Abstract

Various advances in technique have enabled new measurements to be made over a greatly extended frequency range (6<ν<450cm1) of the optical constants n(ν) and α(ν) of liquid water and liquid D2O at 19°C. The origin of the polarization in this region is discussed.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Chamberlain, M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, M. S. Zafar, and G. J. Davies, Nature Lond. 255, 319–321 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Infrared Phys. 16, 301–310 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. D. Honijk, W. F. Passchier, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, Infrared Phys. 16, 257–262 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. (a)W. F. Passchier, D. D. Honijk, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, J. Phys. D (to be published);(b)D. D. Honijk, A. C. Houwaart, M. N. Afsar, and M. Mandel (unpublished).
  5. C. W. Robertson, B. Curnutte, and D. Williams, Mol. Phys. 26, 183 (1973);H. D. Downing and D. Williams, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 1656 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. W. Ryde and D. Ryde, Res. Labs. Gen. Elect. Co. Ltd., Wembley, England, Report No. 8670 (1945).
  7. P. R. Mason, J. B. Hasted, and L. Moore, Adv. Mol. Relaxation Processes 6, 217–232 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. H. Grant and R. Shack, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 1807 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Whalley, Nature 251, 217 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. S. Zafar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Nature Phys. Sci. 243, 106 (1973).
  11. F. H. Stillinger and A. J. Rahman, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 1281 (1972).A. J. Rahman and F. H. Stillinger, J. Chem. Phys. 55, 3336 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. G. Kirkwood, J. Chem. Phys. 4, 592 (1936).
    [CrossRef]

1976 (2)

M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Infrared Phys. 16, 301–310 (1976).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Honijk, W. F. Passchier, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, Infrared Phys. 16, 257–262 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

J. Chamberlain, M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, M. S. Zafar, and G. J. Davies, Nature Lond. 255, 319–321 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

P. R. Mason, J. B. Hasted, and L. Moore, Adv. Mol. Relaxation Processes 6, 217–232 (1974).
[CrossRef]

E. Whalley, Nature 251, 217 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (2)

M. S. Zafar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Nature Phys. Sci. 243, 106 (1973).

C. W. Robertson, B. Curnutte, and D. Williams, Mol. Phys. 26, 183 (1973);H. D. Downing and D. Williams, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 1656 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

F. H. Stillinger and A. J. Rahman, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 1281 (1972).A. J. Rahman and F. H. Stillinger, J. Chem. Phys. 55, 3336 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

E. H. Grant and R. Shack, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 1807 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1936 (1)

J. G. Kirkwood, J. Chem. Phys. 4, 592 (1936).
[CrossRef]

Afsar, M. N.

M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Infrared Phys. 16, 301–310 (1976).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Honijk, W. F. Passchier, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, Infrared Phys. 16, 257–262 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Chamberlain, M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, M. S. Zafar, and G. J. Davies, Nature Lond. 255, 319–321 (1975).
[CrossRef]

(a)W. F. Passchier, D. D. Honijk, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, J. Phys. D (to be published);(b)D. D. Honijk, A. C. Houwaart, M. N. Afsar, and M. Mandel (unpublished).

Chamberlain, J.

M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Infrared Phys. 16, 301–310 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Chamberlain, M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, M. S. Zafar, and G. J. Davies, Nature Lond. 255, 319–321 (1975).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Zafar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Nature Phys. Sci. 243, 106 (1973).

Curnutte, B.

C. W. Robertson, B. Curnutte, and D. Williams, Mol. Phys. 26, 183 (1973);H. D. Downing and D. Williams, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 1656 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Davies, G. J.

J. Chamberlain, M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, M. S. Zafar, and G. J. Davies, Nature Lond. 255, 319–321 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Grant, E. H.

E. H. Grant and R. Shack, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 1807 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Hasted, J. B.

M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Infrared Phys. 16, 301–310 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Chamberlain, M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, M. S. Zafar, and G. J. Davies, Nature Lond. 255, 319–321 (1975).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Mason, J. B. Hasted, and L. Moore, Adv. Mol. Relaxation Processes 6, 217–232 (1974).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Zafar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Nature Phys. Sci. 243, 106 (1973).

Honijk, D. D.

D. D. Honijk, W. F. Passchier, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, Infrared Phys. 16, 257–262 (1976).
[CrossRef]

(a)W. F. Passchier, D. D. Honijk, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, J. Phys. D (to be published);(b)D. D. Honijk, A. C. Houwaart, M. N. Afsar, and M. Mandel (unpublished).

Kirkwood, J. G.

J. G. Kirkwood, J. Chem. Phys. 4, 592 (1936).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, M.

D. D. Honijk, W. F. Passchier, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, Infrared Phys. 16, 257–262 (1976).
[CrossRef]

(a)W. F. Passchier, D. D. Honijk, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, J. Phys. D (to be published);(b)D. D. Honijk, A. C. Houwaart, M. N. Afsar, and M. Mandel (unpublished).

Mason, P. R.

P. R. Mason, J. B. Hasted, and L. Moore, Adv. Mol. Relaxation Processes 6, 217–232 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Moore, L.

P. R. Mason, J. B. Hasted, and L. Moore, Adv. Mol. Relaxation Processes 6, 217–232 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Passchier, W. F.

D. D. Honijk, W. F. Passchier, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, Infrared Phys. 16, 257–262 (1976).
[CrossRef]

(a)W. F. Passchier, D. D. Honijk, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, J. Phys. D (to be published);(b)D. D. Honijk, A. C. Houwaart, M. N. Afsar, and M. Mandel (unpublished).

Rahman, A. J.

F. H. Stillinger and A. J. Rahman, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 1281 (1972).A. J. Rahman and F. H. Stillinger, J. Chem. Phys. 55, 3336 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, C. W.

C. W. Robertson, B. Curnutte, and D. Williams, Mol. Phys. 26, 183 (1973);H. D. Downing and D. Williams, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 1656 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ryde, D.

J. W. Ryde and D. Ryde, Res. Labs. Gen. Elect. Co. Ltd., Wembley, England, Report No. 8670 (1945).

Ryde, J. W.

J. W. Ryde and D. Ryde, Res. Labs. Gen. Elect. Co. Ltd., Wembley, England, Report No. 8670 (1945).

Shack, R.

E. H. Grant and R. Shack, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 1807 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Stillinger, F. H.

F. H. Stillinger and A. J. Rahman, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 1281 (1972).A. J. Rahman and F. H. Stillinger, J. Chem. Phys. 55, 3336 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Whalley, E.

E. Whalley, Nature 251, 217 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D.

C. W. Robertson, B. Curnutte, and D. Williams, Mol. Phys. 26, 183 (1973);H. D. Downing and D. Williams, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 1656 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Zafar, M. S.

J. Chamberlain, M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, M. S. Zafar, and G. J. Davies, Nature Lond. 255, 319–321 (1975).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Zafar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Nature Phys. Sci. 243, 106 (1973).

Adv. Mol. Relaxation Processes (1)

P. R. Mason, J. B. Hasted, and L. Moore, Adv. Mol. Relaxation Processes 6, 217–232 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Brit. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. H. Grant and R. Shack, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 1807 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. (2)

M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Infrared Phys. 16, 301–310 (1976).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Honijk, W. F. Passchier, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, Infrared Phys. 16, 257–262 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

F. H. Stillinger and A. J. Rahman, J. Chem. Phys. 57, 1281 (1972).A. J. Rahman and F. H. Stillinger, J. Chem. Phys. 55, 3336 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Kirkwood, J. Chem. Phys. 4, 592 (1936).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Phys. (1)

C. W. Robertson, B. Curnutte, and D. Williams, Mol. Phys. 26, 183 (1973);H. D. Downing and D. Williams, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 1656 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

E. Whalley, Nature 251, 217 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Nature Lond. (1)

J. Chamberlain, M. N. Afsar, J. B. Hasted, M. S. Zafar, and G. J. Davies, Nature Lond. 255, 319–321 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Nature Phys. Sci. (1)

M. S. Zafar, J. B. Hasted, and J. Chamberlain, Nature Phys. Sci. 243, 106 (1973).

Other (2)

J. W. Ryde and D. Ryde, Res. Labs. Gen. Elect. Co. Ltd., Wembley, England, Report No. 8670 (1945).

(a)W. F. Passchier, D. D. Honijk, M. Mandel, and M. N. Afsar, J. Phys. D (to be published);(b)D. D. Honijk, A. C. Houwaart, M. N. Afsar, and M. Mandel (unpublished).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

FIG. 1
FIG. 1

Comparison of different experiments measuring n ( ν ) and α ( ν ) for liquid water at 19°C, between 5 and 50 cm−1.

FIG. 2
FIG. 2

(a) and (b) Comparison of liquid H2O and D2O measured optical constants, (c) The absorption index k ( ν ) and refractive index n ( ν ) of H2O between 5 and 450 cm−1. Present results are given by full lines and broken lines represent data taken from Downing and Williams (Ref. 5).

FIG. 3
FIG. 3

Complex permittivity ∊′(∊″) for liquid water at 19°C. A. Data taken directly from Table I. B. Data with principal relaxation contributions subtracted. C. Previous data (Ref. 1) with principal relaxation contributions subtracted. D. Measurement by Ryde and Ryde (Ref. 6).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

TABLE I (a) Measured optical constants and ( ν ), ( ν ) of H2O, ∼19°C. All values are rounded off.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

L ̂ ( ν ) = r ̂ W L ( ν ) r ̂ W 0 ( ν ) = F { F W L ( x ) } F { F W 0 ( x ) } = [ n ̂ L ( ν ) n ̂ W ( ν ) ] [ 1 + n ̂ W ( ν ) ] [ n ̂ L ( ν ) + n ̂ W ( ν ) ] [ 1 n ̂ W ( ν ) ] ,
Δ = ( s ) / ( 1 + ω 2 τ 2 ) ,
Δ = ω τ ( s ) / ( 1 + ω 2 τ 2 )
ν ( cm 1 )
k ( α / 4 π ν )