Abstract

© 1976 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Kohlrausch, Pfluegers Arch. Gesanite Physiol. Menschen Tiere 196, 113 (1922).
  2. S. Hecht, C. Haig, and A. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 20, 831 (1937).
  3. J. Mandelbaum and E. U. Mintz, Am. J. Ophthal. 24, 1241 (1941).
  4. A. Chapanis, J. Gen. Physiol. 30, 423 (1947).
  5. D. S. Blough, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 274 (1958).
  6. B. R. Wooten, K. Fuld, and L. Spillman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 334 (1975).
  7. P. O. Therman, J. Cellular Comp. Physiol. 14, 253 (1939).
  8. E. Dodt and K. H. Jessen, Experentia 16, 205 (1960).
  9. T. N. Wiesel and D. H. Hubel, J. Neurophysiol. 29, 1115 (1966).
  10. P. Gouras and K. Link, J. Physiol. 184, 499 (1966).
  11. K. T. Brown and M. Murakami, Vision Res. 8, 1145 (1968).
  12. D. N. Whitten and K. T. Brown, Vision Res. 13, 1629 (1973).
  13. W. S. Stiles, Documenta Ophthal. 3, 138 (1949).
  14. M. Alpern, J. Physiol. 176, 462 (1965).
  15. J. L. Brown, J. W. Metz, and J. R. Yohman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1677 (1969).
  16. M. M. Hayhoe, D. MacLeod, and T. A. Bruch, Vision Res. 16, 591 (1976).
  17. M. Ikeda and M. Urakubo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 217 (1969).
  18. J. J. McCann and J. L. Benton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 103 (1969).
  19. J. J. McCann, Science 176, 1255 (1972).
  20. T. E. Frumkes, M. D. Sekuler, M. C. Barris, E. H. Reiss, and L. M. Chalupa, Vision Res. 13, 1269 (1973).
  21. W. Makous and R. Boothe, Vision Res. 14, 285 (1974).
  22. B. Stabell and U. Stabell, Vision Res. 14, 1389 (1974).
  23. I. Lie, Documenta Ophthal. 17, 411 (1963).
  24. Spillman, Hendershot, and Nowlan [Albrecht von Graefes Arch. Klin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 182, 206, (1971)] have reported that some subjects show a small elevation of threshold just before the rod-cone break with test stimuli composed of unfiltered tungsten light. Their results are difficult to explain with our hypothesis, which requires conditions where rods and cones are equally sensitive for some critical period. It should be pointed out that previous studies utilizing such broad-band light have not demonstrated the threshold elevation effect and that not all of the subjects in the study by Spillman et al., exhibited it. Perhaps in some subjects rod recovery is slow enough so that even with tungsten light, the interaction can occur just prior to the rod-cone break.

1976 (1)

M. M. Hayhoe, D. MacLeod, and T. A. Bruch, Vision Res. 16, 591 (1976).

1975 (1)

B. R. Wooten, K. Fuld, and L. Spillman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 334 (1975).

1974 (2)

W. Makous and R. Boothe, Vision Res. 14, 285 (1974).

B. Stabell and U. Stabell, Vision Res. 14, 1389 (1974).

1973 (2)

T. E. Frumkes, M. D. Sekuler, M. C. Barris, E. H. Reiss, and L. M. Chalupa, Vision Res. 13, 1269 (1973).

D. N. Whitten and K. T. Brown, Vision Res. 13, 1629 (1973).

1972 (1)

J. J. McCann, Science 176, 1255 (1972).

1971 (1)

Spillman, Hendershot, and Nowlan [Albrecht von Graefes Arch. Klin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 182, 206, (1971)] have reported that some subjects show a small elevation of threshold just before the rod-cone break with test stimuli composed of unfiltered tungsten light. Their results are difficult to explain with our hypothesis, which requires conditions where rods and cones are equally sensitive for some critical period. It should be pointed out that previous studies utilizing such broad-band light have not demonstrated the threshold elevation effect and that not all of the subjects in the study by Spillman et al., exhibited it. Perhaps in some subjects rod recovery is slow enough so that even with tungsten light, the interaction can occur just prior to the rod-cone break.

1969 (3)

J. L. Brown, J. W. Metz, and J. R. Yohman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1677 (1969).

M. Ikeda and M. Urakubo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 217 (1969).

J. J. McCann and J. L. Benton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 103 (1969).

1968 (1)

K. T. Brown and M. Murakami, Vision Res. 8, 1145 (1968).

1966 (2)

T. N. Wiesel and D. H. Hubel, J. Neurophysiol. 29, 1115 (1966).

P. Gouras and K. Link, J. Physiol. 184, 499 (1966).

1965 (1)

M. Alpern, J. Physiol. 176, 462 (1965).

1963 (1)

I. Lie, Documenta Ophthal. 17, 411 (1963).

1960 (1)

E. Dodt and K. H. Jessen, Experentia 16, 205 (1960).

1958 (1)

D. S. Blough, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 274 (1958).

1949 (1)

W. S. Stiles, Documenta Ophthal. 3, 138 (1949).

1947 (1)

A. Chapanis, J. Gen. Physiol. 30, 423 (1947).

1941 (1)

J. Mandelbaum and E. U. Mintz, Am. J. Ophthal. 24, 1241 (1941).

1939 (1)

P. O. Therman, J. Cellular Comp. Physiol. 14, 253 (1939).

1937 (1)

S. Hecht, C. Haig, and A. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 20, 831 (1937).

1922 (1)

A. Kohlrausch, Pfluegers Arch. Gesanite Physiol. Menschen Tiere 196, 113 (1922).

Alpern, M.

M. Alpern, J. Physiol. 176, 462 (1965).

Barris, M. C.

T. E. Frumkes, M. D. Sekuler, M. C. Barris, E. H. Reiss, and L. M. Chalupa, Vision Res. 13, 1269 (1973).

Benton, J. L.

J. J. McCann and J. L. Benton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 103 (1969).

Blough, D. S.

D. S. Blough, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 274 (1958).

Boothe, R.

W. Makous and R. Boothe, Vision Res. 14, 285 (1974).

Brown, J. L.

J. L. Brown, J. W. Metz, and J. R. Yohman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1677 (1969).

Brown, K. T.

D. N. Whitten and K. T. Brown, Vision Res. 13, 1629 (1973).

K. T. Brown and M. Murakami, Vision Res. 8, 1145 (1968).

Bruch, T. A.

M. M. Hayhoe, D. MacLeod, and T. A. Bruch, Vision Res. 16, 591 (1976).

Chalupa, L. M.

T. E. Frumkes, M. D. Sekuler, M. C. Barris, E. H. Reiss, and L. M. Chalupa, Vision Res. 13, 1269 (1973).

Chapanis, A.

A. Chapanis, J. Gen. Physiol. 30, 423 (1947).

Chase, A.

S. Hecht, C. Haig, and A. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 20, 831 (1937).

Dodt, E.

E. Dodt and K. H. Jessen, Experentia 16, 205 (1960).

Frumkes, T. E.

T. E. Frumkes, M. D. Sekuler, M. C. Barris, E. H. Reiss, and L. M. Chalupa, Vision Res. 13, 1269 (1973).

Fuld, K.

B. R. Wooten, K. Fuld, and L. Spillman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 334 (1975).

Gouras, P.

P. Gouras and K. Link, J. Physiol. 184, 499 (1966).

Haig, C.

S. Hecht, C. Haig, and A. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 20, 831 (1937).

Hayhoe, M. M.

M. M. Hayhoe, D. MacLeod, and T. A. Bruch, Vision Res. 16, 591 (1976).

Hecht, S.

S. Hecht, C. Haig, and A. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 20, 831 (1937).

Hubel, D. H.

T. N. Wiesel and D. H. Hubel, J. Neurophysiol. 29, 1115 (1966).

Ikeda, M.

M. Ikeda and M. Urakubo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 217 (1969).

Jessen, K. H.

E. Dodt and K. H. Jessen, Experentia 16, 205 (1960).

Kohlrausch, A.

A. Kohlrausch, Pfluegers Arch. Gesanite Physiol. Menschen Tiere 196, 113 (1922).

Lie, I.

I. Lie, Documenta Ophthal. 17, 411 (1963).

Link, K.

P. Gouras and K. Link, J. Physiol. 184, 499 (1966).

MacLeod, D.

M. M. Hayhoe, D. MacLeod, and T. A. Bruch, Vision Res. 16, 591 (1976).

Makous, W.

W. Makous and R. Boothe, Vision Res. 14, 285 (1974).

Mandelbaum, J.

J. Mandelbaum and E. U. Mintz, Am. J. Ophthal. 24, 1241 (1941).

McCann, J. J.

J. J. McCann, Science 176, 1255 (1972).

J. J. McCann and J. L. Benton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 103 (1969).

Metz, J. W.

J. L. Brown, J. W. Metz, and J. R. Yohman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1677 (1969).

Mintz, E. U.

J. Mandelbaum and E. U. Mintz, Am. J. Ophthal. 24, 1241 (1941).

Murakami, M.

K. T. Brown and M. Murakami, Vision Res. 8, 1145 (1968).

Reiss, E. H.

T. E. Frumkes, M. D. Sekuler, M. C. Barris, E. H. Reiss, and L. M. Chalupa, Vision Res. 13, 1269 (1973).

Sekuler, M. D.

T. E. Frumkes, M. D. Sekuler, M. C. Barris, E. H. Reiss, and L. M. Chalupa, Vision Res. 13, 1269 (1973).

Spillman, L.

B. R. Wooten, K. Fuld, and L. Spillman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 334 (1975).

Stabell, B.

B. Stabell and U. Stabell, Vision Res. 14, 1389 (1974).

Stabell, U.

B. Stabell and U. Stabell, Vision Res. 14, 1389 (1974).

Stiles, W. S.

W. S. Stiles, Documenta Ophthal. 3, 138 (1949).

Therman, P. O.

P. O. Therman, J. Cellular Comp. Physiol. 14, 253 (1939).

Urakubo, M.

M. Ikeda and M. Urakubo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 217 (1969).

Whitten, D. N.

D. N. Whitten and K. T. Brown, Vision Res. 13, 1629 (1973).

Wiesel, T. N.

T. N. Wiesel and D. H. Hubel, J. Neurophysiol. 29, 1115 (1966).

Wooten, B. R.

B. R. Wooten, K. Fuld, and L. Spillman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 334 (1975).

Yohman, J. R.

J. L. Brown, J. W. Metz, and J. R. Yohman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1677 (1969).

Other (24)

A. Kohlrausch, Pfluegers Arch. Gesanite Physiol. Menschen Tiere 196, 113 (1922).

S. Hecht, C. Haig, and A. Chase, J. Gen. Physiol. 20, 831 (1937).

J. Mandelbaum and E. U. Mintz, Am. J. Ophthal. 24, 1241 (1941).

A. Chapanis, J. Gen. Physiol. 30, 423 (1947).

D. S. Blough, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 274 (1958).

B. R. Wooten, K. Fuld, and L. Spillman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 334 (1975).

P. O. Therman, J. Cellular Comp. Physiol. 14, 253 (1939).

E. Dodt and K. H. Jessen, Experentia 16, 205 (1960).

T. N. Wiesel and D. H. Hubel, J. Neurophysiol. 29, 1115 (1966).

P. Gouras and K. Link, J. Physiol. 184, 499 (1966).

K. T. Brown and M. Murakami, Vision Res. 8, 1145 (1968).

D. N. Whitten and K. T. Brown, Vision Res. 13, 1629 (1973).

W. S. Stiles, Documenta Ophthal. 3, 138 (1949).

M. Alpern, J. Physiol. 176, 462 (1965).

J. L. Brown, J. W. Metz, and J. R. Yohman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1677 (1969).

M. M. Hayhoe, D. MacLeod, and T. A. Bruch, Vision Res. 16, 591 (1976).

M. Ikeda and M. Urakubo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 217 (1969).

J. J. McCann and J. L. Benton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 103 (1969).

J. J. McCann, Science 176, 1255 (1972).

T. E. Frumkes, M. D. Sekuler, M. C. Barris, E. H. Reiss, and L. M. Chalupa, Vision Res. 13, 1269 (1973).

W. Makous and R. Boothe, Vision Res. 14, 285 (1974).

B. Stabell and U. Stabell, Vision Res. 14, 1389 (1974).

I. Lie, Documenta Ophthal. 17, 411 (1963).

Spillman, Hendershot, and Nowlan [Albrecht von Graefes Arch. Klin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 182, 206, (1971)] have reported that some subjects show a small elevation of threshold just before the rod-cone break with test stimuli composed of unfiltered tungsten light. Their results are difficult to explain with our hypothesis, which requires conditions where rods and cones are equally sensitive for some critical period. It should be pointed out that previous studies utilizing such broad-band light have not demonstrated the threshold elevation effect and that not all of the subjects in the study by Spillman et al., exhibited it. Perhaps in some subjects rod recovery is slow enough so that even with tungsten light, the interaction can occur just prior to the rod-cone break.

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