Abstract

The detectability of a brief color shift towards red or towards green of a foveally viewed yellow target is less by 25% if the observer is uncertain as to the direction of the color shift. This result matches a prediction of the theory of signal detectability: When signal parameters become uncertain, detectability declines.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. W. Peterson, T. G. Birdsall, and W. C. Fox, "The theory of signal detectability," IRE Trans. Inf. Theory 4,171 (1954).
  2. W. P. Tanner, Jr., "Physiological implications of psychophysical data," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 89, 752 (1961).
  3. W. P. Tanner, Jr. and R. Clark-Jones, "The ideal sensor system as approached through signal detection theory and the theory of signal detectability," in Visual Search Problems, edited by A Morris and E. P. Home (Wash. D.C.: Armed Forces-NRC Committee on Vision, NAS-NRC Publication #712, 1960).
  4. J. Nachmias and E. C. Kocher, "Visual detection and discrimination of luminance increments," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60,383 (1970).
  5. L. W. Nolte and D. Jaarsma, "More on the detection of one of M orthogonal signals," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 41, 497–505 (1967).
  6. W. P. Tanner, Jr. and T. G. Birdsall, "Definitions of d′ and η as psychophysical measures," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 30, 922–928 (1958).
  7. T. E. Cohn, L. N. Thibos, and R. Kleinstein, "Detectability of a luminance increment," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64,1321–1327 (1974).
  8. T. E. Cohn, "Detectability of a luminance increment: Effect of superimposed random luminance fluctuation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1426–1428 (1976).
  9. T. E. Cohn and D. J. Lasley, "Detectability of a luminance increment: Effect of spatial uncertainty," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1715–1719 (1974).
  10. D. J. Lasley and T. E. Cohn (unpublished); D. J. Lasley, D. Greenhouse, and T. E. Cohn, "Further studies of the effect of stimulus parameter uncertainty upon visual detection performance," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66,1079, (1976).
  11. R. Sekuler and K. Ball, "Mental set alters visibility of moving targets," Science 198, No. 4312, 60-62 (1977).

1977 (1)

R. Sekuler and K. Ball, "Mental set alters visibility of moving targets," Science 198, No. 4312, 60-62 (1977).

1976 (1)

1974 (2)

1970 (1)

J. Nachmias and E. C. Kocher, "Visual detection and discrimination of luminance increments," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60,383 (1970).

1967 (1)

L. W. Nolte and D. Jaarsma, "More on the detection of one of M orthogonal signals," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 41, 497–505 (1967).

1961 (1)

W. P. Tanner, Jr., "Physiological implications of psychophysical data," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 89, 752 (1961).

1960 (1)

W. P. Tanner, Jr. and R. Clark-Jones, "The ideal sensor system as approached through signal detection theory and the theory of signal detectability," in Visual Search Problems, edited by A Morris and E. P. Home (Wash. D.C.: Armed Forces-NRC Committee on Vision, NAS-NRC Publication #712, 1960).

1958 (1)

W. P. Tanner, Jr. and T. G. Birdsall, "Definitions of d′ and η as psychophysical measures," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 30, 922–928 (1958).

1954 (1)

W. W. Peterson, T. G. Birdsall, and W. C. Fox, "The theory of signal detectability," IRE Trans. Inf. Theory 4,171 (1954).

Ball, K.

R. Sekuler and K. Ball, "Mental set alters visibility of moving targets," Science 198, No. 4312, 60-62 (1977).

Birdsall, T. G.

W. P. Tanner, Jr. and T. G. Birdsall, "Definitions of d′ and η as psychophysical measures," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 30, 922–928 (1958).

W. W. Peterson, T. G. Birdsall, and W. C. Fox, "The theory of signal detectability," IRE Trans. Inf. Theory 4,171 (1954).

Clark-Jones, R.

W. P. Tanner, Jr. and R. Clark-Jones, "The ideal sensor system as approached through signal detection theory and the theory of signal detectability," in Visual Search Problems, edited by A Morris and E. P. Home (Wash. D.C.: Armed Forces-NRC Committee on Vision, NAS-NRC Publication #712, 1960).

Cohn, T. E.

Fox, W. C.

W. W. Peterson, T. G. Birdsall, and W. C. Fox, "The theory of signal detectability," IRE Trans. Inf. Theory 4,171 (1954).

Jaarsma, D.

L. W. Nolte and D. Jaarsma, "More on the detection of one of M orthogonal signals," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 41, 497–505 (1967).

Kleinstein, R.

Kocher, E. C.

J. Nachmias and E. C. Kocher, "Visual detection and discrimination of luminance increments," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60,383 (1970).

Lasley, D. J.

T. E. Cohn and D. J. Lasley, "Detectability of a luminance increment: Effect of spatial uncertainty," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1715–1719 (1974).

D. J. Lasley and T. E. Cohn (unpublished); D. J. Lasley, D. Greenhouse, and T. E. Cohn, "Further studies of the effect of stimulus parameter uncertainty upon visual detection performance," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66,1079, (1976).

Nachmias, J.

J. Nachmias and E. C. Kocher, "Visual detection and discrimination of luminance increments," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60,383 (1970).

Nolte, L. W.

L. W. Nolte and D. Jaarsma, "More on the detection of one of M orthogonal signals," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 41, 497–505 (1967).

Peterson, W. W.

W. W. Peterson, T. G. Birdsall, and W. C. Fox, "The theory of signal detectability," IRE Trans. Inf. Theory 4,171 (1954).

Sekuler, R.

R. Sekuler and K. Ball, "Mental set alters visibility of moving targets," Science 198, No. 4312, 60-62 (1977).

Tanner, Jr., W. P.

W. P. Tanner, Jr., "Physiological implications of psychophysical data," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 89, 752 (1961).

W. P. Tanner, Jr. and R. Clark-Jones, "The ideal sensor system as approached through signal detection theory and the theory of signal detectability," in Visual Search Problems, edited by A Morris and E. P. Home (Wash. D.C.: Armed Forces-NRC Committee on Vision, NAS-NRC Publication #712, 1960).

W. P. Tanner, Jr. and T. G. Birdsall, "Definitions of d′ and η as psychophysical measures," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 30, 922–928 (1958).

Thibos, L. N.

Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. (1)

W. P. Tanner, Jr., "Physiological implications of psychophysical data," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 89, 752 (1961).

IRE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

W. W. Peterson, T. G. Birdsall, and W. C. Fox, "The theory of signal detectability," IRE Trans. Inf. Theory 4,171 (1954).

J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (2)

L. W. Nolte and D. Jaarsma, "More on the detection of one of M orthogonal signals," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 41, 497–505 (1967).

W. P. Tanner, Jr. and T. G. Birdsall, "Definitions of d′ and η as psychophysical measures," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 30, 922–928 (1958).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (4)

Science (1)

R. Sekuler and K. Ball, "Mental set alters visibility of moving targets," Science 198, No. 4312, 60-62 (1977).

Other (2)

W. P. Tanner, Jr. and R. Clark-Jones, "The ideal sensor system as approached through signal detection theory and the theory of signal detectability," in Visual Search Problems, edited by A Morris and E. P. Home (Wash. D.C.: Armed Forces-NRC Committee on Vision, NAS-NRC Publication #712, 1960).

D. J. Lasley and T. E. Cohn (unpublished); D. J. Lasley, D. Greenhouse, and T. E. Cohn, "Further studies of the effect of stimulus parameter uncertainty upon visual detection performance," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66,1079, (1976).

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