Abstract

In the literature on fiber optics the notions of Lambertian and totally incoherent sources and their efficiency for exciting all waveguide modes are often confused. In this paper a general electromagnetic theory approach is used to establish the nature of the field which does excite all modes equally and independently. The sense in which this source is incoherent, and its Lambertian nature, are exhibited. The relations between modal and asymptotic or geometrical optics formulas for mode counting and description of intensity propagation are clarified for complete fiber excitation.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. H. Carter and E. Wolf, "Coherence properties of Lambertian and non-Lambertian sources," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 1067–1071 (1975).
  2. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), Ch. 10.
  3. D. J. Carpenter and C. Pask, "The angular spectrum approach to diffraction of partially coherent light," Opt. Acta 24, 939–948 (1977).
  4. D. J. Carpenter and C. Pask, "Geometric optics approach to fibre excitation by partially coherent sources," Opt. Quant. Electron. 9, 373–382 (1977).
  5. D. Marcuse, Light Transmission Optics (Van Nostrand, New York, 1972).
  6. R. E. Collin, Field Theory of Guided Waves (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960).
  7. O. Bryngdahl, "Evanescent waves in optical imaging", Prog. Op. XI, 167–221 (1973).
  8. H. P. Baltes, "Coherence and the radiation laws," Appl. Phys. 12, 221–244 (1977).
  9. C. Pask, A. W. Snyder, and D. J. Mitchell, "Number of modes on optical waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 356–357 (1975).
  10. D. N. Payne, F. M. E. Sladen, and M. J. Adams, "Index profile determination in graded index fibres," First European Conference on Optical Fibre Communication (IEE Press, London, 1975).
  11. J. A. Arnaud, Beam and Fiber Optics (Academic, New York, 1976).
  12. M. C. Hudson, "Calculation of the maximum coupling efficiency into multimode optical waveguides," Appl. Opt. 13, 1029–1033 (1974).
  13. A. W. Snyder and C. Pask, "Incoherent illumination of an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 806–812 (1973).
  14. D. Marcuse, "Excitation of parabolic-index fibers with incoherent sources," Bell Sys. Tech. J. 54, 1507–1530 (1975).
  15. A. W. Snyder, C. Pask, and D. J. Mitchell, "Light-acceptance property of an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 59–64 (1973).
  16. R. Sammut, C. Pask, and A. W. Snyder, "Excitation and power of the unbound modes within a circular dielectric waveguide," Proc. IEEE 122, 25–33 (1975).
  17. R. Sammut and A. W. Snyder, "Leaky modes on a dielectric waveguide: orthogonality and excitation," Appl. Opt. 15, 1040–1044 (1976).

1977

H. P. Baltes, "Coherence and the radiation laws," Appl. Phys. 12, 221–244 (1977).

D. J. Carpenter and C. Pask, "The angular spectrum approach to diffraction of partially coherent light," Opt. Acta 24, 939–948 (1977).

D. J. Carpenter and C. Pask, "Geometric optics approach to fibre excitation by partially coherent sources," Opt. Quant. Electron. 9, 373–382 (1977).

1976

1975

1974

1973

Adams, M. J.

D. N. Payne, F. M. E. Sladen, and M. J. Adams, "Index profile determination in graded index fibres," First European Conference on Optical Fibre Communication (IEE Press, London, 1975).

Arnaud, J. A.

J. A. Arnaud, Beam and Fiber Optics (Academic, New York, 1976).

Baltes, H. P.

H. P. Baltes, "Coherence and the radiation laws," Appl. Phys. 12, 221–244 (1977).

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), Ch. 10.

Bryngdahl, O.

O. Bryngdahl, "Evanescent waves in optical imaging", Prog. Op. XI, 167–221 (1973).

Carpenter, D. J.

D. J. Carpenter and C. Pask, "The angular spectrum approach to diffraction of partially coherent light," Opt. Acta 24, 939–948 (1977).

D. J. Carpenter and C. Pask, "Geometric optics approach to fibre excitation by partially coherent sources," Opt. Quant. Electron. 9, 373–382 (1977).

Carter, W. H.

Collin, R. E.

R. E. Collin, Field Theory of Guided Waves (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960).

Hudson, M. C.

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, "Excitation of parabolic-index fibers with incoherent sources," Bell Sys. Tech. J. 54, 1507–1530 (1975).

D. Marcuse, Light Transmission Optics (Van Nostrand, New York, 1972).

Mitchell, D. J.

Pask, C.

D. J. Carpenter and C. Pask, "Geometric optics approach to fibre excitation by partially coherent sources," Opt. Quant. Electron. 9, 373–382 (1977).

D. J. Carpenter and C. Pask, "The angular spectrum approach to diffraction of partially coherent light," Opt. Acta 24, 939–948 (1977).

C. Pask, A. W. Snyder, and D. J. Mitchell, "Number of modes on optical waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 356–357 (1975).

A. W. Snyder and C. Pask, "Incoherent illumination of an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 806–812 (1973).

A. W. Snyder, C. Pask, and D. J. Mitchell, "Light-acceptance property of an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 59–64 (1973).

R. Sammut, C. Pask, and A. W. Snyder, "Excitation and power of the unbound modes within a circular dielectric waveguide," Proc. IEEE 122, 25–33 (1975).

Payne, D. N.

D. N. Payne, F. M. E. Sladen, and M. J. Adams, "Index profile determination in graded index fibres," First European Conference on Optical Fibre Communication (IEE Press, London, 1975).

Sammut, R.

R. Sammut and A. W. Snyder, "Leaky modes on a dielectric waveguide: orthogonality and excitation," Appl. Opt. 15, 1040–1044 (1976).

R. Sammut, C. Pask, and A. W. Snyder, "Excitation and power of the unbound modes within a circular dielectric waveguide," Proc. IEEE 122, 25–33 (1975).

Sladen, F. M. E.

D. N. Payne, F. M. E. Sladen, and M. J. Adams, "Index profile determination in graded index fibres," First European Conference on Optical Fibre Communication (IEE Press, London, 1975).

Snyder, A. W.

Wolf, E.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys.

H. P. Baltes, "Coherence and the radiation laws," Appl. Phys. 12, 221–244 (1977).

Bell Sys. Tech. J.

D. Marcuse, "Excitation of parabolic-index fibers with incoherent sources," Bell Sys. Tech. J. 54, 1507–1530 (1975).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Opt. Acta

D. J. Carpenter and C. Pask, "The angular spectrum approach to diffraction of partially coherent light," Opt. Acta 24, 939–948 (1977).

Opt. Quant. Electron.

D. J. Carpenter and C. Pask, "Geometric optics approach to fibre excitation by partially coherent sources," Opt. Quant. Electron. 9, 373–382 (1977).

Prog. Op.

O. Bryngdahl, "Evanescent waves in optical imaging", Prog. Op. XI, 167–221 (1973).

Other

R. Sammut, C. Pask, and A. W. Snyder, "Excitation and power of the unbound modes within a circular dielectric waveguide," Proc. IEEE 122, 25–33 (1975).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), Ch. 10.

D. Marcuse, Light Transmission Optics (Van Nostrand, New York, 1972).

R. E. Collin, Field Theory of Guided Waves (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960).

D. N. Payne, F. M. E. Sladen, and M. J. Adams, "Index profile determination in graded index fibres," First European Conference on Optical Fibre Communication (IEE Press, London, 1975).

J. A. Arnaud, Beam and Fiber Optics (Academic, New York, 1976).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.