All of the spectrally different colors that match according to an observer form a metamer ensemble. We present a new method to generate the metamer ensembles for both direct light and reflecting-surface-color problems. The method is based on the properties of particular metameric functions (the simple elements) and is particularly appropriate for treating problems of theoretical limits of metamerism. The method is illustrated with several practical examples and is compared with previously known methods.
© 1976 Optical Society of America
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