Abstract

We present cross sections for Raman scattering from water vapor excited at the four argon-laser wavelengths 476.5, 488.0, 496.5, and 514.5 nm. These cross sections, for the strong vibrational band centered at a shift near 3654 cm<sup>-1</sup>, are approximately 2.5 times larger than the corresponding N<sub>2</sub><i>Q</i>-branch cross sections, and follow closely the expected (1/λ<sub>R</sub>)<sup>4</sup> dependence, where λ<sub>R</sub> is the Raman scattering wavelength. We also report observations of the room-temperature depolarization and spectral profile of the band, and the overall spectral distribution of the scattering from 470 to 630 nm, for incident light at 488 nm. The latter observation indicates the absence of any other strong vibrational Raman-active modes.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. H. Melfi, J. D. Lawrence, Jr., and M. P. McCormick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 295 (1969).
  2. J. A. Cooney, J. Appl. Meteor. 10, 301 (1971).
  3. M. Lapp, L. M. Goldman, and C. M. Penney, Science 175, 1112 (1972); M. Lapp, AIAA Publ. 74–1143 (1974).
  4. J. A. Cooney, Spectrosc. Lett. 3, 305 (1970).
  5. C. M. Penney, L. M. Goldman, and M. Lapp, Nature (London) Phys. Sci. 235, 110 (1972).
  6. W. F. Murphy, W. Holzer, and H. J. Bernstein, Appl. Spectrosc. 23, 211 (1969).
  7. D. G. Fouche and R. K. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 256 (1972).
  8. H. A. Hyatt, J. M. Cherlow, W. R. Fenner, and S. P. S. Porto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1604 (1973).
  9. A. Weber, in The Raman Effect, Vol. 2: Applications, edited by Anthony Anderson (Dekker, New York, 1973), Chap. 9.
  10. R. Schwiesow, AIAA J. 11, 87 (1973). In a personal communication (1975), Schwiesow has indicated his concurrence with our results.
  11. H. L. Johnston and M. K. Walker, Phys. Rev. 39, 535 (1932).
  12. I. R. Rao and P. Koteswaran, J. Chem. Phys. 5, 667 (1937).
  13. D. H. Rank, K. D. Larsen, and E. B. Bordner, J. Chem. Phys. 2, 464 (1934).
  14. C. M. Penney, L. M. Goldman, and M. Lapp, AIAA Publ. 71–1085 (1971).
  15. M. Lapp, in Laser Raman Gas Diagnostics, edited by M. Lapp and C. M. Penney (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 130. See also M. Lapp, C. M. Penney, and R. L. St. Peters, Project SQUID (Office of Naval Research) Technical Report GE-1-PU (1973).
  16. C. M. Penney, R. L. St. Peters, and M. Lapp, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 712 (1974). See also C. M. Penney, R. L. St. Peters, and M. Lapp, NASA CR 121091 (National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1973).
  17. W. S. Benedict, Mém. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liége, Special Vol. 2, 18 (1957).
  18. J. L. Bribes, R. Gaufres, M. Monan, M. Lapp, and C. M. Penney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 336 (1976).
  19. C. M. Penney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 34 (1969).
  20. R. D. Sharma and L. A. Levin, J. Chem. Phys. 58, 1660 (1973).

Benedict, W. S.

W. S. Benedict, Mém. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liége, Special Vol. 2, 18 (1957).

Bernstein, H. J.

W. F. Murphy, W. Holzer, and H. J. Bernstein, Appl. Spectrosc. 23, 211 (1969).

Bordner, E. B.

D. H. Rank, K. D. Larsen, and E. B. Bordner, J. Chem. Phys. 2, 464 (1934).

Bribes, J. L.

J. L. Bribes, R. Gaufres, M. Monan, M. Lapp, and C. M. Penney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 336 (1976).

Chang, R. K.

D. G. Fouche and R. K. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 256 (1972).

Cherlow, J. M.

H. A. Hyatt, J. M. Cherlow, W. R. Fenner, and S. P. S. Porto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1604 (1973).

Cooney, J. A.

J. A. Cooney, J. Appl. Meteor. 10, 301 (1971).

J. A. Cooney, Spectrosc. Lett. 3, 305 (1970).

Fenner, W. R.

H. A. Hyatt, J. M. Cherlow, W. R. Fenner, and S. P. S. Porto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1604 (1973).

Fouche, D. G.

D. G. Fouche and R. K. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 256 (1972).

Gaufres, R.

J. L. Bribes, R. Gaufres, M. Monan, M. Lapp, and C. M. Penney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 336 (1976).

Goldman, L. M.

C. M. Penney, L. M. Goldman, and M. Lapp, Nature (London) Phys. Sci. 235, 110 (1972).

M. Lapp, L. M. Goldman, and C. M. Penney, Science 175, 1112 (1972); M. Lapp, AIAA Publ. 74–1143 (1974).

C. M. Penney, L. M. Goldman, and M. Lapp, AIAA Publ. 71–1085 (1971).

Holzer, W.

W. F. Murphy, W. Holzer, and H. J. Bernstein, Appl. Spectrosc. 23, 211 (1969).

Hyatt, H. A.

H. A. Hyatt, J. M. Cherlow, W. R. Fenner, and S. P. S. Porto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1604 (1973).

Johnston, H. L.

H. L. Johnston and M. K. Walker, Phys. Rev. 39, 535 (1932).

Koteswaran, P.

I. R. Rao and P. Koteswaran, J. Chem. Phys. 5, 667 (1937).

Lapp, M.

C. M. Penney, L. M. Goldman, and M. Lapp, AIAA Publ. 71–1085 (1971).

M. Lapp, in Laser Raman Gas Diagnostics, edited by M. Lapp and C. M. Penney (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 130. See also M. Lapp, C. M. Penney, and R. L. St. Peters, Project SQUID (Office of Naval Research) Technical Report GE-1-PU (1973).

C. M. Penney, L. M. Goldman, and M. Lapp, Nature (London) Phys. Sci. 235, 110 (1972).

M. Lapp, L. M. Goldman, and C. M. Penney, Science 175, 1112 (1972); M. Lapp, AIAA Publ. 74–1143 (1974).

J. L. Bribes, R. Gaufres, M. Monan, M. Lapp, and C. M. Penney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 336 (1976).

C. M. Penney, R. L. St. Peters, and M. Lapp, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 712 (1974). See also C. M. Penney, R. L. St. Peters, and M. Lapp, NASA CR 121091 (National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1973).

Larsen, K. D.

D. H. Rank, K. D. Larsen, and E. B. Bordner, J. Chem. Phys. 2, 464 (1934).

Lawrence, Jr., J. D.

S. H. Melfi, J. D. Lawrence, Jr., and M. P. McCormick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 295 (1969).

Levin, L. A.

R. D. Sharma and L. A. Levin, J. Chem. Phys. 58, 1660 (1973).

McCormick, M. P.

S. H. Melfi, J. D. Lawrence, Jr., and M. P. McCormick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 295 (1969).

Melfi, S. H.

S. H. Melfi, J. D. Lawrence, Jr., and M. P. McCormick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 295 (1969).

Monan, M.

J. L. Bribes, R. Gaufres, M. Monan, M. Lapp, and C. M. Penney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 336 (1976).

Murphy, W. F.

W. F. Murphy, W. Holzer, and H. J. Bernstein, Appl. Spectrosc. 23, 211 (1969).

Penney, C. M.

M. Lapp, L. M. Goldman, and C. M. Penney, Science 175, 1112 (1972); M. Lapp, AIAA Publ. 74–1143 (1974).

C. M. Penney, L. M. Goldman, and M. Lapp, Nature (London) Phys. Sci. 235, 110 (1972).

C. M. Penney, R. L. St. Peters, and M. Lapp, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 712 (1974). See also C. M. Penney, R. L. St. Peters, and M. Lapp, NASA CR 121091 (National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1973).

C. M. Penney, L. M. Goldman, and M. Lapp, AIAA Publ. 71–1085 (1971).

J. L. Bribes, R. Gaufres, M. Monan, M. Lapp, and C. M. Penney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 336 (1976).

C. M. Penney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 34 (1969).

Peters, R. L. St.

C. M. Penney, R. L. St. Peters, and M. Lapp, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 712 (1974). See also C. M. Penney, R. L. St. Peters, and M. Lapp, NASA CR 121091 (National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1973).

Porto, S. P. S.

H. A. Hyatt, J. M. Cherlow, W. R. Fenner, and S. P. S. Porto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1604 (1973).

Rank, D. H.

D. H. Rank, K. D. Larsen, and E. B. Bordner, J. Chem. Phys. 2, 464 (1934).

Rao, I. R.

I. R. Rao and P. Koteswaran, J. Chem. Phys. 5, 667 (1937).

Schwiesow, R.

R. Schwiesow, AIAA J. 11, 87 (1973). In a personal communication (1975), Schwiesow has indicated his concurrence with our results.

Sharma, R. D.

R. D. Sharma and L. A. Levin, J. Chem. Phys. 58, 1660 (1973).

Walker, M. K.

H. L. Johnston and M. K. Walker, Phys. Rev. 39, 535 (1932).

Weber, A.

A. Weber, in The Raman Effect, Vol. 2: Applications, edited by Anthony Anderson (Dekker, New York, 1973), Chap. 9.

Other (20)

S. H. Melfi, J. D. Lawrence, Jr., and M. P. McCormick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 295 (1969).

J. A. Cooney, J. Appl. Meteor. 10, 301 (1971).

M. Lapp, L. M. Goldman, and C. M. Penney, Science 175, 1112 (1972); M. Lapp, AIAA Publ. 74–1143 (1974).

J. A. Cooney, Spectrosc. Lett. 3, 305 (1970).

C. M. Penney, L. M. Goldman, and M. Lapp, Nature (London) Phys. Sci. 235, 110 (1972).

W. F. Murphy, W. Holzer, and H. J. Bernstein, Appl. Spectrosc. 23, 211 (1969).

D. G. Fouche and R. K. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 256 (1972).

H. A. Hyatt, J. M. Cherlow, W. R. Fenner, and S. P. S. Porto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1604 (1973).

A. Weber, in The Raman Effect, Vol. 2: Applications, edited by Anthony Anderson (Dekker, New York, 1973), Chap. 9.

R. Schwiesow, AIAA J. 11, 87 (1973). In a personal communication (1975), Schwiesow has indicated his concurrence with our results.

H. L. Johnston and M. K. Walker, Phys. Rev. 39, 535 (1932).

I. R. Rao and P. Koteswaran, J. Chem. Phys. 5, 667 (1937).

D. H. Rank, K. D. Larsen, and E. B. Bordner, J. Chem. Phys. 2, 464 (1934).

C. M. Penney, L. M. Goldman, and M. Lapp, AIAA Publ. 71–1085 (1971).

M. Lapp, in Laser Raman Gas Diagnostics, edited by M. Lapp and C. M. Penney (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 130. See also M. Lapp, C. M. Penney, and R. L. St. Peters, Project SQUID (Office of Naval Research) Technical Report GE-1-PU (1973).

C. M. Penney, R. L. St. Peters, and M. Lapp, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 712 (1974). See also C. M. Penney, R. L. St. Peters, and M. Lapp, NASA CR 121091 (National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1973).

W. S. Benedict, Mém. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liége, Special Vol. 2, 18 (1957).

J. L. Bribes, R. Gaufres, M. Monan, M. Lapp, and C. M. Penney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 336 (1976).

C. M. Penney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 34 (1969).

R. D. Sharma and L. A. Levin, J. Chem. Phys. 58, 1660 (1973).

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