Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to find the wave path of a beam wave in an inhomogeneous medium in which the permittivity is assumed to decrease linearly in one direction. A two-dimensional Gaussian beam is considered which can be described as a superposition of a number of plane waves. Variations of amplitude of the beam are illustrated. There are some differences between the path of the beam and the ray path obtained by Fermat’s principle.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

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Figures (3)

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Equations (11)

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