Abstract

Transitions in Na-like Ti and Fe ions, which appears as satellites to 2p-3s and 2p-3d transitions in Ne-like ions, were studied. The soft x-ray spectra produced by a focused-laser source and a vacuum-spark device were obtained with the same grazing-incidence spectrograph. Atomic structure calculations agreed with the observed 2p-3s spectral patterns and made possible line identifications in Ti xii and Fe xvi.

© 1979 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. P. Bhalla, A. H. Gabriel, and L. P. Presnyakov, “Dielectronic satellite spectra for highly-charged helium-like ions,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 172, 359–375 (1975).
  2. E. V. Aglitskii, V. A. Boiko, A. V. Vinogradov, and E. A. Yukon, “Diagnostics of dense laser plasma based on the spectra of hydrogen-like and helium-like multiply charged ions,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 322–328 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  3. V. A. Boiko, A. Ya. Faenov, S. A. Pikuz, and U. I. Safronova, “The analysis of satellites to the H-Iike ion resonance lines observed in the x-ray region,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 181, 107–120 (1977).
  4. R. D. Cowan, “Theoretical calculation of atomic spectra using digital computers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 808–818 (1968);R. D. Cowan and D. C. Griffin, “Approximate relativistic corrections to atomic radial wave functions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1010–1014 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. M. McMahon and O. C. Barr, Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of the Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, San Diego, August 1973, Vol. 41 (unpublished).
  6. U. Feldman, M. Swartz, and L. Cohen, “Vacuum ultraviolet source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 1372–1373 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  7. W. E. Behring, R. J. Ugiansky, and U. Feldman, “High resolution rocket EUV Solar Spectrographs,” Appl. Opt. 12, 528–532 (1973).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. R. Edlén and F. Tyrén, “Optical L-spectra of the elements K through Cr,Z. Phys. 101, 206–213 (1936).
    [Crossref]
  9. F. Tyrén, “Optical L-spectra of the elements Cr through Co in the extreme ultraviolet,” Z. Phys. 111, 314–317 (1938).
    [Crossref]
  10. U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, R. D. Cowan, and Leonard Cohen, “Fluorine isoelectronic sequence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1445–1453 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. Breton, C. DeMichelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, Ionization equilibrium of selected elements from neon to tungsten of interest in Tokamak plasma research, Report No. EUR-CEA-FC-948, Mr.1978 (unpublished), pp. 16, Centre d’Etudes Nucleaires, 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France).
  12. P. G. Burkhalter, J. Shiloh, A. Fisher, and Robert D. Cowan, “X-Ray spectra from a gas-puff z-pinch device,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4532–4540 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. G. Burkhalter, R. Schneider, C. M. Dozier, and Robert D. Cowan, “Spectra of Mo xxxi–xxxiv from exploded-Mo-wire plasmas,” Phys, Rev. A 17, 718–724 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  14. P. G. Burkhalter, G. A. Doschek, U. Feldman, and Robert D. Cowan, “Laser-produced x-ray spectra of the fluorine isoelectronic sequence for Zn, Be, and Se,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 741–747 (1977).
    [Crossref]

1979 (1)

P. G. Burkhalter, J. Shiloh, A. Fisher, and Robert D. Cowan, “X-Ray spectra from a gas-puff z-pinch device,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4532–4540 (1979).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

P. G. Burkhalter, R. Schneider, C. M. Dozier, and Robert D. Cowan, “Spectra of Mo xxxi–xxxiv from exploded-Mo-wire plasmas,” Phys, Rev. A 17, 718–724 (1978).
[Crossref]

1977 (2)

P. G. Burkhalter, G. A. Doschek, U. Feldman, and Robert D. Cowan, “Laser-produced x-ray spectra of the fluorine isoelectronic sequence for Zn, Be, and Se,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 741–747 (1977).
[Crossref]

V. A. Boiko, A. Ya. Faenov, S. A. Pikuz, and U. I. Safronova, “The analysis of satellites to the H-Iike ion resonance lines observed in the x-ray region,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 181, 107–120 (1977).

1975 (1)

C. P. Bhalla, A. H. Gabriel, and L. P. Presnyakov, “Dielectronic satellite spectra for highly-charged helium-like ions,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 172, 359–375 (1975).

1974 (1)

E. V. Aglitskii, V. A. Boiko, A. V. Vinogradov, and E. A. Yukon, “Diagnostics of dense laser plasma based on the spectra of hydrogen-like and helium-like multiply charged ions,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 322–328 (1974).
[Crossref]

1973 (2)

1968 (1)

1967 (1)

U. Feldman, M. Swartz, and L. Cohen, “Vacuum ultraviolet source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 1372–1373 (1967).
[Crossref]

1938 (1)

F. Tyrén, “Optical L-spectra of the elements Cr through Co in the extreme ultraviolet,” Z. Phys. 111, 314–317 (1938).
[Crossref]

1936 (1)

R. Edlén and F. Tyrén, “Optical L-spectra of the elements K through Cr,Z. Phys. 101, 206–213 (1936).
[Crossref]

Aglitskii, E. V.

E. V. Aglitskii, V. A. Boiko, A. V. Vinogradov, and E. A. Yukon, “Diagnostics of dense laser plasma based on the spectra of hydrogen-like and helium-like multiply charged ions,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 322–328 (1974).
[Crossref]

Barr, O. C.

J. M. McMahon and O. C. Barr, Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of the Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, San Diego, August 1973, Vol. 41 (unpublished).

Behring, W. E.

Bhalla, C. P.

C. P. Bhalla, A. H. Gabriel, and L. P. Presnyakov, “Dielectronic satellite spectra for highly-charged helium-like ions,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 172, 359–375 (1975).

Boiko, V. A.

V. A. Boiko, A. Ya. Faenov, S. A. Pikuz, and U. I. Safronova, “The analysis of satellites to the H-Iike ion resonance lines observed in the x-ray region,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 181, 107–120 (1977).

E. V. Aglitskii, V. A. Boiko, A. V. Vinogradov, and E. A. Yukon, “Diagnostics of dense laser plasma based on the spectra of hydrogen-like and helium-like multiply charged ions,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 322–328 (1974).
[Crossref]

Breton, C.

C. Breton, C. DeMichelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, Ionization equilibrium of selected elements from neon to tungsten of interest in Tokamak plasma research, Report No. EUR-CEA-FC-948, Mr.1978 (unpublished), pp. 16, Centre d’Etudes Nucleaires, 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France).

Burkhalter, P. G.

P. G. Burkhalter, J. Shiloh, A. Fisher, and Robert D. Cowan, “X-Ray spectra from a gas-puff z-pinch device,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4532–4540 (1979).
[Crossref]

P. G. Burkhalter, R. Schneider, C. M. Dozier, and Robert D. Cowan, “Spectra of Mo xxxi–xxxiv from exploded-Mo-wire plasmas,” Phys, Rev. A 17, 718–724 (1978).
[Crossref]

P. G. Burkhalter, G. A. Doschek, U. Feldman, and Robert D. Cowan, “Laser-produced x-ray spectra of the fluorine isoelectronic sequence for Zn, Be, and Se,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 741–747 (1977).
[Crossref]

Cohen, L.

U. Feldman, M. Swartz, and L. Cohen, “Vacuum ultraviolet source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 1372–1373 (1967).
[Crossref]

Cohen, Leonard

Cowan, R. D.

Cowan, Robert D.

P. G. Burkhalter, J. Shiloh, A. Fisher, and Robert D. Cowan, “X-Ray spectra from a gas-puff z-pinch device,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4532–4540 (1979).
[Crossref]

P. G. Burkhalter, R. Schneider, C. M. Dozier, and Robert D. Cowan, “Spectra of Mo xxxi–xxxiv from exploded-Mo-wire plasmas,” Phys, Rev. A 17, 718–724 (1978).
[Crossref]

P. G. Burkhalter, G. A. Doschek, U. Feldman, and Robert D. Cowan, “Laser-produced x-ray spectra of the fluorine isoelectronic sequence for Zn, Be, and Se,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 741–747 (1977).
[Crossref]

DeMichelis, C.

C. Breton, C. DeMichelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, Ionization equilibrium of selected elements from neon to tungsten of interest in Tokamak plasma research, Report No. EUR-CEA-FC-948, Mr.1978 (unpublished), pp. 16, Centre d’Etudes Nucleaires, 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France).

Doschek, G. A.

Dozier, C. M.

P. G. Burkhalter, R. Schneider, C. M. Dozier, and Robert D. Cowan, “Spectra of Mo xxxi–xxxiv from exploded-Mo-wire plasmas,” Phys, Rev. A 17, 718–724 (1978).
[Crossref]

Edlén, R.

R. Edlén and F. Tyrén, “Optical L-spectra of the elements K through Cr,Z. Phys. 101, 206–213 (1936).
[Crossref]

Faenov, A. Ya.

V. A. Boiko, A. Ya. Faenov, S. A. Pikuz, and U. I. Safronova, “The analysis of satellites to the H-Iike ion resonance lines observed in the x-ray region,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 181, 107–120 (1977).

Feldman, U.

Finkenthal, M.

C. Breton, C. DeMichelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, Ionization equilibrium of selected elements from neon to tungsten of interest in Tokamak plasma research, Report No. EUR-CEA-FC-948, Mr.1978 (unpublished), pp. 16, Centre d’Etudes Nucleaires, 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France).

Fisher, A.

P. G. Burkhalter, J. Shiloh, A. Fisher, and Robert D. Cowan, “X-Ray spectra from a gas-puff z-pinch device,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4532–4540 (1979).
[Crossref]

Gabriel, A. H.

C. P. Bhalla, A. H. Gabriel, and L. P. Presnyakov, “Dielectronic satellite spectra for highly-charged helium-like ions,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 172, 359–375 (1975).

Mattioli, M.

C. Breton, C. DeMichelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, Ionization equilibrium of selected elements from neon to tungsten of interest in Tokamak plasma research, Report No. EUR-CEA-FC-948, Mr.1978 (unpublished), pp. 16, Centre d’Etudes Nucleaires, 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France).

McMahon, J. M.

J. M. McMahon and O. C. Barr, Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of the Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, San Diego, August 1973, Vol. 41 (unpublished).

Pikuz, S. A.

V. A. Boiko, A. Ya. Faenov, S. A. Pikuz, and U. I. Safronova, “The analysis of satellites to the H-Iike ion resonance lines observed in the x-ray region,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 181, 107–120 (1977).

Presnyakov, L. P.

C. P. Bhalla, A. H. Gabriel, and L. P. Presnyakov, “Dielectronic satellite spectra for highly-charged helium-like ions,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 172, 359–375 (1975).

Safronova, U. I.

V. A. Boiko, A. Ya. Faenov, S. A. Pikuz, and U. I. Safronova, “The analysis of satellites to the H-Iike ion resonance lines observed in the x-ray region,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 181, 107–120 (1977).

Schneider, R.

P. G. Burkhalter, R. Schneider, C. M. Dozier, and Robert D. Cowan, “Spectra of Mo xxxi–xxxiv from exploded-Mo-wire plasmas,” Phys, Rev. A 17, 718–724 (1978).
[Crossref]

Shiloh, J.

P. G. Burkhalter, J. Shiloh, A. Fisher, and Robert D. Cowan, “X-Ray spectra from a gas-puff z-pinch device,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4532–4540 (1979).
[Crossref]

Swartz, M.

U. Feldman, M. Swartz, and L. Cohen, “Vacuum ultraviolet source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 1372–1373 (1967).
[Crossref]

Tyrén, F.

F. Tyrén, “Optical L-spectra of the elements Cr through Co in the extreme ultraviolet,” Z. Phys. 111, 314–317 (1938).
[Crossref]

R. Edlén and F. Tyrén, “Optical L-spectra of the elements K through Cr,Z. Phys. 101, 206–213 (1936).
[Crossref]

Ugiansky, R. J.

Vinogradov, A. V.

E. V. Aglitskii, V. A. Boiko, A. V. Vinogradov, and E. A. Yukon, “Diagnostics of dense laser plasma based on the spectra of hydrogen-like and helium-like multiply charged ions,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 322–328 (1974).
[Crossref]

Yukon, E. A.

E. V. Aglitskii, V. A. Boiko, A. V. Vinogradov, and E. A. Yukon, “Diagnostics of dense laser plasma based on the spectra of hydrogen-like and helium-like multiply charged ions,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 322–328 (1974).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. G. Burkhalter, J. Shiloh, A. Fisher, and Robert D. Cowan, “X-Ray spectra from a gas-puff z-pinch device,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4532–4540 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. (2)

C. P. Bhalla, A. H. Gabriel, and L. P. Presnyakov, “Dielectronic satellite spectra for highly-charged helium-like ions,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 172, 359–375 (1975).

V. A. Boiko, A. Ya. Faenov, S. A. Pikuz, and U. I. Safronova, “The analysis of satellites to the H-Iike ion resonance lines observed in the x-ray region,” Mon. Not. R. Astr. Soc. 181, 107–120 (1977).

Phys, Rev. A (1)

P. G. Burkhalter, R. Schneider, C. M. Dozier, and Robert D. Cowan, “Spectra of Mo xxxi–xxxiv from exploded-Mo-wire plasmas,” Phys, Rev. A 17, 718–724 (1978).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

U. Feldman, M. Swartz, and L. Cohen, “Vacuum ultraviolet source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 1372–1373 (1967).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. V. Aglitskii, V. A. Boiko, A. V. Vinogradov, and E. A. Yukon, “Diagnostics of dense laser plasma based on the spectra of hydrogen-like and helium-like multiply charged ions,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 322–328 (1974).
[Crossref]

Z. Phys. (2)

R. Edlén and F. Tyrén, “Optical L-spectra of the elements K through Cr,Z. Phys. 101, 206–213 (1936).
[Crossref]

F. Tyrén, “Optical L-spectra of the elements Cr through Co in the extreme ultraviolet,” Z. Phys. 111, 314–317 (1938).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

C. Breton, C. DeMichelis, M. Finkenthal, and M. Mattioli, Ionization equilibrium of selected elements from neon to tungsten of interest in Tokamak plasma research, Report No. EUR-CEA-FC-948, Mr.1978 (unpublished), pp. 16, Centre d’Etudes Nucleaires, 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France).

J. M. McMahon and O. C. Barr, Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of the Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, San Diego, August 1973, Vol. 41 (unpublished).

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Figures (4)

FIG. 1
FIG. 1

Densitometer trace of Ti spectra: focused-laser source (upper) and the vacuum-spark device (lower). Theoretical wavelengths and transition probabilities are plotted for Ti xii transitions. The 2p6 3s-2p5 3s2 transitions (dashed lines) and the 2p6 3p-2p5 3s3p transitions (solid lines) are plotted in the upper portion of the figure and the 2p6 3d-2p5 3s3d transitions in the lower part of the figure.

FIG. 2
FIG. 2

Densitometer trace of Ti spectra: focused-laser source (upper) and the vacuum-spark device (lower). The Ne-like 2p-3d lines and F-like 2p-3s lines together with the theoretical line patterns for Ti xii are shown. The 2p6 3s-2p5 3s3d transitions (dashed lines) and the 2p6 3p-2p5 3p3d transitions (solid lines) are plotted on the upper spectrum and the 2p63d-2p53d2 transitions are plotted on the lower spectrum.

FIG. 3
FIG. 3

Densitometer trace of Fe spectra: laser-produced (upper) and vacuum spark (lower), together with theoretical transitions in Fe xvi and Fe xv. The upper set of calculated wavelengths are for the 2p6 3s-2p5 3s2 (dashed lines) and 2p6 3p-2p5 3s3p (solid lines) and the lower set for the 2p63d-2p53s3d transitions in Fe xvi. The calculations in Fe xv are for the 2p63s3p-2p53s23p transitions.

FIG. 4
FIG. 4

Densitometer trace of Fe spectra: laser-produced (upper) and vacuum spark (lower). Identifications for the 2p-3d lines in Ne-like and 2p-3s lines in F-like Fe are shown. The Fe xvi theoretical line patterns for the 2p6 3s-2p5 3s3d transitions (dashed lines) and the 2p6 3p-2p5 3p3d transitions (solid lines) are plotted on the upper spectrum, together with the 2p63s2-2p52s23d transitions in Fe xv. The 2p63d-2p53d2 transitions are plotted on the lower spectrum.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

TABLE I Experimental (exp) and calculated (calc) values for Na-like transitions in Ti xii

Tables Icon

TABLE II Experimental and calculated values for Na- and Mg-like transitions in Fe