Abstract

Visual observations from space reveal a number of fascinating natural phenomena of interest to meteorologists and aeronomists, such as aurorae, airglow, aerosol layers, lightning, and atmospheric refraction effects. Other man-made radiation, including city lights and laser beacons, are also of considerable interest. Of course, the most widely used space observations are of the large-scale weather systems viewed each day by millions of people on their local television. From lower altitudes than the geostationary meteorological satellite orbits, obliques and overlapping stereo views are possible, allow height information to be obtained directly, often a key element in the use of the photographs for research purposes. However, this note will discuss only the less common observations mentioned at the beginning of this paragraph.

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  1. Donald M. Packer and Irene G. Packer, "Some results of Skylab experiment S063." in Scientific Investigations on the Skylab Satellite, Prog. Astronaut. and Aeronaut. 48, 211–221 (1976).
  2. Donald M. Packer and Irene G. Packer, "Exploring the earth's atmosphere by photography from Skylab," Appl. Opt. 16, 983–992 (1977).
  3. Thomas A. Croft, "Nighttime images of the earth from space," Sci. Am. 239, 86–98 (July, 1978).
  4. Kenneth R. Piech and John R. Schott, "Evaluation of Skylab Earth Laser Beacon Imagery," Final Report, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, NY, March 1975 (unpublished).
  5. Jack L. Bufton, Louis O. Caudill, Thomas E. McGunigal, and Kenneth R. Piech, "Skylab Earth Laser Beacon Results and Analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1180–1183 (1979).
  6. T. J. Pepin, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, F. Simon, T. J. Swissler, R. R. Adams, K. H. Crumbly, and W. H. Fuller, Jr., "Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements (MA-007)," ASTP Summary Science Report, NASA SP-412, 127–136 (1977).
  7. William P. Chu, "Analytical Solutions to the Refraction Integral for Spacecraft Remote Sensing Applications," paper at Meteorological Optics Meeting of the Optical Society of America, Keystone, CO, August 28, 1978 (unpublished).
  8. Donald W. Schuerman, Frank Giovane, and J. Mayo Greenberg, "Stellar refraction: a tool to monitor the height of the tropopause from space," J. Appl. Meteorol. 14, 1182–1186 (1975).

1979 (1)

1977 (2)

T. J. Pepin, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, F. Simon, T. J. Swissler, R. R. Adams, K. H. Crumbly, and W. H. Fuller, Jr., "Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements (MA-007)," ASTP Summary Science Report, NASA SP-412, 127–136 (1977).

Donald M. Packer and Irene G. Packer, "Exploring the earth's atmosphere by photography from Skylab," Appl. Opt. 16, 983–992 (1977).

1975 (1)

Donald W. Schuerman, Frank Giovane, and J. Mayo Greenberg, "Stellar refraction: a tool to monitor the height of the tropopause from space," J. Appl. Meteorol. 14, 1182–1186 (1975).

Adams, R. R.

T. J. Pepin, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, F. Simon, T. J. Swissler, R. R. Adams, K. H. Crumbly, and W. H. Fuller, Jr., "Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements (MA-007)," ASTP Summary Science Report, NASA SP-412, 127–136 (1977).

Bufton, Jack L.

Caudill, Louis O.

Chu, W. P.

T. J. Pepin, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, F. Simon, T. J. Swissler, R. R. Adams, K. H. Crumbly, and W. H. Fuller, Jr., "Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements (MA-007)," ASTP Summary Science Report, NASA SP-412, 127–136 (1977).

Chu, William P.

William P. Chu, "Analytical Solutions to the Refraction Integral for Spacecraft Remote Sensing Applications," paper at Meteorological Optics Meeting of the Optical Society of America, Keystone, CO, August 28, 1978 (unpublished).

Croft, Thomas A.

Thomas A. Croft, "Nighttime images of the earth from space," Sci. Am. 239, 86–98 (July, 1978).

Crumbly, K. H.

T. J. Pepin, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, F. Simon, T. J. Swissler, R. R. Adams, K. H. Crumbly, and W. H. Fuller, Jr., "Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements (MA-007)," ASTP Summary Science Report, NASA SP-412, 127–136 (1977).

Fuller, Jr., W. H.

T. J. Pepin, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, F. Simon, T. J. Swissler, R. R. Adams, K. H. Crumbly, and W. H. Fuller, Jr., "Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements (MA-007)," ASTP Summary Science Report, NASA SP-412, 127–136 (1977).

Giovane, Frank

Donald W. Schuerman, Frank Giovane, and J. Mayo Greenberg, "Stellar refraction: a tool to monitor the height of the tropopause from space," J. Appl. Meteorol. 14, 1182–1186 (1975).

Greenberg, J. Mayo

Donald W. Schuerman, Frank Giovane, and J. Mayo Greenberg, "Stellar refraction: a tool to monitor the height of the tropopause from space," J. Appl. Meteorol. 14, 1182–1186 (1975).

McCormick, M. P.

T. J. Pepin, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, F. Simon, T. J. Swissler, R. R. Adams, K. H. Crumbly, and W. H. Fuller, Jr., "Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements (MA-007)," ASTP Summary Science Report, NASA SP-412, 127–136 (1977).

McGunigal, Thomas E.

Packer, Donald M.

Donald M. Packer and Irene G. Packer, "Exploring the earth's atmosphere by photography from Skylab," Appl. Opt. 16, 983–992 (1977).

Donald M. Packer and Irene G. Packer, "Some results of Skylab experiment S063." in Scientific Investigations on the Skylab Satellite, Prog. Astronaut. and Aeronaut. 48, 211–221 (1976).

Packer, Irene G.

Donald M. Packer and Irene G. Packer, "Exploring the earth's atmosphere by photography from Skylab," Appl. Opt. 16, 983–992 (1977).

Donald M. Packer and Irene G. Packer, "Some results of Skylab experiment S063." in Scientific Investigations on the Skylab Satellite, Prog. Astronaut. and Aeronaut. 48, 211–221 (1976).

Pepin, T. J.

T. J. Pepin, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, F. Simon, T. J. Swissler, R. R. Adams, K. H. Crumbly, and W. H. Fuller, Jr., "Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements (MA-007)," ASTP Summary Science Report, NASA SP-412, 127–136 (1977).

Piech, Kenneth R.

Jack L. Bufton, Louis O. Caudill, Thomas E. McGunigal, and Kenneth R. Piech, "Skylab Earth Laser Beacon Results and Analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1180–1183 (1979).

Kenneth R. Piech and John R. Schott, "Evaluation of Skylab Earth Laser Beacon Imagery," Final Report, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, NY, March 1975 (unpublished).

Schott, John R.

Kenneth R. Piech and John R. Schott, "Evaluation of Skylab Earth Laser Beacon Imagery," Final Report, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, NY, March 1975 (unpublished).

Schuerman, Donald W.

Donald W. Schuerman, Frank Giovane, and J. Mayo Greenberg, "Stellar refraction: a tool to monitor the height of the tropopause from space," J. Appl. Meteorol. 14, 1182–1186 (1975).

Simon, F.

T. J. Pepin, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, F. Simon, T. J. Swissler, R. R. Adams, K. H. Crumbly, and W. H. Fuller, Jr., "Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements (MA-007)," ASTP Summary Science Report, NASA SP-412, 127–136 (1977).

Swissler, T. J.

T. J. Pepin, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, F. Simon, T. J. Swissler, R. R. Adams, K. H. Crumbly, and W. H. Fuller, Jr., "Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements (MA-007)," ASTP Summary Science Report, NASA SP-412, 127–136 (1977).

Appl. Opt. (1)

ASTP Summary Science Report (1)

T. J. Pepin, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, F. Simon, T. J. Swissler, R. R. Adams, K. H. Crumbly, and W. H. Fuller, Jr., "Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements (MA-007)," ASTP Summary Science Report, NASA SP-412, 127–136 (1977).

J. Appl. Meteorol. (1)

Donald W. Schuerman, Frank Giovane, and J. Mayo Greenberg, "Stellar refraction: a tool to monitor the height of the tropopause from space," J. Appl. Meteorol. 14, 1182–1186 (1975).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Sci. Am. (1)

Thomas A. Croft, "Nighttime images of the earth from space," Sci. Am. 239, 86–98 (July, 1978).

Other (3)

Kenneth R. Piech and John R. Schott, "Evaluation of Skylab Earth Laser Beacon Imagery," Final Report, Calspan Corp., Buffalo, NY, March 1975 (unpublished).

Donald M. Packer and Irene G. Packer, "Some results of Skylab experiment S063." in Scientific Investigations on the Skylab Satellite, Prog. Astronaut. and Aeronaut. 48, 211–221 (1976).

William P. Chu, "Analytical Solutions to the Refraction Integral for Spacecraft Remote Sensing Applications," paper at Meteorological Optics Meeting of the Optical Society of America, Keystone, CO, August 28, 1978 (unpublished).

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