. KL-5552-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., March 1975 (unpublished).
  2. E. A. Bucher, Proc. of the National Electronics Conf., Vol. 29, Oct. 1974, pp. 180–185 (unpublished).
  3. H. M. Heggestad, "Optical communication through multiple-scattering media," Tech. Report 472, MIT, Cambridge, Mass., Nov. 22, 1968 (unpublished).
  4. R. M. Lerner and A. M. Holland, "The optical scatter channel," Proc. IEEE 58, 1547–1564 (1970).
  5. H. T. Yura, Proc. of the E. M. Propagation through Atmospheric Turbulence Conf., La Baule, France, April 28, 1977, pp. 65–69 (unpublished).
  6. E. J. Mack, U. Katz, C. W. Rogers, D. W. Gaucher, K. R. Piech, C. K. Akers, and R. J. Pilie, "An investigation of the meteorology, physics and chemistry of marine boundary layer processes," Report No. CJ-6017-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1977 (unpublished).
  7. W. E. Evans, "Effect of sun angle, atmospheric attenuation, and turbulence on mirror beacons for Landsat image control," Tech. Report PB-255 404, Stanford Research Institute, Menlo Park, Calif., March 1976 (unpublished).
  8. R. E. Var, "Advanced earth observation system instrumentation study," Final Report No. R-963, The Charles Stark Draper Lab. Inc., Cambridge, Mass., June 1976 (unpublished).

Akers, C. K.

E. J. Mack, U. Katz, C. W. Rogers, D. W. Gaucher, K. R. Piech, C. K. Akers, and R. J. Pilie, "An investigation of the meteorology, physics and chemistry of marine boundary layer processes," Report No. CJ-6017-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1977 (unpublished).

Bucher, E. A.

E. A. Bucher, Proc. of the National Electronics Conf., Vol. 29, Oct. 1974, pp. 180–185 (unpublished).

Evans, W. E.

W. E. Evans, "Effect of sun angle, atmospheric attenuation, and turbulence on mirror beacons for Landsat image control," Tech. Report PB-255 404, Stanford Research Institute, Menlo Park, Calif., March 1976 (unpublished).

Gaucher, D. W.

E. J. Mack, U. Katz, C. W. Rogers, D. W. Gaucher, K. R. Piech, C. K. Akers, and R. J. Pilie, "An investigation of the meteorology, physics and chemistry of marine boundary layer processes," Report No. CJ-6017-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1977 (unpublished).

Heggestad, H. M.

H. M. Heggestad, "Optical communication through multiple-scattering media," Tech. Report 472, MIT, Cambridge, Mass., Nov. 22, 1968 (unpublished).

Holland, A. M.

R. M. Lerner and A. M. Holland, "The optical scatter channel," Proc. IEEE 58, 1547–1564 (1970).

Katz, U.

E. J. Mack, U. Katz, C. W. Rogers, D. W. Gaucher, K. R. Piech, C. K. Akers, and R. J. Pilie, "An investigation of the meteorology, physics and chemistry of marine boundary layer processes," Report No. CJ-6017-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1977 (unpublished).

Lerner, R. M.

R. M. Lerner and A. M. Holland, "The optical scatter channel," Proc. IEEE 58, 1547–1564 (1970).

Mack, E. J.

E. J. Mack, U. Katz, C. W. Rogers, D. W. Gaucher, K. R. Piech, C. K. Akers, and R. J. Pilie, "An investigation of the meteorology, physics and chemistry of marine boundary layer processes," Report No. CJ-6017-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1977 (unpublished).

Piech, K. R.

E. J. Mack, U. Katz, C. W. Rogers, D. W. Gaucher, K. R. Piech, C. K. Akers, and R. J. Pilie, "An investigation of the meteorology, physics and chemistry of marine boundary layer processes," Report No. CJ-6017-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1977 (unpublished).

K. R. Piech and J. R. Schott, "Evaluation of skylab earth laser beacon imagery," Final Report No. KL-5552-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., March 1975 (unpublished).

Pilie, R. J.

E. J. Mack, U. Katz, C. W. Rogers, D. W. Gaucher, K. R. Piech, C. K. Akers, and R. J. Pilie, "An investigation of the meteorology, physics and chemistry of marine boundary layer processes," Report No. CJ-6017-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1977 (unpublished).

Rogers, C. W.

E. J. Mack, U. Katz, C. W. Rogers, D. W. Gaucher, K. R. Piech, C. K. Akers, and R. J. Pilie, "An investigation of the meteorology, physics and chemistry of marine boundary layer processes," Report No. CJ-6017-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1977 (unpublished).

Schott, J. R.

K. R. Piech and J. R. Schott, "Evaluation of skylab earth laser beacon imagery," Final Report No. KL-5552-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., March 1975 (unpublished).

Var, R. E.

R. E. Var, "Advanced earth observation system instrumentation study," Final Report No. R-963, The Charles Stark Draper Lab. Inc., Cambridge, Mass., June 1976 (unpublished).

Yura, H. T.

H. T. Yura, Proc. of the E. M. Propagation through Atmospheric Turbulence Conf., La Baule, France, April 28, 1977, pp. 65–69 (unpublished).

Other

K. R. Piech and J. R. Schott, "Evaluation of skylab earth laser beacon imagery," Final Report No. KL-5552-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., March 1975 (unpublished).

E. A. Bucher, Proc. of the National Electronics Conf., Vol. 29, Oct. 1974, pp. 180–185 (unpublished).

H. M. Heggestad, "Optical communication through multiple-scattering media," Tech. Report 472, MIT, Cambridge, Mass., Nov. 22, 1968 (unpublished).

R. M. Lerner and A. M. Holland, "The optical scatter channel," Proc. IEEE 58, 1547–1564 (1970).

H. T. Yura, Proc. of the E. M. Propagation through Atmospheric Turbulence Conf., La Baule, France, April 28, 1977, pp. 65–69 (unpublished).

E. J. Mack, U. Katz, C. W. Rogers, D. W. Gaucher, K. R. Piech, C. K. Akers, and R. J. Pilie, "An investigation of the meteorology, physics and chemistry of marine boundary layer processes," Report No. CJ-6017-M-1, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1977 (unpublished).

W. E. Evans, "Effect of sun angle, atmospheric attenuation, and turbulence on mirror beacons for Landsat image control," Tech. Report PB-255 404, Stanford Research Institute, Menlo Park, Calif., March 1976 (unpublished).

R. E. Var, "Advanced earth observation system instrumentation study," Final Report No. R-963, The Charles Stark Draper Lab. Inc., Cambridge, Mass., June 1976 (unpublished).

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