Abstract

A new dry-process recording material using photopolymerization in the crystalline state is proposed as an ideal material for holographic interferometry, especially for real-time holographic interferometry. The performance of the complex recording material comprising <i>m</i>-PDA as a photopolymerizing reactant and picramide as a spectral sensitizer were evaluated. The development of this complex recording material is accomplished simply by heating it; fixation occurs at room temperature. We were able to make a holographic grating with resolution up to 1930 lines per millimeter using this material with a He-Cd laser oscillating at 442 nm. The maximum diffraction efficiency and the sensitivity corresponding to a 30% diffraction efficiency as a volume phase hologram were estimated as 36.3% and 5.6 mJ/cm<sup>2</sup>, respectively.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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1976

1975

S. Sugawara, K. Murase, and T. Kitayama, "Holographic recording by dye-sensitized photopolymerization of acrylamide," Appl. Opt. 14, 378–382 (1975).

B. L. Booth, "Photopolymer material for holography," Appl. Opt. 14, 593–601 (1975).

F. Nakanishi, H. Nakanishi, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 7. Photochemical reaction of m-phenelene diacrylic acid dimethyl ester," J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Chemi. Edi. 13, 2499–2506 (1975).

1973

1972

1971

1970

1969

M. Hasegawa, Y. Suzuki, and H. Nakanishi, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the crystalline state. 1. Polymerization of 2,5-distyrylpyrazine and related compounds," J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 743–752 (1969).

H. Nakanishi, Y. Suzuki, F. Suzuki, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 2. Polymerization mechanism of 2, 5-distyrylpyrazine, " J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 753–766 (1969).

F. Suzuki, Y. Suzuki, H. Nakanishi, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 3. Polymerization of phenylene diacrylic acid and its derivatives," J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 2319–2331 (1969).

1959

E. M. Robertson, W. P. Van Deusen, and L. M. Minsk, "Photosensitive polymers. 2. Sensitization of poly(vinyl cinnamate)," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2, 308–311 (1959).

Aumiller, G. D.

Booth, B. L.

Chandross, E. A.

Colburn, W. S.

Deusen, W. P. Van

E. M. Robertson, W. P. Van Deusen, and L. M. Minsk, "Photosensitive polymers. 2. Sensitization of poly(vinyl cinnamate)," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2, 308–311 (1959).

Haines, K. A.

Hasegawa, M.

F. Nakanishi, H. Nakanishi, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 7. Photochemical reaction of m-phenelene diacrylic acid dimethyl ester," J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Chemi. Edi. 13, 2499–2506 (1975).

H. Nakanishi, Y. Suzuki, F. Suzuki, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 2. Polymerization mechanism of 2, 5-distyrylpyrazine, " J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 753–766 (1969).

F. Suzuki, Y. Suzuki, H. Nakanishi, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 3. Polymerization of phenylene diacrylic acid and its derivatives," J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 2319–2331 (1969).

M. Hasegawa, Y. Suzuki, and H. Nakanishi, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the crystalline state. 1. Polymerization of 2,5-distyrylpyrazine and related compounds," J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 743–752 (1969).

Jenny, J. A.

Kaminow, I. P.

Kitayama, T.

Minsk, L. M.

E. M. Robertson, W. P. Van Deusen, and L. M. Minsk, "Photosensitive polymers. 2. Sensitization of poly(vinyl cinnamate)," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2, 308–311 (1959).

Moran, J. M.

Murase, K.

Nakanishi, F.

F. Nakanishi, H. Nakanishi, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 7. Photochemical reaction of m-phenelene diacrylic acid dimethyl ester," J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Chemi. Edi. 13, 2499–2506 (1975).

Nakanishi, H.

F. Nakanishi, H. Nakanishi, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 7. Photochemical reaction of m-phenelene diacrylic acid dimethyl ester," J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Chemi. Edi. 13, 2499–2506 (1975).

F. Suzuki, Y. Suzuki, H. Nakanishi, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 3. Polymerization of phenylene diacrylic acid and its derivatives," J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 2319–2331 (1969).

M. Hasegawa, Y. Suzuki, and H. Nakanishi, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the crystalline state. 1. Polymerization of 2,5-distyrylpyrazine and related compounds," J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 743–752 (1969).

H. Nakanishi, Y. Suzuki, F. Suzuki, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 2. Polymerization mechanism of 2, 5-distyrylpyrazine, " J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 753–766 (1969).

Pampalone, T. R.

Robertson, E. M.

E. M. Robertson, W. P. Van Deusen, and L. M. Minsk, "Photosensitive polymers. 2. Sensitization of poly(vinyl cinnamate)," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2, 308–311 (1959).

Sugawara, S.

Suzuki, F.

F. Suzuki, Y. Suzuki, H. Nakanishi, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 3. Polymerization of phenylene diacrylic acid and its derivatives," J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 2319–2331 (1969).

H. Nakanishi, Y. Suzuki, F. Suzuki, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 2. Polymerization mechanism of 2, 5-distyrylpyrazine, " J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 753–766 (1969).

Suzuki, Y.

F. Suzuki, Y. Suzuki, H. Nakanishi, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 3. Polymerization of phenylene diacrylic acid and its derivatives," J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 2319–2331 (1969).

H. Nakanishi, Y. Suzuki, F. Suzuki, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 2. Polymerization mechanism of 2, 5-distyrylpyrazine, " J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 753–766 (1969).

M. Hasegawa, Y. Suzuki, and H. Nakanishi, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the crystalline state. 1. Polymerization of 2,5-distyrylpyrazine and related compounds," J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 743–752 (1969).

Tomlinson, W. J.

Weber, H. P.

Wopschall, R. H.

Appl. Opt.

J. Appl. Polym. Sci.

E. M. Robertson, W. P. Van Deusen, and L. M. Minsk, "Photosensitive polymers. 2. Sensitization of poly(vinyl cinnamate)," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2, 308–311 (1959).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Polym. Sci.

M. Hasegawa, Y. Suzuki, and H. Nakanishi, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the crystalline state. 1. Polymerization of 2,5-distyrylpyrazine and related compounds," J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 743–752 (1969).

H. Nakanishi, Y. Suzuki, F. Suzuki, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 2. Polymerization mechanism of 2, 5-distyrylpyrazine, " J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 753–766 (1969).

F. Suzuki, Y. Suzuki, H. Nakanishi, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 3. Polymerization of phenylene diacrylic acid and its derivatives," J. Polym. Sci. A-1, 2319–2331 (1969).

J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Chemi. Edi.

F. Nakanishi, H. Nakanishi, and M. Hasegawa, "Four-center type photopolymerization in the solid state. 7. Photochemical reaction of m-phenelene diacrylic acid dimethyl ester," J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Chemi. Edi. 13, 2499–2506 (1975).

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