Abstract

The corneal polarization cross can be seen at the human cornea using crossed polaroids. The optical mechanisms for this phenomena include rotation and retardation of the light at the surface of the cornea due to the corneal curvature, as well as retardation due to an average circumferential orientation of the birefringent corneal collagen.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Cogan, Arch. Ophthalmol. (Chic.) 25(3), 391 (1941).
  2. H. Schiotz, Nord. Med. Ark. 14 (28), 1 (1882).
  3. A. Stanworth and E. J. Naylor, Br. J. Ophthalmol. 34, 201 (1950).
  4. D. Kaplan and F. Bettelheim, Exp. Eye Res. 13, 219 (1972).
  5. M. J. Hogan, J. A. Alvarado, and J. E. Weddell, Histology of the Human Eye Saunders, Philadelphia, 1971), p. 89.
  6. M. J. Hogan and L. E. Zimmerman, Ophthalmic Pathology (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1962), p. 345.
  7. S. Inoue, Exp. Cell Res. 3, 199 (1952).
  8. R. Wood, Physical Optics (Dover, New York, 1967), p. 414.
  9. W. Kokott, Albrecht v. Graefes, Arch. Ophthalmol. 138, 424 (1938).
  10. G. Boehm, Acta Ophthalmol. 18L, 109 (1940).
  11. C. Shute, Nature 250, 163 (1974).
  12. R. M. Tamarova, in "Problems of Physiological Optics," Vol. 15 "Physiology of vision under normal and extreme conditions" NASA Technical Translation NASA TT F-650, 192 (1971).
  13. B. F. Hochheimer (unpublished). Applied Physics Laboratory, The Johns Hopkins University.

Alvarado, J. A.

M. J. Hogan, J. A. Alvarado, and J. E. Weddell, Histology of the Human Eye Saunders, Philadelphia, 1971), p. 89.

Bettelheim, F.

D. Kaplan and F. Bettelheim, Exp. Eye Res. 13, 219 (1972).

Boehm, G.

G. Boehm, Acta Ophthalmol. 18L, 109 (1940).

Cogan, D.

D. Cogan, Arch. Ophthalmol. (Chic.) 25(3), 391 (1941).

Hochheimer, B. F.

B. F. Hochheimer (unpublished). Applied Physics Laboratory, The Johns Hopkins University.

Hogan, M. J.

M. J. Hogan and L. E. Zimmerman, Ophthalmic Pathology (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1962), p. 345.

M. J. Hogan, J. A. Alvarado, and J. E. Weddell, Histology of the Human Eye Saunders, Philadelphia, 1971), p. 89.

Inoue, S.

S. Inoue, Exp. Cell Res. 3, 199 (1952).

Kaplan, D.

D. Kaplan and F. Bettelheim, Exp. Eye Res. 13, 219 (1972).

Kokott, W.

W. Kokott, Albrecht v. Graefes, Arch. Ophthalmol. 138, 424 (1938).

Naylor, E. J.

A. Stanworth and E. J. Naylor, Br. J. Ophthalmol. 34, 201 (1950).

Schiotz, H.

H. Schiotz, Nord. Med. Ark. 14 (28), 1 (1882).

Shute, C.

C. Shute, Nature 250, 163 (1974).

Stanworth, A.

A. Stanworth and E. J. Naylor, Br. J. Ophthalmol. 34, 201 (1950).

Tamarova, R. M.

R. M. Tamarova, in "Problems of Physiological Optics," Vol. 15 "Physiology of vision under normal and extreme conditions" NASA Technical Translation NASA TT F-650, 192 (1971).

Weddell, J. E.

M. J. Hogan, J. A. Alvarado, and J. E. Weddell, Histology of the Human Eye Saunders, Philadelphia, 1971), p. 89.

Wood, R.

R. Wood, Physical Optics (Dover, New York, 1967), p. 414.

Zimmerman, L. E.

M. J. Hogan and L. E. Zimmerman, Ophthalmic Pathology (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1962), p. 345.

Other (13)

D. Cogan, Arch. Ophthalmol. (Chic.) 25(3), 391 (1941).

H. Schiotz, Nord. Med. Ark. 14 (28), 1 (1882).

A. Stanworth and E. J. Naylor, Br. J. Ophthalmol. 34, 201 (1950).

D. Kaplan and F. Bettelheim, Exp. Eye Res. 13, 219 (1972).

M. J. Hogan, J. A. Alvarado, and J. E. Weddell, Histology of the Human Eye Saunders, Philadelphia, 1971), p. 89.

M. J. Hogan and L. E. Zimmerman, Ophthalmic Pathology (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1962), p. 345.

S. Inoue, Exp. Cell Res. 3, 199 (1952).

R. Wood, Physical Optics (Dover, New York, 1967), p. 414.

W. Kokott, Albrecht v. Graefes, Arch. Ophthalmol. 138, 424 (1938).

G. Boehm, Acta Ophthalmol. 18L, 109 (1940).

C. Shute, Nature 250, 163 (1974).

R. M. Tamarova, in "Problems of Physiological Optics," Vol. 15 "Physiology of vision under normal and extreme conditions" NASA Technical Translation NASA TT F-650, 192 (1971).

B. F. Hochheimer (unpublished). Applied Physics Laboratory, The Johns Hopkins University.

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