Abstract

Investigations have been carried out on the combined effects of amplitude and phase variations in a periodic complex object on the image formed in a partially coherent optical system in the presence of defocusing. To examine these effects, images of one-dimensional periodic complex objects and the two-dimensional Siemens Star are simulated with various different complex transmittances. A number of significant phenomena are clarified through observation of the simulated images and evaluation of the image contrast for the fundamental and second harmonic spatial frequency components. One of the results is that object phase variations are extremely important to the image appearance in the defocused system and to the change of contrast reversal frequency with defocusing under incoherent and partially coherent illumination, but not in the coherent case.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Ichioka, K. Yamamoto, and T. Suzuki, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 892 (1975).
  2. Y. Ichioka and T. Suzuki, preceeding paper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 921–932 (1976).
  3. H. H. Hopkins, Proc. R. Soc. A 23, 91 (1955a).
  4. W. H. Steel, Opt. Acta 3, 65 (1956).
  5. W. H. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 405 (1957).
  6. Bo Moller, Opt. Acta 15, 223 (1968).
  7. R. Barakat, Opt. Acta 16, 205 (1969).
  8. R. Barakat, Opt. Acta 17, 337 (1970).
  9. H. H. Hopkins, Proc. R. Soc. A 217, 408 (1953).
  10. H. Okuyama, Y. Ichioka, and T. Suzuki, Oyoboturi (Jpn.) 42, 1091 (1973).

Barakat, R.

R. Barakat, Opt. Acta 16, 205 (1969).

R. Barakat, Opt. Acta 17, 337 (1970).

Hopkins, H. H.

H. H. Hopkins, Proc. R. Soc. A 217, 408 (1953).

H. H. Hopkins, Proc. R. Soc. A 23, 91 (1955a).

Ichioka, Y.

Y. Ichioka, K. Yamamoto, and T. Suzuki, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 892 (1975).

Y. Ichioka and T. Suzuki, preceeding paper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 921–932 (1976).

H. Okuyama, Y. Ichioka, and T. Suzuki, Oyoboturi (Jpn.) 42, 1091 (1973).

Moller, Bo

Bo Moller, Opt. Acta 15, 223 (1968).

Okuyama, H.

H. Okuyama, Y. Ichioka, and T. Suzuki, Oyoboturi (Jpn.) 42, 1091 (1973).

Steel, W. H.

W. H. Steel, Opt. Acta 3, 65 (1956).

W. H. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 405 (1957).

Suzuki, T.

Y. Ichioka, K. Yamamoto, and T. Suzuki, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 892 (1975).

Y. Ichioka and T. Suzuki, preceeding paper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 921–932 (1976).

H. Okuyama, Y. Ichioka, and T. Suzuki, Oyoboturi (Jpn.) 42, 1091 (1973).

Yamamoto, K.

Y. Ichioka, K. Yamamoto, and T. Suzuki, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 892 (1975).

Other

Y. Ichioka, K. Yamamoto, and T. Suzuki, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 892 (1975).

Y. Ichioka and T. Suzuki, preceeding paper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 921–932 (1976).

H. H. Hopkins, Proc. R. Soc. A 23, 91 (1955a).

W. H. Steel, Opt. Acta 3, 65 (1956).

W. H. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 405 (1957).

Bo Moller, Opt. Acta 15, 223 (1968).

R. Barakat, Opt. Acta 16, 205 (1969).

R. Barakat, Opt. Acta 17, 337 (1970).

H. H. Hopkins, Proc. R. Soc. A 217, 408 (1953).

H. Okuyama, Y. Ichioka, and T. Suzuki, Oyoboturi (Jpn.) 42, 1091 (1973).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.