F. Goos and H. Hänchen, Ann. Physik (Leipz.) 1, 333 (1947).
See, for example, the review by H. K. V. Lotsch, Optik 32, 116 (1970); 32, 189 (1970); 32, 299 (1971); 32, 553 (1970), and references therein.
O. Bryngdahl, Prog. Opt. XI, 169 (1973).
T. Tamir, Optik 36, 209 (1972); 37, 204 (1973); 38, 269 (1973). Both this reference and Refs. 2 and 3 above contain excellent descriptions of the physical phenomena involved. See also H. Kogelnik, in Integrated Optics, edited by T. Tamir, Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 7 (Springer, New York, Heidelberg, Berlin, 1975), pp. 15–81.
C. von Fragstein, Ann. Phys. (Leipz.) 4, 271 (1949); Remi H. Renard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1190 (1964); J. Ricard, Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 1, 5 (1970); the possibility of an energy flow into the evanescent wave was postulated several years before the experiment was performed. See J. Picht, Ann. Phys. (Leipz.) 3, 433 (1929).
K. Artmann, Ann. Phys. (Leipz.) 2, 87 (1948).
L. Agudin, Phys. Rev. 171, 1385 (1968).
F. I. Fedorov, Dokil. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 105, 465 (1955).
C. Imbert, Phys. Rev. D 5, 787 (1972), and references therein; O. Costa de Beauregard, Found. Phys. 2, 111 (1972).
O. Costa de Beauregard and C. Imbert, Phys. Rev. D 7, 3555 (1973); A. Mozet, C. Imbert, and S. Huard, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris B 273, 592 (1971). Goos and Hänchen also observed this effect with a beam linearly polarized at arbitrary incident azimuthal angles. See Ann. Phys. (Leipz.) 5, 251 (1949).
Costa de Beauregard and Imbert (Ref. 10) claim that both the transverse and longitudinal shifts are quantized, each having characteristic eigenvalues. The longitudinal shift should then be characterized by the principal linear polarization states, and the transverse shift, by the circular polarization states: K. W. Chiu and J. J. Quinn, [Am. J. Phys. 40, 1847 (1972)] analyze the longitudinal shift by classical electrodynamics in terms of a time delay scattering process, and also arrive at the conclusion that an incident beam of arbitrary polarization splits exactly into p and s polarization states. A similar conclusion was also reached by G. J. Troup et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 1540 (1972).
L. de Broglie and J. P. Vigier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 1001 (1972).
At the completion of our work we became aware of a concurrent study of the longitudinal shift due to microwaves that was ma–25 April 1974. See J. J. Cowan and B. Anibin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 525 (1974).
H. Wolter, Handbuch der Physik (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1956), Vol. 24, p. 472.
B. R. Horowitz and T. Tamir, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 586 (1971).
C. K. Carniglia (personal correspondence).
M. McGuirk, C. K. Carniglia, J. J. Cowan (unpublished).
In the acoustical case this distance is significant [M. A. Breazeale (personal correspondence)]. See also M. A. Breazeale, L. Adler, and G. W. Scott, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Suppl. 57, 5–38 (1975).