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  1. Compare S. Shlaer, J. Gen. Physiol. 21, 165 (1937)and C. G. Mueller and V. V. Lloyd, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 34, 223 (1948).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Shlaer, E. L. Smith, and A. M. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 25, 553 (1942);R. H. Young and A. Lit, Percep. Psychophys. 11, 213 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  3. C. D. Hendley, J. Gen. Physiol. 31, 433 (1948);A. Lit, J. P. Finn, and W. M. Vicars, Vision Res. 12, 1241 (1972).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. Mandelbaum and L. L. Sloan, Am. J. Ophthal. 31, 581 (1947); K. N. Ogle, Researches in Binocular Vision (Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa., 1950).
  5. A. Burg and S. F. Hulbert, J. Appl. Psychol. 45, 111 (1961); A. Lit, Am. J. Optom. 43, 283 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  6. E. Ludvigh and J. W. Miller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 799 (1958); S. M. Luria and S. Weissman, J. Exp. Psychol. 76, 51 (1968).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. W. H. Teichner, S. L. Kobrick, and R. F. Wehrkamp, Am. J. Psychol. 68, 193 (1955); E. Freeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 285 (1932).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. H. R. Blackwell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1097 (1948); K. N. Ogle, ibid.48, 794 (1958).
  9. S. M. Luria and J. A. S. Kinney, Percep. Psychophys. 13, 76 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  10. P. W. Cobb, Am. J. Physiol. 36, 355 (1915).
  11. H. Leibowitz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 416 (1952).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. Krauskopf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 1046 (1962); G. Westheimer and F. W. Campbell, ibid.52, 1040 (1962). 1040 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  13. F. W. Campbell and A. H. Gregory, Nature 187, 1121 (1960); F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, J. Physiol. London 181, 576 (1965).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. K. N. Ogle, Ref. 4.
  15. Although an analysis of variance showed these means to be significantly different (F= 4.89, df= 3/12, p .05), the rise in variability when the pupil diameter was increased to 6.0 mm was not significant, according to the Tukey (a) test. But only one of the five subjects showed less variability with the 6.0 than with the 4.0 mm pupil.

1973 (1)

S. M. Luria and J. A. S. Kinney, Percep. Psychophys. 13, 76 (1973).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

1961 (1)

A. Burg and S. F. Hulbert, J. Appl. Psychol. 45, 111 (1961); A. Lit, Am. J. Optom. 43, 283 (1966).
[Crossref]

1960 (1)

F. W. Campbell and A. H. Gregory, Nature 187, 1121 (1960); F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, J. Physiol. London 181, 576 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1958 (1)

1955 (1)

W. H. Teichner, S. L. Kobrick, and R. F. Wehrkamp, Am. J. Psychol. 68, 193 (1955); E. Freeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 285 (1932).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1952 (1)

1948 (2)

H. R. Blackwell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1097 (1948); K. N. Ogle, ibid.48, 794 (1958).

C. D. Hendley, J. Gen. Physiol. 31, 433 (1948);A. Lit, J. P. Finn, and W. M. Vicars, Vision Res. 12, 1241 (1972).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1947 (1)

J. Mandelbaum and L. L. Sloan, Am. J. Ophthal. 31, 581 (1947); K. N. Ogle, Researches in Binocular Vision (Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa., 1950).

1942 (1)

S. Shlaer, E. L. Smith, and A. M. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 25, 553 (1942);R. H. Young and A. Lit, Percep. Psychophys. 11, 213 (1972).
[Crossref]

1937 (1)

Compare S. Shlaer, J. Gen. Physiol. 21, 165 (1937)and C. G. Mueller and V. V. Lloyd, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 34, 223 (1948).
[Crossref]

1915 (1)

P. W. Cobb, Am. J. Physiol. 36, 355 (1915).

Blackwell, H. R.

H. R. Blackwell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1097 (1948); K. N. Ogle, ibid.48, 794 (1958).

Burg, A.

A. Burg and S. F. Hulbert, J. Appl. Psychol. 45, 111 (1961); A. Lit, Am. J. Optom. 43, 283 (1966).
[Crossref]

Campbell, F. W.

F. W. Campbell and A. H. Gregory, Nature 187, 1121 (1960); F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, J. Physiol. London 181, 576 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chase, A. M.

S. Shlaer, E. L. Smith, and A. M. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 25, 553 (1942);R. H. Young and A. Lit, Percep. Psychophys. 11, 213 (1972).
[Crossref]

Cobb, P. W.

P. W. Cobb, Am. J. Physiol. 36, 355 (1915).

Gregory, A. H.

F. W. Campbell and A. H. Gregory, Nature 187, 1121 (1960); F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, J. Physiol. London 181, 576 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hendley, C. D.

C. D. Hendley, J. Gen. Physiol. 31, 433 (1948);A. Lit, J. P. Finn, and W. M. Vicars, Vision Res. 12, 1241 (1972).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hulbert, S. F.

A. Burg and S. F. Hulbert, J. Appl. Psychol. 45, 111 (1961); A. Lit, Am. J. Optom. 43, 283 (1966).
[Crossref]

Kinney, J. A. S.

S. M. Luria and J. A. S. Kinney, Percep. Psychophys. 13, 76 (1973).
[Crossref]

Kobrick, S. L.

W. H. Teichner, S. L. Kobrick, and R. F. Wehrkamp, Am. J. Psychol. 68, 193 (1955); E. Freeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 285 (1932).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krauskopf, J.

Leibowitz, H.

Ludvigh, E.

Luria, S. M.

S. M. Luria and J. A. S. Kinney, Percep. Psychophys. 13, 76 (1973).
[Crossref]

Mandelbaum, J.

J. Mandelbaum and L. L. Sloan, Am. J. Ophthal. 31, 581 (1947); K. N. Ogle, Researches in Binocular Vision (Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa., 1950).

Miller, J. W.

Ogle, K. N.

K. N. Ogle, Ref. 4.

Shlaer, S.

S. Shlaer, E. L. Smith, and A. M. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 25, 553 (1942);R. H. Young and A. Lit, Percep. Psychophys. 11, 213 (1972).
[Crossref]

Compare S. Shlaer, J. Gen. Physiol. 21, 165 (1937)and C. G. Mueller and V. V. Lloyd, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 34, 223 (1948).
[Crossref]

Sloan, L. L.

J. Mandelbaum and L. L. Sloan, Am. J. Ophthal. 31, 581 (1947); K. N. Ogle, Researches in Binocular Vision (Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa., 1950).

Smith, E. L.

S. Shlaer, E. L. Smith, and A. M. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 25, 553 (1942);R. H. Young and A. Lit, Percep. Psychophys. 11, 213 (1972).
[Crossref]

Teichner, W. H.

W. H. Teichner, S. L. Kobrick, and R. F. Wehrkamp, Am. J. Psychol. 68, 193 (1955); E. Freeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 285 (1932).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wehrkamp, R. F.

W. H. Teichner, S. L. Kobrick, and R. F. Wehrkamp, Am. J. Psychol. 68, 193 (1955); E. Freeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 285 (1932).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Am. J. Ophthal. (1)

J. Mandelbaum and L. L. Sloan, Am. J. Ophthal. 31, 581 (1947); K. N. Ogle, Researches in Binocular Vision (Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa., 1950).

Am. J. Physiol. (1)

P. W. Cobb, Am. J. Physiol. 36, 355 (1915).

Am. J. Psychol. (1)

W. H. Teichner, S. L. Kobrick, and R. F. Wehrkamp, Am. J. Psychol. 68, 193 (1955); E. Freeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 285 (1932).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Psychol. (1)

A. Burg and S. F. Hulbert, J. Appl. Psychol. 45, 111 (1961); A. Lit, Am. J. Optom. 43, 283 (1966).
[Crossref]

J. Gen. Physiol. (3)

Compare S. Shlaer, J. Gen. Physiol. 21, 165 (1937)and C. G. Mueller and V. V. Lloyd, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 34, 223 (1948).
[Crossref]

S. Shlaer, E. L. Smith, and A. M. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 25, 553 (1942);R. H. Young and A. Lit, Percep. Psychophys. 11, 213 (1972).
[Crossref]

C. D. Hendley, J. Gen. Physiol. 31, 433 (1948);A. Lit, J. P. Finn, and W. M. Vicars, Vision Res. 12, 1241 (1972).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (4)

Nature (1)

F. W. Campbell and A. H. Gregory, Nature 187, 1121 (1960); F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, J. Physiol. London 181, 576 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Percep. Psychophys. (1)

S. M. Luria and J. A. S. Kinney, Percep. Psychophys. 13, 76 (1973).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

K. N. Ogle, Ref. 4.

Although an analysis of variance showed these means to be significantly different (F= 4.89, df= 3/12, p .05), the rise in variability when the pupil diameter was increased to 6.0 mm was not significant, according to the Tukey (a) test. But only one of the five subjects showed less variability with the 6.0 than with the 4.0 mm pupil.

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Figures (1)

FIG. 1
FIG. 1

Mean variability, (standard deviation of angular stereoscopic disparity) of equidistance settings as a function of pupil diameter for all subjects (open circles) and for the five subjects whose natural pupil diameter exceeded 6.0 mm (filled circles) under the highest experimental luminance.