Abstract

The phenomenon of total external reflection can be successfully applied to the construction of x-ray conducting pipes. Pipe transmission as a function of length and radial source position are investigated, as well as energy constancy of the transmitted radiation. Transmission is strongly energy dependent, favoring low energies.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. H. Compton, “The Total Reflection of X-rays,” Philos. Mag. 45, 1121–1131 (1923).
  2. H. Kiessig, “Untersuchungen zur Total reflexion von Röntgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 10, 715–768 (1931).
  3. L. G. Parratt, “Surface Studies of Solids by Total Reflection of X-rays,” Phys. Rev. 95, 359–369 (1954).
    [Crossref]
  4. L. M. Reiser, “Reflection of X-ray From Condensed Metal Films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 987–994 (1957).
    [Crossref]
  5. For example, see Mangus and Underwood, “Critical Design of a Glancing Incidence X-ray Telescope,” Appl. Opt. 8, 95–102 (1969).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Kirkpatrick and Baez, “Formation of Optical Images by X-rays,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 766–774 (1948).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Pound and Rebka, “Gravitational redshift in nuclear resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 3, 439–441 (1959).
    [Crossref]
  8. P. Mallozzi, H. M. Epstein, R. G. Jung, D. C. Applebaum, B. P. Fairand, W. T. Gallagher, R. L. Uecker, and M. C. Muckerheide, “Laser-generated plasmas as a source of x-rays for medical applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1891–1895 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. Mosher and S. Stephanakis, “X-ray light pipes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 105–107 (1976).
    [Crossref]

1976 (1)

D. Mosher and S. Stephanakis, “X-ray light pipes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 105–107 (1976).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

P. Mallozzi, H. M. Epstein, R. G. Jung, D. C. Applebaum, B. P. Fairand, W. T. Gallagher, R. L. Uecker, and M. C. Muckerheide, “Laser-generated plasmas as a source of x-rays for medical applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1891–1895 (1974).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

1959 (1)

Pound and Rebka, “Gravitational redshift in nuclear resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 3, 439–441 (1959).
[Crossref]

1957 (1)

1954 (1)

L. G. Parratt, “Surface Studies of Solids by Total Reflection of X-rays,” Phys. Rev. 95, 359–369 (1954).
[Crossref]

1948 (1)

1931 (1)

H. Kiessig, “Untersuchungen zur Total reflexion von Röntgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 10, 715–768 (1931).

1923 (1)

A. H. Compton, “The Total Reflection of X-rays,” Philos. Mag. 45, 1121–1131 (1923).

Applebaum, D. C.

P. Mallozzi, H. M. Epstein, R. G. Jung, D. C. Applebaum, B. P. Fairand, W. T. Gallagher, R. L. Uecker, and M. C. Muckerheide, “Laser-generated plasmas as a source of x-rays for medical applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1891–1895 (1974).
[Crossref]

Baez,

Compton, A. H.

A. H. Compton, “The Total Reflection of X-rays,” Philos. Mag. 45, 1121–1131 (1923).

Epstein, H. M.

P. Mallozzi, H. M. Epstein, R. G. Jung, D. C. Applebaum, B. P. Fairand, W. T. Gallagher, R. L. Uecker, and M. C. Muckerheide, “Laser-generated plasmas as a source of x-rays for medical applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1891–1895 (1974).
[Crossref]

Fairand, B. P.

P. Mallozzi, H. M. Epstein, R. G. Jung, D. C. Applebaum, B. P. Fairand, W. T. Gallagher, R. L. Uecker, and M. C. Muckerheide, “Laser-generated plasmas as a source of x-rays for medical applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1891–1895 (1974).
[Crossref]

Gallagher, W. T.

P. Mallozzi, H. M. Epstein, R. G. Jung, D. C. Applebaum, B. P. Fairand, W. T. Gallagher, R. L. Uecker, and M. C. Muckerheide, “Laser-generated plasmas as a source of x-rays for medical applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1891–1895 (1974).
[Crossref]

Jung, R. G.

P. Mallozzi, H. M. Epstein, R. G. Jung, D. C. Applebaum, B. P. Fairand, W. T. Gallagher, R. L. Uecker, and M. C. Muckerheide, “Laser-generated plasmas as a source of x-rays for medical applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1891–1895 (1974).
[Crossref]

Kiessig, H.

H. Kiessig, “Untersuchungen zur Total reflexion von Röntgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 10, 715–768 (1931).

Kirkpatrick,

Mallozzi, P.

P. Mallozzi, H. M. Epstein, R. G. Jung, D. C. Applebaum, B. P. Fairand, W. T. Gallagher, R. L. Uecker, and M. C. Muckerheide, “Laser-generated plasmas as a source of x-rays for medical applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1891–1895 (1974).
[Crossref]

Mangus,

Mosher, D.

D. Mosher and S. Stephanakis, “X-ray light pipes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 105–107 (1976).
[Crossref]

Muckerheide, M. C.

P. Mallozzi, H. M. Epstein, R. G. Jung, D. C. Applebaum, B. P. Fairand, W. T. Gallagher, R. L. Uecker, and M. C. Muckerheide, “Laser-generated plasmas as a source of x-rays for medical applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1891–1895 (1974).
[Crossref]

Parratt, L. G.

L. G. Parratt, “Surface Studies of Solids by Total Reflection of X-rays,” Phys. Rev. 95, 359–369 (1954).
[Crossref]

Pound,

Pound and Rebka, “Gravitational redshift in nuclear resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 3, 439–441 (1959).
[Crossref]

Rebka,

Pound and Rebka, “Gravitational redshift in nuclear resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 3, 439–441 (1959).
[Crossref]

Reiser, L. M.

Stephanakis, S.

D. Mosher and S. Stephanakis, “X-ray light pipes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 105–107 (1976).
[Crossref]

Uecker, R. L.

P. Mallozzi, H. M. Epstein, R. G. Jung, D. C. Applebaum, B. P. Fairand, W. T. Gallagher, R. L. Uecker, and M. C. Muckerheide, “Laser-generated plasmas as a source of x-rays for medical applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1891–1895 (1974).
[Crossref]

Underwood,

Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) (1)

H. Kiessig, “Untersuchungen zur Total reflexion von Röntgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 10, 715–768 (1931).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Mosher and S. Stephanakis, “X-ray light pipes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 105–107 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Mallozzi, H. M. Epstein, R. G. Jung, D. C. Applebaum, B. P. Fairand, W. T. Gallagher, R. L. Uecker, and M. C. Muckerheide, “Laser-generated plasmas as a source of x-rays for medical applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1891–1895 (1974).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Philos. Mag. (1)

A. H. Compton, “The Total Reflection of X-rays,” Philos. Mag. 45, 1121–1131 (1923).

Phys. Rev. (1)

L. G. Parratt, “Surface Studies of Solids by Total Reflection of X-rays,” Phys. Rev. 95, 359–369 (1954).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Pound and Rebka, “Gravitational redshift in nuclear resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 3, 439–441 (1959).
[Crossref]

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Figures (2)

FIG. 1
FIG. 1

Relative x-ray intensity as a function of length for selected β/δ.

FIG. 2
FIG. 2

Measured x-ray intensity as a function of source position and light-pipe length. Pipe sections are 1.15 m long, with an inside diameter of 0.91 cm.