Abstract

The absorption coefficient of pure water was found to be 0.00017 cm−1 at 488 nm and 0.00029 cm−1 at 541.5 nm using adiabatic laser calorimetric techniques. These values are in good agreement with the generally accepted long-path transmission spectra of Clarke and James.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. F. DuPré and L. H. Dawson, Transmission of Light in Water: An Annotated Bibliography (U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C., 1961).
  2. N. G. Jerlov, Optical Oceanography (Elsevier, New York, 1968), p. 51.
  3. A. Morel, “Optical Properties of Pure Water and Sea Water,” in Optical Aspects of Oceanography, edited by N. G. Jerlov and E. S. Nielsen (Academic, New York, 1974), p. 19.
  4. L. H. Skolnik, “A Review of Techniques for measuring small optical losses in infrared transmitting materials,” in Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids, edited by S. S. Mitra and B. Bendow (Plenum, New York, 1975), pp. 405–434.
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, H. B. Rosenstock, and J. Babiskin, “Measurement of very low absorption coefficients by laser calorimetry,” Appl. Opt. 14, 1128–1130 (1975).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, and L. L. Boyer, “Infrared absorption in low-loss KCl single crystals near 10.6 μ m,” J. Appl. Phys. 9, 3959–3964 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. S. Touloukian and E. H. Buyco, Thermophysical Properties of Matter, Vol. 5 (IFI/Plenum, New York, 1970), p. 1233.
  8. A. Zaganiaris, “Evaluation of optical absorption in small bulk glass samples from microcalorimetric data,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 17, 83–87 (1976).
  9. G. L. Clarke and H. R. James, “Selective absorption of light by sea water,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 29, 43–55 (1939).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. R. James and E. A. Birge, “A laboratory study of the absorption of light by lake waters,” Trans. Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. 31, 11–154 (1938).
  11. S. A. Sullivan, “Experimental study of the absorption in distilled water, artificial sea water and heavy water in the visible region of the spectrum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 962–968 (1963).
    [Crossref]
  12. E. O. Hulburt, “Optics of distilled and natural water,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 35, 698–705 (1945).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. Lenoble and B. Saint-Guily, “The absorption of ultraviolet light by distilled water,” Compt. Rend. 240, 954–955 (1955).
  14. M. E. Long, R. L. Swofford, and A. C. Albrecht, “Thermal lens technique: a new method of absorption spectroscopy,” Science 191, 183–185 (1976).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, and A. C. Albrecht, “C–H vibrational states of benzene, napthalene, and anthracene in the visible region by thermal lensing spectroscopy and the local mode model,” J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179–190 (1976).
    [Crossref]

1976 (3)

A. Zaganiaris, “Evaluation of optical absorption in small bulk glass samples from microcalorimetric data,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 17, 83–87 (1976).

M. E. Long, R. L. Swofford, and A. C. Albrecht, “Thermal lens technique: a new method of absorption spectroscopy,” Science 191, 183–185 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, and A. C. Albrecht, “C–H vibrational states of benzene, napthalene, and anthracene in the visible region by thermal lensing spectroscopy and the local mode model,” J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179–190 (1976).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

1974 (1)

M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, and L. L. Boyer, “Infrared absorption in low-loss KCl single crystals near 10.6 μ m,” J. Appl. Phys. 9, 3959–3964 (1974).
[Crossref]

1963 (1)

1955 (1)

J. Lenoble and B. Saint-Guily, “The absorption of ultraviolet light by distilled water,” Compt. Rend. 240, 954–955 (1955).

1945 (1)

1939 (1)

1938 (1)

H. R. James and E. A. Birge, “A laboratory study of the absorption of light by lake waters,” Trans. Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. 31, 11–154 (1938).

Albrecht, A. C.

M. E. Long, R. L. Swofford, and A. C. Albrecht, “Thermal lens technique: a new method of absorption spectroscopy,” Science 191, 183–185 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, and A. C. Albrecht, “C–H vibrational states of benzene, napthalene, and anthracene in the visible region by thermal lensing spectroscopy and the local mode model,” J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179–190 (1976).
[Crossref]

Babiskin, J.

Birge, E. A.

H. R. James and E. A. Birge, “A laboratory study of the absorption of light by lake waters,” Trans. Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. 31, 11–154 (1938).

Boyer, L. L.

M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, and L. L. Boyer, “Infrared absorption in low-loss KCl single crystals near 10.6 μ m,” J. Appl. Phys. 9, 3959–3964 (1974).
[Crossref]

Buyco, E. H.

Y. S. Touloukian and E. H. Buyco, Thermophysical Properties of Matter, Vol. 5 (IFI/Plenum, New York, 1970), p. 1233.

Clarke, G. L.

Davisson, J. W.

M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, H. B. Rosenstock, and J. Babiskin, “Measurement of very low absorption coefficients by laser calorimetry,” Appl. Opt. 14, 1128–1130 (1975).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, and L. L. Boyer, “Infrared absorption in low-loss KCl single crystals near 10.6 μ m,” J. Appl. Phys. 9, 3959–3964 (1974).
[Crossref]

Dawson, L. H.

E. F. DuPré and L. H. Dawson, Transmission of Light in Water: An Annotated Bibliography (U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C., 1961).

DuPré, E. F.

E. F. DuPré and L. H. Dawson, Transmission of Light in Water: An Annotated Bibliography (U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C., 1961).

Hass, M.

M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, H. B. Rosenstock, and J. Babiskin, “Measurement of very low absorption coefficients by laser calorimetry,” Appl. Opt. 14, 1128–1130 (1975).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, and L. L. Boyer, “Infrared absorption in low-loss KCl single crystals near 10.6 μ m,” J. Appl. Phys. 9, 3959–3964 (1974).
[Crossref]

Hulburt, E. O.

James, H. R.

G. L. Clarke and H. R. James, “Selective absorption of light by sea water,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 29, 43–55 (1939).
[Crossref]

H. R. James and E. A. Birge, “A laboratory study of the absorption of light by lake waters,” Trans. Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. 31, 11–154 (1938).

Jerlov, N. G.

N. G. Jerlov, Optical Oceanography (Elsevier, New York, 1968), p. 51.

Klein, P. H.

M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, and L. L. Boyer, “Infrared absorption in low-loss KCl single crystals near 10.6 μ m,” J. Appl. Phys. 9, 3959–3964 (1974).
[Crossref]

Lenoble, J.

J. Lenoble and B. Saint-Guily, “The absorption of ultraviolet light by distilled water,” Compt. Rend. 240, 954–955 (1955).

Long, M. E.

M. E. Long, R. L. Swofford, and A. C. Albrecht, “Thermal lens technique: a new method of absorption spectroscopy,” Science 191, 183–185 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, and A. C. Albrecht, “C–H vibrational states of benzene, napthalene, and anthracene in the visible region by thermal lensing spectroscopy and the local mode model,” J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179–190 (1976).
[Crossref]

Morel, A.

A. Morel, “Optical Properties of Pure Water and Sea Water,” in Optical Aspects of Oceanography, edited by N. G. Jerlov and E. S. Nielsen (Academic, New York, 1974), p. 19.

Rosenstock, H. B.

Saint-Guily, B.

J. Lenoble and B. Saint-Guily, “The absorption of ultraviolet light by distilled water,” Compt. Rend. 240, 954–955 (1955).

Skolnik, L. H.

L. H. Skolnik, “A Review of Techniques for measuring small optical losses in infrared transmitting materials,” in Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids, edited by S. S. Mitra and B. Bendow (Plenum, New York, 1975), pp. 405–434.
[Crossref]

Sullivan, S. A.

Swofford, R. L.

M. E. Long, R. L. Swofford, and A. C. Albrecht, “Thermal lens technique: a new method of absorption spectroscopy,” Science 191, 183–185 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, and A. C. Albrecht, “C–H vibrational states of benzene, napthalene, and anthracene in the visible region by thermal lensing spectroscopy and the local mode model,” J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179–190 (1976).
[Crossref]

Touloukian, Y. S.

Y. S. Touloukian and E. H. Buyco, Thermophysical Properties of Matter, Vol. 5 (IFI/Plenum, New York, 1970), p. 1233.

Zaganiaris, A.

A. Zaganiaris, “Evaluation of optical absorption in small bulk glass samples from microcalorimetric data,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 17, 83–87 (1976).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Compt. Rend. (1)

J. Lenoble and B. Saint-Guily, “The absorption of ultraviolet light by distilled water,” Compt. Rend. 240, 954–955 (1955).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, and L. L. Boyer, “Infrared absorption in low-loss KCl single crystals near 10.6 μ m,” J. Appl. Phys. 9, 3959–3964 (1974).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, and A. C. Albrecht, “C–H vibrational states of benzene, napthalene, and anthracene in the visible region by thermal lensing spectroscopy and the local mode model,” J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179–190 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

Phys. Chem. Glasses (1)

A. Zaganiaris, “Evaluation of optical absorption in small bulk glass samples from microcalorimetric data,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 17, 83–87 (1976).

Science (1)

M. E. Long, R. L. Swofford, and A. C. Albrecht, “Thermal lens technique: a new method of absorption spectroscopy,” Science 191, 183–185 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trans. Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. (1)

H. R. James and E. A. Birge, “A laboratory study of the absorption of light by lake waters,” Trans. Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. 31, 11–154 (1938).

Other (5)

Y. S. Touloukian and E. H. Buyco, Thermophysical Properties of Matter, Vol. 5 (IFI/Plenum, New York, 1970), p. 1233.

E. F. DuPré and L. H. Dawson, Transmission of Light in Water: An Annotated Bibliography (U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C., 1961).

N. G. Jerlov, Optical Oceanography (Elsevier, New York, 1968), p. 51.

A. Morel, “Optical Properties of Pure Water and Sea Water,” in Optical Aspects of Oceanography, edited by N. G. Jerlov and E. S. Nielsen (Academic, New York, 1974), p. 19.

L. H. Skolnik, “A Review of Techniques for measuring small optical losses in infrared transmitting materials,” in Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids, edited by S. S. Mitra and B. Bendow (Plenum, New York, 1975), pp. 405–434.
[Crossref]

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Figures (2)

FIG. 1
FIG. 1

Experimental arrangement for adiabatic laser calorimetry of liquids. The liquid is contained in a vertical cell.

FIG. 2
FIG. 2

Absorption and attenuation coefficients of water. The absorption coefficient has been measured in the present investigation. The attenuation coefficient has been measured in previous long-path investigations in which the scattering contribution (indicated by the solid line) is small in well-filtered water, □, present measurements; ▲, Lenoble-Saint Guily (1955); ×, Hulburt (1934, 1945); ⋯, Sullivan (1963); – ○ –, Clarke-James (1939); --○--, James-Birge (1938); ——, scattering contribution.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

TABLE I Absorption coefficient of water at various wavelengths

Equations (2)

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β l P = m c ( d T / d t ) ,
( 1 + n 2 2 n ) β l P T = ( m A c A + m B c B ) ( ( T 2 T 1 ) ( T 3 T 1 ) T 2 T 1 T 3 T 1 ) ,