Abstract

The first spectrum of vanadium has been observed in the 1.0–5.6 μm extraphotographic infrared region by means of Fourier spectroscopic techniques. These observations have produced measurements for about 450 infrared V i lines and preliminary analysis has led to a revision and extension of the spectroscopic terms arising from the 3d5 configuration. The 4F term at about 37 000 cm−1 formerly ascribed to 3d5 has been reassigned to 3d44s. The lowest term of the 3d5 configuration, 6S5/2 at 20 202.47 ± 0.05 cm−1 has been reaffirmed by means of high-precision infrared measurements. In addition, three probable new 3d5 terms, 4G at about 34 200 cm−1, 4P at about 33 000 cm−1 and 2F at about 35 700 cm−1 have been tentatively identified.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. S. Davis and K. L. Andrew, “A remeasurement of the photographic emission spectrum of neutral vanadium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 206–235 (1978).
  2. B. Edlén, “Regularities in the spectra of iron and related elements,” Opt. Pura Apl. 5, 101–107 (1973).
  3. D. S. Davis and K. L. Andrew, “Some comments on the first spectrum of vanadium,” Meeting of the European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy, Oxford, England, July1976.
  4. C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels, Vols. 1 and 2, Circular of the National Bureau of Standards 467 (1949).
  5. P. E. Noorman and J. Schrijver, “Calculations on iv-spectra of the iron group,” Physica 32, 357–359 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  6. P. E. Noorman and J. Schrijver, “Energy level calculations in the low even and odd configurations of iv-spectra in the iron group,” Physica 36, 547–556 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  7. W. F. Meggers and H. N. Russell, “Term analysis of the first spectrum of vanadium,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 17, 125–192 (1936).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. J. Humphreys, “Infrared atomic spectroscopy, based on use of photoconductive detectors,” , 31 (1954); C. J. Humphreys, Proceedings of the Rydberg Centennial Conference on Atomic Spectroscopy, Lunds Universitets Arsskrift, N. F. Avd. 2. Bd.  50 Nr 21 (1954).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  11. J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J.-P. Maillard, and G. Michel, “Spectroscopie de Fourier avec transformation d’un million de points,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3–22 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  12. L. J. Radziemski and V. Kaufman, “Wavelengths, energy levels and analysis of neutral atomic chlorine,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 424–443 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  13. C. J. Humphreys and E. Paul, “First spectra of chlorine, bromine, and iodine in the 1.8–4.0μm region,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 432–439 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  14. C. J. Humphreys and E. Paul, “First spectrum of chlorine; an extension based on observations in the 7000 to 25 000 Å region,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 1180–1186 (1959).
    [Crossref]
  15. C. J. Humphreys, E. Paul, and L. Minnhagen, “First spectra of chlorine, bromine, and iodine in the 4 μ m region,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 110–114 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. Rao, C. J. Humphreys, and D. H. Rank, Wavelength Standards in the Infrared (Academic, New York, 1966).
  17. H. M. Crosswhite and G. H. Dieke, “Important atomic spectra,” in American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1957), pp. 7.46–7.53.
  18. U. Litzén, “The configurations nf and ng in Ne i,” Ark. Fys. 38, 317–324 (1968).
  19. I. Johansson, “A study of the transition 3d-4f and the configuration 4f in Ne i,” Ark. Fys. 25, 381–387 (1963).
  20. C. J. Humphreys, E. Paul, R. D. Cowan, and K. L. Andrew, “Spectra of the noble gases in the 4 μ m region,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 855–864 (1967).
    [Crossref]

1978 (1)

1975 (1)

1973 (1)

B. Edlén, “Regularities in the spectra of iron and related elements,” Opt. Pura Apl. 5, 101–107 (1973).

1972 (1)

1971 (1)

1970 (1)

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J.-P. Maillard, and G. Michel, “Spectroscopie de Fourier avec transformation d’un million de points,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

1968 (1)

U. Litzén, “The configurations nf and ng in Ne i,” Ark. Fys. 38, 317–324 (1968).

1967 (2)

C. J. Humphreys, E. Paul, R. D. Cowan, and K. L. Andrew, “Spectra of the noble gases in the 4 μ m region,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 855–864 (1967).
[Crossref]

P. E. Noorman and J. Schrijver, “Energy level calculations in the low even and odd configurations of iv-spectra in the iron group,” Physica 36, 547–556 (1967).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

P. E. Noorman and J. Schrijver, “Calculations on iv-spectra of the iron group,” Physica 32, 357–359 (1966).
[Crossref]

1963 (1)

I. Johansson, “A study of the transition 3d-4f and the configuration 4f in Ne i,” Ark. Fys. 25, 381–387 (1963).

1959 (1)

1936 (1)

W. F. Meggers and H. N. Russell, “Term analysis of the first spectrum of vanadium,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 17, 125–192 (1936).
[Crossref]

Andrew, K. L.

Connes, J.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J.-P. Maillard, and G. Michel, “Spectroscopie de Fourier avec transformation d’un million de points,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[Crossref]

Connes, P.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J.-P. Maillard, and G. Michel, “Spectroscopie de Fourier avec transformation d’un million de points,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[Crossref]

Cowan, R. D.

Crosswhite, H. M.

H. M. Crosswhite and G. H. Dieke, “Important atomic spectra,” in American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1957), pp. 7.46–7.53.

Davis, D. S.

D. S. Davis and K. L. Andrew, “A remeasurement of the photographic emission spectrum of neutral vanadium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 206–235 (1978).

D. S. Davis, “A study of the spectrum and structure of the neutral vanadium atom,” Ph.D. thesis (Purdue University, 1976), pp. 521–523. University Microfilm International, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, Order No. 77-15, 399.

D. S. Davis and K. L. Andrew, “Some comments on the first spectrum of vanadium,” Meeting of the European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy, Oxford, England, July1976.

Delouis, H.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J.-P. Maillard, and G. Michel, “Spectroscopie de Fourier avec transformation d’un million de points,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[Crossref]

Dieke, G. H.

H. M. Crosswhite and G. H. Dieke, “Important atomic spectra,” in American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1957), pp. 7.46–7.53.

Edlén, B.

B. Edlén, “Regularities in the spectra of iron and related elements,” Opt. Pura Apl. 5, 101–107 (1973).

Fink, U.

Guelachvili, G.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J.-P. Maillard, and G. Michel, “Spectroscopie de Fourier avec transformation d’un million de points,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[Crossref]

Humphreys, C. J.

Johansson, I.

I. Johansson, “A study of the transition 3d-4f and the configuration 4f in Ne i,” Ark. Fys. 25, 381–387 (1963).

Kaufman, V.

Larson, H. P.

Litzén, U.

U. Litzén, “The configurations nf and ng in Ne i,” Ark. Fys. 38, 317–324 (1968).

Maillard, J.-P.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J.-P. Maillard, and G. Michel, “Spectroscopie de Fourier avec transformation d’un million de points,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[Crossref]

Meggers, W. F.

W. F. Meggers and H. N. Russell, “Term analysis of the first spectrum of vanadium,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 17, 125–192 (1936).
[Crossref]

Michel, G.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J.-P. Maillard, and G. Michel, “Spectroscopie de Fourier avec transformation d’un million de points,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[Crossref]

Minnhagen, L.

Moore, C. E.

C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels, Vols. 1 and 2, Circular of the National Bureau of Standards 467 (1949).

Noorman, P. E.

P. E. Noorman and J. Schrijver, “Energy level calculations in the low even and odd configurations of iv-spectra in the iron group,” Physica 36, 547–556 (1967).
[Crossref]

P. E. Noorman and J. Schrijver, “Calculations on iv-spectra of the iron group,” Physica 32, 357–359 (1966).
[Crossref]

Paul, E.

Radziemski, L. J.

Rank, D. H.

M. Rao, C. J. Humphreys, and D. H. Rank, Wavelength Standards in the Infrared (Academic, New York, 1966).

Rao, M.

M. Rao, C. J. Humphreys, and D. H. Rank, Wavelength Standards in the Infrared (Academic, New York, 1966).

Russell, H. N.

W. F. Meggers and H. N. Russell, “Term analysis of the first spectrum of vanadium,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 17, 125–192 (1936).
[Crossref]

Schrijver, J.

P. E. Noorman and J. Schrijver, “Energy level calculations in the low even and odd configurations of iv-spectra in the iron group,” Physica 36, 547–556 (1967).
[Crossref]

P. E. Noorman and J. Schrijver, “Calculations on iv-spectra of the iron group,” Physica 32, 357–359 (1966).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Ark. Fys. (2)

U. Litzén, “The configurations nf and ng in Ne i,” Ark. Fys. 38, 317–324 (1968).

I. Johansson, “A study of the transition 3d-4f and the configuration 4f in Ne i,” Ark. Fys. 25, 381–387 (1963).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (6)

J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (1)

W. F. Meggers and H. N. Russell, “Term analysis of the first spectrum of vanadium,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 17, 125–192 (1936).
[Crossref]

Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. (1)

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J.-P. Maillard, and G. Michel, “Spectroscopie de Fourier avec transformation d’un million de points,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[Crossref]

Opt. Pura Apl. (1)

B. Edlén, “Regularities in the spectra of iron and related elements,” Opt. Pura Apl. 5, 101–107 (1973).

Physica (2)

P. E. Noorman and J. Schrijver, “Calculations on iv-spectra of the iron group,” Physica 32, 357–359 (1966).
[Crossref]

P. E. Noorman and J. Schrijver, “Energy level calculations in the low even and odd configurations of iv-spectra in the iron group,” Physica 36, 547–556 (1967).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

C. J. Humphreys, “Infrared atomic spectroscopy, based on use of photoconductive detectors,” , 31 (1954); C. J. Humphreys, Proceedings of the Rydberg Centennial Conference on Atomic Spectroscopy, Lunds Universitets Arsskrift, N. F. Avd. 2. Bd.  50 Nr 21 (1954).

D. S. Davis and K. L. Andrew, “Some comments on the first spectrum of vanadium,” Meeting of the European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy, Oxford, England, July1976.

C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels, Vols. 1 and 2, Circular of the National Bureau of Standards 467 (1949).

M. Rao, C. J. Humphreys, and D. H. Rank, Wavelength Standards in the Infrared (Academic, New York, 1966).

H. M. Crosswhite and G. H. Dieke, “Important atomic spectra,” in American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1957), pp. 7.46–7.53.

D. S. Davis, “A study of the spectrum and structure of the neutral vanadium atom,” Ph.D. thesis (Purdue University, 1976), pp. 521–523. University Microfilm International, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, Order No. 77-15, 399.

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Tables (8)

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TABLE I The infrared V i emission spectrum.

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TABLE II Infrared V i multiplet.

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TABLE III Infrared V i multiplet.

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TABLE IV Infrared V i multiplet.

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TABLE V Infrared V i multiplet.

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TABLE VI Infrared V i multiplet.

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TABLE VII Infrared V i multiplet.

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TABLE VIII Infrared V i multiplet.