Abstract

A brief description and appraisal are given of the techniques that have been developed for stimulating and recording the visual responses of the human eye and brain.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. S. Brindley, Physiology of the Retina and Visual Pathway, 2nd ed. (Arnold, London, 1970).
  2. M. V. Dobson, Spectral sensitivity of the two-month infant as measured by the visually evoked cortical potential, Doctoral dissertation (Brown University, 1975) (unpublished).
  3. J. Erlanger and H. S. Gasser, Electrical signs of nervous activity (Oxford U. P., London, 1937).
  4. H. K. Hartline, "The electrical response to illumination of the eye in intact animals, including the human subject; and in decerebrate preparations," Am. J. Physiol. 73 600–611 (1925).
  5. R. A. Holub, "An examination of the effects of adaptation state upon temporal integration in retinal and psychophysical responses," M. Sc. Thesis, Brown University (1973).
  6. B. H. C. Matthews, Electricity in our bodies (Allan and Unwin, London, 1931).
  7. M. Millodot and L. A. Riggs, "Refraction determined electrophysiologically," Arch. Ophthalmol. 84, 272–278 (1970).
  8. L. A. Riggs, "Dark adaptation in the frog eye as determined by the electrical response of the retina," J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 9, 419–510 (1937).
  9. L. A. Riggs, E. P. Johnson, and A. M. L. Schick, "Electrical responses of the human eye to moving stimulus patterns," Science 144, 567 (1964).
  10. L. A. Riggs, "Electrical evidence on the trichromatic theory," Invest. Ophthalmol. 6, 6–17 (1967).
  11. L. A. Riggs, "Progress in the recording of human retinal and occipital potentials," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1558–1566 (1969).
  12. L. A. Riggs and B. R. Wooten, "Electrical measures and psychophysical data on human vision," Chap. 27 in part 4, Vol. 7, of Handbook of Sensory Physiology (Springer, Berlin, 1972).
  13. E. Sundmark, "The contact glass in human electroretinography," Acta Opthalmol. Suppl. 52, 1–40 (1959).
  14. G. Wald, "Human vision and the spectrum," Science 101, 653–658 (1945).
  15. I. C. Whitfield, Manual of Experimental Electrophysiology (Macmillan, New York, 1964).

1970 (1)

M. Millodot and L. A. Riggs, "Refraction determined electrophysiologically," Arch. Ophthalmol. 84, 272–278 (1970).

1969 (1)

1967 (1)

L. A. Riggs, "Electrical evidence on the trichromatic theory," Invest. Ophthalmol. 6, 6–17 (1967).

1964 (1)

L. A. Riggs, E. P. Johnson, and A. M. L. Schick, "Electrical responses of the human eye to moving stimulus patterns," Science 144, 567 (1964).

1945 (1)

G. Wald, "Human vision and the spectrum," Science 101, 653–658 (1945).

1937 (1)

L. A. Riggs, "Dark adaptation in the frog eye as determined by the electrical response of the retina," J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 9, 419–510 (1937).

1925 (1)

H. K. Hartline, "The electrical response to illumination of the eye in intact animals, including the human subject; and in decerebrate preparations," Am. J. Physiol. 73 600–611 (1925).

Brindley, G. S.

G. S. Brindley, Physiology of the Retina and Visual Pathway, 2nd ed. (Arnold, London, 1970).

Dobson, M. V.

M. V. Dobson, Spectral sensitivity of the two-month infant as measured by the visually evoked cortical potential, Doctoral dissertation (Brown University, 1975) (unpublished).

Erlanger, J.

J. Erlanger and H. S. Gasser, Electrical signs of nervous activity (Oxford U. P., London, 1937).

Gasser, H. S.

J. Erlanger and H. S. Gasser, Electrical signs of nervous activity (Oxford U. P., London, 1937).

Hartline, H. K.

H. K. Hartline, "The electrical response to illumination of the eye in intact animals, including the human subject; and in decerebrate preparations," Am. J. Physiol. 73 600–611 (1925).

Holub, R. A.

R. A. Holub, "An examination of the effects of adaptation state upon temporal integration in retinal and psychophysical responses," M. Sc. Thesis, Brown University (1973).

Johnson, E. P.

L. A. Riggs, E. P. Johnson, and A. M. L. Schick, "Electrical responses of the human eye to moving stimulus patterns," Science 144, 567 (1964).

Matthews, B. H. C.

B. H. C. Matthews, Electricity in our bodies (Allan and Unwin, London, 1931).

Millodot, M.

M. Millodot and L. A. Riggs, "Refraction determined electrophysiologically," Arch. Ophthalmol. 84, 272–278 (1970).

Riggs, L. A.

M. Millodot and L. A. Riggs, "Refraction determined electrophysiologically," Arch. Ophthalmol. 84, 272–278 (1970).

L. A. Riggs, "Progress in the recording of human retinal and occipital potentials," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1558–1566 (1969).

L. A. Riggs, "Electrical evidence on the trichromatic theory," Invest. Ophthalmol. 6, 6–17 (1967).

L. A. Riggs, E. P. Johnson, and A. M. L. Schick, "Electrical responses of the human eye to moving stimulus patterns," Science 144, 567 (1964).

L. A. Riggs, "Dark adaptation in the frog eye as determined by the electrical response of the retina," J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 9, 419–510 (1937).

L. A. Riggs and B. R. Wooten, "Electrical measures and psychophysical data on human vision," Chap. 27 in part 4, Vol. 7, of Handbook of Sensory Physiology (Springer, Berlin, 1972).

Schick, A. M. L.

L. A. Riggs, E. P. Johnson, and A. M. L. Schick, "Electrical responses of the human eye to moving stimulus patterns," Science 144, 567 (1964).

Sundmark, E.

E. Sundmark, "The contact glass in human electroretinography," Acta Opthalmol. Suppl. 52, 1–40 (1959).

Wald, G.

G. Wald, "Human vision and the spectrum," Science 101, 653–658 (1945).

Whitfield, I. C.

I. C. Whitfield, Manual of Experimental Electrophysiology (Macmillan, New York, 1964).

Wooten, B. R.

L. A. Riggs and B. R. Wooten, "Electrical measures and psychophysical data on human vision," Chap. 27 in part 4, Vol. 7, of Handbook of Sensory Physiology (Springer, Berlin, 1972).

Am. J. Physiol. (1)

H. K. Hartline, "The electrical response to illumination of the eye in intact animals, including the human subject; and in decerebrate preparations," Am. J. Physiol. 73 600–611 (1925).

Arch. Ophthalmol. (1)

M. Millodot and L. A. Riggs, "Refraction determined electrophysiologically," Arch. Ophthalmol. 84, 272–278 (1970).

Invest. Ophthalmol. (1)

L. A. Riggs, "Electrical evidence on the trichromatic theory," Invest. Ophthalmol. 6, 6–17 (1967).

J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. (1)

L. A. Riggs, "Dark adaptation in the frog eye as determined by the electrical response of the retina," J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 9, 419–510 (1937).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Science (2)

G. Wald, "Human vision and the spectrum," Science 101, 653–658 (1945).

L. A. Riggs, E. P. Johnson, and A. M. L. Schick, "Electrical responses of the human eye to moving stimulus patterns," Science 144, 567 (1964).

Other (8)

L. A. Riggs and B. R. Wooten, "Electrical measures and psychophysical data on human vision," Chap. 27 in part 4, Vol. 7, of Handbook of Sensory Physiology (Springer, Berlin, 1972).

E. Sundmark, "The contact glass in human electroretinography," Acta Opthalmol. Suppl. 52, 1–40 (1959).

R. A. Holub, "An examination of the effects of adaptation state upon temporal integration in retinal and psychophysical responses," M. Sc. Thesis, Brown University (1973).

B. H. C. Matthews, Electricity in our bodies (Allan and Unwin, London, 1931).

G. S. Brindley, Physiology of the Retina and Visual Pathway, 2nd ed. (Arnold, London, 1970).

M. V. Dobson, Spectral sensitivity of the two-month infant as measured by the visually evoked cortical potential, Doctoral dissertation (Brown University, 1975) (unpublished).

J. Erlanger and H. S. Gasser, Electrical signs of nervous activity (Oxford U. P., London, 1937).

I. C. Whitfield, Manual of Experimental Electrophysiology (Macmillan, New York, 1964).

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