D. Maystre and M. Nevière; "Quantitative theoretical study on the plasmon anomalies of diffraction gratings," J. Opt. 8, 165–174 (1977).

D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Brewster incidence for metallic gratings," Opt. Commun. 2, 196–200 (1976).

M. C. Hutley and D. Maystre, "The total absorption of light by a diffraction grating," Opt. Commun. 3, 431–436 (1976).

D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Some recent theoretical results for gratings; Application tcqtheir use in the very far ultraviolet," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 3, 165–180 (1976).

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, and I. Wilson, "Correlation between efficiency of diffraction gratings and theoretical calculations over a wide range," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14 (suppl.), 143–155 (1975).

M. Nevière; "Sur un formalisme diffèrentiel pour les problames de diffraction dans le domaine de résonance," thesis (University Aix-Marseille III, CNRS A.O. 11556, 1975) (unpublished).

M. C. Hutley, J. P. Verrill, R. C. McPhedran, M. Nevière, and P. Vincent, "Presentation and verification of a differential formulation for the diffraction by conducting gratings," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 87–95 (1975).

R. Petit, "Electromagnetic grating theories: limitations and successes," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 3, 129–135 (1975).

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, and J. Gilewicz, "Theoretical determination of the efficiencies for a conducting grating used in the near ultraviolet," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 79–85 (1974).

D. Maystre, "Sur la diffraction et l'absorption par les réseaux utilisés dans l'infraroige, le visible et l'ultraviolet," thesis (University Aix-Marseille III, CNRS A.O. 9545, 1974) (unpublished).

R. C. McPhedran and D. Maystre, "A detailed theoretical study of the anomalies of a sinusoidal diffraction grating," Opt. Acta 5, 413–421 (1974).

R. C. McPhedran and D. Maystre, "Theoretical study of the diffraction anomalies of holographic gratings," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 241–248 (1974).

M. Nevière, P. Vincent, and R. Petit, "Theory of conducting gratings and their applications to optics," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 65–77 (1974).

D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, "Le théorème de réciprocité pour les réseaux de conductivité finie: démonstration et applications," Opt. Commun. 2, 164–167 (1974).

M. Nevière, M. Cadilhac, and R. Petit, "Applications of conformal mappings to the diffraction of electromagnetic waves by a grating," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 21, 37–46 (1973).

M. Nevière, P. Vincent, R. Petit, and M. Cadilhac, "Determination of the coupling coefficient of a holographic thin film coupler," Opt. Commun. 3, 240–245 (1973).

D. Maystre, "Sur la diffraction d'une onde plane électromagnétique par un réseau métallique," Opt. Commun. 3, 216–219 (1973).

R. Petit, D. Maystre, and M. Nevière, "Practical applications of the electromagnetic theory of gratings," Space Optics, Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of the I.C.O., 667–681 (1972).

D. Maystre, "Sur la diffraction d'une onde plane par un réseau mé- tallique de conductivité finie," Opt. Commun. 1, 50–54 (1972).

^{21}D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Application des propriétes des réseaux échelettes au filtrage des longueurs d'onde," Opt. Commun. 5, 380–382 (1972).

J. Meixner, "On the behaviour of the electromagnetic fields at edges," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 20, 422–447 (1972).

A. Otto and W. Sohler, "Modification of the total reflectance modes in a dielectric film by one metal boundary," Opt. Commun. 3, 254–258 (1971).

P. M. Van den Berg, "Rigorous diffraction theory of optical reflexion and transmission gratings," thesis (Report No. 1971-16, Delft, Netherlands, 1971).

G. Cerutti-Maori, R. Petit, and M. Cadilhac, "Etude numérique du champ diffracté par un réseau," C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 268, 1060–1063 (1969).

A. R. Neureuther and K. Zaki, "Numerical methods for the analysis of scattering from nonplanar periodic structures," Alta Freq., 38, special issue on URSI Symposium, 282–285 (1968).

M. Nevière, M. Cadilhac, and R. Petit, "Applications of conformal mappings to the diffraction of electromagnetic waves by a grating," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 21, 37–46 (1973).

M. Nevière, P. Vincent, R. Petit, and M. Cadilhac, "Determination of the coupling coefficient of a holographic thin film coupler," Opt. Commun. 3, 240–245 (1973).

G. Cerutti-Maori, R. Petit, and M. Cadilhac, "Etude numérique du champ diffracté par un réseau," C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 268, 1060–1063 (1969).

G. Cerutti-Maori, R. Petit, and M. Cadilhac, "Etude numérique du champ diffracté par un réseau," C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 268, 1060–1063 (1969).

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, and J. Gilewicz, "Theoretical determination of the efficiencies for a conducting grating used in the near ultraviolet," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 79–85 (1974).

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, and J. Gilewicz, "Theoretical determination of the efficiencies for a conducting grating used in the near ultraviolet," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 79–85 (1974).

M. C. Hutley and D. Maystre, "The total absorption of light by a diffraction grating," Opt. Commun. 3, 431–436 (1976).

M. C. Hutley, J. P. Verrill, R. C. McPhedran, M. Nevière, and P. Vincent, "Presentation and verification of a differential formulation for the diffraction by conducting gratings," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 87–95 (1975).

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, and I. Wilson, "Correlation between efficiency of diffraction gratings and theoretical calculations over a wide range," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14 (suppl.), 143–155 (1975).

E. G. Loewen, M. Nevière, and D. Maystre, "Review of grating efficiency theory as it applies to blazed and holographic gratings," Appl. Opt. (to be published).

D. Maystre and M. Nevière; "Quantitative theoretical study on the plasmon anomalies of diffraction gratings," J. Opt. 8, 165–174 (1977).

D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Brewster incidence for metallic gratings," Opt. Commun. 2, 196–200 (1976).

M. C. Hutley and D. Maystre, "The total absorption of light by a diffraction grating," Opt. Commun. 3, 431–436 (1976).

D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Some recent theoretical results for gratings; Application tcqtheir use in the very far ultraviolet," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 3, 165–180 (1976).

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, and I. Wilson, "Correlation between efficiency of diffraction gratings and theoretical calculations over a wide range," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14 (suppl.), 143–155 (1975).

R. C. McPhedran and D. Maystre, "Theoretical study of the diffraction anomalies of holographic gratings," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 241–248 (1974).

D. Maystre, "Sur la diffraction et l'absorption par les réseaux utilisés dans l'infraroige, le visible et l'ultraviolet," thesis (University Aix-Marseille III, CNRS A.O. 9545, 1974) (unpublished).

D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, "Le théorème de réciprocité pour les réseaux de conductivité finie: démonstration et applications," Opt. Commun. 2, 164–167 (1974).

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, and J. Gilewicz, "Theoretical determination of the efficiencies for a conducting grating used in the near ultraviolet," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 79–85 (1974).

R. C. McPhedran and D. Maystre, "A detailed theoretical study of the anomalies of a sinusoidal diffraction grating," Opt. Acta 5, 413–421 (1974).

D. Maystre, "Sur la diffraction d'une onde plane électromagnétique par un réseau métallique," Opt. Commun. 3, 216–219 (1973).

D. Maystre, "Sur la diffraction d'une onde plane par un réseau mé- tallique de conductivité finie," Opt. Commun. 1, 50–54 (1972).

R. Petit, D. Maystre, and M. Nevière, "Practical applications of the electromagnetic theory of gratings," Space Optics, Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of the I.C.O., 667–681 (1972).

^{21}D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Application des propriétes des réseaux échelettes au filtrage des longueurs d'onde," Opt. Commun. 5, 380–382 (1972).

E. G. Loewen, M. Nevière, and D. Maystre, "Review of grating efficiency theory as it applies to blazed and holographic gratings," Appl. Opt. (to be published).

M. C. Hutley, J. P. Verrill, R. C. McPhedran, M. Nevière, and P. Vincent, "Presentation and verification of a differential formulation for the diffraction by conducting gratings," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 87–95 (1975).

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, and I. Wilson, "Correlation between efficiency of diffraction gratings and theoretical calculations over a wide range," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14 (suppl.), 143–155 (1975).

R. C. McPhedran and D. Maystre, "Theoretical study of the diffraction anomalies of holographic gratings," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 241–248 (1974).

D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, "Le théorème de réciprocité pour les réseaux de conductivité finie: démonstration et applications," Opt. Commun. 2, 164–167 (1974).

R. C. McPhedran and D. Maystre, "A detailed theoretical study of the anomalies of a sinusoidal diffraction grating," Opt. Acta 5, 413–421 (1974).

J. Meixner, "On the behaviour of the electromagnetic fields at edges," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 20, 422–447 (1972).

C. Müller, Foundations of the mathematical theory of electromagnetic waves (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1969), p. 328.

A. R. Neureuther and K. Zaki, "Numerical methods for the analysis of scattering from nonplanar periodic structures," Alta Freq., 38, special issue on URSI Symposium, 282–285 (1968).

D. Maystre and M. Nevière; "Quantitative theoretical study on the plasmon anomalies of diffraction gratings," J. Opt. 8, 165–174 (1977).

M. Nevière; "Sur un formalisme diffèrentiel pour les problames de diffraction dans le domaine de résonance," thesis (University Aix-Marseille III, CNRS A.O. 11556, 1975) (unpublished).

M. C. Hutley, J. P. Verrill, R. C. McPhedran, M. Nevière, and P. Vincent, "Presentation and verification of a differential formulation for the diffraction by conducting gratings," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 87–95 (1975).

M. Nevière, P. Vincent, and R. Petit, "Theory of conducting gratings and their applications to optics," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 65–77 (1974).

M. Nevière, M. Cadilhac, and R. Petit, "Applications of conformal mappings to the diffraction of electromagnetic waves by a grating," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 21, 37–46 (1973).

M. Nevière, P. Vincent, R. Petit, and M. Cadilhac, "Determination of the coupling coefficient of a holographic thin film coupler," Opt. Commun. 3, 240–245 (1973).

R. Petit, D. Maystre, and M. Nevière, "Practical applications of the electromagnetic theory of gratings," Space Optics, Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of the I.C.O., 667–681 (1972).

E. G. Loewen, M. Nevière, and D. Maystre, "Review of grating efficiency theory as it applies to blazed and holographic gratings," Appl. Opt. (to be published).

A. Otto and W. Sohler, "Modification of the total reflectance modes in a dielectric film by one metal boundary," Opt. Commun. 3, 254–258 (1971).

D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Brewster incidence for metallic gratings," Opt. Commun. 2, 196–200 (1976).

D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Some recent theoretical results for gratings; Application tcqtheir use in the very far ultraviolet," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 3, 165–180 (1976).

R. Petit, "Electromagnetic grating theories: limitations and successes," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 3, 129–135 (1975).

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, and J. Gilewicz, "Theoretical determination of the efficiencies for a conducting grating used in the near ultraviolet," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 79–85 (1974).

M. Nevière, P. Vincent, and R. Petit, "Theory of conducting gratings and their applications to optics," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 65–77 (1974).

M. Nevière, M. Cadilhac, and R. Petit, "Applications of conformal mappings to the diffraction of electromagnetic waves by a grating," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 21, 37–46 (1973).

M. Nevière, P. Vincent, R. Petit, and M. Cadilhac, "Determination of the coupling coefficient of a holographic thin film coupler," Opt. Commun. 3, 240–245 (1973).

^{21}D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Application des propriétes des réseaux échelettes au filtrage des longueurs d'onde," Opt. Commun. 5, 380–382 (1972).

R. Petit, D. Maystre, and M. Nevière, "Practical applications of the electromagnetic theory of gratings," Space Optics, Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of the I.C.O., 667–681 (1972).

G. Cerutti-Maori, R. Petit, and M. Cadilhac, "Etude numérique du champ diffracté par un réseau," C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 268, 1060–1063 (1969).

A. Otto and W. Sohler, "Modification of the total reflectance modes in a dielectric film by one metal boundary," Opt. Commun. 3, 254–258 (1971).

P. M. Van den Berg, "Rigorous diffraction theory of optical reflexion and transmission gratings," thesis (Report No. 1971-16, Delft, Netherlands, 1971).

M. C. Hutley, J. P. Verrill, R. C. McPhedran, M. Nevière, and P. Vincent, "Presentation and verification of a differential formulation for the diffraction by conducting gratings," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 87–95 (1975).

M. C. Hutley, J. P. Verrill, R. C. McPhedran, M. Nevière, and P. Vincent, "Presentation and verification of a differential formulation for the diffraction by conducting gratings," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 87–95 (1975).

M. Nevière, P. Vincent, and R. Petit, "Theory of conducting gratings and their applications to optics," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 65–77 (1974).

M. Nevière, P. Vincent, R. Petit, and M. Cadilhac, "Determination of the coupling coefficient of a holographic thin film coupler," Opt. Commun. 3, 240–245 (1973).

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, and I. Wilson, "Correlation between efficiency of diffraction gratings and theoretical calculations over a wide range," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14 (suppl.), 143–155 (1975).

A. R. Neureuther and K. Zaki, "Numerical methods for the analysis of scattering from nonplanar periodic structures," Alta Freq., 38, special issue on URSI Symposium, 282–285 (1968).

A. R. Neureuther and K. Zaki, "Numerical methods for the analysis of scattering from nonplanar periodic structures," Alta Freq., 38, special issue on URSI Symposium, 282–285 (1968).

G. Cerutti-Maori, R. Petit, and M. Cadilhac, "Etude numérique du champ diffracté par un réseau," C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 268, 1060–1063 (1969).

M. Nevière, M. Cadilhac, and R. Petit, "Applications of conformal mappings to the diffraction of electromagnetic waves by a grating," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 21, 37–46 (1973).

J. Meixner, "On the behaviour of the electromagnetic fields at edges," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 20, 422–447 (1972).

D. Maystre and M. Nevière; "Quantitative theoretical study on the plasmon anomalies of diffraction gratings," J. Opt. 8, 165–174 (1977).

E. G. Loewen, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, and I. Wilson, "Correlation between efficiency of diffraction gratings and theoretical calculations over a wide range," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14 (suppl.), 143–155 (1975).

R. C. McPhedran and D. Maystre, "Theoretical study of the diffraction anomalies of holographic gratings," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 241–248 (1974).

R. Petit, "Electromagnetic grating theories: limitations and successes," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 3, 129–135 (1975).

M. C. Hutley, J. P. Verrill, R. C. McPhedran, M. Nevière, and P. Vincent, "Presentation and verification of a differential formulation for the diffraction by conducting gratings," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 87–95 (1975).

D. Maystre, R. Petit, M. Duban, and J. Gilewicz, "Theoretical determination of the efficiencies for a conducting grating used in the near ultraviolet," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 79–85 (1974).

D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Some recent theoretical results for gratings; Application tcqtheir use in the very far ultraviolet," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 3, 165–180 (1976).

M. Nevière, P. Vincent, and R. Petit, "Theory of conducting gratings and their applications to optics," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 2, 65–77 (1974).

R. C. McPhedran and D. Maystre, "A detailed theoretical study of the anomalies of a sinusoidal diffraction grating," Opt. Acta 5, 413–421 (1974).

M. Nevière, P. Vincent, R. Petit, and M. Cadilhac, "Determination of the coupling coefficient of a holographic thin film coupler," Opt. Commun. 3, 240–245 (1973).

D. Maystre, "Sur la diffraction d'une onde plane par un réseau mé- tallique de conductivité finie," Opt. Commun. 1, 50–54 (1972).

D. Maystre, "Sur la diffraction d'une onde plane électromagnétique par un réseau métallique," Opt. Commun. 3, 216–219 (1973).

^{21}D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Application des propriétes des réseaux échelettes au filtrage des longueurs d'onde," Opt. Commun. 5, 380–382 (1972).

D. Maystre and R. Petit, "Brewster incidence for metallic gratings," Opt. Commun. 2, 196–200 (1976).

M. C. Hutley and D. Maystre, "The total absorption of light by a diffraction grating," Opt. Commun. 3, 431–436 (1976).

A. Otto and W. Sohler, "Modification of the total reflectance modes in a dielectric film by one metal boundary," Opt. Commun. 3, 254–258 (1971).

D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, "Le théorème de réciprocité pour les réseaux de conductivité finie: démonstration et applications," Opt. Commun. 2, 164–167 (1974).

M. Nevière; "Sur un formalisme diffèrentiel pour les problames de diffraction dans le domaine de résonance," thesis (University Aix-Marseille III, CNRS A.O. 11556, 1975) (unpublished).

R. Petit, D. Maystre, and M. Nevière, "Practical applications of the electromagnetic theory of gratings," Space Optics, Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of the I.C.O., 667–681 (1972).

P. M. Van den Berg, "Rigorous diffraction theory of optical reflexion and transmission gratings," thesis (Report No. 1971-16, Delft, Netherlands, 1971).

E. G. Loewen, M. Nevière, and D. Maystre, "Review of grating efficiency theory as it applies to blazed and holographic gratings," Appl. Opt. (to be published).

D. Maystre, "Sur la diffraction et l'absorption par les réseaux utilisés dans l'infraroige, le visible et l'ultraviolet," thesis (University Aix-Marseille III, CNRS A.O. 9545, 1974) (unpublished).

C. Müller, Foundations of the mathematical theory of electromagnetic waves (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1969), p. 328.

The linear vector space *R*′_{0} of distributions, used in this paper, is the set of the linear continuous functionals on the space *R*_{0} of the functions ξ(x,y) defined by the following: ξ(x,y) is differentiable everywhere any number of times; ξ(x,y) is periodic with respect to *x*, with period *d*; ξ(x,y) is equal to zero outside a bounded segment of *O*y axis. Using the Dirac notation, theδ function of *R*′_{0} is defined by δξ, (x,y), = ξ(0,0).