Abstract

We have assigned most of the visible xenon laser lines by a study of the time dependence of spontaneous emission whose delay is unambiguously correlated with the ionic state. For 11 lines, ambiguities are resolved, or first assignments are given.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. B. Bridges, Proc. IEEE 52, 843 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  2. W. B. Bridges and A. N. Chester, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 66 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  3. W. B. Bridges and A. S. Halsted, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 84 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 334 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 758 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 207 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. M. Jarret and G. C. Barker, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 166 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  8. W. W. Simmons and R. S. Wittee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 467 (1970).
  9. V. Hoffmann and P. Toschek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 757 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. P. Wheeler, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 429(1971)
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Gallardo, M. Garavaglia, A. A. Tagliaferri, and E. Gallego Lluesma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 745 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  12. E. Gallego Lluesma, A. A. Tagliaferri, C. A. Massone, M. Garavaglia, and M. Gallardo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 362 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  13. W. B. Bridges and A. N. Chester, “Ionized Gas Lasers,” in Handbook of Lasers (CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971).
  14. J. B. Marling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 822 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Kobayashi, K. Kurihara, and M. Kamiyama, Ōyō Butsuri Appl. Phys. 38, 766 (1969).
  16. Th. Hänsch and P. Toschek, Phys. Lett. 20, 273 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  17. W. B. Bridges and G. N. Mercer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 476 (1969).
    [Crossref]

1975 (1)

J. B. Marling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 822 (1975).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

1971 (1)

J. P. Wheeler, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 429(1971)
[Crossref]

1970 (3)

M. Gallardo, M. Garavaglia, A. A. Tagliaferri, and E. Gallego Lluesma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 745 (1970).
[Crossref]

W. W. Simmons and R. S. Wittee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 467 (1970).

V. Hoffmann and P. Toschek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 757 (1970).
[Crossref]

1969 (3)

S. M. Jarret and G. C. Barker, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 166 (1969).
[Crossref]

S. Kobayashi, K. Kurihara, and M. Kamiyama, Ōyō Butsuri Appl. Phys. 38, 766 (1969).

W. B. Bridges and G. N. Mercer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 476 (1969).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 207 (1967).
[Crossref]

1966 (4)

W. B. Bridges and A. S. Halsted, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 84 (1966).
[Crossref]

R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 334 (1966).
[Crossref]

R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 758 (1966).
[Crossref]

Th. Hänsch and P. Toschek, Phys. Lett. 20, 273 (1966).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

W. B. Bridges and A. N. Chester, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 66 (1965).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

W. B. Bridges, Proc. IEEE 52, 843 (1964).
[Crossref]

Barker, G. C.

S. M. Jarret and G. C. Barker, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 166 (1969).
[Crossref]

Bridges, W. B.

W. B. Bridges and G. N. Mercer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 476 (1969).
[Crossref]

W. B. Bridges and A. S. Halsted, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 84 (1966).
[Crossref]

W. B. Bridges and A. N. Chester, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 66 (1965).
[Crossref]

W. B. Bridges, Proc. IEEE 52, 843 (1964).
[Crossref]

W. B. Bridges and A. N. Chester, “Ionized Gas Lasers,” in Handbook of Lasers (CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971).

Chester, A. N.

W. B. Bridges and A. N. Chester, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 66 (1965).
[Crossref]

W. B. Bridges and A. N. Chester, “Ionized Gas Lasers,” in Handbook of Lasers (CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971).

Gallardo, M.

E. Gallego Lluesma, A. A. Tagliaferri, C. A. Massone, M. Garavaglia, and M. Gallardo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 362 (1973).
[Crossref]

M. Gallardo, M. Garavaglia, A. A. Tagliaferri, and E. Gallego Lluesma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 745 (1970).
[Crossref]

Gallego Lluesma, E.

E. Gallego Lluesma, A. A. Tagliaferri, C. A. Massone, M. Garavaglia, and M. Gallardo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 362 (1973).
[Crossref]

M. Gallardo, M. Garavaglia, A. A. Tagliaferri, and E. Gallego Lluesma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 745 (1970).
[Crossref]

Garavaglia, M.

E. Gallego Lluesma, A. A. Tagliaferri, C. A. Massone, M. Garavaglia, and M. Gallardo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 362 (1973).
[Crossref]

M. Gallardo, M. Garavaglia, A. A. Tagliaferri, and E. Gallego Lluesma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 745 (1970).
[Crossref]

Halsted, A. S.

W. B. Bridges and A. S. Halsted, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 84 (1966).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, Th.

Th. Hänsch and P. Toschek, Phys. Lett. 20, 273 (1966).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, V.

V. Hoffmann and P. Toschek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 757 (1970).
[Crossref]

Jarret, S. M.

S. M. Jarret and G. C. Barker, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 166 (1969).
[Crossref]

Kamiyama, M.

S. Kobayashi, K. Kurihara, and M. Kamiyama, Ōyō Butsuri Appl. Phys. 38, 766 (1969).

Kobayashi, S.

S. Kobayashi, K. Kurihara, and M. Kamiyama, Ōyō Butsuri Appl. Phys. 38, 766 (1969).

Kurihara, K.

S. Kobayashi, K. Kurihara, and M. Kamiyama, Ōyō Butsuri Appl. Phys. 38, 766 (1969).

Marling, J. B.

J. B. Marling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 822 (1975).
[Crossref]

Massone, C. A.

Mercer, G. N.

W. B. Bridges and G. N. Mercer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 476 (1969).
[Crossref]

Neusel, R. H.

R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 207 (1967).
[Crossref]

R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 334 (1966).
[Crossref]

R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 758 (1966).
[Crossref]

Simmons, W. W.

W. W. Simmons and R. S. Wittee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 467 (1970).

Tagliaferri, A. A.

E. Gallego Lluesma, A. A. Tagliaferri, C. A. Massone, M. Garavaglia, and M. Gallardo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 362 (1973).
[Crossref]

M. Gallardo, M. Garavaglia, A. A. Tagliaferri, and E. Gallego Lluesma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 745 (1970).
[Crossref]

Toschek, P.

V. Hoffmann and P. Toschek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 757 (1970).
[Crossref]

Th. Hänsch and P. Toschek, Phys. Lett. 20, 273 (1966).
[Crossref]

Wheeler, J. P.

J. P. Wheeler, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 429(1971)
[Crossref]

Wittee, R. S.

W. W. Simmons and R. S. Wittee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 467 (1970).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (12)

W. B. Bridges and A. N. Chester, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 66 (1965).
[Crossref]

W. B. Bridges and A. S. Halsted, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 84 (1966).
[Crossref]

R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 334 (1966).
[Crossref]

R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 758 (1966).
[Crossref]

R. H. Neusel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 207 (1967).
[Crossref]

S. M. Jarret and G. C. Barker, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 166 (1969).
[Crossref]

W. W. Simmons and R. S. Wittee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 467 (1970).

V. Hoffmann and P. Toschek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 757 (1970).
[Crossref]

J. P. Wheeler, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 429(1971)
[Crossref]

M. Gallardo, M. Garavaglia, A. A. Tagliaferri, and E. Gallego Lluesma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 745 (1970).
[Crossref]

J. B. Marling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 822 (1975).
[Crossref]

W. B. Bridges and G. N. Mercer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 476 (1969).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Oyo Butsuri Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Kobayashi, K. Kurihara, and M. Kamiyama, Ōyō Butsuri Appl. Phys. 38, 766 (1969).

Phys. Lett. (1)

Th. Hänsch and P. Toschek, Phys. Lett. 20, 273 (1966).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

W. B. Bridges, Proc. IEEE 52, 843 (1964).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

W. B. Bridges and A. N. Chester, “Ionized Gas Lasers,” in Handbook of Lasers (CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971).

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Figures (2)

FIG. 1
FIG. 1

Distribution of the pulse delays of the spontaneous sidelight on 490 investigated xenon ion lines. A distinct grouping occurs which is related to the ionic states.

FIG. 2
FIG. 2

Delays of the spontaneous sidelight vs xenon, pressure. The three lines are characteristic for the lowest ionization states. (Discharge tube diameter: 5 mm; active length: 175 cm.)

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

TABLE I Results and observations. a, new assignment, or ambiguity removed; b, not all of the corresponding spontaneous lines reported in Ref. 12 have been observed; c, assignment confirmed; d, spontaneous emission observed in contrast with Ref. 12; e, assignment in contrast with Ref. 12; 1, observed also in laser emission; n, no well-corresponding spontaneous emission observed; o, outside experimentally accessible spectral range; *, wavelength measurement by monochromator rather than by photographic plate.