Abstract

With measurements of the atmospheric microthermal field obtained from 67 independent radiosondes (balloon) scans up to 20–25 km above sea level, from three European sites, we have calculated an average vertical profile of the atmospheric refractive index structure coefficient <i>C</i><sup>2</sup><sub>N</sub>.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1372 (1966).
  2. E. Moroder and A. Righini, Astron. Astrophys. 23, 307 (1973).
  3. R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Sit 21, Firenze (1974).
  4. R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 74 (1974).
  5. R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, J. Geophys. Res. 79, 4545 (1974).
  6. R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 207 (1974).
  7. R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 264 (1974).
  8. R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, L. Paternò, A. Righini, and N. Speroni, JOSO Sit 27, Firenze (1975).
  9. V. I. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (Dover, New York, 1961).
  10. R. E. Hufnagel and N. R. Stanley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 52 (1964).
  11. D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1427 (1965).
  12. D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1380 (1966).
  13. R. E. Hufnagel, "Restoration of Atmospherically Degraded Images" (National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, D. C.), 2, App. 3, (1966).
  14. R. E. Hufnagel, "Variations of Atmospheric Turbulence," paper presented at "Topical Meeting on Optical Propagation through Turbulence" Wal-1, July 9–11, 1974, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.
  15. J. Bufton, J. Atmos. Sci. 30, 83 (1973).
  16. J. Bufton, Appl. Opt. 12, 1785 (1973).
  17. J. Bufton, P. Minott, M. Fitzmaurice, and P. Titterton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1068 (1972).
  18. C. E. Coulman, Sol. Phys. 17, 122 (1969).
  19. C. E. Coulman, Boundary Layer Meteorology 4, 169 (1973).
  20. R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1972, 6 (1973).
  21. R. Barletti, P. Lemmetti, L. Paternò, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 1563 (1974).
  22. K. O. Kiepenheuer and W. Schellenberger, JOSO Sit 15 (1972).
  23. K. O. Kiepenheuer and W. Schellenberger, JOSO Sit 17 (1973).
  24. K. O. Kiepenheuer, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 4 (1974).
  25. J. Barat, "Transport Vertical associé a la Turbulence Stratosphérique," paper presented at IUGG (1974), Grenoble.
  26. J. Vernin and F. Roddier, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 270 (1973).
  27. A. Rocca, F. Roddier, and J. Vernin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1000 (1974).

1975 (1)

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, L. Paternò, A. Righini, and N. Speroni, JOSO Sit 27, Firenze (1975).

1974 (9)

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Sit 21, Firenze (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 74 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, J. Geophys. Res. 79, 4545 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 207 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 264 (1974).

R. Barletti, P. Lemmetti, L. Paternò, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 1563 (1974).

K. O. Kiepenheuer, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 4 (1974).

J. Barat, "Transport Vertical associé a la Turbulence Stratosphérique," paper presented at IUGG (1974), Grenoble.

A. Rocca, F. Roddier, and J. Vernin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1000 (1974).

1973 (7)

J. Vernin and F. Roddier, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 270 (1973).

K. O. Kiepenheuer and W. Schellenberger, JOSO Sit 17 (1973).

E. Moroder and A. Righini, Astron. Astrophys. 23, 307 (1973).

J. Bufton, J. Atmos. Sci. 30, 83 (1973).

J. Bufton, Appl. Opt. 12, 1785 (1973).

C. E. Coulman, Boundary Layer Meteorology 4, 169 (1973).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1972, 6 (1973).

1972 (2)

J. Bufton, P. Minott, M. Fitzmaurice, and P. Titterton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1068 (1972).

K. O. Kiepenheuer and W. Schellenberger, JOSO Sit 15 (1972).

1969 (1)

C. E. Coulman, Sol. Phys. 17, 122 (1969).

1966 (3)

D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1380 (1966).

R. E. Hufnagel, "Restoration of Atmospherically Degraded Images" (National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, D. C.), 2, App. 3, (1966).

D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1372 (1966).

1965 (1)

D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1427 (1965).

1964 (1)

R. E. Hufnagel and N. R. Stanley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 52 (1964).

Barat, J.

J. Barat, "Transport Vertical associé a la Turbulence Stratosphérique," paper presented at IUGG (1974), Grenoble.

Barletti, R.

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, L. Paternò, A. Righini, and N. Speroni, JOSO Sit 27, Firenze (1975).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, J. Geophys. Res. 79, 4545 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Sit 21, Firenze (1974).

R. Barletti, P. Lemmetti, L. Paternò, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 1563 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 264 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 207 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 74 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1972, 6 (1973).

Bufton, J.

J. Bufton, Appl. Opt. 12, 1785 (1973).

J. Bufton, J. Atmos. Sci. 30, 83 (1973).

J. Bufton, P. Minott, M. Fitzmaurice, and P. Titterton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1068 (1972).

Ceppatelli, G.

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, L. Paternò, A. Righini, and N. Speroni, JOSO Sit 27, Firenze (1975).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, J. Geophys. Res. 79, 4545 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Sit 21, Firenze (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 74 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 207 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 264 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1972, 6 (1973).

Coulman, C. E.

C. E. Coulman, Boundary Layer Meteorology 4, 169 (1973).

C. E. Coulman, Sol. Phys. 17, 122 (1969).

Fitzmaurice, M.

J. Bufton, P. Minott, M. Fitzmaurice, and P. Titterton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1068 (1972).

Fried, D. L.

D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1372 (1966).

D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1380 (1966).

D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1427 (1965).

Hufnagel, R. E.

R. E. Hufnagel, "Restoration of Atmospherically Degraded Images" (National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, D. C.), 2, App. 3, (1966).

R. E. Hufnagel and N. R. Stanley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 52 (1964).

R. E. Hufnagel, "Variations of Atmospheric Turbulence," paper presented at "Topical Meeting on Optical Propagation through Turbulence" Wal-1, July 9–11, 1974, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.

Kiepenheuer, K. O.

K. O. Kiepenheuer, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 4 (1974).

K. O. Kiepenheuer and W. Schellenberger, JOSO Sit 17 (1973).

K. O. Kiepenheuer and W. Schellenberger, JOSO Sit 15 (1972).

Minott, P.

J. Bufton, P. Minott, M. Fitzmaurice, and P. Titterton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1068 (1972).

Moroder, E.

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 207 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 74 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 264 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Sit 21, Firenze (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, J. Geophys. Res. 79, 4545 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1972, 6 (1973).

E. Moroder and A. Righini, Astron. Astrophys. 23, 307 (1973).

Paternò, L.

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, L. Paternò, A. Righini, and N. Speroni, JOSO Sit 27, Firenze (1975).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, J. Geophys. Res. 79, 4545 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Sit 21, Firenze (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 74 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 207 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 264 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1972, 6 (1973).

Righini, A.

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, L. Paternò, A. Righini, and N. Speroni, JOSO Sit 27, Firenze (1975).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, J. Geophys. Res. 79, 4545 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Sit 21, Firenze (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 264 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 207 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 74 (1974).

E. Moroder and A. Righini, Astron. Astrophys. 23, 307 (1973).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1972, 6 (1973).

Rocca, A.

A. Rocca, F. Roddier, and J. Vernin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1000 (1974).

Roddier, F.

A. Rocca, F. Roddier, and J. Vernin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1000 (1974).

J. Vernin and F. Roddier, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 270 (1973).

Schellenberger, W.

K. O. Kiepenheuer and W. Schellenberger, JOSO Sit 17 (1973).

K. O. Kiepenheuer and W. Schellenberger, JOSO Sit 15 (1972).

Speroni, N.

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, L. Paternò, A. Righini, and N. Speroni, JOSO Sit 27, Firenze (1975).

Stanley, N. R.

R. E. Hufnagel and N. R. Stanley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 52 (1964).

Tatarski, V. I.

V. I. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (Dover, New York, 1961).

Titterton, P.

J. Bufton, P. Minott, M. Fitzmaurice, and P. Titterton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1068 (1972).

Vernin, J.

A. Rocca, F. Roddier, and J. Vernin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1000 (1974).

J. Vernin and F. Roddier, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 270 (1973).

Other (27)

D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1372 (1966).

E. Moroder and A. Righini, Astron. Astrophys. 23, 307 (1973).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Sit 21, Firenze (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 74 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, J. Geophys. Res. 79, 4545 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 207 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, Riv. Ital. Geofisica 23, 264 (1974).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, L. Paternò, A. Righini, and N. Speroni, JOSO Sit 27, Firenze (1975).

V. I. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (Dover, New York, 1961).

R. E. Hufnagel and N. R. Stanley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 52 (1964).

D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1427 (1965).

D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1380 (1966).

R. E. Hufnagel, "Restoration of Atmospherically Degraded Images" (National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, D. C.), 2, App. 3, (1966).

R. E. Hufnagel, "Variations of Atmospheric Turbulence," paper presented at "Topical Meeting on Optical Propagation through Turbulence" Wal-1, July 9–11, 1974, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.

J. Bufton, J. Atmos. Sci. 30, 83 (1973).

J. Bufton, Appl. Opt. 12, 1785 (1973).

J. Bufton, P. Minott, M. Fitzmaurice, and P. Titterton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1068 (1972).

C. E. Coulman, Sol. Phys. 17, 122 (1969).

C. E. Coulman, Boundary Layer Meteorology 4, 169 (1973).

R. Barletti, G. Ceppatelli, E. Moroder, L. Paternò, and A. Righini, JOSO Annual Report 1972, 6 (1973).

R. Barletti, P. Lemmetti, L. Paternò, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 1563 (1974).

K. O. Kiepenheuer and W. Schellenberger, JOSO Sit 15 (1972).

K. O. Kiepenheuer and W. Schellenberger, JOSO Sit 17 (1973).

K. O. Kiepenheuer, JOSO Annual Report 1973, 4 (1974).

J. Barat, "Transport Vertical associé a la Turbulence Stratosphérique," paper presented at IUGG (1974), Grenoble.

J. Vernin and F. Roddier, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 270 (1973).

A. Rocca, F. Roddier, and J. Vernin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1000 (1974).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.