Abstract

The corneal polarization cross can be seen at the human cornea using crossed polaroids. The optical mechanisms for this phenomena include rotation and retardation of the light at the surface of the cornea due to the corneal curvature, as well as retardation due to an average circumferential orientation of the birefringent corneal collagen.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Cogan, Arch. Ophthalmol. (Chic.) 25(3), 391 (1941).
    [Crossref]
  2. H. Schiotz, Nord. Med. Ark. 14(28), 1 (1882).
  3. A. Stanworth and E. J. Naylor, Br. J. Ophthalmol. 34, 201 (1950).
  4. D. Kaplan and F. Bettelheim, Exp. Eye Res. 13, 219 (1972).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. M. J. Hogan, J. A. Alvarado, and J. E. Weddell, Histology of the Human EyeSaunders, Philadelphia, 1971), p. 89.
  6. M. J. Hogan and L. E. Zimmerman, Ophthalmic Pathology (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1962), p. 345.
  7. S. Inoue, Exp. Cell Res. 3, 199 (1952).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. Wood, Physical Optics (Dover, New York, 1967), p. 414.
  9. W. Kokott, Albrecht v. Graefes, Arch. Ophthalmol. 138, 424 (1938).
  10. G. Boehm, Acta Ophthalmol. 18L, 109 (1940).
  11. C. Shute, Nature 250, 163 (1974).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. R. M. Tamarova, in “Problems of Physiological Optics,” Vol. 15 “Physiology of vision under normal and extreme conditions” NASA Technical Translation NASA TT F-650, 192 (1971).
  13. B. F. Hochheimer (unpublished). Applied Physics Laboratory, The Johns Hopkins University.

1974 (1)

C. Shute, Nature 250, 163 (1974).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1972 (1)

D. Kaplan and F. Bettelheim, Exp. Eye Res. 13, 219 (1972).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1952 (1)

S. Inoue, Exp. Cell Res. 3, 199 (1952).
[Crossref]

1950 (1)

A. Stanworth and E. J. Naylor, Br. J. Ophthalmol. 34, 201 (1950).

1941 (1)

D. Cogan, Arch. Ophthalmol. (Chic.) 25(3), 391 (1941).
[Crossref]

1940 (1)

G. Boehm, Acta Ophthalmol. 18L, 109 (1940).

1938 (1)

W. Kokott, Albrecht v. Graefes, Arch. Ophthalmol. 138, 424 (1938).

1882 (1)

H. Schiotz, Nord. Med. Ark. 14(28), 1 (1882).

Alvarado, J. A.

M. J. Hogan, J. A. Alvarado, and J. E. Weddell, Histology of the Human EyeSaunders, Philadelphia, 1971), p. 89.

Bettelheim, F.

D. Kaplan and F. Bettelheim, Exp. Eye Res. 13, 219 (1972).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boehm, G.

G. Boehm, Acta Ophthalmol. 18L, 109 (1940).

Cogan, D.

D. Cogan, Arch. Ophthalmol. (Chic.) 25(3), 391 (1941).
[Crossref]

Hochheimer, B. F.

B. F. Hochheimer (unpublished). Applied Physics Laboratory, The Johns Hopkins University.

Hogan, M. J.

M. J. Hogan and L. E. Zimmerman, Ophthalmic Pathology (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1962), p. 345.

M. J. Hogan, J. A. Alvarado, and J. E. Weddell, Histology of the Human EyeSaunders, Philadelphia, 1971), p. 89.

Inoue, S.

S. Inoue, Exp. Cell Res. 3, 199 (1952).
[Crossref]

Kaplan, D.

D. Kaplan and F. Bettelheim, Exp. Eye Res. 13, 219 (1972).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kokott, W.

W. Kokott, Albrecht v. Graefes, Arch. Ophthalmol. 138, 424 (1938).

Naylor, E. J.

A. Stanworth and E. J. Naylor, Br. J. Ophthalmol. 34, 201 (1950).

Schiotz, H.

H. Schiotz, Nord. Med. Ark. 14(28), 1 (1882).

Shute, C.

C. Shute, Nature 250, 163 (1974).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stanworth, A.

A. Stanworth and E. J. Naylor, Br. J. Ophthalmol. 34, 201 (1950).

Tamarova, R. M.

R. M. Tamarova, in “Problems of Physiological Optics,” Vol. 15 “Physiology of vision under normal and extreme conditions” NASA Technical Translation NASA TT F-650, 192 (1971).

Weddell, J. E.

M. J. Hogan, J. A. Alvarado, and J. E. Weddell, Histology of the Human EyeSaunders, Philadelphia, 1971), p. 89.

Wood, R.

R. Wood, Physical Optics (Dover, New York, 1967), p. 414.

Zimmerman, L. E.

M. J. Hogan and L. E. Zimmerman, Ophthalmic Pathology (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1962), p. 345.

Acta Ophthalmol. (1)

G. Boehm, Acta Ophthalmol. 18L, 109 (1940).

Albrecht v. Graefes, Arch. Ophthalmol. (1)

W. Kokott, Albrecht v. Graefes, Arch. Ophthalmol. 138, 424 (1938).

Arch. Ophthalmol. (Chic.) (1)

D. Cogan, Arch. Ophthalmol. (Chic.) 25(3), 391 (1941).
[Crossref]

Br. J. Ophthalmol. (1)

A. Stanworth and E. J. Naylor, Br. J. Ophthalmol. 34, 201 (1950).

Exp. Cell Res. (1)

S. Inoue, Exp. Cell Res. 3, 199 (1952).
[Crossref]

Exp. Eye Res. (1)

D. Kaplan and F. Bettelheim, Exp. Eye Res. 13, 219 (1972).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

C. Shute, Nature 250, 163 (1974).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nord. Med. Ark. (1)

H. Schiotz, Nord. Med. Ark. 14(28), 1 (1882).

Other (5)

R. Wood, Physical Optics (Dover, New York, 1967), p. 414.

M. J. Hogan, J. A. Alvarado, and J. E. Weddell, Histology of the Human EyeSaunders, Philadelphia, 1971), p. 89.

M. J. Hogan and L. E. Zimmerman, Ophthalmic Pathology (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1962), p. 345.

R. M. Tamarova, in “Problems of Physiological Optics,” Vol. 15 “Physiology of vision under normal and extreme conditions” NASA Technical Translation NASA TT F-650, 192 (1971).

B. F. Hochheimer (unpublished). Applied Physics Laboratory, The Johns Hopkins University.

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Figures (1)

FIG. 1
FIG. 1

Corneal polarization cross.