Abstract

High-intensity (10<sup>13</sup>–10<sup>17</sup> W/cm<sup>2</sup>) 1.06 µm laser light absorption experiments with spherical and planar targets suggest that inverse bremsstrahlung absorption is not the dominant absorption mechanism. Evidence is presented that resonance absorption together with ponderomotive force effects such as filamentation and density profile steepening strongly influence the laser light absorption.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. A. Glaze, "High Energy Glass Laser," Opt. Eng. 15, 136–142 (1976).
  2. D. R. Speck and F. Rienecker, Lawrence Livermore Lab. Report No. UCRL 50021-74, 35 (1974) (unpublished).
  3. S. Thomas, Appl. Opt. 14, 1267 (1975).
  4. K. A. Brueckner and J. E. Howard, Appl. Opt. 14, 1274 (1975).
  5. C. R. Phipps, S. E. Bodner, and J. W. Shearer, Appl. Opt. 14, 985 (1975).
  6. J. A. Monjes and E. K. Storm, "4π Steradian Irradiation System," Lawrence Livermore Lab Report No. UCRL-50021-75 (unpublished).
  7. S. S. Glaros and A. J. Glass, "Compound Ellipsoidal Focusing System for Fusion Lasers", in the Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Engineering Problems of Fusion Research, San Diego, California, November 18–21, 1975 (unpublished).
  8. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Chap. 8, p. 435.
  9. J. F. Holzrichter and D. R. Speck, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2459, (1976).
  10. V. Rupert, Lawrence Livermore Lab. Report No. UCRL-77068 (1975) (unpublished).
  11. D. W. Phillion, R. A. Lerche, V. C. Rupert, and S. R. Gunn, "Light Scattering and Energy Measurements for Laser Fusion Targets" presented at the 1976 IEEE. International Conference on Plasma Science May 24–26, 1976 (unpublished).
  12. V. Rupert, "Absorption Measurements for Laser Fusion Targets" (unpublished).
  13. J. Dawson, P. Kaw, and B. Green, Phys. Fluids 12, 875 (1969).
  14. W. L. Kruer, "Theoretical Interpretations of Enhanced Laser Light Absorption," Progress in Lasers and Laser Fusion, edited by B. Kursunoglu, A. Perlmutter, and S. M. Widmayer (Plenum, New York, 1975), pp. 5–26.
  15. E. Fabre and C. Stenz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 823 (1974).
  16. V. W. Slivinsky, H. N. Kornblum, and H. D. Shay, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1973 (1975).
  17. C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.
  18. K. G. Estabrook, E. J. Valeo, and W. L. Kruer, Phys. Fluids 18, 1151 (1975).
  19. C. F. McConaghy and L. W. Coleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 268 (1974).
  20. L. W. Coleman and C. F. McCanaghy, Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on High Speed Photography (Chapman and Hall, London, 1975), pp. 196–201.
  21. G. I. Brukhnevitch et al., Phys. Lett. (Amsterdam) 51, 249 (1975).
  22. D. J. Bradley et al., Opt. Commun. (Amsterdam) 15, 231 (1975).
  23. D. T. Attwood, L. W. Coleman, J. T. Larsen, and E. K. Storm (unpublished).
  24. A. J. Lieber, R. F. Benjamin, H. D. Sutphin, and C. B. Webb, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 127, 87 (1975).
  25. V. W. Slivinsky, H. G. Ahlstrom, K. G. Tirsell, J. Larsen, S. Glaros, G. Zimmerman, and H. Shay, "Measurement of the Ion Temperature in Laser Driven Fusion," Phys. Rev. 35, 1083 (1975).
  26. W. L. Kruer, "Recent Developments in Laser Plasma Theory and Simulations," presented at the August 6, 1976 Gordon Research Conference, Tilton, N. H. (unpublished).
  27. J. H. Erkkila, "Laser Light Scattering and Absorption in Dense, Spherically Symmetric Plasmas," Ph. D. thesis (University of California, 1975) (unpublished), Lawrence Livormore Lab. Roport No. UCRL-51914.
  28. H. Hora, Phys. Fluids 12, 182 (1969).
  29. H. Hora, Z. Phys. 226, 156 (1969).
  30. H. Hora, Opto-Electron 2, 201 (1970).
  31. H. Hora, in Laser Interaction and Related Plasma Phenomena, edited by H. J. Schwarz and H. Hora (Plenun, New York, 1971), p. 383.
  32. R. Kidder, "Interaction of Intense Photon Beams with Plasmas (II)," Proceedings of the Japan-U.S. Seminar on Laser Interaction with Matter, Kyoto, Japan September 25, 1972 (unpublished).
  33. J. W. Shearer and J. L. Eddleman, Phys. Fluids 16, 1753 (1973).
  34. A. Bruce Langdon and Barbara F. Lasinski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 834 (1975).
  35. P. Kaw, G. Schmidt, and T. Wilcox, Phys. Fluids 16, 1522 (1973).
  36. E. J. Valeo and K. G. Estabrook, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1008 (1975).
  37. C. E. Max, Phys. Fluids 19, 74 (1976).
  38. R. A. Haas, M. J. Boyle, K. R. Manes, and J. E. Swain, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1318 (1976).
  39. T. P. Donaldson and I. J. Spalding, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 467 (1976).
  40. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Chap. 3.
  41. D. Phillion, "Evidence for Short Density Scale Heights at the Critical Density Surface in Laser Irradiated Plasmas" (unpublished).

1976 (1)

J. A. Glaze, "High Energy Glass Laser," Opt. Eng. 15, 136–142 (1976).

1975 (1)

V. W. Slivinsky, H. G. Ahlstrom, K. G. Tirsell, J. Larsen, S. Glaros, G. Zimmerman, and H. Shay, "Measurement of the Ion Temperature in Laser Driven Fusion," Phys. Rev. 35, 1083 (1975).

Ahlstrom, H. G.

V. W. Slivinsky, H. G. Ahlstrom, K. G. Tirsell, J. Larsen, S. Glaros, G. Zimmerman, and H. Shay, "Measurement of the Ion Temperature in Laser Driven Fusion," Phys. Rev. 35, 1083 (1975).

Attwood, D. T.

D. T. Attwood, L. W. Coleman, J. T. Larsen, and E. K. Storm (unpublished).

Benjamin, R. F.

A. J. Lieber, R. F. Benjamin, H. D. Sutphin, and C. B. Webb, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 127, 87 (1975).

Bodner, S. E.

C. R. Phipps, S. E. Bodner, and J. W. Shearer, Appl. Opt. 14, 985 (1975).

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Chap. 3.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Chap. 8, p. 435.

Boyle, M. J.

R. A. Haas, M. J. Boyle, K. R. Manes, and J. E. Swain, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1318 (1976).

Bradley, D. J.

D. J. Bradley et al., Opt. Commun. (Amsterdam) 15, 231 (1975).

Brueckner, K. A.

K. A. Brueckner and J. E. Howard, Appl. Opt. 14, 1274 (1975).

Brukhnevitch, G. I.

G. I. Brukhnevitch et al., Phys. Lett. (Amsterdam) 51, 249 (1975).

Coleman, L. W.

D. T. Attwood, L. W. Coleman, J. T. Larsen, and E. K. Storm (unpublished).

L. W. Coleman and C. F. McCanaghy, Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on High Speed Photography (Chapman and Hall, London, 1975), pp. 196–201.

C. F. McConaghy and L. W. Coleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 268 (1974).

Dawson, J.

J. Dawson, P. Kaw, and B. Green, Phys. Fluids 12, 875 (1969).

Donaldson, T. P.

T. P. Donaldson and I. J. Spalding, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 467 (1976).

Eddleman, J. L.

J. W. Shearer and J. L. Eddleman, Phys. Fluids 16, 1753 (1973).

Erkkila, J. H.

J. H. Erkkila, "Laser Light Scattering and Absorption in Dense, Spherically Symmetric Plasmas," Ph. D. thesis (University of California, 1975) (unpublished), Lawrence Livormore Lab. Roport No. UCRL-51914.

Estabrook, K. G.

K. G. Estabrook, E. J. Valeo, and W. L. Kruer, Phys. Fluids 18, 1151 (1975).

E. J. Valeo and K. G. Estabrook, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1008 (1975).

Fabre, E.

E. Fabre and C. Stenz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 823 (1974).

Glaros, S.

V. W. Slivinsky, H. G. Ahlstrom, K. G. Tirsell, J. Larsen, S. Glaros, G. Zimmerman, and H. Shay, "Measurement of the Ion Temperature in Laser Driven Fusion," Phys. Rev. 35, 1083 (1975).

Glaros, S. S.

S. S. Glaros and A. J. Glass, "Compound Ellipsoidal Focusing System for Fusion Lasers", in the Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Engineering Problems of Fusion Research, San Diego, California, November 18–21, 1975 (unpublished).

Glass, A. J.

S. S. Glaros and A. J. Glass, "Compound Ellipsoidal Focusing System for Fusion Lasers", in the Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Engineering Problems of Fusion Research, San Diego, California, November 18–21, 1975 (unpublished).

Glaze, J. A.

J. A. Glaze, "High Energy Glass Laser," Opt. Eng. 15, 136–142 (1976).

Green, B.

J. Dawson, P. Kaw, and B. Green, Phys. Fluids 12, 875 (1969).

Gunn, S. R.

D. W. Phillion, R. A. Lerche, V. C. Rupert, and S. R. Gunn, "Light Scattering and Energy Measurements for Laser Fusion Targets" presented at the 1976 IEEE. International Conference on Plasma Science May 24–26, 1976 (unpublished).

Haas, R. A.

R. A. Haas, M. J. Boyle, K. R. Manes, and J. E. Swain, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1318 (1976).

Holzrichter, J. F.

J. F. Holzrichter and D. R. Speck, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2459, (1976).

Hora, H.

H. Hora, Phys. Fluids 12, 182 (1969).

H. Hora, Opto-Electron 2, 201 (1970).

H. Hora, Z. Phys. 226, 156 (1969).

H. Hora, in Laser Interaction and Related Plasma Phenomena, edited by H. J. Schwarz and H. Hora (Plenun, New York, 1971), p. 383.

Howard, J. E.

K. A. Brueckner and J. E. Howard, Appl. Opt. 14, 1274 (1975).

Kaw, P.

J. Dawson, P. Kaw, and B. Green, Phys. Fluids 12, 875 (1969).

P. Kaw, G. Schmidt, and T. Wilcox, Phys. Fluids 16, 1522 (1973).

Kidder, R.

R. Kidder, "Interaction of Intense Photon Beams with Plasmas (II)," Proceedings of the Japan-U.S. Seminar on Laser Interaction with Matter, Kyoto, Japan September 25, 1972 (unpublished).

Kornblum, H. N.

V. W. Slivinsky, H. N. Kornblum, and H. D. Shay, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1973 (1975).

Kruer, W. L.

W. L. Kruer, "Theoretical Interpretations of Enhanced Laser Light Absorption," Progress in Lasers and Laser Fusion, edited by B. Kursunoglu, A. Perlmutter, and S. M. Widmayer (Plenum, New York, 1975), pp. 5–26.

W. L. Kruer, "Recent Developments in Laser Plasma Theory and Simulations," presented at the August 6, 1976 Gordon Research Conference, Tilton, N. H. (unpublished).

K. G. Estabrook, E. J. Valeo, and W. L. Kruer, Phys. Fluids 18, 1151 (1975).

Langdon, A. Bruce

A. Bruce Langdon and Barbara F. Lasinski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 834 (1975).

Larsen, J.

V. W. Slivinsky, H. G. Ahlstrom, K. G. Tirsell, J. Larsen, S. Glaros, G. Zimmerman, and H. Shay, "Measurement of the Ion Temperature in Laser Driven Fusion," Phys. Rev. 35, 1083 (1975).

Larsen, J. T.

D. T. Attwood, L. W. Coleman, J. T. Larsen, and E. K. Storm (unpublished).

Lasinski, Barbara F.

A. Bruce Langdon and Barbara F. Lasinski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 834 (1975).

Lerche, R. A.

D. W. Phillion, R. A. Lerche, V. C. Rupert, and S. R. Gunn, "Light Scattering and Energy Measurements for Laser Fusion Targets" presented at the 1976 IEEE. International Conference on Plasma Science May 24–26, 1976 (unpublished).

Lieber, A. J.

A. J. Lieber, R. F. Benjamin, H. D. Sutphin, and C. B. Webb, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 127, 87 (1975).

Manes, K. R.

R. A. Haas, M. J. Boyle, K. R. Manes, and J. E. Swain, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1318 (1976).

Max, C. E.

C. E. Max, Phys. Fluids 19, 74 (1976).

McCanaghy, C. F.

L. W. Coleman and C. F. McCanaghy, Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on High Speed Photography (Chapman and Hall, London, 1975), pp. 196–201.

McConaghy, C. F.

C. F. McConaghy and L. W. Coleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 268 (1974).

Mizui, J.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Monjes, J. A.

J. A. Monjes and E. K. Storm, "4π Steradian Irradiation System," Lawrence Livermore Lab Report No. UCRL-50021-75 (unpublished).

Motova, M.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Nakai, S.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Nishikawa, K.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Phillion, D.

D. Phillion, "Evidence for Short Density Scale Heights at the Critical Density Surface in Laser Irradiated Plasmas" (unpublished).

Phillion, D. W.

D. W. Phillion, R. A. Lerche, V. C. Rupert, and S. R. Gunn, "Light Scattering and Energy Measurements for Laser Fusion Targets" presented at the 1976 IEEE. International Conference on Plasma Science May 24–26, 1976 (unpublished).

Phipps, C. R.

C. R. Phipps, S. E. Bodner, and J. W. Shearer, Appl. Opt. 14, 985 (1975).

Rienecker, F.

D. R. Speck and F. Rienecker, Lawrence Livermore Lab. Report No. UCRL 50021-74, 35 (1974) (unpublished).

Rupert, V.

V. Rupert, "Absorption Measurements for Laser Fusion Targets" (unpublished).

V. Rupert, Lawrence Livermore Lab. Report No. UCRL-77068 (1975) (unpublished).

Rupert, V. C.

D. W. Phillion, R. A. Lerche, V. C. Rupert, and S. R. Gunn, "Light Scattering and Energy Measurements for Laser Fusion Targets" presented at the 1976 IEEE. International Conference on Plasma Science May 24–26, 1976 (unpublished).

Sasaki, T.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Schmidt, G.

P. Kaw, G. Schmidt, and T. Wilcox, Phys. Fluids 16, 1522 (1973).

Shay, H.

V. W. Slivinsky, H. G. Ahlstrom, K. G. Tirsell, J. Larsen, S. Glaros, G. Zimmerman, and H. Shay, "Measurement of the Ion Temperature in Laser Driven Fusion," Phys. Rev. 35, 1083 (1975).

Shay, H. D.

V. W. Slivinsky, H. N. Kornblum, and H. D. Shay, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1973 (1975).

Shearer, J. W.

C. R. Phipps, S. E. Bodner, and J. W. Shearer, Appl. Opt. 14, 985 (1975).

J. W. Shearer and J. L. Eddleman, Phys. Fluids 16, 1753 (1973).

Slivinsky, V. W.

V. W. Slivinsky, H. G. Ahlstrom, K. G. Tirsell, J. Larsen, S. Glaros, G. Zimmerman, and H. Shay, "Measurement of the Ion Temperature in Laser Driven Fusion," Phys. Rev. 35, 1083 (1975).

V. W. Slivinsky, H. N. Kornblum, and H. D. Shay, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1973 (1975).

Spalding, I. J.

T. P. Donaldson and I. J. Spalding, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 467 (1976).

Speck, D. R.

J. F. Holzrichter and D. R. Speck, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2459, (1976).

D. R. Speck and F. Rienecker, Lawrence Livermore Lab. Report No. UCRL 50021-74, 35 (1974) (unpublished).

Stenz, C.

E. Fabre and C. Stenz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 823 (1974).

Storm, E. K.

J. A. Monjes and E. K. Storm, "4π Steradian Irradiation System," Lawrence Livermore Lab Report No. UCRL-50021-75 (unpublished).

D. T. Attwood, L. W. Coleman, J. T. Larsen, and E. K. Storm (unpublished).

Sutphin, H. D.

A. J. Lieber, R. F. Benjamin, H. D. Sutphin, and C. B. Webb, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 127, 87 (1975).

Swain, J. E.

R. A. Haas, M. J. Boyle, K. R. Manes, and J. E. Swain, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1318 (1976).

Thomas, S.

S. Thomas, Appl. Opt. 14, 1267 (1975).

Tirsell, K. G.

V. W. Slivinsky, H. G. Ahlstrom, K. G. Tirsell, J. Larsen, S. Glaros, G. Zimmerman, and H. Shay, "Measurement of the Ion Temperature in Laser Driven Fusion," Phys. Rev. 35, 1083 (1975).

Tuschudi, T.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Valeo, E. J.

E. J. Valeo and K. G. Estabrook, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1008 (1975).

K. G. Estabrook, E. J. Valeo, and W. L. Kruer, Phys. Fluids 18, 1151 (1975).

Webb, C. B.

A. J. Lieber, R. F. Benjamin, H. D. Sutphin, and C. B. Webb, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 127, 87 (1975).

Wilcox, T.

P. Kaw, G. Schmidt, and T. Wilcox, Phys. Fluids 16, 1522 (1973).

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Chap. 8, p. 435.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Chap. 3.

Yamabe, C.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Yamaguchi, N.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Yamanaka, T.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Yamonaka, C.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Yokoyama, M.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Yoshida, K.

C. Yamonaka, M. Yokoyama, S. Nakai, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, M. Motova, C. Yamabe, T. Tuschudi, T. Yamanaka, J. Mizui, N. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishikawa, IAEA-CN-33/F 3–5, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research 1974, Fifth IAEA Conference Proceedings, Tokyo, 11–15 November 1974.

Zimmerman, G.

V. W. Slivinsky, H. G. Ahlstrom, K. G. Tirsell, J. Larsen, S. Glaros, G. Zimmerman, and H. Shay, "Measurement of the Ion Temperature in Laser Driven Fusion," Phys. Rev. 35, 1083 (1975).

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. A. Glaze, "High Energy Glass Laser," Opt. Eng. 15, 136–142 (1976).

Phys. Rev. (1)

V. W. Slivinsky, H. G. Ahlstrom, K. G. Tirsell, J. Larsen, S. Glaros, G. Zimmerman, and H. Shay, "Measurement of the Ion Temperature in Laser Driven Fusion," Phys. Rev. 35, 1083 (1975).

Other (39)

W. L. Kruer, "Recent Developments in Laser Plasma Theory and Simulations," presented at the August 6, 1976 Gordon Research Conference, Tilton, N. H. (unpublished).

J. H. Erkkila, "Laser Light Scattering and Absorption in Dense, Spherically Symmetric Plasmas," Ph. D. thesis (University of California, 1975) (unpublished), Lawrence Livormore Lab. Roport No. UCRL-51914.

H. Hora, Phys. Fluids 12, 182 (1969).

H. Hora, Z. Phys. 226, 156 (1969).

H. Hora, Opto-Electron 2, 201 (1970).

H. Hora, in Laser Interaction and Related Plasma Phenomena, edited by H. J. Schwarz and H. Hora (Plenun, New York, 1971), p. 383.

R. Kidder, "Interaction of Intense Photon Beams with Plasmas (II)," Proceedings of the Japan-U.S. Seminar on Laser Interaction with Matter, Kyoto, Japan September 25, 1972 (unpublished).

J. W. Shearer and J. L. Eddleman, Phys. Fluids 16, 1753 (1973).

A. Bruce Langdon and Barbara F. Lasinski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 834 (1975).

P. Kaw, G. Schmidt, and T. Wilcox, Phys. Fluids 16, 1522 (1973).

E. J. Valeo and K. G. Estabrook, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1008 (1975).

C. E. Max, Phys. Fluids 19, 74 (1976).

R. A. Haas, M. J. Boyle, K. R. Manes, and J. E. Swain, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1318 (1976).

T. P. Donaldson and I. J. Spalding, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 467 (1976).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Chap. 3.

D. Phillion, "Evidence for Short Density Scale Heights at the Critical Density Surface in Laser Irradiated Plasmas" (unpublished).

D. R. Speck and F. Rienecker, Lawrence Livermore Lab. Report No. UCRL 50021-74, 35 (1974) (unpublished).

S. Thomas, Appl. Opt. 14, 1267 (1975).

K. A. Brueckner and J. E. Howard, Appl. Opt. 14, 1274 (1975).

C. R. Phipps, S. E. Bodner, and J. W. Shearer, Appl. Opt. 14, 985 (1975).

J. A. Monjes and E. K. Storm, "4π Steradian Irradiation System," Lawrence Livermore Lab Report No. UCRL-50021-75 (unpublished).

S. S. Glaros and A. J. Glass, "Compound Ellipsoidal Focusing System for Fusion Lasers", in the Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Engineering Problems of Fusion Research, San Diego, California, November 18–21, 1975 (unpublished).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964), Chap. 8, p. 435.

J. F. Holzrichter and D. R. Speck, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2459, (1976).

V. Rupert, Lawrence Livermore Lab. Report No. UCRL-77068 (1975) (unpublished).

D. W. Phillion, R. A. Lerche, V. C. Rupert, and S. R. Gunn, "Light Scattering and Energy Measurements for Laser Fusion Targets" presented at the 1976 IEEE. International Conference on Plasma Science May 24–26, 1976 (unpublished).

V. Rupert, "Absorption Measurements for Laser Fusion Targets" (unpublished).

J. Dawson, P. Kaw, and B. Green, Phys. Fluids 12, 875 (1969).

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