Abstract

A new approach to the problem of light scattering by surface acoustic waves in thin-film optical waveguides is presented. In this analysis electromagnetic fields are found to rigorously satisfy both the polarization driven wave equation and the electromagnetic boundary conditions at the frequencies of interest. A component of the solution field is found to evolve with propagation distance into a linearly growing guided wave mode that dominates the solutions under conditions that can be defined in terms of waveguide mode parameters. Analytical formulas for the growth coefficient are obtained for both the elasto—optic and corrugation scattering mechanisms for the geometries TE<sub><i>m</i></sub>→TE<sub><i>m</i></sub>, TE<sub><i>m</i></sub> →TM<sub><i>m</i></sub>, TM<sub><i>m</i></sub> →TM<sub><i>m</i></sub>, and TM<sub><i>m</i></sub> →TE<sub>m</sub>. The present results are found to be consistent with previous normal mode analyses of this phenomenon for the cases in which comparison is possible. Numerical calculations for thin films of As<sub>2</sub>S<sub>3</sub> and Corning 7059 glass on fused silica substrates indicate that the elasto-optic effect does not always dominate the scattering cross section and that the corrugation mechanism must often be taken into account.

© 1979 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. V. Schmidt, "Acoustooptics Interactions Between Guided Optical Waves and Acoustic Surface Waves," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-23, 22–33 (1976).
  2. L. Kuhn, M. L. Dakss, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, "Deflection of an Optical Guided Wave by a Surface Acoustic Wave," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 265–267 (1970).
  3. Y. Ohmachi, "Acousto-Optical Light Diffraction in Thin Films," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3928–3933 (1973).
  4. R. V. Schmidt, I. P. Kaminow, and J. R. Carruthers, "Acousto-Optic Diffraction of Guided Optical Waves in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 417–419 (1973).
  5. D. A. Willie and M. C. Hamilton, "Acousto-Optic Deflection in Ta2O5 Waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 159–160 (1974).
  6. J. M. White, P. F. Heidrich, and E. G. H. Lean, "Thin-film Acousto-Optic Interaction in LiNbO3," Electron. Lett. 10, 510–511 (1975).
  7. J. Kushibiki, M. Sasaki, N. Chubachi, N. Mikoshiba, and K. Shibayama, "Thickness Dependence of the Diffraction Efficiency of Optical Guided Waves by Acoustic Surface Waves," 1974 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 74 CHO 896-1SU, 85–89.
  8. R. V. Schmidt and I. P. Kaminow, "Acoustooptic Bragg Deflection in LiNbO3 Ti Diffused Waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 57–58 (1975).
  9. C. S. Tsai, L. T. Nguyen, S. K. Yao, and M. A. Alhaider, "High Performance Acoustooptic Guided-Light-Beam Device Using Two Tilting Surface Acoustic Waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 140–42 (1975).
  10. C. S. Tsai, M. A. Alhaider, L. T. Nguyen, and B. Kim, "Wide Band Guided-Wave Acoustooptic Bragg Diffraction and Devices Using Multiple Tilted Surface Acoustic Waves," Proc. IEEE, 64, 318–328 (1976).
  11. W. S. C. Chang, "Acoustooptic Deflections in Thin Films," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 167–170 (1971).
  12. K. W. Loh, W. S. C. Chang, W. R. Smith, and T. Grudkowski, "Bragg Coupling Efficiency for Guided Acoustooptic Interaction in GaAs," Appl. Opt. 15, 156–166 (1976).
  13. Manhar Shab, E. H. Young, and R. M. Montgomery, "Polarization Conversion in Optical Waveguides Using Acoustic Waves," 1972 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 72 CHO 708-880, 144–146.
  14. T. G. Giallorenzi, "Acousto-Optical Deflection in Thin Film Waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 242–253 (1973).
  15. T. G. Giallorenzi and A. F. Milton, "Light Deflection in Multi-Mode Waveguides Using the Acousto-Optic Interaction," J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1762–1774 (1974).
  16. N. J. Berg and B. J. Udelson, "Large Time Bandwidth Acousto-Optic Convolver," 1976 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 76 CH 1120-5 SU, 183–188.
  17. F. Freyre and W. C. Wang, "Bragg Diffraction of Piezoelectric Leaky Surface Waves and Optically Guided Light in LiNbO3," 1976 Ultrasoncis Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 76 CH 112-5 SU, 193–196.
  18. J. Kushibiki, N. Chubachi, and N. Mikoshiba, "Mode Conversion Between TE and TM Modes of Optical Guided Waves by Love Waves in the Structure of LiNbO3 Epitaxial Film on A12O3 Substrate," 1977 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 77 CH 1264-1 SU, 442–446.
  19. K. Yamanouchi, K. Higuchi, and K. Shibayama, "High Efficient TE-TM Mode Converter by Interaction Between Surface Acoustic Waves and Laser Beams on LiNbO3," 1977 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 77 CH 1264-1 SU, 447–450.
  20. K. W. Loh, W. S. C. Chang, and R. A. Becker, "Convolution Using Guided Acoustooptical Interaction in As2S3 Waveguides," Digest of 1976 Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics, Catalog No. 75 CH 1039-7, QEC, Optical Society of America, TUD21-TUD24.
  21. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, New York, 1974).
  22. H. Kogelnik, "Theory of Dielectric Waveguides," in Integrated Optics, edited by T. Tamir, (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1973).
  23. N. L. Rowell and G. I. Stegman, "Brillouin Scattering From Surface Phonons in Thin Films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 970–973 (1978).
  24. N. L. Rowell, V. C. Y. So, and G. I. Stegeman, "Brillouin Scattering in a Thin Film Waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 155–156 (1978).
  25. N. L. Rowell, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Acoustooptic Measurement of Optical Field Profiles in Diffused LiNbO3 Waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 845–846 (1978).
  26. V. C. Y. So, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Total Field Analysis of Harmonic Generation in Thin-Film Integrated Optics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1166–1171 (1979).
  27. G. W. Farnell and E. L. Adler, "Elastic Wave Propagation in Thin Layers," in Physical Acoustics, Principles and Methods edited by W. P. Mason and R. N. Thurston (Academic, New York, 1970), Vol. IX.
  28. N. L. Rowell, "Brillouin Scattering in Optical Waveguides," Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, 1978 (unpublished).
  29. P. K. Tien, "Integrated Optics and New Wave Phenomena in Optical Waveguides," Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 361 (1977).
  30. G. I. Stegeman, "III Optical Probing of Surface Waves and Surface Wave Devices," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason., SU-23, 33–66 (1976).
  31. I. C. Chang, "I Acoustooptic Devices and Applications," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-23, 2–22 (1976).
  32. M. Born and E. Wolfe, Principles of Optics, 2nd ed. (Macmilan, New York, 1964).
  33. D. A. Pinnow, "Elasto-optical Materials," CRC Handbook of Lasers, edited by R. C. Weast (Chemical Rubber, Cleveland, 1971), Chap. 17.
  34. R. Normandin, M. Fukui, and G. I. Stegeman, "Analysis of Parametric Mixing and Harmonic Generation of Surface Acoustic Waves," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 81–86 (1979).
  35. M. Fukui and G. I. Stegeman, "Theory of Non-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation of Surface Plasmons," Solid State Commun. 26, 239–241 (1978).

1979

R. Normandin, M. Fukui, and G. I. Stegeman, "Analysis of Parametric Mixing and Harmonic Generation of Surface Acoustic Waves," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 81–86 (1979).

V. C. Y. So, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Total Field Analysis of Harmonic Generation in Thin-Film Integrated Optics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1166–1171 (1979).

1978

M. Fukui and G. I. Stegeman, "Theory of Non-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation of Surface Plasmons," Solid State Commun. 26, 239–241 (1978).

N. L. Rowell and G. I. Stegman, "Brillouin Scattering From Surface Phonons in Thin Films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 970–973 (1978).

N. L. Rowell, V. C. Y. So, and G. I. Stegeman, "Brillouin Scattering in a Thin Film Waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 155–156 (1978).

N. L. Rowell, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Acoustooptic Measurement of Optical Field Profiles in Diffused LiNbO3 Waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 845–846 (1978).

1977

P. K. Tien, "Integrated Optics and New Wave Phenomena in Optical Waveguides," Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 361 (1977).

1976

G. I. Stegeman, "III Optical Probing of Surface Waves and Surface Wave Devices," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason., SU-23, 33–66 (1976).

I. C. Chang, "I Acoustooptic Devices and Applications," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-23, 2–22 (1976).

K. W. Loh, W. S. C. Chang, W. R. Smith, and T. Grudkowski, "Bragg Coupling Efficiency for Guided Acoustooptic Interaction in GaAs," Appl. Opt. 15, 156–166 (1976).

R. V. Schmidt, "Acoustooptics Interactions Between Guided Optical Waves and Acoustic Surface Waves," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-23, 22–33 (1976).

1975

J. M. White, P. F. Heidrich, and E. G. H. Lean, "Thin-film Acousto-Optic Interaction in LiNbO3," Electron. Lett. 10, 510–511 (1975).

R. V. Schmidt and I. P. Kaminow, "Acoustooptic Bragg Deflection in LiNbO3 Ti Diffused Waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 57–58 (1975).

C. S. Tsai, L. T. Nguyen, S. K. Yao, and M. A. Alhaider, "High Performance Acoustooptic Guided-Light-Beam Device Using Two Tilting Surface Acoustic Waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 140–42 (1975).

1974

D. A. Willie and M. C. Hamilton, "Acousto-Optic Deflection in Ta2O5 Waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 159–160 (1974).

T. G. Giallorenzi and A. F. Milton, "Light Deflection in Multi-Mode Waveguides Using the Acousto-Optic Interaction," J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1762–1774 (1974).

1973

T. G. Giallorenzi, "Acousto-Optical Deflection in Thin Film Waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 242–253 (1973).

Y. Ohmachi, "Acousto-Optical Light Diffraction in Thin Films," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3928–3933 (1973).

R. V. Schmidt, I. P. Kaminow, and J. R. Carruthers, "Acousto-Optic Diffraction of Guided Optical Waves in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 417–419 (1973).

1971

W. S. C. Chang, "Acoustooptic Deflections in Thin Films," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 167–170 (1971).

1970

L. Kuhn, M. L. Dakss, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, "Deflection of an Optical Guided Wave by a Surface Acoustic Wave," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 265–267 (1970).

Adler, E. L.

G. W. Farnell and E. L. Adler, "Elastic Wave Propagation in Thin Layers," in Physical Acoustics, Principles and Methods edited by W. P. Mason and R. N. Thurston (Academic, New York, 1970), Vol. IX.

Alhaider, M. A.

C. S. Tsai, L. T. Nguyen, S. K. Yao, and M. A. Alhaider, "High Performance Acoustooptic Guided-Light-Beam Device Using Two Tilting Surface Acoustic Waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 140–42 (1975).

C. S. Tsai, M. A. Alhaider, L. T. Nguyen, and B. Kim, "Wide Band Guided-Wave Acoustooptic Bragg Diffraction and Devices Using Multiple Tilted Surface Acoustic Waves," Proc. IEEE, 64, 318–328 (1976).

Becker, R. A.

K. W. Loh, W. S. C. Chang, and R. A. Becker, "Convolution Using Guided Acoustooptical Interaction in As2S3 Waveguides," Digest of 1976 Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics, Catalog No. 75 CH 1039-7, QEC, Optical Society of America, TUD21-TUD24.

Berg, N. J.

N. J. Berg and B. J. Udelson, "Large Time Bandwidth Acousto-Optic Convolver," 1976 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 76 CH 1120-5 SU, 183–188.

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolfe, Principles of Optics, 2nd ed. (Macmilan, New York, 1964).

Carruthers, J. R.

R. V. Schmidt, I. P. Kaminow, and J. R. Carruthers, "Acousto-Optic Diffraction of Guided Optical Waves in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 417–419 (1973).

Chang, I. C.

I. C. Chang, "I Acoustooptic Devices and Applications," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-23, 2–22 (1976).

Chang, W. S. C.

K. W. Loh, W. S. C. Chang, W. R. Smith, and T. Grudkowski, "Bragg Coupling Efficiency for Guided Acoustooptic Interaction in GaAs," Appl. Opt. 15, 156–166 (1976).

W. S. C. Chang, "Acoustooptic Deflections in Thin Films," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 167–170 (1971).

K. W. Loh, W. S. C. Chang, and R. A. Becker, "Convolution Using Guided Acoustooptical Interaction in As2S3 Waveguides," Digest of 1976 Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics, Catalog No. 75 CH 1039-7, QEC, Optical Society of America, TUD21-TUD24.

Chubachi, N.

J. Kushibiki, M. Sasaki, N. Chubachi, N. Mikoshiba, and K. Shibayama, "Thickness Dependence of the Diffraction Efficiency of Optical Guided Waves by Acoustic Surface Waves," 1974 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 74 CHO 896-1SU, 85–89.

J. Kushibiki, N. Chubachi, and N. Mikoshiba, "Mode Conversion Between TE and TM Modes of Optical Guided Waves by Love Waves in the Structure of LiNbO3 Epitaxial Film on A12O3 Substrate," 1977 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 77 CH 1264-1 SU, 442–446.

Dakss, M. L.

L. Kuhn, M. L. Dakss, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, "Deflection of an Optical Guided Wave by a Surface Acoustic Wave," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 265–267 (1970).

Farnell, G. W.

G. W. Farnell and E. L. Adler, "Elastic Wave Propagation in Thin Layers," in Physical Acoustics, Principles and Methods edited by W. P. Mason and R. N. Thurston (Academic, New York, 1970), Vol. IX.

Freyre, F.

F. Freyre and W. C. Wang, "Bragg Diffraction of Piezoelectric Leaky Surface Waves and Optically Guided Light in LiNbO3," 1976 Ultrasoncis Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 76 CH 112-5 SU, 193–196.

Fukui, M.

R. Normandin, M. Fukui, and G. I. Stegeman, "Analysis of Parametric Mixing and Harmonic Generation of Surface Acoustic Waves," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 81–86 (1979).

M. Fukui and G. I. Stegeman, "Theory of Non-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation of Surface Plasmons," Solid State Commun. 26, 239–241 (1978).

Giallorenzi, T. G.

T. G. Giallorenzi and A. F. Milton, "Light Deflection in Multi-Mode Waveguides Using the Acousto-Optic Interaction," J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1762–1774 (1974).

T. G. Giallorenzi, "Acousto-Optical Deflection in Thin Film Waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 242–253 (1973).

Hamilton, M. C.

D. A. Willie and M. C. Hamilton, "Acousto-Optic Deflection in Ta2O5 Waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 159–160 (1974).

Heidrich, P. F.

J. M. White, P. F. Heidrich, and E. G. H. Lean, "Thin-film Acousto-Optic Interaction in LiNbO3," Electron. Lett. 10, 510–511 (1975).

L. Kuhn, M. L. Dakss, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, "Deflection of an Optical Guided Wave by a Surface Acoustic Wave," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 265–267 (1970).

Higuchi, K.

K. Yamanouchi, K. Higuchi, and K. Shibayama, "High Efficient TE-TM Mode Converter by Interaction Between Surface Acoustic Waves and Laser Beams on LiNbO3," 1977 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 77 CH 1264-1 SU, 447–450.

Kaminow, I. P.

R. V. Schmidt and I. P. Kaminow, "Acoustooptic Bragg Deflection in LiNbO3 Ti Diffused Waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 57–58 (1975).

R. V. Schmidt, I. P. Kaminow, and J. R. Carruthers, "Acousto-Optic Diffraction of Guided Optical Waves in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 417–419 (1973).

Kim, B.

C. S. Tsai, M. A. Alhaider, L. T. Nguyen, and B. Kim, "Wide Band Guided-Wave Acoustooptic Bragg Diffraction and Devices Using Multiple Tilted Surface Acoustic Waves," Proc. IEEE, 64, 318–328 (1976).

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, "Theory of Dielectric Waveguides," in Integrated Optics, edited by T. Tamir, (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1973).

Kuhn, L.

L. Kuhn, M. L. Dakss, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, "Deflection of an Optical Guided Wave by a Surface Acoustic Wave," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 265–267 (1970).

Kushibiki, J.

J. Kushibiki, M. Sasaki, N. Chubachi, N. Mikoshiba, and K. Shibayama, "Thickness Dependence of the Diffraction Efficiency of Optical Guided Waves by Acoustic Surface Waves," 1974 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 74 CHO 896-1SU, 85–89.

J. Kushibiki, N. Chubachi, and N. Mikoshiba, "Mode Conversion Between TE and TM Modes of Optical Guided Waves by Love Waves in the Structure of LiNbO3 Epitaxial Film on A12O3 Substrate," 1977 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 77 CH 1264-1 SU, 442–446.

Lean, E. G. H.

J. M. White, P. F. Heidrich, and E. G. H. Lean, "Thin-film Acousto-Optic Interaction in LiNbO3," Electron. Lett. 10, 510–511 (1975).

Loh, K. W.

K. W. Loh, W. S. C. Chang, W. R. Smith, and T. Grudkowski, "Bragg Coupling Efficiency for Guided Acoustooptic Interaction in GaAs," Appl. Opt. 15, 156–166 (1976).

K. W. Loh, W. S. C. Chang, and R. A. Becker, "Convolution Using Guided Acoustooptical Interaction in As2S3 Waveguides," Digest of 1976 Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics, Catalog No. 75 CH 1039-7, QEC, Optical Society of America, TUD21-TUD24.

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, New York, 1974).

Mikoshiba, N.

J. Kushibiki, N. Chubachi, and N. Mikoshiba, "Mode Conversion Between TE and TM Modes of Optical Guided Waves by Love Waves in the Structure of LiNbO3 Epitaxial Film on A12O3 Substrate," 1977 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 77 CH 1264-1 SU, 442–446.

J. Kushibiki, M. Sasaki, N. Chubachi, N. Mikoshiba, and K. Shibayama, "Thickness Dependence of the Diffraction Efficiency of Optical Guided Waves by Acoustic Surface Waves," 1974 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 74 CHO 896-1SU, 85–89.

Milton, A. F.

T. G. Giallorenzi and A. F. Milton, "Light Deflection in Multi-Mode Waveguides Using the Acousto-Optic Interaction," J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1762–1774 (1974).

Montgomery, R. M.

Manhar Shab, E. H. Young, and R. M. Montgomery, "Polarization Conversion in Optical Waveguides Using Acoustic Waves," 1972 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 72 CHO 708-880, 144–146.

Nguyen, L. T.

C. S. Tsai, L. T. Nguyen, S. K. Yao, and M. A. Alhaider, "High Performance Acoustooptic Guided-Light-Beam Device Using Two Tilting Surface Acoustic Waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 140–42 (1975).

C. S. Tsai, M. A. Alhaider, L. T. Nguyen, and B. Kim, "Wide Band Guided-Wave Acoustooptic Bragg Diffraction and Devices Using Multiple Tilted Surface Acoustic Waves," Proc. IEEE, 64, 318–328 (1976).

Normandin, R.

V. C. Y. So, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Total Field Analysis of Harmonic Generation in Thin-Film Integrated Optics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1166–1171 (1979).

R. Normandin, M. Fukui, and G. I. Stegeman, "Analysis of Parametric Mixing and Harmonic Generation of Surface Acoustic Waves," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 81–86 (1979).

N. L. Rowell, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Acoustooptic Measurement of Optical Field Profiles in Diffused LiNbO3 Waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 845–846 (1978).

Ohmachi, Y.

Y. Ohmachi, "Acousto-Optical Light Diffraction in Thin Films," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3928–3933 (1973).

Pinnow, D. A.

D. A. Pinnow, "Elasto-optical Materials," CRC Handbook of Lasers, edited by R. C. Weast (Chemical Rubber, Cleveland, 1971), Chap. 17.

Rowell, N. L.

N. L. Rowell, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Acoustooptic Measurement of Optical Field Profiles in Diffused LiNbO3 Waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 845–846 (1978).

N. L. Rowell and G. I. Stegman, "Brillouin Scattering From Surface Phonons in Thin Films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 970–973 (1978).

N. L. Rowell, V. C. Y. So, and G. I. Stegeman, "Brillouin Scattering in a Thin Film Waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 155–156 (1978).

N. L. Rowell, "Brillouin Scattering in Optical Waveguides," Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, 1978 (unpublished).

Sasaki, M.

J. Kushibiki, M. Sasaki, N. Chubachi, N. Mikoshiba, and K. Shibayama, "Thickness Dependence of the Diffraction Efficiency of Optical Guided Waves by Acoustic Surface Waves," 1974 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 74 CHO 896-1SU, 85–89.

Schmidt, R. V.

R. V. Schmidt, "Acoustooptics Interactions Between Guided Optical Waves and Acoustic Surface Waves," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-23, 22–33 (1976).

R. V. Schmidt and I. P. Kaminow, "Acoustooptic Bragg Deflection in LiNbO3 Ti Diffused Waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 57–58 (1975).

R. V. Schmidt, I. P. Kaminow, and J. R. Carruthers, "Acousto-Optic Diffraction of Guided Optical Waves in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 417–419 (1973).

Scott, B. A.

L. Kuhn, M. L. Dakss, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, "Deflection of an Optical Guided Wave by a Surface Acoustic Wave," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 265–267 (1970).

Shab, Manhar

Manhar Shab, E. H. Young, and R. M. Montgomery, "Polarization Conversion in Optical Waveguides Using Acoustic Waves," 1972 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 72 CHO 708-880, 144–146.

Shibayama, K.

J. Kushibiki, M. Sasaki, N. Chubachi, N. Mikoshiba, and K. Shibayama, "Thickness Dependence of the Diffraction Efficiency of Optical Guided Waves by Acoustic Surface Waves," 1974 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 74 CHO 896-1SU, 85–89.

K. Yamanouchi, K. Higuchi, and K. Shibayama, "High Efficient TE-TM Mode Converter by Interaction Between Surface Acoustic Waves and Laser Beams on LiNbO3," 1977 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 77 CH 1264-1 SU, 447–450.

Smith, W. R.

So, V. C. Y.

V. C. Y. So, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Total Field Analysis of Harmonic Generation in Thin-Film Integrated Optics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1166–1171 (1979).

N. L. Rowell, V. C. Y. So, and G. I. Stegeman, "Brillouin Scattering in a Thin Film Waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 155–156 (1978).

Stegeman, G. I.

V. C. Y. So, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Total Field Analysis of Harmonic Generation in Thin-Film Integrated Optics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1166–1171 (1979).

R. Normandin, M. Fukui, and G. I. Stegeman, "Analysis of Parametric Mixing and Harmonic Generation of Surface Acoustic Waves," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 81–86 (1979).

N. L. Rowell, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Acoustooptic Measurement of Optical Field Profiles in Diffused LiNbO3 Waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 845–846 (1978).

N. L. Rowell, V. C. Y. So, and G. I. Stegeman, "Brillouin Scattering in a Thin Film Waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 155–156 (1978).

M. Fukui and G. I. Stegeman, "Theory of Non-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation of Surface Plasmons," Solid State Commun. 26, 239–241 (1978).

G. I. Stegeman, "III Optical Probing of Surface Waves and Surface Wave Devices," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason., SU-23, 33–66 (1976).

Stegman, G. I.

N. L. Rowell and G. I. Stegman, "Brillouin Scattering From Surface Phonons in Thin Films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 970–973 (1978).

Tien, P. K.

P. K. Tien, "Integrated Optics and New Wave Phenomena in Optical Waveguides," Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 361 (1977).

Tsai, C. S.

C. S. Tsai, L. T. Nguyen, S. K. Yao, and M. A. Alhaider, "High Performance Acoustooptic Guided-Light-Beam Device Using Two Tilting Surface Acoustic Waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 140–42 (1975).

C. S. Tsai, M. A. Alhaider, L. T. Nguyen, and B. Kim, "Wide Band Guided-Wave Acoustooptic Bragg Diffraction and Devices Using Multiple Tilted Surface Acoustic Waves," Proc. IEEE, 64, 318–328 (1976).

Udelson, B. J.

N. J. Berg and B. J. Udelson, "Large Time Bandwidth Acousto-Optic Convolver," 1976 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 76 CH 1120-5 SU, 183–188.

Wang, W. C.

F. Freyre and W. C. Wang, "Bragg Diffraction of Piezoelectric Leaky Surface Waves and Optically Guided Light in LiNbO3," 1976 Ultrasoncis Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 76 CH 112-5 SU, 193–196.

White, J. M.

J. M. White, P. F. Heidrich, and E. G. H. Lean, "Thin-film Acousto-Optic Interaction in LiNbO3," Electron. Lett. 10, 510–511 (1975).

Willie, D. A.

D. A. Willie and M. C. Hamilton, "Acousto-Optic Deflection in Ta2O5 Waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 159–160 (1974).

Wolfe, E.

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Yao, S. K.

C. S. Tsai, L. T. Nguyen, S. K. Yao, and M. A. Alhaider, "High Performance Acoustooptic Guided-Light-Beam Device Using Two Tilting Surface Acoustic Waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 140–42 (1975).

Young, E. H.

Manhar Shab, E. H. Young, and R. M. Montgomery, "Polarization Conversion in Optical Waveguides Using Acoustic Waves," 1972 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 72 CHO 708-880, 144–146.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. V. Schmidt, I. P. Kaminow, and J. R. Carruthers, "Acousto-Optic Diffraction of Guided Optical Waves in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 417–419 (1973).

D. A. Willie and M. C. Hamilton, "Acousto-Optic Deflection in Ta2O5 Waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 159–160 (1974).

L. Kuhn, M. L. Dakss, P. F. Heidrich, and B. A. Scott, "Deflection of an Optical Guided Wave by a Surface Acoustic Wave," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 265–267 (1970).

C. S. Tsai, L. T. Nguyen, S. K. Yao, and M. A. Alhaider, "High Performance Acoustooptic Guided-Light-Beam Device Using Two Tilting Surface Acoustic Waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 140–42 (1975).

N. L. Rowell, V. C. Y. So, and G. I. Stegeman, "Brillouin Scattering in a Thin Film Waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 155–156 (1978).

N. L. Rowell, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Acoustooptic Measurement of Optical Field Profiles in Diffused LiNbO3 Waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 845–846 (1978).

Electron. Lett.

J. M. White, P. F. Heidrich, and E. G. H. Lean, "Thin-film Acousto-Optic Interaction in LiNbO3," Electron. Lett. 10, 510–511 (1975).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. V. Schmidt and I. P. Kaminow, "Acoustooptic Bragg Deflection in LiNbO3 Ti Diffused Waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 57–58 (1975).

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IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason.

G. I. Stegeman, "III Optical Probing of Surface Waves and Surface Wave Devices," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason., SU-23, 33–66 (1976).

I. C. Chang, "I Acoustooptic Devices and Applications," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-23, 2–22 (1976).

R. V. Schmidt, "Acoustooptics Interactions Between Guided Optical Waves and Acoustic Surface Waves," IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-23, 22–33 (1976).

J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Ohmachi, "Acousto-Optical Light Diffraction in Thin Films," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3928–3933 (1973).

T. G. Giallorenzi, "Acousto-Optical Deflection in Thin Film Waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 242–253 (1973).

T. G. Giallorenzi and A. F. Milton, "Light Deflection in Multi-Mode Waveguides Using the Acousto-Optic Interaction," J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1762–1774 (1974).

R. Normandin, M. Fukui, and G. I. Stegeman, "Analysis of Parametric Mixing and Harmonic Generation of Surface Acoustic Waves," J. Appl. Phys. 50, 81–86 (1979).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

N. L. Rowell and G. I. Stegman, "Brillouin Scattering From Surface Phonons in Thin Films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 970–973 (1978).

Rev. Mod. Phys.

P. K. Tien, "Integrated Optics and New Wave Phenomena in Optical Waveguides," Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 361 (1977).

Solid State Commun.

M. Fukui and G. I. Stegeman, "Theory of Non-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation of Surface Plasmons," Solid State Commun. 26, 239–241 (1978).

Other

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D. A. Pinnow, "Elasto-optical Materials," CRC Handbook of Lasers, edited by R. C. Weast (Chemical Rubber, Cleveland, 1971), Chap. 17.

Manhar Shab, E. H. Young, and R. M. Montgomery, "Polarization Conversion in Optical Waveguides Using Acoustic Waves," 1972 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 72 CHO 708-880, 144–146.

C. S. Tsai, M. A. Alhaider, L. T. Nguyen, and B. Kim, "Wide Band Guided-Wave Acoustooptic Bragg Diffraction and Devices Using Multiple Tilted Surface Acoustic Waves," Proc. IEEE, 64, 318–328 (1976).

G. W. Farnell and E. L. Adler, "Elastic Wave Propagation in Thin Layers," in Physical Acoustics, Principles and Methods edited by W. P. Mason and R. N. Thurston (Academic, New York, 1970), Vol. IX.

N. L. Rowell, "Brillouin Scattering in Optical Waveguides," Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, 1978 (unpublished).

N. J. Berg and B. J. Udelson, "Large Time Bandwidth Acousto-Optic Convolver," 1976 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 76 CH 1120-5 SU, 183–188.

F. Freyre and W. C. Wang, "Bragg Diffraction of Piezoelectric Leaky Surface Waves and Optically Guided Light in LiNbO3," 1976 Ultrasoncis Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 76 CH 112-5 SU, 193–196.

J. Kushibiki, N. Chubachi, and N. Mikoshiba, "Mode Conversion Between TE and TM Modes of Optical Guided Waves by Love Waves in the Structure of LiNbO3 Epitaxial Film on A12O3 Substrate," 1977 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 77 CH 1264-1 SU, 442–446.

K. Yamanouchi, K. Higuchi, and K. Shibayama, "High Efficient TE-TM Mode Converter by Interaction Between Surface Acoustic Waves and Laser Beams on LiNbO3," 1977 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 77 CH 1264-1 SU, 447–450.

K. W. Loh, W. S. C. Chang, and R. A. Becker, "Convolution Using Guided Acoustooptical Interaction in As2S3 Waveguides," Digest of 1976 Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics, Catalog No. 75 CH 1039-7, QEC, Optical Society of America, TUD21-TUD24.

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J. Kushibiki, M. Sasaki, N. Chubachi, N. Mikoshiba, and K. Shibayama, "Thickness Dependence of the Diffraction Efficiency of Optical Guided Waves by Acoustic Surface Waves," 1974 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, IEEE Catalog No. 74 CHO 896-1SU, 85–89.

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