Abstract

Reflectance of continuous lithium deposits prepared at room and low temperature was investigated under normal incidence, for the energy range 0.5–6 eV. The structure of these deposits was determined <i>in situ</i>, using a replica technique. It is shown that continuous rough deposits exhibit a substantial dip in the reflectance above 2 eV. Our results are analyzed in terms of surface plasmons, Drude’s absorption, and interband transitions.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. A. Callcott and E. T. Arakawa, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 839 (1974).
  2. M. Rasigni and G. Rasigni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1033 (1972).
  3. M. Rasigni and G. Rasigni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 775 (1973).
  4. M. Rasigni, G. Rasigni, and J. P. Palmari, Philos. Mag. 31, 1307 (1975).
  5. M. Rasigni, G. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, and R. Fraisse, J. Appl Phys. 47, 1757 (1976).
  6. D. W. Berreman, Phys. Rev. 163, 855 (1967); Phys. Rev. B 1, 381 (1970).
  7. D. W. Berreman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 499 (1970).
  8. D. Beaglehole and O. Hunderi, Phys. Rev. B 2, 309 (1970); 2, 321 (1970).
  9. M. J. Dignam and M. Moskovits, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday II 69, 65 (1973).
  10. C. A. Fenstermaker and F. L. McCrackin, Surf. Sci. 16, 85 (1969).
  11. W. Y. Ching and J. Callaway, Phys. Rev. B 9, 5115 (1974).
  12. J. N. Hodgson, in Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Metals and Alloys, edited by F. Abeles (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1966), p. 60.
  13. J. Bösenberg, Phys. Lett. A 41, 185 (1972).
  14. A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, Philos. Mag. 25, 853 (1972).
  15. P. N. Butcher, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. A 64, 765 (1951).
  16. F. S. Ham, Phys. Rev. 128, 82 (1962); 128, 1524 (1962).
  17. A. O. E. Animalu, Phys. Rev. 163, 557 (1967).
  18. M. H. Cohen, Philos. Mag. 3, 762 (1958).
  19. U. S. Whang, E. T. Arakawa, and T. A. Callcott, Phys. Rev. B 6, 2109 (1972).
  20. J. G. Endriz, Technical Report No. 5207-3, Stanford Electronics Laboratories, Stanford University.
  21. J. L. Stanford, H. E. Bennett, E. J. Ashley, and E. T. Arakawa, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 13, 989 (1968).
  22. J. G. Endriz and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. B 4, 4144 (1971).
  23. T. F. Gesell, E. T. Arakawa, M. W. Williams, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. B 7, 5144 (1973).
  24. A. Daudé, A. Savary, and S. Robin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1 (1972).
  25. G. Rasigni, J. P. Palmari, and M. Rasigni, Phys. Rev. B 12, 1121 (1975).
  26. Since shadow casting angle is well known, it is possible to determine the defects height by measuring their shadows using very magnified replicas photographs.
  27. M. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, G. Rasigni, and R. Fraisse, Solid State Commun. 18, 629 (1976).
  28. A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, J. Phys. F 3, 623 (1973).

Animalu, A. O. E.

A. O. E. Animalu, Phys. Rev. 163, 557 (1967).

Arakawa, E. T.

J. L. Stanford, H. E. Bennett, E. J. Ashley, and E. T. Arakawa, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 13, 989 (1968).

T. A. Callcott and E. T. Arakawa, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 839 (1974).

U. S. Whang, E. T. Arakawa, and T. A. Callcott, Phys. Rev. B 6, 2109 (1972).

T. F. Gesell, E. T. Arakawa, M. W. Williams, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. B 7, 5144 (1973).

Ashley, E. J.

J. L. Stanford, H. E. Bennett, E. J. Ashley, and E. T. Arakawa, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 13, 989 (1968).

Beaglehole, D.

D. Beaglehole and O. Hunderi, Phys. Rev. B 2, 309 (1970); 2, 321 (1970).

Bennett, H. E.

J. L. Stanford, H. E. Bennett, E. J. Ashley, and E. T. Arakawa, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 13, 989 (1968).

Berreman, D. W.

D. W. Berreman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 499 (1970).

D. W. Berreman, Phys. Rev. 163, 855 (1967); Phys. Rev. B 1, 381 (1970).

Bösenberg, J.

J. Bösenberg, Phys. Lett. A 41, 185 (1972).

Butcher, P. N.

P. N. Butcher, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. A 64, 765 (1951).

Callaway, J.

W. Y. Ching and J. Callaway, Phys. Rev. B 9, 5115 (1974).

Callcott, T. A.

U. S. Whang, E. T. Arakawa, and T. A. Callcott, Phys. Rev. B 6, 2109 (1972).

T. A. Callcott and E. T. Arakawa, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 839 (1974).

Ching, W. Y.

W. Y. Ching and J. Callaway, Phys. Rev. B 9, 5115 (1974).

Cohen, M. H.

M. H. Cohen, Philos. Mag. 3, 762 (1958).

Daudé, A.

A. Daudé, A. Savary, and S. Robin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1 (1972).

Dignam, M. J.

M. J. Dignam and M. Moskovits, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday II 69, 65 (1973).

Endriz, J. G.

J. G. Endriz and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. B 4, 4144 (1971).

J. G. Endriz, Technical Report No. 5207-3, Stanford Electronics Laboratories, Stanford University.

Fenstermaker, C. A.

C. A. Fenstermaker and F. L. McCrackin, Surf. Sci. 16, 85 (1969).

Fraisse, R.

M. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, G. Rasigni, and R. Fraisse, Solid State Commun. 18, 629 (1976).

M. Rasigni, G. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, and R. Fraisse, J. Appl Phys. 47, 1757 (1976).

Gasparini, J. P.

M. Rasigni, G. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, and R. Fraisse, J. Appl Phys. 47, 1757 (1976).

M. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, G. Rasigni, and R. Fraisse, Solid State Commun. 18, 629 (1976).

Gesell, T. F.

T. F. Gesell, E. T. Arakawa, M. W. Williams, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. B 7, 5144 (1973).

Ham, F. S.

F. S. Ham, Phys. Rev. 128, 82 (1962); 128, 1524 (1962).

Hamm, R. N.

T. F. Gesell, E. T. Arakawa, M. W. Williams, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. B 7, 5144 (1973).

Hodgson, J. N.

J. N. Hodgson, in Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Metals and Alloys, edited by F. Abeles (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1966), p. 60.

Hunderi, O.

D. Beaglehole and O. Hunderi, Phys. Rev. B 2, 309 (1970); 2, 321 (1970).

Mathewson, A. G.

A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, Philos. Mag. 25, 853 (1972).

A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, J. Phys. F 3, 623 (1973).

McCrackin, F. L.

C. A. Fenstermaker and F. L. McCrackin, Surf. Sci. 16, 85 (1969).

Moskovits, M.

M. J. Dignam and M. Moskovits, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday II 69, 65 (1973).

Myers, H. P.

A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, Philos. Mag. 25, 853 (1972).

A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, J. Phys. F 3, 623 (1973).

Palmari, J. P.

G. Rasigni, J. P. Palmari, and M. Rasigni, Phys. Rev. B 12, 1121 (1975).

M. Rasigni, G. Rasigni, and J. P. Palmari, Philos. Mag. 31, 1307 (1975).

Rasigni, G.

M. Rasigni and G. Rasigni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1033 (1972).

M. Rasigni, G. Rasigni, and J. P. Palmari, Philos. Mag. 31, 1307 (1975).

G. Rasigni, J. P. Palmari, and M. Rasigni, Phys. Rev. B 12, 1121 (1975).

M. Rasigni and G. Rasigni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 775 (1973).

M. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, G. Rasigni, and R. Fraisse, Solid State Commun. 18, 629 (1976).

M. Rasigni, G. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, and R. Fraisse, J. Appl Phys. 47, 1757 (1976).

Rasigni, M.

M. Rasigni, G. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, and R. Fraisse, J. Appl Phys. 47, 1757 (1976).

M. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, G. Rasigni, and R. Fraisse, Solid State Commun. 18, 629 (1976).

M. Rasigni and G. Rasigni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 775 (1973).

G. Rasigni, J. P. Palmari, and M. Rasigni, Phys. Rev. B 12, 1121 (1975).

M. Rasigni, G. Rasigni, and J. P. Palmari, Philos. Mag. 31, 1307 (1975).

M. Rasigni and G. Rasigni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1033 (1972).

Robin, S.

A. Daudé, A. Savary, and S. Robin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1 (1972).

Savary, A.

A. Daudé, A. Savary, and S. Robin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1 (1972).

Spicer, W. E.

J. G. Endriz and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. B 4, 4144 (1971).

Stanford, J. L.

J. L. Stanford, H. E. Bennett, E. J. Ashley, and E. T. Arakawa, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 13, 989 (1968).

Whang, U. S.

U. S. Whang, E. T. Arakawa, and T. A. Callcott, Phys. Rev. B 6, 2109 (1972).

Williams, M. W.

T. F. Gesell, E. T. Arakawa, M. W. Williams, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. B 7, 5144 (1973).

Other

T. A. Callcott and E. T. Arakawa, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 839 (1974).

M. Rasigni and G. Rasigni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1033 (1972).

M. Rasigni and G. Rasigni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 775 (1973).

M. Rasigni, G. Rasigni, and J. P. Palmari, Philos. Mag. 31, 1307 (1975).

M. Rasigni, G. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, and R. Fraisse, J. Appl Phys. 47, 1757 (1976).

D. W. Berreman, Phys. Rev. 163, 855 (1967); Phys. Rev. B 1, 381 (1970).

D. W. Berreman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 499 (1970).

D. Beaglehole and O. Hunderi, Phys. Rev. B 2, 309 (1970); 2, 321 (1970).

M. J. Dignam and M. Moskovits, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday II 69, 65 (1973).

C. A. Fenstermaker and F. L. McCrackin, Surf. Sci. 16, 85 (1969).

W. Y. Ching and J. Callaway, Phys. Rev. B 9, 5115 (1974).

J. N. Hodgson, in Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Metals and Alloys, edited by F. Abeles (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1966), p. 60.

J. Bösenberg, Phys. Lett. A 41, 185 (1972).

A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, Philos. Mag. 25, 853 (1972).

P. N. Butcher, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. A 64, 765 (1951).

F. S. Ham, Phys. Rev. 128, 82 (1962); 128, 1524 (1962).

A. O. E. Animalu, Phys. Rev. 163, 557 (1967).

M. H. Cohen, Philos. Mag. 3, 762 (1958).

U. S. Whang, E. T. Arakawa, and T. A. Callcott, Phys. Rev. B 6, 2109 (1972).

J. G. Endriz, Technical Report No. 5207-3, Stanford Electronics Laboratories, Stanford University.

J. L. Stanford, H. E. Bennett, E. J. Ashley, and E. T. Arakawa, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 13, 989 (1968).

J. G. Endriz and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. B 4, 4144 (1971).

T. F. Gesell, E. T. Arakawa, M. W. Williams, and R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. B 7, 5144 (1973).

A. Daudé, A. Savary, and S. Robin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1 (1972).

G. Rasigni, J. P. Palmari, and M. Rasigni, Phys. Rev. B 12, 1121 (1975).

Since shadow casting angle is well known, it is possible to determine the defects height by measuring their shadows using very magnified replicas photographs.

M. Rasigni, J. P. Gasparini, G. Rasigni, and R. Fraisse, Solid State Commun. 18, 629 (1976).

A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, J. Phys. F 3, 623 (1973).

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